|Minister of External Affairs|
|Ministry of External Affairs|
|Appointer||President on the advice of the Prime Minister|
|Inaugural holder||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Formation||2 September 1946|
The Minister of External Affairs (or simply Foreign Minister) is the head of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most offices in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Foreign Minister is to represent India and its government in the international community. The Foreign Minister also plays an important role in determining Indian foreign policy. Occasionally, the Foreign Minister is assisted by a Minister of State for External Affairs or the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of External Affairs.
The Ministry of External Affairs of India, also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India. The Ministry comes under Government of India and is responsible for India's representation in the United Nations. It also advises other Ministries and State Governments when the latter have dealings with foreign governments or institutions.
The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.
India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, also held the Foreign Minister post throughout his 17-year premiership of the country; he remains the country's longest-serving Foreign Minister. Several other Prime Ministers have since held the additional charge of foreign minister, but never has any other cabinet minister held additional charge of the office. There have been a number of Foreign Ministers who went on to become the Prime Minister like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, P. V. Narasimha Rao and I. K. Gujral.
Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was a freedom fighter, the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He has been described by the Amar Chitra Katha as the architect of India. He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the Kashmiri Pandit community while Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India: first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004. A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he was the first Indian prime minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office.
Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996. His ascendancy to the prime ministership was politically significant in that he was the second holder of this office from a non-Hindi-speaking region and 1st belonging to the southern part of India. He led an important administration, overseeing a major economic transformation and several home incidents affecting national security of India. Rao, who held the Industries portfolio, was personally responsible for the dismantling of the Licence Raj, as this came under the purview of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. He is often referred to as the "Father of Indian Economic Reforms". Future prime ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh continued the economic reform policies pioneered by Rao's government. Rao accelerated the dismantling of the License Raj, reversing the socialist policies of Rajiv Gandhi's government. He employed Dr. Manmohan Singh as his Finance Minister to embark on historic economic transition. With Rao's mandate, Dr. Manmohan Singh launched India's globalisation angle of the reforms that implemented the International Monetary Fund (IMF) policies to rescue the almost bankrupt nation from economic collapse. Rao was also referred to as Chanakya for his ability to steer tough economic and political legislation through the parliament at a time when he headed a minority government.
The current Minister of External Affairs is Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata Party, succeeding Salman Khurshid of the Indian National Congress on 26 May 2014
Sushma Swaraj is an Indian politician and a former Supreme Court lawyer. A senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party, Swaraj is serving as the Minister of External Affairs of India since 26 May 2014; she is the second woman to hold the office, after Indira Gandhi. She has been elected seven times as a Member of Parliament and three times as a Member of the Legislative Assembly. At the age of 25 in 1977, she became the youngest cabinet minister of north Indian state of Haryana. She also served as 5th Chief Minister of Delhi from 13 October 1998 to 3 December 1998.
The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2018, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. BJP is a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. It has close ideological and organisational links to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
Salman Khurshid Alam Khan is an Indian politician, designated senior advocate, eminent author and a law teacher. He was the Cabinet Minister of the Ministry of External Affairs. He belongs to the Indian National Congress. He is a lawyer, and a writer who has been elected from Farrukhabad Lok Sabha constituency in the General Election of 2009. He belongs to the Farrukhabad area. Prior to this he was elected to the 10th Lok Sabha (1991–1996) from the Farrukhabad Lok Sabha constituency. He became the Union Deputy Minister of Commerce in June 1991, and later became the Union Minister of State for External Affairs. He started his political career in 1981 as an Officer on Special Duty in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) under the prime ministership of Indira Gandhi.
|№||Name||Portrait||Term of office||Political party|
|1||Jawaharlal Nehru||2 September 1947||27 May 1964||Indian National Congress||Himself|
|2||Gulzarilal Nanda||27 May 1964||9 June 1964||Himself|
|3||Lal Bahadur Shastri||9 June 1964||17 July 1964||Himself|
|4||Swaran Singh||18 July 1964||14 November 1966||Lal Bahadur Shastri|
|5||M. C. Chagla||14 November 1966||5 September 1967||Indira Gandhi|
|6||Indira Gandhi||6 September 1967||13 February 1969|
|7||Dinesh Singh||14 February 1969||27 June 1970|
|(4)||Swaran Singh||27 June 1970||10 October 1974|
|8||Yashwantrao Chavan||10 October 1974||24 March 1977|
|9||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||26 March 1977||28 July 1979||Janata Party||Morarji Desai|
|10||Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra||28 July 1979||13 January 1980||Janata Party (Secular)||Charan Singh|
|11||P. V. Narasimha Rao||14 January 1980||19 July 1984||Indian National Congress||Indira Gandhi|
|(6)||Indira Gandhi||19 July 1984||31 October 1984|
|12||Rajiv Gandhi||31 October 1984||24 September 1985||Rajiv Gandhi|
|13||Bali Ram Bhagat||25 September 1985||12 May 1986|
|14||P. Shiv Shankar||12 May 1986||22 October 1986|
|15||N. D. Tiwari||22 October 1986||25 July 1987|
|(12)||Rajiv Gandhi||25 July 1987||25 June 1988|
|(11)||P. V. Narasimha Rao||25 June 1988||2 December 1989|
|16||V. P. Singh||2 December 1989||5 December 1989|| Janata Dal |
|V. P. Singh|
|17||I. K. Gujral||5 December 1989||10 November 1990|
|18||Vidya Charan Shukla||21 November 1990||20 February 1991|| Samajwadi Janata Party ||Chandra Shekhar|
|19||Madhavsinh Solanki||21 June 1991||31 March 1992||Indian National Congress||P. V. Narasimha Rao|
|(11)||P. V. Narasimha Rao||31 March 1992||18 January 1993|
|(7)||Dinesh Singh||18 January 1993||10 February 1995|
|20||Pranab Mukherjee||10 February 1995||16 May 1996|
|21||Sikander Bakht||21 May 1996||1 June 1996||Bharatiya Janata Party||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|(17)||I. K. Gujral||1 June 1996||18 March 1998|| Janata Dal |
| H. D. Deve Gowda |
I. K. Gujral
Mrs. Kamala Sinha Minister of State for External Affairs (Independent Charge)
|(9)||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||19 March 1998||5 December 1998|| Bharatiya Janata Party |
(National Democratic Alliance)
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|22||Jaswant Singh||5 December 1998||23 June 2002|
|23||Yashwant Sinha||1 July 2002||22 May 2004|
|24||Natwar Singh||22 May 2004||6 November 2005||Indian National Congress|
(United Progressive Alliance)
|25||Manmohan Singh||6 November 2005||24 October 2006|
|(20)||Pranab Mukherjee||24 October 2006||22 May 2009|
|26||S. M. Krishna||22 May 2009||26 October 2012|
|27||Salman Khurshid||28 October 2012||26 May 2014|
|28||Sushma Swaraj||26 May 2014||Incumbent||Bharatiya Janata Party|
(National Democratic Alliance)
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