Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Last updated

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed1976
Jurisdiction Flag of India.svg Republic of India
Headquarters Cabinet Secretariat
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
28°36′50″N77°12′32″E / 28.61389°N 77.20889°E / 28.61389; 77.20889
Annual budget52,800 crore (US$7.3 billion) (2018-19 est.) [1]
Agency executives

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India. It is also responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in India. [2] [3]

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

A ministry is a governmental organisation, headed by a minister, that is meant to manage a specific sector of public administration. Governments may have differing numbers and types of ministries, but the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary notes that all states have a Ministry of Interior, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs, a Ministry of Defense, a Ministry of Justice and a Ministry of Finance. A Ministry of Education or similar is also commonly present.

Health policy policy area, which deals with the planning, organization, management and financing of the health system

Health policy can be defined as the "decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific healthcare goals within a society". According to the World Health Organization, an explicit health policy can achieve several things: it defines a vision for the future; it outlines priorities and the expected roles of different groups; and it builds consensus and informs people.

Contents

The Minister of Health and Family Welfare holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The current minister is Jagat Prakash Nadda. [4] The Ministry regularly publishes the Indian Pharmacopoeia since 1955 through Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) an autonomous body under the ministry for setting standards for drugs, pharmaceuticals and healthcare devices and technologies in India. [5]

Cabinet (government) group of high ranking officials, usually representing the executive branch of government

A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called Cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a Cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.

Jagat Prakash Nadda Indian politician

Jagat Prakash Nadda is an Indian politician. He is currently the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare and member of Rajya Sabha from Himachal Pradesh and Parliamentary Board Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party. Earlier, he was a Minister in Himachal Pradesh Government.

Composition

The ministry is composed of two departments: Departments of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health Research. [6]

Department of Health

The Department of Health deals with health care, including awareness campaigns, immunisation campaigns, preventive medicine, and public health. Bodies under the administrative control of this department are:

Health care Prevention of disease and promotion of wellbeing

Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in people. Health care is delivered by health professionals in allied health fields. Physicians and physician associates are a part of these health professionals. Dentistry, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, audiology, pharmacy, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. It includes work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health.

Public health preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society and individuals

Public health has been defined as "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals". Analyzing the health of a population and the threats it faces is the basis for public health. The public can be as small as a handful of people or as large as a village or an entire city; in the case of a pandemic it may encompass several continents. The concept of health takes into account physical, psychological and social well-being. As such, according to the World Health Organization, it is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

National AIDS Control Organisation

The National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), established in 1992 is a division of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies, and is "the nodal organisation for formulation of policy and implementation of programs for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India.".

HIV/AIDS in India

According to National AIDS Control Organization of India, the prevalence of AIDS in India in 2015 was 0.26%, which is down from 0.41 in 2002. While the National AIDS Control Organisation estimated that 2.11 million people live with HIV/AIDS in India in 2015, a more recent investigation by the Million Death Study Collaborators in the British Medical Journal (2010) estimates the population to be between 1.4–1.6 million people.

Cancer disease of uncontrolled, unregulated and abnormal cell growth

Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss and a change in bowel movements. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they may have other causes. Over 100 types of cancers affect humans.

The National Cancer Control Programme

History

With the emergence of Cancer as a growing threat to Public health, [8] the Indian Government, through the Ministry of Health and Welfare, initiated the National Cancer Control Program (NCCP) in 1975. [9] [10] Initially, the focus of the program was prevention as its aim was to educate the population and make detection and diagnosis resources available. Another goal for the program was to increase capacity in the structures already dealing with cancer and address the short fallings of palliative care. [9] The program was subsequently revised between 1984 and 1985 [8] [10] to better set it up for success in its goal of reducing cancer morbidity and mortality in the country, [11] mainly through primary prevention and early detection. [10] Between 1990 and 1991, the cancer control program was decentralised with the introduction of services at the district level. [10] The last revision on the NCCP intervened in 2005. [10]

Achievements

Since its creation, the program has had many major accomplishments such as the establishment of the National Cancer Registry Programme in 1982. [11] Even though the registry does not cover the whole population affected by cancer, it gives the most updated information on the burden of cancer in the country and informs policies enacted to fight cancer such as provisions for additional funding to public hospitals and the creation of cancer centres in 27 regions. [9] Through the National Cancer Control Programme, the country was able to put in place effective policies to foster primary prevention such as a tobacco control policy to minimise the negative impacts from the use of tobacco. [12] The country also disposes of policies to control and prevent obesity and alcohol abuse, and policies to foster physical activity and ensure that is available for everyone. [12] Cancer screening and early detection services are generally offered in public health centres, especially for breast and cervical cancer. [12] The NCCP led to the creation of 27 cancer centres across the country, and 85 additional oncology programs in medical schools. [13]

Challenges

Despite the successes, the National Cancer Control Programme is faced with numerous challenges. [9] Accessibility, availability, and affordability of cancer care resources remain a major issue faced by the program. [9] [14] Problems of access are due to lack of financial means to afford the resources that are available or the lack of financial to make the decisions that would reduce the risks of developing the disease. These include lifestyle decisions such as smoking, alcohol consumption and nutrition patterns. Availability is a major problem particularly in rural areas because the resources are concentrated in cities and solving the geographical gap between resources such as facilities and personal remains a challenge for the NCCP. [12]

Department of Family Welfare

The Department of Family Welfare (FW) is responsible for aspects relating to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health, pediatrics, information, education and communications; cooperation with NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services. The Department of Family Welfare is responsible for:

Department of AAYUSH

Department of AYUSH is no more under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, it has elevated as Ministry of AYUSH with effect from 9 November 2014.

The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) deals with ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine), yoga, naturopathy, unani, siddha, and homoeopathy, and other alternative medicine systems. Now 'Sowa-Rigpa' the tibetian medicine system also has been added in AYUSH

The department was established in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy (ISM&H). The department is charged with upholding education standards in the Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy colleges, strengthening research, promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants used, and working on Pharmacopoeia standards. Bodies under the control of the Department of AYUSH are:

See also

Related Research Articles

Unani medicine traditional medicine from the mughal empire

"Unani" or "Yunani medicine" is the term for Perso-Arabic traditional medicine as practiced in Mughal India and in Muslim culture in South Asia and modern day Central Asia. The term Yūnānī means "Greek", as the Perso-Arabic system of medicine was based on the teachings of the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen.

Shripad Naik Indian politician

Shripad Yesso Naik is an Indian politician and the Union Minister of State in the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and former Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare. He is the Member of Parliament from North Goa constituency, representing the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Siddha medicine system of traditional medicine originating in South India

Siddha medicine is a system of traditional medicine originating in ancient Tamilakam in South India and Sri Lanka.

The National Integrated Medical Association (NIMA) is an Indian non-governmental organisation of general practitioners educated in integrated system of medicine which includes study of Modern Medicine and knowledge of ayurveda/unani/siddha with scientific approach.

The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy, abbreviated as AYUSH, is a governmental body in India purposed with developing, education and research in the field of alternative medicines including ayurveda, yoga, unani, naturopathy, siddha and homoeopathy. The ministry is headed by a Minister of State which is currently occupied by Shripad Naik.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, formerly Rajasthan Ayurved University, is the first Ayurved university in the state Rajasthan and it is the second university of this kind in India. The university situated in Jodhpur was founded on 24 May 2003.

National Institute of Homoeopathy

National Institute of Homeopathy (NIH) is an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH), Govt. of India.

Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) is a statutory body under Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, set up in 1971 under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, which was passed in 1970. It is one of the Professional councils under University Grants Commission (UGC) to monitor higher education in Indian systems of medicine, including Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani.

National Research Institute for Panchakarma (NRIP) at Cheruthuruthy in Thrissur district, is the only organisation in the public sector for research and development in Indian systems of medicine, especially Panchakarma related to ayurvedic system. The institute was set up in 1971 on the southern bank of Bharathapuzha river in Cheruthuruthy. The institute comes under the Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS) of the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The institute is functioning with hospital, laboratories and pharmacy and is undertaking various research activities, especially Clinical Research on Neuromuscular problems and Training programmes to Doctors and Therapists on Panchakarma. The institute also provides intensive training on Panchakarma for Ayurvedic physicians. This institute organises Post-Graduate three-month-long Special Certificate Course in Panchkarma after graduation for Ayurvedic doctors is held twice a year. On 21 October 2010, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare upgraded the institute as a Centre of Excellence.There are opporunities for students who seek to learn and practice Panchakarma course as Masseurs conducted in a gap of every 4-5 years.Seats are limited.Duration of the course is one year.

National Institute of Siddha is an institute for study and research of Siddha medicine. It was established in 2005 at Tambaram, Chennai, India. It is one of the eight national institutes established across nation, for training and research in "Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy education", by Department of AYUSH, Government of India,

Thrissur Ayurveda cluster is an Ayurveda cluster situated in KINFRA Park in Koratty in Thrissur District. The cluster is meant for a comprehensive development of Kerala brand of Ayurvedic products and train the manufacturers of Ayurveda products on the importance of safety, quality and efficacy. The cluster have facilities for testing and analysis, process product validation, safety study and manufacture. The cluster is approved by the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH).

Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine or CRIUM Hyderabad, established in December 1971, is an Indian Government sponsored Unani medicine research center and out patient clinic located in Hyderabad, India.

Matha Ayurveda Eye Hospital Hospital in Kerala, India

Matha Ayurveda Eye Hospital is an Ayurvedic eye clinic and hospital in Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram), Kerala, India.

The Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal on ayurvedic medicine. It was established in 2010. The editor-in-chief is Bhushan Patwardhan.

National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM) is an autonomous organization for research and training in Unani medicine in India. It was established in 1984 at Bangalore under the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India, in a joint venture with Government of Karnataka.

Vijay Singh is a former officer from the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), 1970 batch, Madhya Pradesh Cadre. He was appointed Defence Secretary, in the Ministry of Defence, in August 2007. He succeeded Shekhar Dutt, IAS, of 1969 batch, who, on superannuation, was appointed as Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic and Defence related subjects in the National Security Council Secretariat, with rank and pay of Secretary to the Government of India, for a term of 2 years.

Vaidya Balendu Prakash is an Indian Ayurvedic physician. He is a former physician to the President of India and the founder of Paadav, a specialty Ayurvedic hospital in Dehradun. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian award of the Padma Shri in 1999.

Paneenazhikath Narayana Vasudeva Kurup is an Indian Ayurvedic physician, medical researcher, medical writer and the founder director of the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRIMH). He is a former vice chancellor of the Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar and a former advisor of the Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H) of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. He has published several articles and a book, A Handbook on Indian Medicinal Plants, on the traditional Indian medicine system, The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2005, for his contributions to Indian medicine.

Sanjeevani (plant) in Hindu mythology, a cure-all plant which can reverse even near death

In Hindu mythology, sanjeevani is a magical herb which has the power to cure serious nervous system problems. It was believed that medicines prepared from this herb could revive situations where death is almost certain. The herb is mentioned in the Ramayana when Ravana's son Indrajit (Meghnad) hurls a powerful weapon at Lakshmana. Lakshmana is badly wounded and is nearly killed by Indrajit. Hanuman was called upon to fetch this herb from the mount Dronagiri (Mahodaya) in the Himalayas. Upon reaching Dronagiri Parvat, Hanuman could not identify the herb and lifted the whole mountain and brought it to the battlefield.

Uttarakhand Ayurved University

Uttarakhand Ayurved University is a state university located at Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. It was established in 2009 by the Government of Uttarakhand through the Uttarakhand Ayurved University Act, 2009 and focuses on teaching and research of Ayurveda, as well as other areas of AYUSH.

References

  1. "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019.
  2. "Suspension of anti-diabetes drug takes industry by surprise". The Hindu. June 27, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  3. "Let the science decide", The Hindu, July 24, 2013, retrieved 1 August 2013
  4. National Portal of India : Government : Who's Who
  5. "Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission". ipc.nic.in.
  6. "Departments :: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare".
  7. Rath, Goura Kishor (Winter 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 34 (4): 288–90. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC   4264276 . PMID   25538407 via National Institutes of Health.
  8. 1 2 "National cancer control and registration program in India.: Start Your Search!". eds.b.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 Goss, Paul E; Strasser-Weippl, Kathrin; Lee-Bychkovsky, Brittany L; Fan, Lei; Li, Junjie; Chavarri-Guerra, Yanin; Liedke, Pedro E R; Pramesh, C S; Badovinac-Crnjevic, Tanja (2014-04-01). "Challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia". The Lancet Oncology. 15 (5): 489–538. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70029-4. PMID   24731404.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Rath, Goura Kishor (Oct–Dec 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 35 (4): 288–290. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC   4264276 . PMID   25538407 via NIH NCBI.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  11. 1 2 "Indian National Cancer Control Programme: Setting sight on shifting targets...: Start Your Search!". eds.a.ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  12. 1 2 3 4 "Cancer Country Profiles India". WHO Int. World Health Organization. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  13. Rath, Goura Kishor (Oct–Dec 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 35 (4): 288–290. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC   4264276 . PMID   25538407 via NIH NCBI.CS1 maint: Date format (link)
  14. Gulia, Seema; Sengar, Manju; Badwe, Rajendra; Gupta, Sudeep (2016-10-28). "National Cancer Control Programme in India: Proposal for Organization of Chemotherapy and Systemic Therapy Services". Journal of Global Oncology. 3 (3): 271–274. doi:10.1200/JGO.2015.001818. PMC   5493213 . PMID   28717770.