Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed1976
Jurisdiction Flag of India.svg Republic of India
Headquarters Cabinet Secretariat
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
28°36′50″N77°12′32″E / 28.61389°N 77.20889°E / 28.61389; 77.20889
Annual budget52,800 crore (US$7.6 billion) (2018-19 est.) [1]
Agency executive

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India. It is also responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in India. [2] [3]

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

A ministry is a governmental organisation, headed by a minister, that is meant to manage a specific sector of public administration. Governments may have differing numbers and types of ministries, but the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary notes that all states have a Ministry of Interior, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a Ministry of Defense, a Ministry of Justice and a Ministry of Finance. A Ministry of Education or similar is also commonly present.

Health policy policy area, which deals with the planning, organization, management and financing of the health system

Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a society". According to the World Health Organization, an explicit health policy can achieve several things: it defines a vision for the future; it outlines priorities and the expected roles of different groups; and it builds consensus and informs people.

Contents

The Minister of Health and Family Welfare holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The current minister is Harsh Vardhan. The Ministry regularly publishes the Indian Pharmacopoeia since 1955 through Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) an autonomous body under the ministry for setting standards for drugs, pharmaceuticals and healthcare devices and technologies in India. [4]

Cabinet (government) Group of high ranking officials, usually representing the executive branch of government

A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.

Harsh Vardhan (Delhi politician) Delhi politician

Harsh Vardhan is the incumbent minister at Ministry of Science & Technology (India), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Earth Sciences in the BJP-led NDA government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He represents Chandni Chowk in Delhi as a Member of Parliament in the 17th Lok Sabha. He was also the Chief Ministerial candidate for the BJP in the 2013 Delhi assembly election.

Composition

The ministry is composed of two departments: Departments of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health Research. [5]

Department of Health

The Department of Health deals with health care, including awareness campaigns, immunisation campaigns, preventive medicine, and public health. Bodies under the administrative control of this department are:

Health care Prevention of disease and promotion of wellbeing

Health care, health-care, or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people. Health care is delivered by health professionals in allied health fields. Physicians and physician associates are a part of these health professionals. Dentistry, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, audiology, pharmacy, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. It includes work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health.

Public health preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society and individuals

Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals". Analyzing the health of a population and the threats it faces is the basis for public health. The public can be as small as a handful of people or as large as a village or an entire city; in the case of a pandemic it may encompass several continents. The concept of health takes into account physical, psychological and social well-being. As such, according to the World Health Organization, it is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

National AIDS Control Organisation

The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), established in 1992 is a division of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies, and is "the nodal organisation for formulation of policy and implementation of programs for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India.".

HIV/AIDS in India

According to National AIDS Control Organization of India, the prevalence of AIDS in India in 2015 was 0.26%, which is down from 0.41 in 2002. While the National AIDS Control Organisation estimated that 2.11 million people live with HIV/AIDS in India in 2015, a more recent investigation by the Million Death Study Collaborators in the British Medical Journal (2010) estimates the population to be between 1.4–1.6 million people.

Cancer group of diseases

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans.

The National Cancer Control Programme

History

With the emergence of Cancer as a growing threat to Public health, [7] the Indian Government, through the Ministry of Health and Welfare, initiated the National Cancer Control Program (NCCP) in 1975. [8] [9] Initially, the focus of the program was prevention as its aim was to educate the population and make detection and diagnosis resources available. Another goal for the program was to increase capacity in the structures already dealing with cancer and address the short fallings of palliative care. [8] The program was subsequently revised between 1984 and 1985 [7] [9] to better set it up for success in its goal of reducing cancer morbidity and mortality in the country, [10] mainly through primary prevention and early detection. [9] Between 1990 and 1991, the cancer control program was decentralised with the introduction of services at the district level. [9] The last revision on the NCCP intervened in 2005. [9]

Achievements

Since its creation, the program has had many major accomplishments such as the establishment of the National Cancer Registry Programme in 1982. [10] Even though the registry does not cover the whole population affected by cancer, it gives the most updated information on the burden of cancer in the country and informs policies enacted to fight cancer such as provisions for additional funding to public hospitals and the creation of cancer centres in 27 regions. [8] Through the National Cancer Control Programme, the country was able to put in place effective policies to foster primary prevention such as a tobacco control policy to minimise the negative impacts from the use of tobacco. [11] The country also disposes of policies to control and prevent obesity and alcohol abuse, and policies to foster physical activity and ensure that is available for everyone. [11] Cancer screening and early detection services are generally offered in public health centres, especially for breast and cervical cancer. [11] The NCCP led to the creation of 27 cancer centres across the country, and 85 additional oncology programs in medical schools. [12]

Challenges

Despite the successes, the National Cancer Control Programme is faced with numerous challenges. [8] Accessibility, availability, and affordability of cancer care resources remain a major issue faced by the program. [8] [13] Problems of access are due to lack of financial means to afford the resources that are available or the lack of financial to make the decisions that would reduce the risks of developing the disease. These include lifestyle decisions such as smoking, alcohol consumption and nutrition patterns. Availability is a major problem particularly in rural areas because the resources are concentrated in cities and solving the geographical gap between resources such as facilities and personal remains a challenge for the NCCP. [11]

Department of Family Welfare

The Department of Family Welfare (FW) is responsible for aspects relating to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health, pediatrics, information, education and communications; cooperation with NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services. The Department of Family Welfare is responsible for:

Department of AYUSH

Department of AYUSH is no more under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, it has elevated as Ministry of AYUSH with effect from 9 November 2014.

The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) deals with ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine), yoga, naturopathy, unani, siddha, and homeopathy, and other alternative medicine systems. Now 'Sowa-Rigpa' the tibetian medicine system also has been added in AYUSH

The department was established in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homeopathy (ISM&H). The department is charged with upholding education standards in the Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy colleges, strengthening research, promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants used, and working on Pharmacopoeia standards. Bodies under the control of the Department of AYUSH are:

Ministers

Ministers Health and Family Welfare
NamePortraitTerm of officePolitical PartyPrime MinisterReference
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur Rajkumari Amrit Kaur.jpg 19471957 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru [14]
Sushila Nayar 19621967 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [15]
Kodardas Kalidas Shah 19671971 [16]
Uma Shankar Dikshit 19711972 [17]
Karan Singh Dr-Karan-Singh-sept2009.jpg 19731977 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [16]
Raj Narain 24 March 197725 January 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai [18]
Rabi Ray 25 January 197914 July 1979 [19]
28 July 197914 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh [20]
Mohsina Kidwai 31 December 198424 June 1986 Indian National Congress Rajiv Gandhi [21]
P. V. Narasimha Rao P V Narasimha Rao.png July 1986February 1988 [22]
Rasheed Masood 21 April 199010 November 1990 Janata Dal
National Front
V. P. Singh [23]
Sartaj Singh 16 May 19961 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Atal Bihari Vajpayee [24]
C. P. Thakur 27 May 200030 June 2002 [25]
Sushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj in 2014.jpg 29 January 200322 May 2004 [26]
Anbumani Ramadoss Dr Anbumani Ramadoss (2456738711).jpg 22 May 2004April 2009 Pattali Makkal Katchi
United Progressive Alliance
Manmohan Singh
Ghulam Nabi Azad Ghulam Nabi Azad-cropped.JPG 22 May 200926 May 2014 Indian National Congress
United Progressive Alliance
Harsh Vardhan Dr Harsh Vardhan.png 26 May 20149 November 2014 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Narendra Modi [27]
Jagat Prakash Nadda Jagat Prakash Nadda, 2015.png 9 November 201428 May 2019
Harsh Vardhan Dr Harsh Vardhan.png 31 May 2019Incumbent

See also

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