Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed1976
Jurisdiction Flag of India.svg India
Headquarters Cabinet Secretariat
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
28°36′50″N77°12′32″E / 28.61389°N 77.20889°E / 28.61389; 77.20889
Annual budget69,000 crore (US$9.7 billion) (2020-21 est.) [1]
Agency executives
Website https://www.mohfw.gov.in/

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India. It is also responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in India. [2] [3]

Contents

The Minister of Health and Family Welfare holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The current minister is Harsh Vardhan.

Since 1955 the Ministry regularly publishes the Indian Pharmacopoeia through the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC), an autonomous body for setting standards for drugs, pharmaceuticals and healthcare devices and technologies in India. [4]

Composition

The ministry is composed of two departments: Department of Health and Family Welfare and the Department of Health Research. [5]

Department of Health

The Department of Health deals with health care, including awareness campaigns, immunisation campaigns, preventive medicine, and public health. Bodies under the administrative control of this department are:

Department of Family Welfare

The Department of Family Welfare (FW) is responsible for aspects relating to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health, pediatrics, information, education and communications; cooperation with NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services. The Department of Family Welfare is responsible for:

Department of Health Research

The Department of Health Research (DHR) was created in 2007 and became functional the following year. [7]

Department of AYUSH

The Department of AYUSH no more falls under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, it was elevated to the Ministry of AYUSH with effect 9 November 2014.

The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) deals with ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine), yoga, naturopathy, unani, siddha, and homoeopathy, and other alternative medicine systems. Now 'Sowa-Rigpa' (the Tibetian medicine system) has also been added to AYUSH

The department was established in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy (ISM&H). The department is charged with upholding educational standards in the Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy colleges, strengthening research, promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants used, and working on pharmacopoeia standards. Bodies under the control of the Department of AYUSH are:

Ministers

Ministers Health and Family Welfare
NamePortraitTerm of officePolitical PartyPrime MinisterReference
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur Rajkumari Amrit Kaur.jpg 15 August 194716 April 1957 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru [8]
D. P. Karmakar
(As MoS)
17 April 19579 April 1962 [9]
Sushila Nayar
(As MoS)
Dr Sushila Nayyar, 1947.jpg 10 April 196213 March 1967 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [10]
Sripati Chandrasekhar
(As MoS)
13 March 196714 November 1967 [11]
Satya Narayan Sinha 14 November 196714 February 1969
Kodardas Kalidas Shah 14 February 196919 May 1971 [12]
Uma Shankar Dikshit 19 May 19715 February 1973 [13]
R. K. Khadilkar
(As MoS)
5 February 19739 November 1973
Karan Singh Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009.jpg 9 November 197324 March 1977
Raj Narain Raj Narain 2007 stamp of India.jpg 24 March 19771 July 1978 Janata Party Morarji Desai [14]
Morarji Desai 1 July 197825 January 1979 [15]
Rabi Ray Portrait of Rabi Ray.jpg 25 January 197914 July 1979 [16]
28 July 197914 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh [17]
B. Shankaranand 16 January 198031 December 1984 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
[18]
Mohsina Kidwai 31 December 198424 June 1986 Indian National Congress Rajiv Gandhi [19]
P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 24 June 198614 February 1988 [20]
Motilal Vora 14 February 198824 January 1989
Ram Niwas Mirdha 24 January 19894 July 1989
Rafique Alam
(MoS, Independent Charge)
4 July 19892 December 1989
Nilamani Routray 6 December 198920 April 1990 Janata Dal
National Front
V. P. Singh
Rasheed Masood 21 April 199010 November 1990
Shakeel-Ur-Rehman 21 November 199020 February 1991 Janata Dal
National Front
Chandra Shekhar [21]
Chandra Shekhar 20 February 199121 June 1991
M. L. Fotedar 21 June 199117 January 1993 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
B. Shankaranand 18 January 199322 December 1994
P. V. Narasimha Rao 23 December 199411 June 1995 [22]
A. R. Antulay 11 June 199516 May 1996
Sartaj Singh 16 May 19961 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Atal Bihari Vajpayee [23]
Saleem Iqbal Shervani 29 June 19969 June 1997 Janata Dal
United Front
H. D. Dewe Gowda
Inder Kumar Gujral 9 June 199719 March 1998 Inder Kumar Gujral
Dalit Ezhimalai
(MoS, Independent Charge)
19 March 199814 August 1999 Pattali Makkal Katchi
National Democratic Alliance
Atal Bihari Vajpayee [24]
A. K. Patel
(MoS, Independent Charge)
14 August 199913 October 1999 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
[25]
N. T. Shanmugam
(MoS, Independent Charge)
13 October 199927 May 2000 Pattali Makkal Katchi
National Democratic Alliance
C. P. Thakur 27 May 200030 June 2002 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
[26]
Shatrughan Sinha 1 July 200229 January 2003
Sushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj in 2014.jpg 29 January 200322 May 2004 [27]
Anbumani Ramadoss Dr Anbumani Ramadoss (2456738711).jpg 22 May 200429 March 2009 Pattali Makkal Katchi
United Progressive Alliance
Manmohan Singh
Panabaka Lakshmi
(MoS, Independent Charge)
29 March 200922 May 2009 Indian National Congress
United Progressive Alliance
Ghulam Nabi Azad Ghulam Nabi Azad-cropped.JPG 22 May 200926 May 2014
Harsh Vardhan Dr Harsh Vardhan.png 26 May 20149 November 2014 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Narendra Modi [28]
Jagat Prakash Nadda Shri J.P. Nadda is also seen in delhi.jpg 9 November 201428 May 2019
Harsh Vardhan Dr Harsh Vardhan.png 31 May 2019Incumbent

See also

Related Research Articles

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"Unani" or "Yunani medicine" is the term for Perso-Arabic traditional medicine as practiced in Mughal India and in Muslim culture in South Asia and modern day Central Asia The term Yūnānī means "Greek", as the Perso-Arabic system of medicine was based on the teachings of the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen.

Shripad Naik Indian politician

Shripad Yesso Naik is an Indian politician and the Union Minister of State in the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and Minister of State for Defence. He was the former Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare. He is the Member of Parliament from North Goa constituency, representing the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Siddha medicine System of traditional medicine originating in South India

Siddha medicine is a traditional medicine originating in Tamil Nadu, India and practiced over centuries. The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy of the Government of India regulates training in Siddha medicine and other traditional practices grouped collectively as AYUSH. Practitioners are called siddhars, and may have formal training with advanced degrees, such as BSMS, MD or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). The Central Council of Indian Medicine, a statutory body established in 1971 under AYUSH, monitors education in areas of rural Indian medicine, including Siddha medicine.

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National Institute of Homoeopathy Institute in Salt Lake, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

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Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) is a statutory body under Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, set up in 1971 under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, which was passed in 1970. It is one of the Professional councils under University Grants Commission (UGC) to monitor higher education in Indian systems of medicine, including Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Sowa-Rigpa.

National Research Institute for Panchakarma (NRIP) at Cheruthuruthy in Thrissur district, is the only organisation in the public sector for research and development in Indian systems of medicine, especially Panchakarma related to ayurvedic system. The institute was set up in 1971 on the southern bank of Bharathapuzha river in Cheruthuruthy. The institute comes under the Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS) of the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The institute is functioning with hospital, laboratories and pharmacy and is undertaking various research activities, especially Clinical Research on Neuromuscular problems and Training programmes to Doctors and Therapists on Panchakarma. The institute also provides intensive training on Panchakarma for Ayurvedic physicians. This institute organises Post-Graduate three-month-long Special Certificate Course in Panchkarma after graduation for Ayurvedic doctors is held twice a year. On 21 October 2010, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare upgraded the institute as a Centre of Excellence.There are opporunities for students who seek to learn and practice Panchakarma course as Masseurs conducted in a gap of every 4–5 years.Seats are limited.Duration of the course is one year.

National Institute of Siddha is an institute for study and research of Siddha medicine. It was established in 2005 at Tambaram, Chennai, India. It is one of the eight national institutes established across nation, for training and research in "Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy education", by Department of AYUSH, Government of India,

Thrissur Ayurveda cluster is an Ayurveda cluster situated in KINFRA Park in Koratty in Thrissur District. The cluster is meant for a comprehensive development of Kerala brand of Ayurvedic products and train the manufacturers of Ayurveda products on the importance of safety, quality and efficacy. The cluster have facilities for testing and analysis, process product validation, safety study and manufacture. The cluster is approved by the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).

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Paneenazhikath Narayana Vasudeva Kurup is an Indian Ayurvedic physician, medical researcher, medical writer and the founder director of the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRIMH). He is a former vice chancellor of the Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar and a former advisor of the Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H) of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. He has published several articles and a book, A Handbook on Indian Medicinal Plants, on the traditional Indian medicine system, The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2005, for his contributions to Indian medicine.

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Dr. B. D. Jatti Homoeopathic Medical College, Hospital and Post Graduate Research Centre

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