Minister of Home Affairs (India)

Last updated

Minister of Home Affairs
Griha Mantri
Ministry of Home Affairs India.svg
Flag of India.svg
Home minister Amit Shah.jpg
Amit Shah

since 30 May 2019
Ministry of Home Affairs
Style The Honourable
Member ofUnion Cabinet
Reports to Prime Minister,
Parliament of India
Seat North Block, Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
Appointer President on the advice of the Prime Minister
Term length 5 years
Precursor Rajnath Singh
Inaugural holder Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Formation15 August 1947

The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister, short-form HM) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under its jurisdiction. Occasionally, they are assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.


Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2020, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao. L.K. Advani, serving from 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004, has held the office of the Home Minister for the longest continuous period, as of February 2020.

From 26 May 2014 to 30 May 2019, the Home Minister of India was Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde. On 31 May 2019, following the swearing-in of the Second Modi Ministry Amit Shah assumed the office as its 31st occupant.

List of Home Ministers

PortraitNameTerm of office Prime Minister Party
1 Sardar patel (cropped).jpg Vallabhbhai Patel 15 August 194712 December 19503 years, 119 days Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress
2 Jnehru.jpg Jawaharlal Nehru 12 December 195026 December 195014 days
3 C Rajagopalachari 1944.jpg C. Rajagopalachari 26 December 19505 November 1951314 days
Kailash Nath Katju.jpg
Kailash Nath Katju 5 November 195110 January 19553 years, 66 days
5 Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg Govind Ballabh Pant 10 January 195525 February 19616 years, 46 days
6 Lal Bahadur Shastri (cropped).jpg Lal Bahadur Shastri 25 February 19611 September 19632 years, 188 days
7 Gulzarilal Nanda (cropped).jpg Gulzarilal Nanda 1 September 19639 November 19663 years, 69 days Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Indira Gandhi
8 Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Indira Gandhi 9 November 196613 November 19664 days Indira Gandhi
9 Yashwantrao Chavan.jpg Yashwantrao Chavan 13 November 196627 June 19703 years, 226 days
(8) Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Indira Gandhi 27 June 19705 February 19732 years, 223 days
10 Uma Shankar Dikshit 5 February 197310 October 19741 year, 247 days
11 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 2011 stamp of India.jpg Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 10 October 197424 March 19772 years, 165 days
12 Charan Singh.jpg Charan Singh 24 March 19771 July 19781 year, 99 days Morarji Desai Janata Party
13 Morarji Desai During his visit to the United States of America .jpg Morarji Desai 1 July 197824 January 1979207 days
14 Hirubhai M. Patel 24 January 197928 July 1979185 days
(9) Yashwantrao Chavan.jpg Yashwantrao Chavan 28 July 197914 January 1980170 days Charan Singh Indian National Congress (Urs)
15 Giani Zail Singh 1995 stamp of India (cropped).png Zail Singh 14 January 198022 June 19822 years, 159 days Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
16 R Venkataraman (cropped).jpg Ramaswamy Venkataraman 22 June 19822 September 198272 days
17 Prakash Chandra Sethi 2 September 198219 July 19841 year, 321 days
18 P. V. Narasimha Rao.JPG P. V. Narasimha Rao 19 July 198431 December 1984165 days Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
19 Shankarrao Chavan 2007 stamp of India.jpg Shankarrao Chavan 31 December 198412 March 19861 year, 71 days Rajiv Gandhi
(18) P. V. Narasimha Rao.JPG P. V. Narasimha Rao 12 March 198612 May 198661 days
20 Buta Singh (headshot).jpg Buta Singh 12 May 19862 December 19893 years, 204 days
21 Mufti Mohammad Sayeed.jpg Mufti Mohammad Sayeed 2 December 198910 November 1990343 days V. P. Singh Janata Dal
22 Chandra Shekhar Singh.jpg Chandra Shekhar 10 November 199021 June 1991223 days Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
(19) Shankarrao Chavan 2007 stamp of India.jpg Shankarrao Chavan 21 June 199116 May 19964 years, 330 days P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress
23 Murli Manohar Joshi MP.jpg Murli Manohar Joshi 16 May 19961 June 199616 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
24 Deve Gowda BNC.jpg H. D. Deve Gowda 1 June 199629 June 199628 days H. D. Deve Gowda Janata Dal
25 Indrajit Gupta 29 June 199619 March 19981 year, 263 days H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Communist Party of India
26 Lal Krishna Advani 2008-12-4.jpg L. K. Advani 19 March 199822 May 20046 years, 64 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
27 Shivraj Patil.jpg Shivraj Patil 22 May 200430 November 20084 years, 192 days Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress
28 Pchidambaram (cropped).jpg P. Chidambaram 30 November 200831 July 20123 years, 244 days
29 Sushilkumar Shinde.JPG Sushilkumar Shinde 31 July 201226 May 20141 year, 299 days
30 Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh.jpg Rajnath Singh 26 May 201430 May 20195 years, 4 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
31 Home minister Amit Shah.jpg Amit Shah 30 May 2019Incumbent2 years, 304 days

List of Ministers of State

Ministers of State of Home Affairs
Minister of state PortraitPolitical partyTermYears
Subodh Kant Sahay The Union Tourism Minister, Shri Subodh Kant Sahai addressing at the National Tourism Awards 2010-2011 presentation ceremony, in New Delhi on February 29, 2012.jpg Janata Dal 23 April 199021 June 1991212 days
Sriprakash Jaiswal Shri Sri Prakash Jaiswal assumes the charge of the Minister of State for Home Affairs in New Delhi on May 25, 2004.jpg Indian National Congress 23 May 200422 May 20094 years, 364 days
Mullappally Ramachandran Shri Mullappally Ramachandran taking over the charge of the Minister of State for Home Affairs, in New Delhi on May 30, 2009.jpg 28 May 200926 May 20144 years, 363 days
R. P. N. Singh 28 October 201226 May 20141 year, 210 days
Kiren Rijiju The Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju addressing the 'India Disaster Response Summit', in New Delhi on November 09, 2017.jpg Bharatiya Janata Party 26 May 201430 May 20195 years, 4 days
Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary Shri Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary taking charge as the Minister of State for Coal, in New Delhi on September 05, 2017.jpg 9 November 20145 July 20161 year, 239 days
Hansraj Gangaram Ahir HG Ahir Meets CM Fadnavis.jpg 5 July 201625 July 20193 years, 20 days
G. Kishan Reddy G. Kishan Reddy.jpg 30 May 20197 July 20212 years, 38 days
Nityanand Rai Shri Nityanand Rai taking charge as the Minister of State for Home Affairs, in New Delhi on June 01, 2019.jpg 30 May 2019Incumbent2 years, 304 days
Ajay Kumar Mishra Ajay Kumar Mishra.jpg 7 July 2021Incumbent266 days
Nisith Pramanik Shri Nisith Pramanik Minister.jpg 7 July 2021Incumbent266 days

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