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ECDC headquarters in Solna, Sweden
|Formed||28 September 2004|
|Headquarters|| Solna Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden |
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is an independent agency of the European Union (EU) whose mission is to strengthen Europe's defences against infectious diseases.The Centre was established in 2004 and is located in Solna, Sweden.
As EU economic integration and open frontiers increased, cooperation on public health issues became more important. While the idea of creating a European centre for disease control had been discussed previously by public health experts, the 2003 SARS outbreak and the rapid spread of SARS across country borders confirmed the urgency of the creation of an EU-wide institution for public health. ECDC was set up in record time for an EU agency: the European Commission presented draft legislation in July 2003; by the spring of 2004, Regulation (EC) 851/2004 had been passed, and in May 2005 the Centre became operational. The relevance of the Centre's mission was confirmed shortly after it began operating, when the arrival of H5N1 avian influenza in the EU's neighbourhood led to fears that the disease could adapt or mutate into a pandemic strain of human influenza.
The ECDC currently operates on a matrix structure based on five units:
The office of the Chief Scientist oversees the seven Disease Programmes, the Microbiology Coordination Section and the Scientific Advice Coordination Section.
The Disease Programmes focus on specific disease groups:
Two shared-resource units – Surveillance and Response Support, and Public Health Capacity and Communication – provide specialist expertise. The Information and Communication Technologies Unit provides infrastructure, application development and support. The Resource Management and Coordination Unit controls ECDC's human and financial resources.
ECDC publishes numerous scientific and technical reports covering various issues related to the prevention and control of Transmission (medicine)communicable diseases. Comprehensive reports from key technical and scientific meetings are also produced by the organisation.
Towards the end of every calendar year, ECDC publishes its Annual Epidemiological Report, which analyses surveillance data and infectious disease threats. As well as offering an overview of the public health situation in the European Union, the report offers an indication of where further public health action may be required in order to reduce the burden caused by communicable diseases.
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control is monitoring the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
Other ECDC publications include disease-specific surveillance reports and threat reports, as well as analyses of trends in European public health.
Eurosurveillance , a European peer-reviewed journal devoted to the epidemiology, surveillance, prevention and control of infectious diseases, has been published by ECDC since March 2007. The journal was founded in 1995 and, before its move to ECDC, was a collaborative project between the European Commission, the Institut de Veille Sanitaire (France) and the Health Protection Agency (United Kingdom). Eurosurveillance is an open-access (i.e. free) web-based journal that reports infectious disease issues from a European perspective. It publishes results from ECDC and the EU-funded surveillance networks, thereby providing the scientific community with timely access to new information. The journal is published every Thursday.
In addition to the member states of the union, four members of the European Economic Area also participate in the ECDC network: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway.
The United Kingdom still benefits from the ECDC during the Brexit transition period planned from 1 february to 31 december 2020.
ECDC has approximately 300 staff and commands an annual budget of over €50 million. Staff operates from the Centre's headquarters in the Stockholm metropolitan area.[ citation needed ] The Centre moved to its current location at Gustav III:s Boulevard 40, 16973 Solna, Sweden, on 3 March 2018.
During the Covid pandemic, involved in the European Union response to the COVID-19 pandemic the ECDC published data related to Covid 19 such as number of people affected in the European Union.
For similar agencies, please see the List of national public health agencies
The Early Warning and Response System (EWRS) for communicable diseases in the European Union was created by the European Commission to "ensure a rapid and effective response by the EU to events related to communicable diseases."
"EWRS is a web-based system linking the Commission, the public health authorities in Member States responsible for measures to control communicable diseases and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). EEA countries are also linked to the system."
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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, formed in 1946, is the leading national public health institute of the United States. It is a United States federal agency, under the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability in the US and internationally.
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The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention was created in 2001 and is under the Health Bureau of Secretariat for Social Affairs and Culture of Macau, China.
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