List of notifiable diseases

Last updated

The following is a list of notifiable diseases arranged by country.

Contents

Bacteria

Australia [1] Hong Kong [2] India [3] Malaysia [4] United Kingdom [5] United States [6]
Anaplasmosis
Anthrax Anthrax Anthrax Anthrax
Botulism Botulism Botulism Botulism
Brucellosis Brucellosis Brucellosis
Campylobacteriosis Campylobacteriosis
Chancroid
Chlamydia Chlamydia trachomatis
Cholera Cholera Cholera Cholera Cholera Cholera
Diphtheria Diphtheria Diphtheria Diphtheria Diphtheria Diphtheria
Donovanosis
Ehrlichiosis
Shiga toxin- and verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC) Shiga toxin -producing Escherichia coli infectionCholera-like diarrhea Escherichia coli O157:H7 or Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli
Encephalitis Encephalitis Encephalitis
Gonococcal infection Gonococcal infection/Gonorrhea Gonorrhea
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) Hemolytic uremic syndrome, post-diarrheal
Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) Haemophilus influenzae type b infection (invasive) Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease
Legionellosis Legionnaire's Disease Legionnaire's Disease Legionellosis
Leprosy Leprosy Leprosy Leprosy Leprosy Hansen's disease (Leprosy)
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis
Listeriosis Listeriosis Listeriosis
Lyme disease
Meningococcal disease Meningococcal infection (invasive) Meningitis  : pyogenic and non-pyogenic Meningococcal septicaemia/ Acute Meningitis Meningococcal disease
MRSA: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection
Paratyphoid fever Paratyphoid fever Paratyphoid fever
Pertussis (Whooping cough) Pertussis (Whooping cough) Pertussis (Whooping cough) Pertussis (Whooping cough) Pertussis (Whooping cough)
Plague Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal) Plague Plague Plague Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal)
Ornithosis (Psittacosis) Psittacosis Psittacosis
Q fever Q fever Q fever, acute and chronic
Relapsing fever Relapsing fever
Rickettsiosis Rickettsiosis, spotted fever
Scarlet fever Scarlet fever Scarlet fever
Salmonellosis Salmonellosis
Shigellosis Bacillary dysentery Bacillary dysentery Shigellosis
Group A Streptococcal disease Group A Streptococcal disease
Pneumococcal disease Pneumococcal disease, invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae , invasive disease
Streptococcus suis infection
Syphilis Syphilis Syphilis
Tetanus Tetanus Tetanus Tetanus Tetanus Tetanus
Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and other than Streptococcal)
Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Tularemia Tularemia
Typhoid fever Typhoid fever Typhoid fever Typhoid fever Typhoid fever Typhoid fever
Typhus and other rickettsial diseases Typhus Typhus
Vancomycin Intermediate Staph Aureus (VISA), Vancomycin Resistant Staph Aureus (VRSA)

Virus

Australia [1] Hong Kong [2] India [3] Malaysia [4] United Kingdom [5] United States [6]
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Arbovirus infections: Barmah Forest, Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, Kunjin virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Ross River virus Arbovirus infections: West Nile virus Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, other hemorrhagic feversArbovirus infections: California serogroup virus, Eastern equine encephalitis virus, Powassan virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Western equine encephalitis virus, Zika virus
Chickenpox Chickenpox (regional) Chickenpox (i.e., varicella) - morbidity and deaths only
Chikungunya fever Chikungunya fever (regional)
Dengue fever Dengue fever Dengue fever Dengue fever
Enterovirus 71 infection
Hantavirus infection Hantavirus
Hepatitis Hepatitis Hepatitis Hepatitis
Hepatitis A Hepatitis A Hepatitis A Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C Hepatitis C
Hepatitis D Hepatitis D
Hepatitis E Hepatitis E
Herpes Zoster infection
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection HIV infection
Influenza Novel influenza A infection Influenza Influenza-associated pediatric mortality and novel influenza A infection
Japanese encephalitis Japanese encephalitis
Lyssavirus
Measles Measles Measles Measles Measles Measles
Middle East respiratory syndrome
Mumps Mumps Mumps Mumps Mumps
Poliomyelitis Acute poliomyelitis Acute flaccid paralysis (poliomyelitis) Poliomyelitis Poliomyelitis Poliomyelitis, paralytic and non-paralytic
Rabies Rabies Rabies Rabies Rabies
Rubella Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome Rubella Rubella
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Smallpox Smallpox Smallpox Smallpox Smallpox
Yellow fever Yellow fever Yellow fever Yellow fever Yellow fever Yellow fever
Viral hemorrhagic fever Viral hemorrhagic fever Viral haemorrhagic fever, including Lassa fever, Marburg virus, and Ebola virus Viral hemorrhagic fever Viral hemorrhagic fever, including Arenavirus (new world), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Dengue hemorraghic fever, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Marburg virus
Zika virus infection
COVID-19

Other/multiple

Disease Australia [1] Hong Kong [2] India [3] Malaysia [4] United Kingdom [5] United States [6]
Amoebic dysentery YesYes
Babesiosis Yes
Cancer Yes
Coccidioidomycosis Yes
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) YesYes
variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD) Yes
Cryptosporidiosis YesYes
Cyclosporiasis Yes
Dysentery YesYes
Fever syndromes more than 6 daysYes
Giardiasis Yes
Foodborne diseases outbreakYesYesYes
Lead, elevated blood levelsYes
Malaria YesYesYesYesYesYes
Pesticide-related illness, acuteYes
Silicosis Yes
Trichinosis Yes
Waterborne diseases outbreakYes

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The UK statutory notification system for infectious diseases is a system whereby doctors are required to notify a "proper officer" of the local authority if they are presented with a case of a serious infectious disease such as diphtheria or measles. The proper officer then sends a report to the Centre for Infections of the Health Protection Agency (HPA) in Colindale, north London.

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Ross River fever is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by infection with the Ross River virus. The illness is typically characterised by an influenza-like illness and polyarthritis. The virus is endemic to mainland Australia and Tasmania, the island of New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, the Cook Islands, New Caledonia and several other islands in the South Pacific.

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A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks. In the case of livestock diseases, there may also be the legal requirement to destroy the infected livestock upon notification. Many governments have enacted regulations for reporting of both human and animal diseases.

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A notifiable disease is one which that has to be reported to the government authorities as required by law. In Sweden, over 50 diseases are classified as notifiable. The notifiable diseases come under four categories : notifiable, mandatory contact tracing required, dangerous to public health (allmänsfarliga) and dangerous to the society (samhällsfarliga). As per the Swedish law, notifiable diseases should be reported by the laboratories, doctor treating the patient or performing autopsy. The report is sent through an electronic system called SmiNet to the Public Health Agency of Sweden. As of January 2018, the only three diseases classified as dangerous to society are small pox, Ebola and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health is responsible for maintaining and revising the list of notifiable diseases in Norway and participates in the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organization's surveillance of infectious diseases. The notifiable diseases are classified into Group A, Group B and Group C diseases, depending on the procedure for reporting the disease.

A notifiable disease is one which the law requires to be reported to government authorities.

The Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) is part of the Irish Health Service Executive. HPSC was set up in 1998 and was formerly known as the National Disease Surveillance Centre (NDSC).

The notifiable diseases in Canada at present are as follows:

COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Malaysia

The presence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Malaysia, part of the COVID-19 pandemic, was first reported in January 2020 when it was detected on travellers from China arriving via Singapore on 25 January, following the outbreak of COVID-19 in Hubei, China. Reported cases remained relatively low and were largely confined to imported cases, until localised clusters began to emerge in March; the largest cluster was linked to a Tablighi Jamaat religious gathering held in Sri Petaling, Kuala Lumpur in late February and early March, leading to massive spikes in local cases and an exportation of cases to neighbouring countries. Within a few weeks, Malaysia had recorded the largest cumulative number of confirmed COVID-19 infections in Southeast Asia, breaching over the 2,000 mark in active cases by the end of March from fewer than 30 at the start of the month. By 16 March, the virus is reported in every state and federal territory in the country.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Australia
  2. 1 2 3 Hong Kong: List of statutory notifiable disease and case definitions; Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health
  3. 1 2 3 India: Nationally Notifiable Diseases Archived 2018-01-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 3 Malaysia: Primary Care Doctors Organization Malaysia Archived 2007-07-14 at the Wayback Machine
  5. 1 2 3 UK: List of notifiable diseases
  6. 1 2 3 US: 2016 Nationally Notifiable Conditions from CDC (public domain resource)