Urban rail transit in India consists of suburban rail, rapid transit, monorail, light rail, and tram systems.
There are currently 13 operational rapid transit (also called 'metro') systems in 13 cities in India. For instance, the Delhi Metro itself is connected to few other nearby cities in the National Capital Region. 760.62 kilometres (472.63 miles ) of operational metro lines and 540 stations. A further 578.34 km of lines are under construction. Metro rail lines in India are composed of mainly standard gauge. Projects like the Kolkata Metro and Delhi Metro used broad gauge for their earliest lines but all new projects in India are on standard gauge as rolling stock is of standard gauge.As of January 2021, India has
Apart from the Kolkata metro (which forms its own zone of Indian Railways), these rapid transit metro lines are not operated by Indian Railways, but by separate local authorities. In addition to their metro systems, the cities of Chennai and Hyderabad have mass transit systems operated by the Indian Railways, known as the Chennai MRTS and the Hyderabad MMTS, respectively.
The first rapid transit system in India is the Kolkata Metro, which started operations in 1984. The Delhi Metro has the largest network in the entire country.
In 2006, the National Urban Transport Policy proposed the construction of a metro rail system in every city with a population of 20 lakh (2 million). million. In May 2015, the Union Government approved the Union Urban Development Ministry's proposal to implement metro rail systems in 50 cities. The majority of the planned projects will be implemented through special purpose vehicles, which will be established as 50:50 joint ventures between the Union and respective State Government. The Union Government will invest an estimated ₹5 lakh crore (US$70 billion). In a new draft policy unveiled in March 2017, the Central Government stated that it wanted state governments to consider metro rail as the "last option" and implement it only after considering all other possible mass rapid transit systems. The decision was taken due to the high cost of constructing metro rail systems. In August 2017, the Union Government announced that it would not provide financial assistance to new metro rail project, unless some sort of private partnership is involved.On 11 August 2014, Union Government announced that it would provide financial assistance, for the implementation of a metro rail system, to all Indian cities having a population of more than 1
During the 2020 pandemic, metros across the country were shut down from 22 March 2020 and resumed operations on 7 September 2020.[ citation needed ]
System City State Began
System length (km) No of lines No of stations Gauge Traction Notes IO UC P Kolkata Metro Kolkata West Bengal 24 October 1984 38.56 101.86 17.9 2 33 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge
750 V DC Third rail First metro in India. It is the first in India to have the third rail for power supply and the first to use fully metro coaches made in India by ICF & BEML. The only metro system in India fully owned & operated by Indian Railways Delhi Metro Delhi Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 24 December 2002 389 68.65 77.83 8 250 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge
25 kV AC OHE India's largest rapid transit/metro system. Namma Metro Bengaluru Karnataka 20 October 2011 48.92 124.57 2 46 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 750 V DC Third rail First metro in southern India, the first to have the third rail for power supply in southern India, and the first to introduce Wi-Fi onboard trains. Rapid Metro Gurgaon Gurugram Haryana 14 November 2013 11.7 1 12 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 750 V DC Third rail India's first fully privately financed metro. In October 2019, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation took over operations. Mumbai Metro Mumbai Maharashtra 8 June 2014 11.4 193.82 151.75 1 12 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE India's first public private partnership (PPP) metro system with Reliance group. 14 lines and line extensions are at different stages of execution. Jaipur Metro Jaipur Rajasthan 3 June 2015 12 0 23.01 1 9 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE Double-story elevated road and Metro track project for the first time in the country. Chennai Metro Chennai Tamil Nadu 29 June 2015 54.2 118.9 km (In process), 15.3 km (In phase 1 extension) and 25 km (MRTS conversion). 2 40 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE First metro rail in the country to connect two lines (blue & green) through loop line to run direct service from the airport to central even though had interchange station at Alandur. First metro in India for underground stations with sliding doors. Kochi Metro Kochi Kerala 17 June 2017 25.6 2.92 11.2 1 22 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 750 V DC Third rail First Indian metro to go live with CBTC signalling. Lucknow Metro Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 5 September 2017 23.7 11.10 140 1 21 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE The fastest built and commissioned metro system in the world. Opened to the public on 5 September 2017. Hyderabad Metro Hyderabad Telangana 29 November 2017 69 4.7 62 3 57 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE India's first metro to have CBTC and integrated telecommunications and supervision systems, i.e. driver less metro. It is the largest Public Private Partnership metro project in the world. (90% of the cost has been taken up by Larsen and Toubro and 10% of the cost is being taken up by the Government of Telangana) Currently the second largest metro system in India. Noida Metro Noida Uttar Pradesh 25 January 2019 29.7 15 1 22 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE Currently undertaken by Delhi Metro Ahmedabad Metro Ahmedabad Gujarat 6 March 2019 6.5 40.03 28.26 1 6 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 750 V DC Third rail Inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi on 4 March 2019. Nagpur Metro Nagpur Maharashtra 8 March 2019 24 18.5 93 2 5 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE Inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi on 7 March 2019. Navi Mumbai Metro Maharashtra 2021 11.10 12.30 1 20 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE Eight sets of 3 cars train arrived at Metro depot at taloja from China Pune Metro Pune Maharashtra 2021 54.58 23 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC
Construction began in May 2017. 30% work completed as of June 2018. Kanpur Metro Kanpur Uttar Pradesh December 2021 24 38 2 24 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kv AC OHE Construction work began in December 2019. Priority corridor expected to be operational by Jan 2022. Meerut Metro Meerut Uttar Pradesh 2024 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge N/A Line 1 mergerd with RRTS
and under construction
Bhoj Metro Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2023 27.87 125 2 30 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC Construction began in December 2018.[ citation needed ] Indore Metro Indore Madhya Pradesh August 2023 31.55 123 1 30 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC Foundation stone laid on 14 September 2019. Patna Metro Patna Bihar 2024 6.1 24.9 2 24 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE Construction is expected to begin by March 2020. Agra Metro Agra Uttar Pradesh 2024
1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 750 V DC Third rail Construction began on December 7, 2020. Surat Metro Surat Gujarat 2024 40.35 2 38 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge N/A Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid down foundation stone of Surat Metro on January 18, 2021. Construction is expected to complete by early 2024. Dehradun Metro Dehradun Uttarakhand 73 Kozhikode Light Metro Kerala 27.41 2 27 Under Planning Trivandrum Metro Kerala 27.41 2 27 Under Planning Srinagar Metro Srinagar Jammu & Kashmir 2024 25 2 24 N/A N/A Construction will start from 2020. Jammu Metro Jammu Jammu & Kashmir 2024 43.5 2 40 N/A N/A Construction will start from 2020. Guwahati Metro Guwahati Assam 61.4 TBD N/A DPR approved by the state cabinet. Gorakhpur Metro Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh 2024 27.41 2 27 Approved by the State Cabinet on 9 October 2020. Vijayawada Metro Andhra Pradesh 62 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge N/A The new government proposed a new project besides the old government project. Visakhapatnam Metro Andhra Pradesh 80 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge N/A The new government extended the project limits to 80 km in January 2020. Coimbatore Metro Coimbatore Tamil Nadu 144 5 24 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kv AC Currently under planning, soon construction begins. Detailed Feasibility Report (DFR) completed. State Government allocated funds of ₹6,683 crores. To be constructed by CMRL Thane Metro Thane Maharashtra 29 1 22 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge 25 kV AC OHE Proposed Greater Gwalior Metro Gwalior Madhya Pradesh 105 N/A N/A Subject to a feasibility study. Jabalpur Metro Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh N/A N/A Subject to a feasibility study. Bareilly Metro Bareilly Uttar Pradesh Proposed Prayagraj Metro Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh Proposed Varanasi Metro Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 13 1 13 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge N/A proposed Jhansi Metro Jhansi Uttar Pradesh Proposed Ranchi Metro Ranchi Jharkhand Proposed Cuttack Bhubaneswar Metro Bhubaneswar
Odisha Proposed Vadodara Metro rail Vadodara Gujarat gujrat metro rail corporation planning metro train line in vadodara Proposed Jodhpur Metro Jodhpur Rajasthan 35 1 In 2013, It was first Proposed but rejected because of infeasibility.In 2021, It was proposed to built Metro Line between 2030-2040 Jamshedpur Metro Jamshedpur Jharkhand Proposed Chandigarh Metro Chandigarh Tricity Punjab 37.5 Rejected because of commercial viability.
Western Railway Elevated Corridor Mumbai Maharashtra 63.27 Rejected because of infeasibility.
Ludhiana Metro Ludhiana Punjab 28.83 Rejected due to lack of funds
Meerut Metro Meerut Uttar Pradesh 2024 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge N/A to be mergerd with RRTS
Converted to other projects
Skybus Metro Goa 25 September 2004 1.6 10.5 1 N/A N/A 450V-1500V D.C. Third rail Project Failure.
First Metro to completely Defunct and Scrapped After Operation.
Often portrayed as Monorail.
Suburban rail plays a major role in the public transport system of many major Indian cities. These services are operated by Indian Railways. Suburban rail is a rail service between a central business district and the suburbs, a conurbation or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. The trains are called suburban trains. These trains are also referred to as "local trains" or "locals". The suburban rail systems in Hyderabad, Pune, Lucknow–Kanpur and Bengaluru do not have dedicated suburban tracks but share tracks with long-distance trains. The suburban rail system of Chennai and Mumbai have both dedicated tracks and tracks shared with long-distance trains.
The first suburban rail system in India is Mumbai Suburban Railway which started operations in 1853. The Kolkata Suburban Railway has the largest network in the entire country. The Chennai Suburban Railway started its operations in 1931.
Suburban trains that handle commuter traffic are all electric multiple units (EMUs). They usually have nine or twelve coaches, sometimes even fifteen to handle rush hour traffic. One unit of an EMU train consists of one power car and two general coaches. Thus a nine coach EMU is made up of three units having one power car at each end and one at the middle. The rakes in the suburban rails run on 25 kV AC. million train kilometres but contribute 53.2% of all railway passengers. In some cities of India, the opening of rapid transit systems have led to a decline in the use of the suburban rail system.Ridership on India's suburban railways has risen from 1.2 million in 1970–71 to 4.4 million in 2012–13. The suburban railways of Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai account for about 7.1% of the Indian Railways 20819.3
|System||City||State||Opening year||System length (km)||No of lines||No of stations||Gauge||Traction||Notes|
|Mumbai Suburban Railway||Mumbai||Maharashtra||16 April 1853||427.5||6||140||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|First suburban railway|
|Kolkata Suburban Railway||Kolkata||West Bengal||15 August 1854||2818||25||585||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Largest suburban railway|
|Chennai Suburban Railway||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||2 April 1931||509||4||294||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Second largest suburban railway in India and the largest in South India|
|Delhi Suburban Railway (excluding NCR)||Delhi||Delhi||1 October 1975||85-100||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Lucknow–Kanpur Suburban Railway||Lucknow/Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh||Operational||108||2||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge||25 kV AC|
|Barabanki–Lucknow Suburban Railway||Lucknow||Uttar Pradesh||Operational||2||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge||25 kV AC|
|Pune Suburban Railway||Pune||Maharashtra||16 April 1978||63||2||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Hyderabad Multi-Modal Transport System||Hyderabad||Telangana||9 August 2003||43||3||36||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Pernem–Karwar Suburban Railway|| Goa |
|Goa, Karnataka||1 April 2015||100||1||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge||Diesel|
|Bengaluru Commuter Rail||Bengaluru||Karnataka||Under construction||200||4||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Approved by the Union Cabinet on 7 October 2020.|
|Delhi–Alwar Regional Rapid Transit System|| Delhi |
|Delhi, Rajasthan||Under construction||164||22||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Delhi–Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System|| Delhi |
|Delhi, Uttar Pradesh||Under construction||82||16||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|PM Modi laid the foundation stone on 8 March 2019|
|Ahmedabad Suburban Railway||Ahmedabad||Gujarat||Planned||52.96||2||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Nagpur Broad Gauge Metro||Nagpur||Maharashtra||Planned||268.63||4||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Suburban Railway Network operated by Metro Agency. DPR Approved by Railway Board and Government of Maharashtra|
|Delhi–Sonipat–Panipat Regional Rapid Transit System|| Delhi |
|Delhi, Haryana||Planned||103||16||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|| 25 kV AC |
|Coimbatore Suburban Railway||Coimbatore||Tamil Nadu||Proposed||2||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|| 25 kV AC |
The Mumbai Monorail, which opened on 2 February 2014, is the first operational monorail system used for rapid transit in independent India.Many other Indian cities have monorail projects, as a feeder system to the metro, in different phases of planning.
|System||City||State||Opening year||System length (km)||No of lines||No of stations||Traction||Notes|
|Mumbai Monorail||Mumbai||Maharashtra||2 February 2014||19.52||1||17||750 V DC Third rail||World's sixth longest monorail after Phase 2 opened on 3 March 2019.|
|Chennai Monorail||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||57||3||37||Centre approved Chennai monorail project, to be implemented under DBFOT model.|
|Tiruchirappalli Monorail||Tiruchirappalli||Tamil Nadu||2||Proposed.|
|Madurai Monorail||Tamil Nadu||7||Proposed.|
|Kolkata Monorail||Kolkata||West Bengal||72||2|
|Kanpur Monorail||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh||63||3|
|Chandigarh Monorail||Chandigarh Tricity||Chandigarh||Proposed.|
|Shimla Monorail||Shimla||Himachal Pradesh||Proposed|
|Coimbatore Monorail||Coimbatore||Tamil Nadu||5||Proposed But converted to Metro|
Light rail (light rail transit/LRT) or Metrolite is a form of urban rail transit using rolling stock similar to a tramway, but operating at a higher capacity, and often on an exclusive right-of-way.
|System||City||State||Opening year||System length (km)||No of lines||No of stations||Gauge||Traction||Notes|
|Delhi Metrolite||Delhi||Delhi||2025||20||22||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge||Owned and operated by Delhi Metro|
|Greater Nashik Metro||Nashik||Maharashtra||N/A||N/A||DPR being prepared by MahaMetro.|
|Kolkata Light Rail Transit||Kolkata||West Bengal||2||12||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge||750 V DC Third rail|
|Delhi Light Rail Transit||Delhi||Delhi||45||3|
|Chennai Light Rail||Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
In addition to trains, trams were introduced in many cities in the late 19th century, though almost all of these were phased out. The Trams in Kolkata is currently the only tram system in the country.
|System||City||State||Opening year||System length (km)||No of lines||No of stations||Gauge||Traction||Notes|
|Kolkata Tram||Kolkata||West Bengal||1873||28||6||NA||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|| 550 V DC |
|The only operational tram system in India|
|Mumbai Tram||Mumbai||Maharashtra||1874||Discontinued in 1964|
|Nashik Tram||Nashik||Maharashtra||1889||762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge||Discontinued in 1931|
|Chennai Tram||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||1895||1000 mm (3 ft ⅜ in) metre gauge||550 V DC||Discontinued in 1953|
|Patna Tram||Patna||Bihar||Discontinued in 1903|
|Kanpur Tram||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh||1907||6.04||Discontinued on 16 May 1933|
|Kochi Tram||Kochi||Kerala||1907||1000 mm (3 ft ⅜ in) metre gauge||Discontinued in 1963|
|Delhi Tram||Delhi||Delhi||1908||Discontinued in 1963|
|Bhavnagar Tram||Bhavnagar||Gujarat||1926||762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge||Discontinued in 1960s|
There are three metro rolling stock manufacturers in India under the Union Government's Make in India program, 75% of the rolling stock procured for use on Indian metro systems are required to be manufactured in India.
BEML is a Bangaluru-based Public Sector Undertaking company that manufactures mining equipment, heavy engineering as well as metro rail coaches. It manufactures of Rolling Stock consortium with Hyundai, Mitsubishi, Rotem.
Bombardier built a £26m factory in Savli, Gujarat after it won a contract to supply 614 cars to the Delhi Metro.Production at Savli began in June 2009. In June 2012, the plant won an order to supply semi-finished bogies to Australia. In July 2020, Bombardier won a contract to supply 201 coaches along with the train control & signaling system for the Kanpur and Agra metro projects with extremely tight deadline of just 65 Weeks.
In 2013, Alstom built a factory in Sri City, Andhra Pradesh after it won a €243 million contract to supply 168 cars to the Chennai Metro.The 156-acre plant will be used to supply trains to cities in India and abroad. It also provides signalling & telecommunications systems.
Integral Coach Factory manufactures rolling stock (under Kolkata Urban Transit), ICF has manufactured "Medha Rakes" and is in the process of supplying them to various suburban systems.
In 2019, Titagarh Firema was awarded the contract to supply 102 aluminium bodied metro rail coaches for the Pune Metro by Mahametro.
The subject of Railways is in the Union List of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution, giving Parliament the exclusive power to enact legislation concerning it. According to former Minister of Urban Development Kamal Nath, "Since the Metro rail is a central subject, it has been decided that all such projects in the country, whether within one municipal area or beyond, shall be taken up under the Central Metro Acts."
Construction of metros in India is governed by the centrally enacted The Metro Railways (Construction of Works) Act, 1978 which defines itself as an act to provide for the construction of works relating to metro railways in the metropolitan cities and for matters connected therewith.Operation and maintenance of metros are governed by The Delhi Metro Railway (Operation and Maintenance) Act, 2002. Both laws were amended in 2009 with the passing of The Metro Railways (Amendment) Act, 2009. The amendment expanded the coverage of both the acts to all metropolitan areas of India.
Initially, state governments attempted to implement metro rail projects through various Tramways Act. However, the Commissioner of Railways Safety (CRS), who operates under the Ministry of Civil Aviation, is tasked with providing safety certification for metro rail projects. The CRS refused safety certification unless the projects were implemented under a Metro Act enacted by the state government and published in The Gazette of India.Research Design and Standards Organization (RDSO), another railway entity, also refused certification to projects not implemented under the criteria. Subsequently, several state governments have enacted their own Metro Acts.
Transport in India consists of transport by land, water and air. Public transport is the primary mode of road transport for most Indian citizens, and India's public transport systems are among the most heavily used in the world.
Railway transportation is an important mode of the conveyance of people and goods in India. Indian Railways (IR) is the primary operator of rail operations throughout the country, a state-owned organisation of the Ministry of Railways, which historically had its own government budget. Between 2019 and 2020, 22.15 million passengers used the Indian Railways network daily. In the same period, 3.32 million metric tons of freight was also shipped daily on the IR network.
The Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit (MRT) system serving the city of Mumbai and the wider Mumbai Metropolitan Region in Maharashtra, India. The system is designed to reduce traffic congestion in the city, and supplement the overcrowded Mumbai Suburban Railway network. It is being built in three phases over a 15-year period, with overall completion expected in October 2026. When completed, the core system will comprise fourteen high-capacity metro railway lines, spanning a total of 356.972 kilometres (221.812 mi), and serviced by 226 stations.
An elevated railway is a rapid transit railway with the tracks above street level on a viaduct or other elevated structure. The railway may be broad-gauge, standard-gauge or narrow-gauge railway, light rail, monorail, or a suspension railway. Elevated railways are normally found in urban areas where there would otherwise be multiple level crossings. Usually, the tracks of elevated railways that run on steel viaducts can be seen from street level.
Howrah railway station, also known as Howrah Junction, is a railway station located in the city of Howrah, West Bengal, India. It is the oldest existing, and largest railway complex in India. It is one of the busiest train stations in the world. About 600 passenger trains pass through the station each day, utilising its 23 platforms, and serving more than one million passengers per day. Howrah is one of five intercity train stations serving the Kolkata metropolitan area, the others being Sealdah, Santragachi, Shalimar and Kolkata railway stations.
Rail transport in India began during the early 19th century.
The Chennai Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is the third longest metro system in India after Delhi Metro and Hyderabad metro. The system commenced service in 2015 after partially opening the first phase of the project. The network consists of two colour-coded lines covering a length of 54.15 kilometres (33.65 mi). The Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL), a joint venture between Government of India and the Government of Tamil Nadu built and operates the Chennai Metro. The system has a mix of underground and elevated stations and uses standard gauge. The services operate daily between 4:30 and 23:00 with a varying frequency of 5 to 14 minutes. As of November 2019, about 1,25,000 people use the service on a daily basis. There are 52 trains with four coaches each, making a total of 208 coaches, operating in the first phase and its extension.
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC) is a centre-state public sector company that operates the Delhi Metro. The DMRC is also involved in the planning and implementation of metro rail, monorail, and high-speed rail projects in India and abroad. The work of DMRC is broadly fragmented into various parts namely Projects, Operation and Maintenance, Finance, Human Resources etc. which are controlled by the respective directors under the direction of managing director.
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India, is a federal ministry with executive authority over the formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to the housing and urban development in India. The ministry was under the charge of Venkaiah Naidu and was given to Hardeep Singh Puri when Naidu was elected Vice President of India. The Ministry became independent from the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation in 2004, but was later re-merged with it in 2017.
The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Indian Railways with the responsibility to undertake planning, development, and mobilisation of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the "Dedicated Freight Corridors" (DFC). The DFCCIL was registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 in 2006. First 2 DFCs, Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC), from Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to JNPT in Mumbai and Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC), Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal, which will decongest railway network by moving 70% of India's goods train to these two corridors, are both on track for completion by June 2022. 99% required land for these two have been acquired, and 56% of WDFC and 60% of EDFC is complete as of July 2020.
India does not have high speed rail lines, or lines operating at over 200 km/h (120 mph) under UIC definition. However, a high speed rail line is under construction, and a large network is planned. As of 2021, the fastest train service operating in the country is Vande Bharat Express, with a top speed of 180 to 200 km/h.
Kolkata Monorail is a rail-based transit project planned for the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. This was the first proposed monorail in the country.
Lucknow Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Lucknow in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Construction of the line begun on 27 September 2014 with the 8.5 km (5.3 mi) stretch from Transport Nagar to Charbagh Railway Station which began its commercial operation on 5 September 2017, making it the fastest built metro rail system in the country. Full operation on Red Line stretch from Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport metro station to Munshi Pulia metro station began operation on 9 March 2019.
Jhansi Junction railway station is a major railway junction in the city of Jhansi in Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the busiest and largest railway stations in India. Jhansi Junction hosts various prestigious train of Indian Railways like Gatimaan Express fastest train of India, Taj Express, Bundelkhand Express etc. Jhansi Junction is a major halt for various prestigious trains of Indian Railways like Grand Trunk Express, Tamil Nadu Express, 5 sets of Rajdhani Express bound for Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad etc. 1 set of Bhopal Shatabdi Express, 3 Duronto Express trains, Punjab Mail one of the oldest running trains in India, Kerala Express, Karnataka Express, etc. It is a major intercity hub and a technical as well as commercial stoppage for all trains in passing Jhansi. No trains have the ability to skip Jhansi. Jhansi has its own division in the North Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. It lies on the main Delhi–Chennai and Delhi–Mumbai line. The station code is JHS. The Station Director is Girish Kanchan.
Dr. Mangu Singh is the Managing Director of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. He took over after Dr.E. Sreedharan, the former managing director, retired from service on 31 December 2011. He is an Indian Railways Service of Engineers (IRSE) officer of the 1981 batch.
Uttar Pradesh Metro Rail Corporation(UPMRC), formerly Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation, is a joint venture company that operates the Lucknow Metro in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. The other metro projects in the state are also under its ambit now such as Kanpur Metro, Agra Metro, Meerut Metro, Varanasi Metro, Allahabad Metro, Gorakhpur Metro and Jhansi Metro. Its headquarters is at Vipin Khand, Gomti Nagar Lucknow
The Diamond Quadrilateral is a project of the Indian railways to establish a high-speed rail network in India. The Diamond Quadrilateral will connect the four mega cities in India, viz. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, similar to the Golden Quadrilateral expressway system.
Afcons Infrastructure Limited is an construction and engineering company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The company provides infrastructure services and is involved in the construction of infrastructure projects such as viaducts, flyovers, metros, bridges, pipelines, roads, ports, barrages, oil and gas projects etc.
Urban Mass Transit Company Limited (UMTC) is an urban transport consultancy company to develop sustainable urban mobility methods and solutions. It focuses on planning, designing, project management and implementation supervision of urban transportation projects. It was founded on 13 April 1993 as a partnership between Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation and Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Limited (IL&FS).