Minister of External Affairs (India)

Last updated
Minister of External Affairs
Videsh Mantri
Emblem of India.svg
Secretary Tillerson is Greeted by Indian Minister of External Affairs Swaraj (24074726498) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Sushma Swaraj

since 26 May 2014
Ministry of External Affairs
Appointer President on the advice of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Jawaharlal Nehru
Formation2 September 1946

The Minister of External Affairs (or simply Foreign Minister) is the head of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most offices in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Foreign Minister is to represent India and its government in the international community. The Foreign Minister also plays an important role in determining Indian foreign policy. Occasionally, the Foreign Minister is assisted by a Minister of State for External Affairs or the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of External Affairs.

Ministry of External Affairs (India) Runs the diplomatic relations of the Republic of India with other countries

The Ministry of External Affairs of India, also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India. The Ministry comes under Government of India and is responsible for India's representation in the United Nations. It also advises other Ministries and State Governments when the latter have dealings with foreign governments or institutions.

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Contents

India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, also held the Foreign Minister post throughout his 17-year premiership of the country; he remains the country's longest-serving Foreign Minister. Several other Prime Ministers have since held the additional charge of foreign minister, but never has any other cabinet minister held additional charge of the office. There have been a number of Foreign Ministers who went on to become the Prime Minister like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, P. V. Narasimha Rao and I. K. Gujral.

Jawaharlal Nehru first Prime Minister of India

Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was a freedom fighter, the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He has been described by the Amar Chitra Katha as the architect of India. He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with the Kashmiri Pandit community while Indian children knew him as Chacha Nehru.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee 10th Prime Minister of the Republic of India

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India: first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004. A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he was the first Indian prime minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress party to have served a full five-year term in office.

P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian politician

Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996. His ascendancy to the prime ministership was politically significant in that he was the second holder of this office from a non-Hindi-speaking region and 1st belonging to the southern part of India. He led an important administration, overseeing a major economic transformation and several home incidents affecting national security of India. Rao, who held the Industries portfolio, was personally responsible for the dismantling of the Licence Raj, as this came under the purview of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. He is often referred to as the "Father of Indian Economic Reforms". Future prime ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh continued the economic reform policies pioneered by Rao's government. Rao accelerated the dismantling of the License Raj, reversing the socialist policies of Rajiv Gandhi's government. He employed Dr. Manmohan Singh as his Finance Minister to embark on historic economic transition. With Rao's mandate, Dr. Manmohan Singh launched India's globalisation angle of the reforms that implemented the International Monetary Fund (IMF) policies to rescue the almost bankrupt nation from economic collapse. Rao was also referred to as Chanakya for his ability to steer tough economic and political legislation through the parliament at a time when he headed a minority government.

The current Minister of External Affairs is Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata Party, succeeding Salman Khurshid of the Indian National Congress on 26 May 2014

Sushma Swaraj Indian politician

Sushma Swaraj is an Indian politician and a former Supreme Court lawyer. A senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party, Swaraj is serving as the Minister of External Affairs of India since 26 May 2014; she is the second woman to hold the office, after Indira Gandhi. She has been elected seven times as a Member of Parliament and three times as a Member of the Legislative Assembly. At the age of 25 in 1977, she became the youngest cabinet minister of north Indian state of Haryana. She also served as 5th Chief Minister of Delhi from 13 October 1998 to 3 December 1998.

Bharatiya Janata Party Major right-wing political party in India

The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2018, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. BJP is a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. It has close ideological and organisational links to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).

Salman Khurshid Indian politician and presently the Cabinet Minister of the Ministry of External Affairs, born 1953

Salman Khurshid Alam Khan is an Indian politician, designated senior advocate, eminent author and a law teacher. He was the Cabinet Minister of the Ministry of External Affairs. He belongs to the Indian National Congress. He is a lawyer, and a writer who has been elected from Farrukhabad Lok Sabha constituency in the General Election of 2009. He belongs to the Farrukhabad area. Prior to this he was elected to the 10th Lok Sabha (1991–1996) from the Farrukhabad Lok Sabha constituency. He became the Union Deputy Minister of Commerce in June 1991, and later became the Union Minister of State for External Affairs. He started his political career in 1981 as an Officer on Special Duty in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) under the prime ministership of Indira Gandhi.

List of Foreign Ministers

NamePortraitTerm of officePolitical party
(Alliance)
Prime Minister
1 Jawaharlal Nehru Jnehru.jpg 2 September 194727 May 1964 Indian National Congress Himself
2 Gulzarilal Nanda 27 May 19649 June 1964Himself
(acting)
3 Lal Bahadur Shastri Lal Bahadur Shastri 1966 stamp of India.jpg 9 June 196417 July 1964Himself
4 Swaran Singh 18 July 196414 November 1966Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
5 M. C. Chagla Mohamed Ali Currim Chagla.jpg 14 November 19665 September 1967Indira Gandhi
6 Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg 6 September 196713 February 1969
7 Dinesh Singh 14 February 196927 June 1970
(4) Swaran Singh 27 June 197010 October 1974
8 Yashwantrao Chavan 10 October 197424 March 1977
9 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ab vajpayee.jpg 26 March 197728 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
10 Shyam Nandan Prasad Mishra 28 July 197913 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
11 P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 14 January 198019 July 1984Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
(6) Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg 19 July 198431 October 1984
12 Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg 31 October 198424 September 1985Rajiv Gandhi
13 Bali Ram Bhagat 25 September 198512 May 1986
14 P. Shiv Shankar 12 May 198622 October 1986
15 N. D. Tiwari Ex Uttarakhand CM ND Tiwari.jpg 22 October 198625 July 1987
(12) Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi (1987).jpg 25 July 198725 June 1988
(11) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 25 June 19882 December 1989
16 V. P. Singh V. P. Singh (cropped).jpg 2 December 19895 December 1989 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
17 I. K. Gujral Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg 5 December 198910 November 1990
18 Vidya Charan Shukla 21 November 199020 February 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party
Chandra Shekhar
19 Madhavsinh Solanki 21 June 199131 March 1992Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
(11) P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 31 March 199218 January 1993
(7) Dinesh Singh 18 January 199310 February 1995
20 Pranab Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg 10 February 199516 May 1996
21 Sikander Bakht 21 May 19961 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(17) I. K. Gujral Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg 1 June 199618 March 1998 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Mrs. Kamala Sinha Minister of State for External Affairs (Independent Charge)
(9) Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ab vajpayee.jpg 19 March 19985 December 1998 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
22 Jaswant Singh Jaswant Singh (cropped).jpg 5 December 199823 June 2002
23 Yashwant Sinha Yashwant Sinha IMF.jpg 1 July 200222 May 2004
24 Natwar Singh K Natwar Singh.jpg 22 May 2004 [1] 6 November 2005 [2] Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
25 Manmohan Singh Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in WEF ,2009 (cropped).jpg 6 November 200524 October 2006
(20) Pranab Mukherjee Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg 24 October 2006 [3] 22 May 2009
26 S. M. Krishna India-eam-krishna (cropped).jpg 22 May 200926 October 2012
27 Salman Khurshid Salman-kurshid.jpg 28 October 201226 May 2014
28 Sushma Swaraj Sushma Swaraj in 2014.jpg 26 May 2014IncumbentBharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi

See also

Related Research Articles

Prime Minister of India Leader of the executive of the Government of India

The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India. The prime minister is also the chief adviser to the President of India and head of the Council of Ministers. They can be a member of any of the two houses of the Parliament of India—the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha —but has to be a member of the political party or coalition, having a majority in the Lok Sabha.

A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.

Minister of Foreign Affairs (New Zealand) Minister of Foreign Affairs for New Zealand

The Minister of Foreign Affairs is a senior member of the Government of New Zealand heading the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and responsible for relations with foreign countries.

Anand Sharma Indian politician

Anand Sharma is an Indian politician and former Union Cabinet Minister in charge of Commerce and Industry and Textiles in the Government of India. Since June 2014, Sharma is the Deputy Leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament.

India–Kyrgyzstan relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Kyrgyz Republic

India–Kyrgyzstan relations is the relation between India and Kyrgyzstan.

Foreign Secretary of India diplomat for Indian foreign relations

The Foreign Secretary is the administrative head of the Ministry of External Affairs and is the top diplomat for foreign relations. This post is generally held by an IFS officer of the rank of Secretary to Government of India. The current Foreign Secretary is Vijay Keshav Gokhale.

Cabinet Secretary of India

The Cabinet Secretary is the top-most executive official and senior-most civil servant of the Government of India. The Cabinet Secretary is the ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board, the Cabinet Secretariat, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), and all civil services under the rules of business of the government.

Modi ministry Union Council of Ministers headed by Narendra Modi

The Modi Ministry is the Council of Ministers headed by Narendra Modi that was formed after the 2014 general election which was held in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May in 2014. The results of the election were announced on 16 May 2014 and this led to the formation of the 16th Lok Sabha. The Council assumed office from 27 May 2014.

India–Tunisia relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Republic of Tunisia

India–Tunisia relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Tunisia.

India–Niger relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Republic of the Niger

India–Niger relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Niger.

Chad–India relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Chad and the Republic of India

Chad–India relations refers to the international relations that exist between Chad and India. The High Commission of India in Abuja, Nigeria is concurrently accredited to Chad. India also maintains an Honorary Consulate in N'Djamena. Chad has no diplomatic mission in India.

Bahamas–India relations Diplomatic relations between the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the Republic of India

The Bahamas–India relations refers to the international relations that exist between The Bahamas and India. The Bahamas maintains an Honorary Consulate in New Delhi. The High Commission of India in Kingston, Jamaica concurrently accredited to The Bahamas. India does not have a resident diplomatic mission in The Bahamas.

India–Samoa relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Independent State of Samoa

India–Samoa relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Samoa. The High Commission of India in Wellington, New Zealand, in concurrently accredited to Samoa. Samoa maintains an Honorary Consul in New Delhi.

India–Tonga relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Kingdom of Tonga

India–Tonga relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Tonga. The High Commission of India in Suva, Fiji is concurrently accredited to Tonga.

India–São Tomé and Príncipe relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and São Tomé and Príncipe (STP). The Embassy of India in Luanda, Angola is concurrently accredited to São Tomé and Príncipe. STP maintains an Honorary Consul in New Delhi.

Honduras–India relations Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Honduras and the Republic of India

Honduras–India relations refers to the international relations that exist between Honduras and India. The High Commissioner of India in Guatemala City is concurrently accredited to Honduras. India also maintains an Honorary Consul General in Tegucigalpa. As of December 2016, the Honduran Government is in the process of opening an embassy in New Delhi.

Cook Islands–India relations refers to bilateral relations between the Cook Islands and India.

India–Solomon Islands relations refers to the international relations between India and the Solomon Islands. Neither country has a resident ambassador. The High Commission of India in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea is concurrently accredited to the Solomon Islands

References

  1. Rediff.com dated 22 May 2004, accessed 25 October 200
  2. BBC News dated 7 November 2005, accessed 25 October 200
  3. The Hindu dated 25 October 2006, accessed 25 October 2006.