Tom Frieden

Last updated

Frieden has published more than 200 peer reviewed articles.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</span> United States government public health agency

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the national public health agency of the United States. It is a United States federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services, and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.

<i>Cordon sanitaire</i> (medicine) Quarantine of a geographic area

A cordon sanitaire is the restriction of movement of people into or out of a defined geographic area, such as a community, region, or country. The term originally denoted a barrier used to stop the spread of infectious diseases. The term is also often used metaphorically, in English, to refer to attempts to prevent the spread of an ideology deemed unwanted or dangerous, such as the containment policy adopted by George F. Kennan against the Soviet Union.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Epidemic Intelligence Service</span> U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention program

The Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) is a program of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The modern EIS is a two-year, hands-on post-doctoral training program in epidemiology, with a focus on field work.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, formed in 1946, is the leading national public health institute of the United States. It is a United States federal agency, under the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability in the US and internationally.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christopher Dye</span>

Christopher Dye FRS, FMedSci is a British-Irish biologist, epidemiologist and public health specialist. He is Professor of Epidemiology at the University of Oxford and formerly Director of Strategy at the World Health Organization.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Social distancing</span> Infection control technique by keeping a distance from each other

In public health, social distancing, also called physical distancing, is a set of non-pharmaceutical interventions or measures intended to prevent the spread of a contagious disease by maintaining a physical distance between people and reducing the number of times people come into close contact with each other. It usually involves keeping a certain distance from others and avoiding gathering together in large groups.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Howard Markel</span> American physician and medical historian (born 1960)

Howard Markel is an American physician and medical historian. Markel is the George E. Wantz Distinguished Professor of the History of Medicine at the University of Michigan and Director of the University of Michigan's Center for the History of Medicine. He is also a professor of psychiatry, health management and policy, history, and pediatrics and communicable diseases. Markel writes extensively on major topics and figures in the history of medicine and public health.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Health crisis</span>

A health crisis or public health crisis is a difficult situation or complex health system that affects humans in one or more geographic areas, from a particular locality to encompass the entire planet. Health crises generally have significant impacts on community health, loss of life, and on the economy. They may result from disease, industrial processes or poor policy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karel Styblo</span>

Karel Styblo was a Czech-Dutch physician. Internationally recognized for his work with tuberculosis (TB), he was a medical advisor to the Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Association, and was named director of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) in 1979. He is known as the "father of modern TB epidemiology" and the "father of modern TB control".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jeremy Farrar</span> British medical researcher

Sir Jeremy James Farrar is a British medical researcher who has served as chief scientist at the World Health Organization since 2023. He was previously the director of the Wellcome Trust from 2013 to 2023 and a professor of tropical medicine at the University of Oxford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ebola</span> Viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses

Ebola, also known as Ebola virus disease (EVD) and Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is a viral hemorrhagic fever in humans and other primates, caused by ebolaviruses. Symptoms typically start anywhere between two days and three weeks after infection. The first symptoms are usually fever, sore throat, muscle pain, and headaches. These are usually followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash and decreased liver and kidney function, at which point some people begin to bleed both internally and externally. It kills between 25% and 90% of those infected – about 50% on average. Death is often due to shock from fluid loss, and typically occurs between six and 16 days after the first symptoms appear. Early treatment of symptoms increases the survival rate considerably compared to late start. An Ebola vaccine was approved by the US FDA in December 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Western African Ebola virus epidemic</span> 2013–2016 major disease outbreak

The 2013–2016 epidemic of Ebola virus disease, centered in Western Africa, was the most widespread outbreak of the disease in history. It caused major loss of life and socioeconomic disruption in the region, mainly in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The first cases were recorded in Guinea in December 2013; later, the disease spread to neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, with minor outbreaks occurring in Nigeria and Mali. Secondary infections of medical workers occurred in the United States and Spain. In addition, isolated cases were recorded in Senegal, the United Kingdom and Italy. The number of cases peaked in October 2014 and then began to decline gradually, following the commitment of substantial international resources.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ebola virus cases in the United States</span>

Four laboratory-confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease occurred in the United States in 2014. Eleven cases were reported, including these four cases and seven cases medically evacuated from other countries. The first was reported in September 2014. Nine of the people contracted the disease outside the US and traveled into the country, either as regular airline passengers or as medical evacuees; of those nine, two died. Two people contracted Ebola in the United States. Both were nurses who treated an Ebola patient; both recovered.

Kelly J. Henning is an epidemiologist and medical doctor currently leading the public health program of Bloomberg Philanthropies. She has led the program since it began in 2007. She was the first person to serve as director of epidemiology for the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Henning said of working in public health "I have the opportunity to help improve the health and lives of millions of people. That's what really speaks to me."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kivu Ebola epidemic</span> Ebola virus outbreak in the eastern DRC from 2018 to 2020

The Kivu Ebola epidemic was an outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) mainly in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and in other parts of Central Africa, from 2018 to 2020. Between 1 August 2018 and 25 June 2020 it resulted in 3,470 reported cases. The Kivu outbreak also affected Ituri Province, whose first case was confirmed on 13 August 2018. In November 2018, the outbreak became the biggest Ebola outbreak in the DRC's history, and had become the second-largest Ebola outbreak in recorded history worldwide, behind only the 2013–2016 Western Africa epidemic. In June 2019, the virus reached Uganda, having infected a 5-year-old Congolese boy who entered Uganda with his family, but was contained.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Syra Madad</span> American pathogen preparedness expert

Syra Madad is an American pathogen preparedness expert and infectious disease epidemiologist. Madad is the Senior Director of the System-wide Special Pathogens Program at NYC Health + Hospitals where she is part of the executive leadership team which oversees New York City's response to the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in the city's 11 public hospitals. She was featured in the Netflix documentary series Pandemic: How to Prevent an Outbreak and the Discovery Channel documentary The Vaccine: Conquering COVID.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention</span> Public health agency of the African Union

The Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention is a public health agency of the African Union to support the public health initiatives of member states and strengthen the capacity of their health institutions to deal with disease threats. The Africa CDC ideas was proposed by the government of Ethiopia in 2013 during a TB/HIV special summit in Abuja, Nigeria. From 2013 to 2016, the modalities and statue of Africa CDC were developed and the specialized agency was officially launched in January 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 North Kivu Ebola</span> Disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

On 7 February 2021, the Congolese health ministry announced that a new case of Ebola near Butembo, North Kivu had been detected the previous day. The case was a 42-year-old woman who had symptoms of Ebola in Biena on 1 February 2021. A few days after, she died in a hospital in Butembo. The WHO said that more than 70 people who had contact with the woman had been tracked.


  1. Belluck P, Hoffman J (September 12, 2017). "Frieden's Next Act: Heart Disease and Preparing for New Epidemics". The New York Times . ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  2. Sun LH (September 12, 2017). "Former CDC chief launches $225 million global health initiative". The Washington Post . Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  3. Branswell H (September 12, 2017). "Former CDC director Tom Frieden to launch new global health initiative". Stat . Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  4. Cole D (September 12, 2017). "Tom Frieden's New Venture Combines 2 Disparate Health Threats". National Public Radio (NPR). Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  5. "Dr. Tom Frieden to Lead New Global Health Initiative, Backed by $225 Million in Funding from Bloomberg Philanthropies, the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation". Bloomberg Philanthropies (Press release). Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  6. 1 2 "Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, Begins Role as CDC Director and ATSDR Administrator" (Press release). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). June 8, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  7. 1 2 3 "Past CDC Directors/Administrators". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). January 31, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  8. 1 2 Wilgoren D, Shear MD (May 16, 2009). "Obama Chooses NYC Health Chief to Head CDC". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  9. Khalife, Gabrielle (September 4, 2018). "Three Years After FDA Released Its Determination the U.S. Is Now Trans-Fat Free". NYC Food Policy. Hunter College New York City. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  10. Thomas Frieden, 2010
  11. Tom Nugent Life on the Cutting Edge Oberlin Alumni Magazine, Fall 2006 Vol. 102, No. 2
  12. 1 2 Dr Thomas R Frieden, MD, MPH Bio House of Representatives, Document Repository, July 16, 2014
  13. Harris G (March 15, 2010). "At C.D.C., Obama's Appointee Wields a Big Broom". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  14. Fuller J (October 16, 2014). "Meet the CDC's Swat Team". The Washington Post. ISSN   0190-8286 . Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  15. "CDC Chief Tom Frieden Confronts Ebola Crisis Cool and Collected". NBC News. August 10, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  16. Begun, James; Malcolm, Jan (2014). Leading Public Health : a Competency Framework. New York: Springer Publishing Company. ISBN   9780826199072. OCLC   881417295.
  17. Lobato MN, Wang YC, Becerra JE, Simone PM, Castro KG (2006). "Improved Program Activities Are Associated with Decreasing Tuberculosis Incidence in the United States". Public Health Reports . 121 (2): 108–115. doi:10.1177/003335490612100202. PMC   1525263 . PMID   16528941.
  18. Leff DR, Leff AR (November 1, 1997). "Tuberculosis Control Policies in Major Metropolitan Health Departments in the United States. VI. Standard of Practice in 1996". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine . 156 (5): 1487–1494. doi:10.1164/ajrccm.156.5.9704105. PMID   9372665.
  19. TB Annual Summary (PDF). New York: New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2015. p. 22. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  20. World Health Organization Tuberculosis Programme (1995). "New York City's Success Story". Stop TB at the Source. Geneva: World Health Organization. ISBN   978-0-11-951529-9. OCLC   181876135.[ page needed ]
  21. Steinhauer J (February 14, 2004). "Gladly Taking The Blame For Health In the City". The New York Times . Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  22. Drazen J.M. (October 2002). "A milestone in tuberculosis control". New England Journal of Medicine . 347 (18): 1444. doi:10.1056/NEJMe020135. PMID   12409549.
  23. Khatri, G.R.; Frieden, T.R. (October 2002). "Controlling tuberculosis in India". New England Journal of Medicine. 347 (18): 1420–1425. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa020098 . PMID   12409545.
  24. Udwadia, Z.F.; Pinto, L.M. (2007). "Review series: the politics of TB: the politics, economics and impact of directly observed treatment (DOT) in India". Chronic Respiratory Disease . 4 (2): 101–106. doi: 10.1177/1479972307707929 . PMID   17621578. S2CID   22674236.
  25. Chauhan, L.S.; Tonsing, J. (2005). "Revised National TB Control Programme in India". Tuberculosis. 85 (5–6): 271–276. doi:10.1016/ PMID   16253562.
  26. TB India 2008: RNTCP Status Report: I am Stopping TB. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. March 2008. p. 3. ISBN   978-81-902652-3-2 . Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  27. Frieden, T.R.; Khatri, G.R. (September 2003). "Impact of national consultants on successful expansion of effective tuberculosis control in India". International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease . 7 (9): 837–841. PMID   12971666.
  28. Subramani, R.; Radhakrishna, S.; Frieden, T.R.; et al. (August 2008). "Rapid decline in prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis after DOTS implementation in a rural area of South India". International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 12 (8): 916–920. PMID   18647451.
  29. Narayanan, P.R.; Garg, R.; Santha, T.; Kumaran, P.P. (2003). "Shifting the Focus of Tuberculosis Research in India". Tuberculosis. 83 (1–3): 135–142. doi:10.1016/S1472-9792(02)00068-9. PMID   12758203.
  30. 1 2 Farley, Tom (2015). Saving Gotham: A Billionaire Mayor, Activist Doctors, and the Fight for Eight Million Lives. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN   978-0393071245.
  31. Frieden, TR; Bassett, MT; Thorpe, LE; Farley, TA (2008). "Public health in New York City, 2002–2007: Confronting Epidemics of the Modern Era". International Journal of Epidemiology. 37 (5): 966–977. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyn108 . PMID   18540026.
  32. "Community Health Survey". New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. February 2009. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
  33. "NYC HANES Datasets and Related Documentation". New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
  34. Thorpe, L.E.; Gwynn, R.C.; Mandel-Ricci, J.; et al. (July 2006). "Study Design and Participation Rates of the New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2004". Preventing Chronic Disease . 3 (3): A94. PMC   1637802 . PMID   16776895.
  35. Steinhauer J (February 15, 2002). "Commissioner Calls Smoking Public Health Enemy No. 1 and Asks Drug Firms for Ammunition". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  36. 1 2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (June 2007). "Decline in smoking prevalence – New York City, 2002–2006". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report . 56 (24): 604–608. PMID   17585290.
  37. Frieden, T.R.; Mostashari, F.; Kerker, B.D.; Miller, N.; Hajat, A.; Frankel, M. (June 2005). "Adult Tobacco Use Levels After Intensive Tobacco Control Measures: New York City, 2002–2003". American Journal of Public Health . 95 (6): 1016–1023. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2004.058164. PMC   1449302 . PMID   15914827.
  38. "Michael Bloomberg and Bill Gates Join to Combat Global Tobacco Epidemic" (Press release). Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. July 23, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  39. The Lancet (January 2008). "New York City's bold antitobacco programme". Lancet . 371 (9607): 90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60078-1. PMID   18191665. S2CID   205949508.
  40. Chang, C.; Leighton, J.; Mostashari, F.; McCord, C.; Frieden, T.R. (August 2004). "The New York City Smoke-Free Air Act: second-hand smoke as a worker health and safety issue". American Journal of Industrial Medicine . 46 (2): 188–195. doi:10.1002/ajim.20030. PMID   15273972.
  41. Cooper M (October 23, 2003). "Poll Finds Smoking Ban Popular". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  42. Rutenberg J, Lily Koppel (February 6, 2005). "In Barrooms, Smoking Ban Is Less Reviled". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  43. Jonsson P (November 17, 2009). "Federal and state governments look to smokers for more tax revenue: Though they hit poor Americans hardest, stiff taxes on tobacco can reduce healthcare costs by billions". The Christian Science Monitor . Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  44. Smith, Aaron (January 10, 2013). "60% of cigarettes sold in New York are smuggled: report". CNN Money . Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  45. Mathias C (April 3, 2014). "Inside New York City's Dangerous, Multimillion-Dollar Cigarette Black Market". HuffPost . Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  46. "Cause of Death or Illness, New York City, 2002, and Amenability to Intervention". Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. March 2004. pp. 57–61. CiteSeerX .
  47. Pérez-Peña R (March 24, 2004). "City sets goals for the health of New Yorker". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  48. Take Care New York: A Policy for a Healthier New York City (Fourth Year Progress Report) (PDF). New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. December 2008. pp. 2–5. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  49. Frieden, T.R.; Das-Douglas, M.; Kellerman, S.E.; Henning, K.J. (December 2005). "Applying Public Health Principles to the HIV epidemic". New England Journal of Medicine. 353 (22): 2397–2402. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsb053133 . PMID   16319391.
  50. Mandavilli, A. (April 2006). "Profile: Thomas Frieden". Nature Medicine . 12 (4): 378. doi: 10.1038/nm0406-378 . PMID   16598275. S2CID   12664860.
  51. Branson, B.M.; Handsfield, H.H.; Lampe, M.A.; et al. (September 2006). "Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report . 55 (RR–14): 1–17, quiz CE1–4. PMID   16988643.
  52. Chan S (December 25, 2006). "Rifts Emerge on Push to End Written Consent for H.I.V.Tests". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
  53. Fairchild, A.L.; Alkon, A. (August 2007). "Back to the future? Diabetes, HIV, and the boundaries of public health". Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. 32 (4): 561–593. doi: 10.1215/03616878-2007-017 . PMID   17639012.
  54. "HIV Testing Is Now a Routine Part of Health Care in New York" (Press release). New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. September 1, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  55. "Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings".
  56. Chan S (February 15, 2007). "A New Condom in Town, This One Named 'NYC'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  57. "Health Department Launches The Nation's First Official City condom" (Press release). New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. February 14, 2007. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  58. "NYC-Branded Condoms Are a Big Apple First". Gothamist. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  59. "Health Department Releases New NYC Condom Wrapper" (Press release). New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. February 13, 2008. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  60. Kleinfield, N.R. (February 22, 2006). "City to Warn New Mothers of Diabetes Risk". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
  61. Steinbrook R. (February 2006). "Facing the Diabetes Epidemic – Mandatory Reporting of Glycosylated Hemoglobin Values in New York City". New England Journal of Medicine. 354 (6): 545–548. doi:10.1056/NEJMp068008. PMID   16467539.
  62. Bloomgarden ZT (2006). "A1C in New York City". Medscape Diabetes & Endocrinology. Retrieved February 1, 2017.
  63. Chamany, S.; Silver, L.D.; Bassett, M.T.; Driver, C.R.; Berger, D.K.; Neuhaus, C.E.; Namrata, K.; Frieden, T.R. (September 2009). "Tracking Diabetes: New York City's A1C Registry". Milbank Quarterly. 87 (3): 547–570. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0009.2009.00568.x. PMC   2881457 . PMID   19751279.
  64. Goldman, J.; Kinnear, S.; Chung, J.; Rothman, D.J. (2008). "New York City's Initiatives on Diabetes and HIV/AIDS: Implications for Patient Care, Public Health, and Medical Professionalism". American Journal of Public Health. 98 (5): 807–813. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2007.121152. PMC   2374815 . PMID   18381989.
  65. Frieden T.R. (September 2008). "New York City's Diabetes Reporting System Helps Patients And Physicians". American Journal of Public Health. 98 (9): 1543–1544, author reply 1544. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2008.142026. PMC   2509589 . PMID   18633070.
  66. "NYC To Revise Trans Fat Plan". Convenience Store News. November 17, 2006. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  67. Tavernise S (November 7, 2013). "F.D.A. Ruling Would All but Eliminate Trans Fats". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  68. Novellino, Teresa (June 16, 2015). "First New York City bans trans fats—now it's the whole USA". The Business Journals. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  69. Bakalar N (April 12, 2017). "Trans Fat Bans Tied to Fewer Heart Attacks and Strokes". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  70. "President Obama Appoints Dr. Thomas Frieden as CDC Director". . May 15, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2010 via National Archives.
  71. Steenhuysen J (December 30, 2016). "More work lies ahead to fight Zika, other threats: CDC chief". Reuters. Retrieved July 23, 2019. Frieden, appointed by President Barack Obama to run the CDC in 2009, will hand in his resignation on Jan. 20, the day of President-elect Donald Trump's inauguration.
  72. Meltzer, Martin (2014). "Estimating the Future Number of Cases in the Ebola Epidemic – Liberia and Sierra Leone, 2014–2015" (PDF). MMWR Supplements. MMWR. 63 (3): 1–14. PMID   25254986 . Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  73. "Ebola outbreak: 'We need action now,' says CDC director Tom Frieden". CBC News. September 2, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  74. Bell, Beth. "CDC's Response to the 2014–2016 Ebola Epidemic – West Africa and United States" (PDF). MMWR. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  75. Tavernise S (October 16, 2014). "Congress Scrutinizes Handling of Ebola Cases in Texas". The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  76. "White House scrambles to ease concerns over Ebola, lawmakers demand changes: CDC". Fox News Channel. October 15, 2014.
  77. Morrison, J. Stephen (2014). "Thomas Frieden And The U.S. Ebola Response". Project HOPE: The People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc. doi:10.1377/forefront.20141020.042047.
  78. Gottlieb S (October 17, 2014). "In The Ebola Fight, A Defense Of Embattled CDC Chief Thomas Frieden". Forbes. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  79. Lives, Resolve to Save. "Resolve to Save Lives: Dr. Tom Frieden". Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  80. McKay B (September 12, 2017). "Former CDC Director Frieden Takes Aim at Heart Disease, Epidemics". The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  81. Frieden, Thomas R.; Jaffe, Marc G. (2018). "Saving 100 million lives by improving global treatment of hypertension and reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors". The Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 20 (2): 208–211. doi: 10.1111/jch.13195 . ISSN   1751-7176. PMC   8031351 . PMID   29370471.
  82. Lives, Resolve to Save. "Resolve to Save Lives: About us". Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  83. Bureau, MediBulletin (July 31, 2019). "ICMR expands hypertension initiative to 100 districts, 15 crore people". MediBulletin. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  84. Fang, Di. "Sino-US project targets high blood pressure –". China Daily. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  85. "Expert advises FG to budget, spend effectively on Health". News Agency of Nigeria. August 8, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  86. Stobbe, Mike (May 14, 2018). "UN health agency aims to wipe out trans fats worldwide". AP NEWS. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  87. Jacobs A (May 14, 2018). "Trans Fats Should be Eliminated Worldwide by 2023, W.H.O. Says". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  88. Frieden, Thomas R.; Ghebreyesus, Tedros Adhanom (May 19, 2018). "REPLACE: a roadmap to make the world trans fat free by 2023". The Lancet. 391 (10134): 1978–1980. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31083-3. ISSN   0140-6736. PMID   29773233. S2CID   21699318.
  89. Barclay, Eliza (January 7, 2016). "We Eat Too Much Sodium Because Companies Keep Dumping It In Our Food". NPR. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  90. "Statement from Dr. Tom Frieden, President and CEO of Resolve to Save Lives, an initiative of Vital Strategies, on the release of the US report on Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for Sodium and Potassium". Vital Strategies. March 5, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  91. Mente A, O'Donnell M, Rangarajan S, et al. Urinary sodium excretion, blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and mortality: a community-level prospective epidemiological cohort study. Lancet. 2018;392(10146):496–506
  92. Carroll AE (December 17, 2018). "Scant Evidence Behind the Advice About Salt". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  93. Tom Frieden, M. D. (June 10, 2019). "Drs. Thomas Frieden, Margaret Hamburg: There's a limited window to make America safer from epidemics". Fox News Channel. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  94. "Home". Prevent Epidemics. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  95. Resolve to Save Lives. "Stepping Up to Prevent Epidemics" (PDF). Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  96. "Former CDC director: We can prevent the next pandemic". CNN. April 27, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  97. 1 2 "Opinion: Pfizer and Moderna's mRNA vaccines are our best chance to end this pandemic. Break up their duopoly". The Washington Post. October 12, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  98. "A 'highly virulent' HIV strain is 'no cause for alarm,' scientists say". The Today Show. February 3, 2022.
  99. "As highly transmissible Omicron subvariant spreads, what do Americans need to know?". CBS News. March 25, 2022.
  100. "More Infectious" and "No Less Deadly:" Fmr. CDC Director on New Variant". PBS. March 23, 2022.
  101. "Concerns rising over Easter weekend gathering and Brazilian variant". Good Morning America. April 3, 2021.
  102. "Former CDC Director, Dr Frieden: 'People want politics out of our health'". BBC World News. March 17, 2021.
  103. "Former CDC Director explains drop in vaccinations, hesitancy across country". MSNBC. April 22, 2021.
  104. "Biden's Pandemic Fight: Inside the Setbacks of the First Year". The New York Times. January 23, 2022. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  105. "CDC Director Aims to Improve Covid-19 Messaging, Data Collection". The Wall Street Journal. January 17, 2022.
  106. "CDC director, under fire for confusing guidance, seeks to reshape messaging". The Washington Post. January 7, 2022.
  107. "Why Covid-19 vaccines are a freaking miracle". STAT. February 14, 2022.
  108. "Former CDC directors: Coordinating our nation's health data will save lives". The Hill. March 10, 2022.
  109. 1 2 "Will We Be Ready for the Next Pandemic?". The Wall Street Journal. February 12, 2021.
  110. "Opinion: Why the Global Fund must take on pandemic preparedness". Devex. January 6, 2022.
  111. "The Politics of Primary Health Care". Think Global Health. May 20, 2021.
  112. "How to protect your heart without sacrificing taste: Eliminate trans fat from your food". USA Today. December 7, 2021.
  113. "The Next Covid Wave Is Probably Already on Its Way". The New York Times. March 22, 2022.
  114. Lee, Christopher T.; Frieden, Tom (March 29, 2021). "Why Even Well-Prepared Countries Failed the Pandemic Test". Foreign Affairs.{{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  115. "We ran the CDC. No president ever politicized its science the way Trump has". The Washington Post. July 14, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  116. "Reforming the CDC and U.S. Public Health: Reflections from Former Directors of the CDC". YouTube. March 18, 2022.
  117. "Five billion people unprotected from trans fat leading to heart disease". World Health Organization. January 23, 2023. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  118. "Five billion people unprotected from trans fat leading to heart disease". Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  119. "Countdown to 2023: WHO report on global trans-fat elimination 2022". Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  120. (March 17, 2023). "Progress made in eliminating trans-fats, but 5 billion still unprotected – WHO". Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  121. Belluz, Julia (May 14, 2018). "The new global plan to eliminate the most harmful fat in food, explained". Vox. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  122. Kontis, Vasilis; Cobb, Laura K.; Mathers, Colin D.; Frieden, Thomas R.; Ezzati, Majid; Danaei, Goodarz (August 27, 2019). "Three Public Health Interventions Could Save 94 Million Lives in 25 Years: Global Impact Assessment Analysis". Circulation. 140 (9): 715–725. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.038160. ISSN   0009-7322. PMC   6727958 . PMID   31177824.
  123. Frieden, Tom (March 25, 2022). "Stopping a Pandemic Deadlier Than Covid". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  124. "Epidemics That Didn't Happen". Prevent Epidemics. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  125. Frieden, Tom (February 12, 2021). "Will We Be Ready for the Next Pandemic?". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  126. "7-1-7: Rapid Improvement for Early Disease Detection & Response". Prevent Epidemics. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  127. Frieden, Thomas R; Lee, Christopher T; Bochner, Aaron F; Buissonnière, Marine; McClelland, Amanda (2021). "7-1-7: an organising principle, target, and accountability metric to make the world safer from pandemics". Lancet. 398 (10300): 638–640. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01250-2. ISSN   0140-6736. PMC   9636000 . PMID   34242563.
  128. Frieden, Thomas R.; McClelland, Amanda (October 25, 2022). "Preparing for Pandemics and Other Health Threats: Societal Approaches to Protect and Improve Health". JAMA. 328 (16): 1585–1586. doi:10.1001/jama.2022.18877. ISSN   0098-7484. PMID   36206014. S2CID   252755169.
  129. "Former CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden Joins CFR as Senior Fellow for Global Health". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  130. Harris G (March 15, 2010). "At C.D.C., Obama's Appointee Wields a Big Broom". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  131. "Life on the Cutting Edge / Oberlin Alumni Magazine / Fall 2006". Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  132. "Short Bio". Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  133. Wolf, Douglas (Fall 2016). "Sending off the Class of 2020". Columbia College Today. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  134. Pharrell Williams, the Musician, Songwriter, and Producer, to Speak at NYU's Commencement - News release website of NYU
  135. "Former head of the CDC pleads guilty to violation". Associated Press. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
Tom Frieden
Thomas Frieden official CDC portrait.jpg
16th Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
In office
June 8, 2009 January 20, 2017
Government offices
Preceded by Health Commissioner of New York City
Succeeded by
Preceded by Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Succeeded by