The following is a list of notifiable diseases arranged by country.
|Australia||Hong Kong||India||Malaysia||United Kingdom||United States|
|Shiga toxin- and verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC)||Shiga toxin -producing Escherichia coli infection||Cholera-like diarrhea||Escherichia coli O157:H7 or Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli|
|Gonococcal infection||Gonococcal infection/Gonorrhea||Gonorrhea|
|Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS)||Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS)||Hemolytic uremic syndrome, post-diarrheal|
|Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib)||Haemophilus influenzae type b infection (invasive)||Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease|
|Legionellosis||Legionnaire's Disease||Legionnaire's Disease||Legionellosis|
|Leprosy||Leprosy||Leprosy||Leprosy||Leprosy||Hansen's disease (Leprosy)|
|Meningococcal disease||Meningococcal infection (invasive)||Meningitis : pyogenic and non-pyogenic||Meningococcal septicaemia/ Acute Meningitis||Meningococcal disease|
|MRSA: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection|
|Paratyphoid fever||Paratyphoid fever||Paratyphoid fever|
|Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)|
|Plague||Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal)||Plague||Plague||Plague||Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal)|
|Q fever||Q fever||Q fever, acute and chronic|
|Relapsing fever||Relapsing fever|
|Rickettsiosis||Rickettsiosis, spotted fever|
|Scarlet fever||Scarlet fever||Scarlet fever|
|Shigellosis||Bacillary dysentery||Bacillary dysentery||Shigellosis|
|Group A Streptococcal disease||Group A Streptococcal disease|
|Pneumococcal disease||Pneumococcal disease, invasive||Streptococcus pneumoniae , invasive disease|
|Streptococcus suis infection|
|Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and other than Streptococcal)|
|Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis|
|Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever|
|Typhus and other rickettsial diseases||Typhus||Typhus|
|Vancomycin Intermediate Staph Aureus (VISA), Vancomycin Resistant Staph Aureus (VRSA)|
|Australia||Hong Kong||India||Malaysia||United Kingdom||United States|
|Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)||Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)||Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome|
|Arbovirus infections: Barmah Forest, Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, Kunjin virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Ross River virus||Arbovirus infections: West Nile virus||Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, other hemorrhagic fevers||Arbovirus infections: California serogroup virus, Eastern equine encephalitis virus, Powassan virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Western equine encephalitis virus, Zika virus|
|Chickenpox||Chickenpox (regional)||Chickenpox (i.e., varicella) - morbidity and deaths only|
|Chikungunya fever||Chikungunya fever (regional)|
|Dengue fever||Dengue fever||Dengue fever||Dengue fever|
|Enterovirus 71 infection|
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A|
|Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B|
|Hepatitis C||Hepatitis C||Hepatitis C|
|Hepatitis D||Hepatitis D|
|Hepatitis E||Hepatitis E|
|Herpes Zoster infection|
|Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection||Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection||Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection||HIV infection|
|Influenza||Novel influenza A infection||Influenza||Influenza-associated pediatric mortality and novel influenza A infection|
|Japanese encephalitis||Japanese encephalitis|
|Middle East respiratory syndrome|
|Poliomyelitis||Acute poliomyelitis||Acute flaccid paralysis (poliomyelitis)||Poliomyelitis||Poliomyelitis||Poliomyelitis, paralytic and non-paralytic|
|Rubella||Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome||Rubella||Rubella|
|Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome|
|Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever|
|Viral hemorrhagic fever||Viral hemorrhagic fever||Viral haemorrhagic fever, including Lassa fever, Marburg virus, and Ebola virus||Viral hemorrhagic fever||Viral hemorrhagic fever, including Arenavirus (new world), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Dengue hemorraghic fever, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Marburg virus|
|Zika virus infection|
|Disease||Australia||Hong Kong||India||Malaysia||United Kingdom||United States|
|Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD)||Yes||Yes|
|variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD)||Yes|
|Fever syndromes more than 6 days||Yes|
|Foodborne diseases outbreak||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Lead, elevated blood levels||Yes|
|Pesticide-related illness, acute||Yes|
|Waterborne diseases outbreak||Yes|
A pandemic is an epidemic of disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemic. Widespread endemic diseases with a stable number of infected people such as recurrences of seasonal influenza are generally excluded as they occur simultaneously in large regions of the globe rather than being spread worldwide.
Glanders is a contagious zoonotic infectious disease that occurs primarily in horses, mules, and donkeys. It can be contracted by other animals, such as dogs, cats, goats and humans. It is caused by infection with the bacterium Burkholderia mallei.
A medical condition is a broad term that includes all diseases and disorders.
In medicine, public health, and biology, transmission is the passing of a pathogen causing communicable disease from an infected host individual or group to a particular individual or group, regardless of whether the other individual was previously infected.
The UK statutory notification system for infectious diseases is a system whereby doctors are required to notify a "proper officer" of the local authority if they are presented with a case of a serious infectious disease such as diphtheria or measles. The proper officer then sends a report to the Centre for Infections of the Health Protection Agency (HPA) in Colindale, north London.
Anthony Stephen Fauci is an American physician and immunologist who has served as the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) since 1984. Since January 2020, he has been one of the lead members of the Trump Administration's White House Coronavirus Task Force addressing the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Fauci is considered one of the most trusted medical figures in the country.
Ross River fever is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by infection with the Ross River virus. The illness is typically characterised by an influenza-like illness and polyarthritis. The virus is endemic to mainland Australia and Tasmania, the island of New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, the Cook Islands, New Caledonia and several other islands in the South Pacific.
Gyrodactylus salaris, commonly known as salmon fluke, is a tiny monogenean ectoparasite which lives on the body surface of freshwater fish. This leech-like parasite has been implicated in the reduction of Atlantic salmon populations in the Norwegian fjords. It also parasitises other species, including rainbow trout. G. salaris requires fresh water, but can survive in brackish water for up to 18 hours.
Disease surveillance is an epidemiological practice by which the spread of disease is monitored in order to establish patterns of progression. The main role of disease surveillance is to predict, observe, and minimize the harm caused by outbreak, epidemic, and pandemic situations, as well as increase knowledge about which factors contribute to such circumstances. A key part of modern disease surveillance is the practice of disease case reporting.
A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks. In the case of livestock diseases, there may also be the legal requirement to destroy the infected livestock upon notification. Many governments have enacted regulations for reporting of both human and animal diseases.
Food safety in China is a growing concern relating to agriculture. China's principal crops are rice, corn, wheat, soybeans, and cotton in addition to apples and other fruits and vegetables. China's principal livestock products include pork, beef, dairy, and eggs. The Chinese government oversees agricultural production as well as the manufacture of food packaging, containers, chemical additives, drug production, and business regulation. In recent years, the Chinese government attempted to consolidate food safety regulation with the creation of the State Food and Drug Administration of China in 2003; officials have also been under increasing public and international pressure to solve food safety problems. Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang said, "Food is essential, and safety should be a top priority. Food safety is closely related to people's lives and health and economic development and social harmony," at a State Council meeting in Beijing.
Surveillance for communicable diseases is the main public health surveillance activity in China. Currently, the disease surveillance system in China has three major components:
A notifiable disease is one which that has to be reported to the government authorities as required by law. In Sweden, over 50 diseases are classified as notifiable. The notifiable diseases come under four categories : notifiable, mandatory contact tracing required, dangerous to public health (allmänsfarliga) and dangerous to the society (samhällsfarliga). As per the Swedish law, notifiable diseases should be reported by the laboratories, doctor treating the patient or performing autopsy. The report is sent through an electronic system called SmiNet to the Public Health Agency of Sweden. As of January 2018, the only three diseases classified as dangerous to society are small pox, Ebola and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health is responsible for maintaining and revising the list of notifiable diseases in Norway and participates in the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organization's surveillance of infectious diseases. The notifiable diseases are classified into Group A, Group B and Group C diseases, depending on the procedure for reporting the disease.
A notifiable disease is one which the law requires to be reported to government authorities.
The Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) is part of the Irish Health Service Executive. HPSC was set up in 1998 and was formerly known as the National Disease Surveillance Centre (NDSC).
The notifiable diseases in Canada at present are as follows:
The presence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Malaysia, part of the COVID-19 pandemic, was first reported in January 2020 when it was detected on travellers from China arriving via Singapore on 25 January, following the outbreak of COVID-19 in Hubei, China. Reported cases remained relatively low and were largely confined to imported cases, until localised clusters began to emerge in March; the largest cluster was linked to a Tablighi Jamaat religious gathering held in Sri Petaling, Kuala Lumpur in late February and early March, leading to massive spikes in local cases and an exportation of cases to neighbouring countries. Within a few weeks, Malaysia had recorded the largest cumulative number of confirmed COVID-19 infections in Southeast Asia, breaching over the 2,000 mark in active cases by the end of March from fewer than 30 at the start of the month. By 16 March, the virus is reported in every state and federal territory in the country.