|Namesake||City of Manitowoc, Wisconsin|
|Reclassified||PF-61, 15 April 1943|
|Builder||Globe Shipbuilding Company, Superior, Wisconsin|
|Laid down||26 August 1943|
|Launched||30 November 1943|
|Sponsored by||Mrs. Martin Georgenson|
|Commissioned||5 December 1944|
|Decommissioned||14 March 1946|
|Fate||Transferred to US Coast Guard, 14 March 1946|
|Commissioned||14 March 1946|
|Decommissioned||3 September 1946|
|Fate||Sold to France, 25 March 1947|
|Namesake||Joseph Le Brix|
|Acquired||25 March 1947|
|Reclassified||F715, c. 1952|
|Class and type||Tacoma-class frigate|
|Displacement||1,264 long tons (1,284 t)|
|Length||303 ft 11 in (92.63 m)|
|Beam||37 ft 6 in (11.43 m)|
|Draft||13 ft 8 in (4.17 m)|
|Speed||20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
USS Manitowoc (PF-61), a Tacoma-class frigate in commission from 1944 to, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Manitowoc, Wisconsin. After commissioned service in the U.S. Navy from 1944 to 1946. After her Navy service, she served in the United States Coast Guard for a few months in 1946. Sold to France in 1947, she commissioned into service in the French Navy as Le Brix (F715) in 1948 and operated as a weather ship until scrapped in 1958.
Originally designated as a patrol gunboat, PG-169, Manitowoc was reclassified as a patrol frigate, PF-61, on 15 April 1943, and laid down under a Maritime Commission contract by the Globe Shipbuilding Company in Superior, Wisconsin, on 26 August 1943; launched on 30 November 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Martin Georgenson; and delivered to the Maritime Commission on 27 September 1944. She was then ferried to New Orleans, Louisiana via the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal and the Mississippi River for acquisition by the US Navy. She was commissioned on 24 October 1944.
Between 29 October and 5 November 1944, Manitowoc steamed to Boston, Massachusetts, where she was placed out of service on 8 November and converted by the Boston Navy Yard for use as a weather patrol ship. She was then recommissioned at Boston on 5 December, with Lieutenant Commander J. A. Martin USCG commanding and underwent shakedown off Bermuda during late December 1944 and early January 1945. After returning to Boston on 20 January 1945, she joined Escort Division 34 for duty as a weather ship in the North Atlantic.
Departing Boston on 2 February, she reached NS Argentia, Newfoundland on 5 February and the following day undertook her first weather patrol. She relieved the Woonsocket (PF-32) on 8 February and began patrolling her assigned station. Equipped with specialized radio transmitters and meteorological equipment, she spent two weeks transmitting valuable weather data as the Allies began their final push to defeat Nazi Germany. She was relieved on 24 February, returning to Argentia by 26 February.
Before the end of the war in Europe, the Manitowoc made two further weather patrols in the North Atlantic, carrying her from Newfoundland as far east as Iceland. She also helped deter the remnants of the Kriegsmarine submarine fleet from action by patrolling the sea lanes in her area.
After the end of the war in Europe, Manitowoc continued to patrol the North Atlantic, serving primarily as an air-sea rescue ship. Between 29 May 1945 and 10 February 1946 she completed seven such patrols. During a patrol in late July, she provided medical aid for the Panamanian merchantman SS Yemasee and on 2 August her medical officer performed an emergency appendectomy on a crewman from the Swedish merchant ship SS San Francisco.
Manitowoc returned from her final patrol on 10 February 1946 and was decommissioned at Boston on 14 March 1946.
Manitowoc was loaned to and immediately recommissioned by the United States Coast Guard on the day of her Navy decommissioning with Lieutenant Wesly L. Saunders, USCG, commanding. She then served as a Coast Guard vessel for the next five months, based at Norfolk, Virginia, and New Orleans. The Coast Guard decommissioned her on 3 September 1946.
Manitowoc was sold to France on 25 March 1947. After delivery to a representative of the French government, she was commissioned in the French Navy as Le Brix (F715) and served under the French flag as a weather ship until scrapped in 1958.
The first USS Shreveport (PG-131/PF-23) was a Tacoma-class frigate of the United States Navy.
USS Abilene (PF-58), a Tacoma-class frigate, was in the service of the United States Navy, named after the city of Abilene, Kansas.
USS Sheboygan (PF-57) was a Tacoma-class frigate of the United States Navy which was later transferred to the Belgian Navy as Lieutenant ter zee Victor Billet.
USS Uniontown (PF-65), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Uniontown, Pennsylvania.
USS Woonsocket (PF-32) was a Tacoma-class frigate in service with the United States Navy from 1944 to 1946. She was sold to Peru in 1947, where she served as BAP Gálvez (F-1/FE-1) until 1961.
USS Davenport (PF-69), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Davenport, Iowa.
USS Dearborn (PF-33), a Tacoma-class frigate, is so far the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Dearborn, Michigan.
USS Hingham (PF-30), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Hingham, Massachusetts. Hingham, originally designated PG-138, was launched under Maritime Commission contract by Walter Butler Shipbuilding Company in Superior, Wisconsin, on 27 August 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Katherine F. Harrington; and commissioned on 3 November 1944 after outfitting at Plaquemine, Louisiana. Her first commanding officer was Lieutenant Commander W. K. Earle, USCG.
USS Hutchinson (PF-45), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Hutchinson, Kansas.
USS Milledgeville (PF-94), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Milledgeville, Georgia.
USS Lorain (PF-93), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the first commissioned ship of the United States Navy to be named for Lorain, Ohio.
USS Charlotte (PF-60), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named Charlotte.
USS Muskegon (PF-24), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Muskegon, a city on Michigan's west coast.
USS Emporia (PF-28), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for the city of Emporia, Kansas.
USS Groton (PF-29), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for Groton, Connecticut.
USS Bangor (PF-16) was a United States Navy Tacoma-class frigate in commission from 1944 to 1946. Thus far, she has been the only U.S. Navy ship named for Bangor, Maine. She later served in United States Coast Guard as USCGC Bangor and in the Mexican Navy as ARM General José María Morelos and ARM Golfo de Tehuantepec.
USS Covington (PF-56), a Tacoma-class frigate, was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for Covington, Kentucky. Covington, with a United States Coast Guard crew, served as a weather ship off Newfoundland through early 1946. She was decommissioned in April 1946 and turned over to the U.S. Coast Guard and commissioned the same day as USCGC Covington (PF-56) and remained in service through September. She was returned to the U.S. Navy at that time and placed in reserve. In April 1947, she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register and, in August, sold to the Ecuadorian Navy. As BAE Guayas (E-21), she served as the flagship of the Ecuadorian Navy from her acquisition through 1967. She was decommissioned in 1972 and stricken in 1974.
USS Beaufort (PF-59) was a Tacoma-class frigate acquired by the United States Navy during World War II. Although she was designed as a patrol craft, she was reconfigured and employed as a weather station ship in the North Atlantic Ocean. Beaufort's task was to launch weather balloons and transmit weather data via radio to her shore-based commanders.
USS Greensboro (PF-101) was a United States Navy Tacoma-class frigate in commission from 1945 to 1946.
USS Forsyth (PF-102) was a United States Navy Tacoma-class frigate in commission from 1945 to 1946, which saw service in the final months of World War II and the first months of the postwar period. After her Navy career concluded, she was in commission in the United States Coast Guard as the cutter USCGC Forsyth (WPF-102) from March to August 1946. In 1947 she was sold to the Government of the Netherlands, for which she served as the civilian weather ship SS Cumulus from 1947 to 1963.
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships .The entry can be found here.