|Minister of Home Affairs|
|Ministry of Home Affairs|
|Member of||Union Cabinet|
|Reports to|| Prime Minister,|
Parliament of India
|Seat||North Block, Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi|
|Appointer||President on the advice of the Prime Minister|
|Term length||5 years|
|Precursor|| Rajnath Singh |
|Inaugural holder|| Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel |
|Formation||15 August 1947|
The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister, short-form HM) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. One of the senior-most officers in the Union Cabinet, the chief responsibility of the Home Minister is the maintenance of India's internal security; the country's large police force comes under its jurisdiction. Occasionally, they are assisted by the Minister of State of Home Affairs and the lower-ranked Deputy Minister of Home Affairs.
Ever since the time of independent India's first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the office has been seen as second in seniority only to the Prime Minister in the Union Cabinet. Like Patel, several Home Ministers have since held the additional portfolio of Deputy Prime Minister. As of February 2020, three Home Ministers have gone on to become the Prime Minister: Lal Bahadur Shastri, Charan Singh and P. V. Narasimha Rao. L.K. Advani, serving from 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004, has held the office of the Home Minister for the longest continuous period, as of February 2020.
From 26 May 2014 to 30 May 2019, the Home Minister of India was Rajnath Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party, taking over the reins from Sushilkumar Shinde. On 31 May 2019, following the swearing-in of the Second Modi Ministry Amit Shah assumed the office as its 31st occupant.
|№||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Prime Minister||Party|
|1||Vallabhbhai Patel||15 August 1947||12 December 1950||3 years, 119 days||Jawaharlal Nehru||Indian National Congress|
|2||Jawaharlal Nehru||12 December 1950||26 December 1950||14 days|
|3||C. Rajagopalachari||26 December 1950||5 November 1951||314 days|
|4||Kailash Nath Katju||5 November 1951||10 January 1955||3 years, 66 days|
|5||Govind Ballabh Pant||10 January 1955||25 February 1961||6 years, 46 days|
|6||Lal Bahadur Shastri||25 February 1961||1 September 1963||2 years, 188 days|
|7||Gulzarilal Nanda||1 September 1963||9 November 1966||3 years, 69 days|| Jawaharlal Nehru |
Lal Bahadur Shastri
|8||Indira Gandhi||9 November 1966||13 November 1966||4 days||Indira Gandhi|
|9||Yashwantrao Chavan||13 November 1966||27 June 1970||3 years, 226 days|
|(8)||Indira Gandhi||27 June 1970||5 February 1973||2 years, 223 days|
|10||Uma Shankar Dikshit||5 February 1973||10 October 1974||1 year, 247 days|
|11||Kasu Brahmananda Reddy||10 October 1974||24 March 1977||2 years, 165 days|
|12||Charan Singh||24 March 1977||1 July 1978||1 year, 99 days||Morarji Desai||Janata Party|
|13||Morarji Desai||1 July 1978||24 January 1979||207 days|
|14||Hirubhai M. Patel||24 January 1979||28 July 1979||185 days|
|(9)||Yashwantrao Chavan||28 July 1979||14 January 1980||170 days||Charan Singh||Indian National Congress (Urs)|
|15||Zail Singh||14 January 1980||22 June 1982||2 years, 159 days||Indira Gandhi||Indian National Congress|
|16||Ramaswamy Venkataraman||22 June 1982||2 September 1982||72 days|
|17||Prakash Chandra Sethi||2 September 1982||19 July 1984||1 year, 321 days|
|18||P. V. Narasimha Rao||19 July 1984||31 December 1984||165 days|| Indira Gandhi |
|19||Shankarrao Chavan||31 December 1984||12 March 1986||1 year, 71 days||Rajiv Gandhi|
|(18)||P. V. Narasimha Rao||12 March 1986||12 May 1986||61 days|
|20||Buta Singh||12 May 1986||2 December 1989||3 years, 204 days|
|21||Mufti Mohammad Sayeed||2 December 1989||10 November 1990||343 days||V. P. Singh||Janata Dal|
|22||Chandra Shekhar||10 November 1990||21 June 1991||223 days||Chandra Shekhar||Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)|
|(19)||Shankarrao Chavan||21 June 1991||16 May 1996||4 years, 330 days||P. V. Narasimha Rao||Indian National Congress|
|23||Murli Manohar Joshi||16 May 1996||1 June 1996||16 days||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|24||H. D. Deve Gowda||1 June 1996||29 June 1996||28 days||H. D. Deve Gowda||Janata Dal|
|25||Indrajit Gupta||29 June 1996||19 March 1998||1 year, 263 days|| H. D. Deve Gowda |
I. K. Gujral
|Communist Party of India|
|26||L. K. Advani||19 March 1998||22 May 2004||6 years, 64 days||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|27||Shivraj Patil||22 May 2004||30 November 2008||4 years, 192 days||Manmohan Singh||Indian National Congress|
|28||P. Chidambaram||30 November 2008||31 July 2012||3 years, 244 days|
|29||Sushilkumar Shinde||31 July 2012||26 May 2014||1 year, 299 days|
|30||Rajnath Singh||26 May 2014||30 May 2019||5 years, 4 days||Narendra Modi||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|31||Amit Shah||30 May 2019||Incumbent||2 years, 304 days|
|Minister of state||Portrait||Political party||Term||Years|
|Subodh Kant Sahay||Janata Dal||23 April 1990||21 June 1991||212 days|
|Sriprakash Jaiswal||Indian National Congress||23 May 2004||22 May 2009||4 years, 364 days|
|Mullappally Ramachandran||28 May 2009||26 May 2014||4 years, 363 days|
|R. P. N. Singh||28 October 2012||26 May 2014||1 year, 210 days|
|Kiren Rijiju||Bharatiya Janata Party||26 May 2014||30 May 2019||5 years, 4 days|
|Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary||9 November 2014||5 July 2016||1 year, 239 days|
|Hansraj Gangaram Ahir||5 July 2016||25 July 2019||3 years, 20 days|
|G. Kishan Reddy||30 May 2019||7 July 2021||2 years, 38 days|
|Nityanand Rai||30 May 2019||Incumbent||2 years, 304 days|
|Ajay Kumar Mishra||7 July 2021||Incumbent||266 days|
|Nisith Pramanik||7 July 2021||Incumbent||266 days|
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