Rail Bhavan in New Delhi, the seat of the Ministry of Railways
|Formed||16 April 1853|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
|Headquarters|| Rail Bhavan |
1, Raisina Road
|Annual budget||₹55,088 crore (US$8.0 billion) (2018-19 est.)|
|Deputy Minister responsible|
The Ministry of Railways is a ministry in the Government of India, responsible for the country's rail transport. The ministry operates the state-owned Indian Railways, an organisation that operates as a monopoly in rail transport and is headed by the Chairman of Railway Board. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Railways, a cabinet-level minister who presents the rail budget every year in parliament.
The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.
Rail transport is an important mode of transport in India.
Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with 69,182-kilometre (42,988 mi) route as of April 2019. Routes are electrified with 25 kV AC electric traction while thirty three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.
There is one Union Minister of Railways, and one Minister of State for Railways. Piyush Goyal is the current Union Minister for Railways. The Railway Board, which is the apex body of the Indian Railways reports to the Minister of Railways. The Railway Board comprises one Chairman, seven "members of the Railway Board.",and a Financial Commissioner (who is the representative of the Ministry of Finance in the Railway Board). It also includes a Director-General (Railway Health Services), Director-General(personal) and a Director-General (Railway Protection Force). A number of directorates report to the Railway Board. Most of the officers posted in Ministry of Railways are either from organised Group A Railway services or Railway Board Secretariat Service.
Piyush Ved Prakash Goyal is an Indian politician and the current minister of Railways and Commerce in the Government of India. He was elevated to Cabinet Minister position on 3 September 2017. He is currently a Member of Parliament for Rajya Sabha from the state of Maharashtra and was earlier the National Treasurer of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He headed the BJP's Information Communication Campaign Committee and oversaw the publicity and advertising campaign of the party including the social media outreach for the Indian General Elections 2014. Goyal is the 2018 Carnot Prize Recipient for distinguished contributions to energy policy. Piyush Goyal has been allocated the cabinet ministry for Narendra Modi led NDA government in May 2019. He is currently taking charge as Minister of Railways and Minister of Commerce and Industry.
The Chairman of the Indian Railway Board is the administrative head of the Indian Railways, which functions under the overall control of the Parliament of India through the Minister for railways.
The Railway Board Secretariat Service (RBSS) is a service in the Secretariat of the Ministry of Railways of the Union Government of India.
The Ministry of Railways is housed inside Rail Bhavan in New Delhi.
Rail Bhavan is the headquarters of the Indian Railways. It is located at 1, Raisina Road, New Delhi, near the Sansad Bhavan.
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The East India Railway Committee, chaired by Sir William Acworth, hence also known as the Acworth Committee, pointed out the need for unified management of the entire railway system. On the recommendations of this committee and ratification of the resolution for separation in 1921, the government took over the actual management of all the railways, and also separated the railway finances from the general governmental finances, leading to the practice of presenting the Railway Budget separately from the general budget of India every year. The Railway Board was expanded to have a Financial Commissioner, a member in charge of ways, works, stores and projects, and a member in charge of administration, staff, and traffic. Accordingly, from 1 April 1929, the responsibility for the compilation of accounts for the Railways was taken over by the Financial Commissioner, Railways from the Auditor General.
Sir William Mitchell Acworth KCSI was a British railway economist, barrister and politician.
In 1924, the railway budget formed about 70% of the country's budget. So separating it out allowed better focus on each budget's priorities. The Railway Budget now is less than 15% of India's national budget. The presentation of the Railway budget is of interest to the people, because the introduction of new train services, fare changes and tariffs are announced at this time. Each year, the railway budget is made available for viewing.
The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation was established in 1982 under the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Ordinance for the purposes of operating the Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR), and to construct and operate other new railways. On 2 December 2007, the MTR Corporation Limited, another railway operator in Hong Kong, took over the operation of the KCR network under a 50-year service concession agreement, which can be extended. Under the service concession, KCRC retains ownership of the KCR network with the MTR Corporation Limited making annual payments to KCRC for the right to operate the network. The KCRC is wholly owned by the Government of Hong Kong and its activities are governed by the KCRC Ordinance as amended in 2007 by the Rail Merger Ordinance to enable the service concession agreement to be entered into with the MTR Corporation Limited.
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Engineering Services Examination is conducted annually for selection of officers for the engineering services that meet the technical and managerial functions in various fields of Engineering of the Government of India. Like in most countries, the Government of India recruits its civil servants and officials on the basis of merit, and middle management positions in the bureaucracy are filled through competitive exams. Many candidates take these exams, competing for limited posts. IES officers are selected by the union government on the recommendations made by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). A combined three-stage competitive examination, called the Engineering Services Examination (ESE), is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services.
The National Academy of Indian Railways (NAIR), Vadodara formerly Railway Staff College is a Centralised Training Institute for Group A and B Officers of Indian Railways (IR), headed by a Director General and manned by an faculty of experienced Railway Managers and Experts. Starting with the initial training of Officers Trainees inducted into all the 10 organised Group A Central Civil, Engineering and Medical Services that form the Management Cadre of Indian Railways, the Academy also conducts, mid-service mandatory or theme based in service Management Courses for all Officers of IR and courses for Officers of other Group A Central Services, Public Sector and Foreign Railways. The Academy is housed in the sprawling 55 acres campus of the Pratap Vilas Palace at Lalbaug, Vadodara.
The Indian Railway Accounts Service is one of the premier Group A / Class - 1 Central Service of the Government of India. The Officers of this Service are responsible for the Accounts and Finance Management of the Indian Railways. About 25-30 IRAS officers are recruited every year through Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission. At present, the IRAS Cadre has a Strength of about 800 Officers.
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