Minister of External Affairs (India)

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Minister of External Affairs
Videsh Mantri
Emblem of India.svg
Minister Jaishankar (48823162971) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

since 30 May 2019
Ministry of External Affairs
Appointer President on the advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Jawaharlal Nehru
Formation2 September 1946

The Minister of External Affairs (or simply, the Foreign Minister, in Hindi Videsh Mantri) is the head of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most offices in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Foreign Minister is to represent India and its government in the international community. The Foreign Minister also plays an important role in determining Indian foreign policy. Occasionally, the Foreign Minister is assisted by a Minister of State for External Affairs or the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of External Affairs.

Contents

India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, also held the Foreign Minister post throughout his 17-year premiership of the country; he remains the country's longest-serving Foreign Minister. Several other Prime Ministers have since held the additional charge of foreign minister, but never has any other cabinet minister held additional charge of the office. There have been a number of Foreign Ministers who went on to become the Prime Minister like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, P. V. Narasimha Rao and I. K. Gujral.

The current Minister of External Affairs is Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, succeeding Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata Party on 30 May 2019

List of Foreign Ministers

NamePortraitTerm of officePolitical party
(Alliance)
Prime Minister
1 Jawaharlal Nehru Jnehru.jpg 2 September 194627 May 1964 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 Gulzarilal Nanda 27 May 19649 June 1964 Gulzarilal Nanda
(acting)
3 Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri (from stamp).jpg 9 June 196417 July 1964 Lal Bahadur Shastri
4 Swaran Singh 18 July 196414 November 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
5 M. C. Chagla Mohamed Ali Currim Chagla.jpg 14 November 19665 September 1967 Indira Gandhi
6 Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg 6 September 196713 February 1969
7 Dinesh Singh 14 February 196927 June 1970
(4) Swaran Singh 27 June 197010 October 1974
8 Yashwantrao Chavan Yashwantrao Chavan.jpg 10 October 197424 March 1977
9 Atal Bihari Vajpayee The Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee delivering his speech at the 12th SAARC Summit in Islamabad, Pakistan on January 4, 2004 (1) (cropped).jpg 26 March 197728 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
10 Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra 28 July 197914 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
11 P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 14 January 198019 July 1984 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
(6) Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg 19 July 198431 October 1984
12 Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg 31 October 198424 September 1985 Rajiv Gandhi
13 Bali Ram Bhagat Nicolae Ceausescu and B.R. Bhagat (cropped).png 25 September 198512 May 1986
14 P. Shiv Shankar 12 May 198622 October 1986
15 N. D. Tiwari Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg 22 October 198625 July 1987
(12) Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg 25 July 198725 June 1988
(11) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 25 June 19882 December 1989
16 V. P. Singh V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg 2 December 19895 December 1989 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
17 I. K. Gujral Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg 5 December 198910 November 1990
18 Chandra Shekhar [1] Chandra Shekhar Singh.jpg 10 November 199021 November 1990 Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
Chandra Shekhar
19 Vidya Charan Shukla 21 November 199020 February 1991
(18) Chandra Shekhar [2] Chandra Shekhar Singh.jpg 20 February 199121 June 1991
20 Madhavsinh Solanki 21 June 199131 March 1992 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
(11) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 31 March 199218 January 1993
(7) Dinesh Singh 18 January 199310 February 1995
21 Pranab Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg 10 February 199516 May 1996
22 Sikander Bakht 21 May 19961 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(17) I. K. Gujral Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg 1 June 199618 March 1998 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
(9) Atal Bihari Vajpayee The Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee delivering his speech at the 12th SAARC Summit in Islamabad, Pakistan on January 4, 2004 (1) (cropped).jpg 19 March 19985 December 1998 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
23 Jaswant Singh Jaswant Singh (cropped).jpg 5 December 199823 June 2002
24 Yashwant Sinha Yashwant Sinha IMF.jpg 1 July 200222 May 2004
25 Natwar Singh K Natwar Singh.jpg 22 May 2004 [3] 6 November 2005 [4] Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
26 Manmohan Singh Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in WEF ,2009 (cropped).jpg 6 November 200524 October 2006
(21) Pranab Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg 24 October 2006 [5] 22 May 2009
27 S. M. Krishna India-eam-krishna (cropped).jpg 22 May 200926 October 2012
28 Salman Khurshid Salman-kurshid.jpg 28 October 201226 May 2014
29 Sushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj Ji.jpg 26 May 201430 May 2019 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
30 Subrahmanyam Jaishankar Minister Jaishankar (48823162971) (cropped).jpg 30 May 2019Incumbent

See also

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References

  1. "Council of Ministers" (PDF).
  2. "Council of Ministers" (PDF).
  3. Rediff.com dated 22 May 2004, accessed 25 October 200
  4. BBC News dated 7 November 2005, accessed 25 October 200
  5. The Hindu dated 25 October 2006, accessed 25 October 2006.