The following is a list of notifiable diseases arranged by country.
A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities. The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks. In the case of livestock diseases, there may also be the legal requirement to destroy the infected livestock upon notification. Many governments have enacted regulations for reporting of both human and animal diseases.
|Australia||Hong Kong||India||Malaysia||United Kingdom||United States|
|Shiga toxin- and verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC/VTEC)||Shiga toxin -producing Escherichia coli infection||Cholera-like diarrhea||Escherichia coli O157:H7 or Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli|
|Gonococcal infection||Gonococcal infection/Gonorrhea||Gonorrhea|
|Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS)||Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS)||Hemolytic uremic syndrome, post-diarrheal|
|Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib)||Haemophilus influenzae type b infection (invasive)||Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease|
|Legionellosis||Legionnaire's Disease||Legionnaire's Disease||Legionellosis|
|Leprosy||Leprosy||Leprosy||Leprosy||Leprosy||Hansen's disease (Leprosy)|
|Meningococcal disease||Meningococcal infection (invasive)||Meningitis : pyogenic and non-pyogenic||Meningococcal septicaemia/ Acute Meningitis||Meningococcal disease|
|MRSA: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection|
|Paratyphoid fever||Paratyphoid fever||Paratyphoid fever|
|Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)||Pertussis (Whooping cough)|
|Plague||Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal)||Plague||Plague||Plague||Plague (bubonic, septicemic, pneumonic and pharyngeal)|
|Q fever||Q fever||Q fever, acute and chronic|
|Relapsing fever||Relapsing fever|
|Rickettsiosis||Rickettsiosis, spotted fever|
|Scarlet fever||Scarlet fever||Scarlet fever|
|Shigellosis||Bacillary dysentery||Bacillary dysentery||Shigellosis|
|Group A Streptococcal disease||Group A Streptococcal disease|
|Pneumococcal disease||Pneumococcal disease, invasive||Streptococcus pneumoniae , invasive disease|
|Streptococcus suis infection|
|Toxic shock syndrome (Streptococcal and other than Streptococcal)|
|Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis|
|Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever||Typhoid fever|
|Typhus and other rickettsial diseases||Typhus||Typhus|
|Vancomycin Intermediate Staph Aureus (VISA), Vancomycin Resistant Staph Aureus (VRSA)|
|Australia||Hong Kong||India||Malaysia||United Kingdom||United States|
|Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)||Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)||Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome|
|Arbovirus infections: Barmah Forest, Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, Kunjin virus, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Ross River virus||Arbovirus infections: West Nile virus||Dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, other hemorrhagic fevers||Arbovirus infections: California serogroup virus, Eastern equine encephalitis virus, Powassan virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Western equine encephalitis virus, Zika virus|
|Chickenpox||Chickenpox (regional)||Chickenpox (i.e., varicella) - morbidity and deaths only|
|Chikungunya fever||Chikungunya fever (regional)|
|Dengue fever||Dengue fever||Dengue fever||Dengue fever|
|Enterovirus 71 infection|
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A|
|Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B|
|Hepatitis C||Hepatitis C||Hepatitis C|
|Hepatitis D||Hepatitis D|
|Hepatitis E||Hepatitis E|
|Herpes Zoster infection|
|Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection||Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection||Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection||HIV infection|
|Influenza||Novel influenza A infection||Influenza||Influenza-associated pediatric mortality and novel influenza A infection|
|Japanese encephalitis||Japanese encephalitis|
|Middle East respiratory syndrome|
|Poliomyelitis||Acute poliomyelitis||Acute flaccid paralysis (poliomyelitis)||Poliomyelitis||Poliomyelitis||Poliomyelitis, paralytic and non-paralytic|
|Rubella||Rubella and congenital rubella syndrome||Rubella||Rubella|
|Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome|
|Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever||Yellow fever|
|Viral hemorrhagic fever||Viral hemorrhagic fever||Viral haemorrhagic fever, including Lassa fever, Marburg virus, and Ebola virus||Viral hemorrhagic fever||Viral hemorrhagic fever, including Arenavirus (new world), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Dengue hemorraghic fever, Ebola virus, Lassa virus, Marburg virus|
|Disease||Australia||Hong Kong||India||Malaysia||United Kingdom||United States|
|Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD)||Yes||Yes|
|variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD)||Yes|
|Fever syndromes more than 6 days||Yes|
|Foodborne diseases outbreak||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Lead, elevated blood levels||Yes|
|Pesticide-related illness, acute||Yes|
|Waterborne diseases outbreak||Yes|
In epidemiology, an outbreak is a sudden increase in occurrences of a disease in a particular time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or impact upon thousands of people across an entire continent. Two linked cases of a rare infectious disease may be sufficient to constitute an outbreak. Outbreaks include epidemics, which term is normally only used for infectious diseases, as well as diseases with an environmental origin, such as a water or foodborne disease. They may affect a region in a country or a group of countries. Pandemics are near-global disease outbreaks.
Glanders is an infectious disease that occurs primarily in horses, mules, and donkeys. It can be contracted by other animals, such as dogs, cats, goats and humans. It is caused by infection with the bacterium Burkholderia mallei, usually by ingestion of contaminated feed or water. Signs of glanders include the formation of nodular lesions in the lungs and ulceration of the mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract. The acute form results in coughing, fever, and the release of an infectious nasal discharge, followed by septicaemia and death within days. In the chronic form, nasal and subcutaneous nodules develop, eventually ulcerating. Death can occur within months, while survivors act as carriers.
A medical condition is a broad term that includes all diseases and disorders.
The UK statutory notification system for infectious diseases is a system whereby doctors are required to notify a "Proper Officer" of the local authority if they are presented with a case of a serious infectious disease such as diphtheria or measles. The Proper Officer then sends a report to the Centre for Infections of the Health Protection Agency (HPA) in Colindale, north London.
Ross River fever is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by infection with the Ross River virus. The illness is typically characterised by an influenza-like illness and polyarthritis. The virus is endemic to mainland Australia and Tasmania, the island of New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, the Cook Islands, New Caledonia and several other islands in the South Pacific.
Gyrodactylus salaris, commonly known as salmon fluke, is a tiny monogenean ectoparasite which lives on the body surface of freshwater fish. This leech-like parasite has been implicated in the reduction of Atlantic salmon populations in the Norwegian fjords. It also parasitises other species, including rainbow trout. G. salaris requires fresh water, but can survive in brackish water for up to 18 hours.
Disease surveillance is an epidemiological practice by which the spread of disease is monitored in order to establish patterns of progression. The main role of disease surveillance is to predict, observe, and minimize the harm caused by outbreak, epidemic, and pandemic situations, as well as increase knowledge about which factors contribute to such circumstances. A key part of modern disease surveillance is the practice of disease case reporting.
The International Health Regulations (2005) are a legally binding instrument of international law that aim to a) assist countries to work together to save lives and livelihoods endangered by the international spread of diseases and other health risks, and b) avoid unnecessary interference with international trade and travel.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to medicine:
Surveillance for communicable diseases is the main public health surveillance activity in China. Currently, the disease surveillance system in China has three major components:
The Institute of Environmental Science and Research is a New Zealand Crown Research Institute (CRI). Its purpose is to deliver scientific and research services to the public health, food safety, security and justice systems, and the environmental sector to improve the safety of, and contribute to the economic, environmental and social well-being of people and communities in New Zealand.
A state health agency (SHA), or state department of health, is a department or agency of the state governments of the United States focused on public health. The state secretary of health is a constitutional or at times a statutory official in several states of the United States. The position is the chief executive official for the state's state health agency, chief administrative officer for the state's Board of Health, or both.
The Construction Regulations 2007, also known as CDM Regulations or CDM 2007, previously defined legal duties for the safe operation of UK construction sites. They were superseded by the Construction Regulations 2015. The regulations placed specific duties on clients, designers and contractors, to plan their approach to health and safety. They applied throughout construction projects, from inception to final demolition and removal.
In the winter of 2008, about 20% of the UK's bees died. The losses were highest in the north of England and lowest in the east. These winter losses have been increasing in recent years as some of the treatments to combat Varroa lose their efficacy.
A notifiable disease is one which that has to be reported to the government authorities as required by law. In Sweden, over 50 diseases are classified as notifiable. The notifiable diseases come under four categories : notifiable, mandatory contact tracing required, dangerous to public health (allmänsfarliga) and dangerous to the society (samhällsfarliga). As per the Swedish law, notifiable diseases should be reported by the laboratories, doctor treating the patient or performing autopsy. The report is sent through an electronic system called SmiNet to the Public Health Agency of Sweden. As of January 2018, the only three diseases classified as dangerous to society are small pox, ebola and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
The Norwegian Institute of Public Health is responsible for maintaining and revising the list of notifiable diseases in Norway and participates in the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organization's surveillance of infectious diseases. The notifiable diseases are classified into Group A, Group B and Group C diseases, depending on the procedure for reporting the disease.
A notifiable disease is one which that has to be reported to the government authorities as required by law. In the United Kingdom, notification of infectious diseases is a statutory duty for registered medical practitioners and laboratories, under the Public Health Act 1984 and the Health Protection (Notification) Regulations 2010. The registered medical practitioners shall notify such diseases in a proper form within 3 days, or notify verbally via phone within 24 hours depending on the urgency of the situation.