Ministry of Railways (India)

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Ministry of Railways
रेल मंत्रालय
Emblem of India.svg
An Ambassador and a scooter in front of an old stem engine in Delhi.jpg
Rail Bhavan in New Delhi, the seat of the Ministry of Railways
Agency overview
Formed16 April 1853 (1853-04-16) [1]
Jurisdiction Government of India
Headquarters Rail Bhavan
1, Raisina Road
New Delhi
Annual budget55,088 crore (US$8.0 billion) (2018-19 est.) [2]
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Agency executive

The Ministry of Railways is a ministry in the Government of India, responsible for the country's rail transport. The ministry operates the state-owned Indian Railways, an organisation that operates as a monopoly in rail transport and is headed by the Chairman of Railway Board. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Railways, a cabinet-level minister who presents the rail budget every year in parliament.

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

Rail transport in India Mode of transport

Rail transport is an important mode of transport in India.

Indian Railways Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India

Indian Railways (IR) is India's national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways. It manages the fourth largest railway network in the world by size, with 69,182-kilometre (42,988 mi) route as of April 2019. Routes are electrified with 25 kV AC electric traction while thirty three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.


Organisational structure

There is one Union Minister of Railways, and one Minister of State for Railways. Piyush Goyal is the current Union Minister for Railways. The Railway Board, which is the apex body of the Indian Railways reports to the Minister of Railways. The Railway Board comprises one Chairman, seven "members of the Railway Board.", [3] and a Financial Commissioner (who is the representative of the Ministry of Finance in the Railway Board). It also includes a Director-General (Railway Health Services), Director-General(personal) and a Director-General (Railway Protection Force). A number of directorates report to the Railway Board. Most of the officers posted in Ministry of Railways are either from organised Group A Railway services or Railway Board Secretariat Service.

Piyush Goyal Indian politician

Piyush Ved Prakash Goyal is an Indian politician and the current minister of Railways and Commerce in the Government of India. He was elevated to Cabinet Minister position on 3 September 2017. He is currently a Member of Parliament for Rajya Sabha from the state of Maharashtra and was earlier the National Treasurer of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He headed the BJP's Information Communication Campaign Committee and oversaw the publicity and advertising campaign of the party including the social media outreach for the Indian General Elections 2014. Goyal is the 2018 Carnot Prize Recipient for distinguished contributions to energy policy. Piyush Goyal has been allocated the cabinet ministry for Narendra Modi led NDA government in May 2019. He is currently taking charge as Minister of Railways and Minister of Commerce and Industry.

The Chairman of the Indian Railway Board is the administrative head of the Indian Railways, which functions under the overall control of the Parliament of India through the Minister for railways.

The Railway Board Secretariat Service (RBSS) is a service in the Secretariat of the Ministry of Railways of the Union Government of India.

The Ministry of Railways is housed inside Rail Bhavan in New Delhi.

Rail Bhavan Headquarters of Indian Rail

Rail Bhavan is the headquarters of the Indian Railways. It is located at 1, Raisina Road, New Delhi, near the Sansad Bhavan.

New Delhi Capital City / District in Delhi, India

New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of the Government of India.

Railway Budget

The East India Railway Committee, chaired by Sir William Acworth, hence also known as the Acworth Committee, pointed out the need for unified management of the entire railway system. On the recommendations of this committee and ratification of the resolution for separation in 1921, the government took over the actual management of all the railways, and also separated the railway finances from the general governmental finances, leading to the practice of presenting the Railway Budget separately from the general budget of India every year. The Railway Board was expanded to have a Financial Commissioner, a member in charge of ways, works, stores and projects, and a member in charge of administration, staff, and traffic. Accordingly, from 1 April 1929, the responsibility for the compilation of accounts for the Railways was taken over by the Financial Commissioner, Railways from the Auditor General.

William Mitchell Acworth British railway economist

Sir William Mitchell Acworth KCSI was a British railway economist, barrister and politician.

In 1924, the railway budget formed about 70% of the country's budget. So separating it out allowed better focus on each budget's priorities. The Railway Budget now is less than 15% of India's national budget. The presentation of the Railway budget is of interest to the people, because the introduction of new train services, fare changes and tariffs are announced at this time. Each year, the railway budget is made available for viewing.

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National Academy of Indian Railways management training institute for the officers of the Indian Railways

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  1. "Times Of India". The Times of India. India. 15 April 2010.
  2. "Budget data" (PDF). 2019.
  3. Corporate Overview of Indian Railways Ministry