Uarbryichthys

Last updated

Uarbrychthys
Temporal range: Upper Jurassic
Uarbryichthys latus.jpg
Comparison of U. latus (top) and Cavenderichthys talbragarensis (bottom)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Uarbryichthyidae
Genus:
Uarbryichthys

Wade, 1941
Species
  • U. latus (Wade, 1941) [1]
  • U. incertus (Wade, 1953) [2]

Uarbryichthys ("Uarbry Fish") is a genus of primitive ginglymodian ray-finned fish from fossil beds near the Talbragar River Bed. The various species were lake-dwelling fish that lived during the Upper Jurassic of Australia, and are closely related to the macrosemiids. The living animal would have had a superficial resemblance to a very small porgie, or sea bream, but with a heterocercal tail fin.

Related Research Articles

The PaleozoicEra is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon. It is the longest of the Phanerozoic eras, lasting from 541 to 251.902 million years ago, and is subdivided into six geologic periods : the Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian. The Paleozoic comes after the Neoproterozoic Era of the Proterozoic Eon and is followed by the Mesozoic Era.

John William Salter

John William Salter was an English naturalist, geologist, and palaeontologist.

<i>Leedsichthys</i> Extinct genus of fishes

Leedsichthys is a giant member of the Pachycormidae, an extinct group of Mesozoic ray-finned fish that lived in the oceans of the Middle Jurassic period. It is the largest ray-finned fish known to have existed.

Theodore Edward Cantor (1809–1860) was a Danish physician, zoologist and botanist.

Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park covers 23 ha of the Bulkley River Valley, on the east side of Driftwood Creek, a tributary of the Bulkley River, 10 km northeast of the town of Smithers. The park is accessible from Driftwood Road from Provincial Highway 16. It was created in 1967 by the donation of the land by the late Gordon Harvey (1913–1976) to protect fossil beds on the east side of Driftwood Creek. The beds were discovered around the beginning of the 20th century. The park lands are part of the asserted traditional territory of the Wet'suwet'en First Nation.

<i>Protosphyraena</i> Extinct genus of fishes

Protosphyraena is a fossil genus of swordfish-like marine fish, that thrived worldwide during the Upper Cretaceous Period (Coniacian-Maastrichtian). Though fossil remains of this taxon have been found in both Europe and Asia, it is perhaps best known from the Smoky Hill Member of the Niobrara Chalk Formation of Kansas. Protosphyraena was a large fish, averaging 2–3 metres in length. Protosphyraena shared the Cretaceous oceans with aquatic reptiles, such as mosasaurs and plesiosaurs, as well as with many other species of extinct predatory fish. The name Protosphyraena is a combination of the Greek word protos ("early") plus Sphyraena, the genus name for barracuda, as paleontologists initially mistook Protosphyraena for an ancestral barracuda. Recent research shows that the genus Protosphyraena is not at all related to the true swordfish-family Xiphiidae, but belongs to the extinct family Pachycormidae.

Hanson Formation

The Hanson Formation is a geologic formation on Mount Kirkpatrick, Antarctica. It is one of only two major dinosaur-bearing rock groups found on the continent of Antarctica to date; the other is the Snow Hill Island Formation and related formations from the Late Cretaceous of the Antarctic Peninsula. The formation has yielded only a handful of Mesozoic specimens so far and most of it is as yet unexcavated. Part of the Victoria Group of the Transantarctic Mountains, it is below the Prebble Formation and above the Falla Formation. The Formation is related to the Volcanic Activity Linked to the Karoo-Ferar eruptions on the Lower Jurassic. The climate of the zone was similar to the modern Southern Chile, Humid, with a temperature interval of 17–18 degrees.

Stethacanthidae Extinct family of cartilaginous fishes

Stethacanthidae is an extinct family of prehistoric holocephalians. It is estimated to have existed approximately between 380 and 300 million years ago. Members of this family are noted for their peculiar dorsal fin.

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1992.

Jehol Biota ecosystem of northeastern China between 133 and 120 million years ago

The Jehol Biota includes all the living organisms – the ecosystem – of northeastern China between 133 and 120 million years ago. This is the Lower Cretaceous ecosystem which left fossils in the Yixian Formation and Jiufotang Formation. These deposits are composed of layers of tephra and sediment. It is also believed to have left fossils in the Sinuiju series of North Korea. The ecosystem in the Lower Cretaceous was dominated by wetlands and numerous lakes. Rainfall was seasonal, alternating between semiarid and mesic conditions. The climate was temperate. The Jehol ecosystem was interrupted periodically by ash eruptions from volcanoes to the west. The word "Jehol" is a historical transcription of the former Rehe Province.

<i>Prionolepis</i> Extinct genus of fishes

Prionolepis is a genus of prehistoric ray-finned fish belonging to the order Alepisauriformes.

Leslie Reginald Cox FRS was an English palaeontologist and malacologist.

<i>Libotonius</i> Extinct genus of fishes

Libotonius is an extinct genus of prehistoric bony fish in the monotypic family Libotoniidae which lived during the middle division of the Eocene epoch. The type species Libotonius blakeburnensis is named for Blakeburn, British Columbia, the type locality of the genus and species in the Allenby Formation. The second species, Libotonius pearsoni is known exclusively from the Klondike Mountain Formation in Republic, Washington.

<i>Ctenothrissa</i> Extinct genus of fishes

Ctenothrissa is a prehistoric genus of ray-finned fish in the supposed order "Ctenothrissiformes".

The Triassic Lockatong Formation is a mapped bedrock unit in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York. It is named after the Lockatong Creek in Hunterdon County, New Jersey.

Diversity of fish Fish species categorized by various characteristics

Fish are very diverse animals and can be categorised in many ways. This article is an overview of some of ways in which fish are categorised. Although most fish species have probably been discovered and described, about 250 new ones are still discovered every year. According to FishBase, 34,300 species of fish had been described as of September 2020. That is more than the combined total of all other vertebrate species: mammals, amphibians, reptiles and birds.

<i>Kyphosichthys</i> Extinct genus of ray-finned fishes

Kyphosichthys is an extinct genus of basal actinopterygian bony fish known from the lower Middle Triassic (Anisian) marine deposits in Luoping, eastern Yunnan Province, southwestern China. The species is the first known fossil record of highly deep-bodied ginglymodians.

Evolution of fish The origin and diversification of fish through geologic time

The evolution of fish began about 530 million years ago during the Cambrian explosion. It was during this time that the early chordates developed the skull and the vertebral column, leading to the first craniates and vertebrates. The first fish lineages belong to the Agnatha, or jawless fish. Early examples include Haikouichthys. During the late Cambrian, eel-like jawless fish called the conodonts, and small mostly armoured fish known as ostracoderms, first appeared. Most jawless fish are now extinct; but the extant lampreys may approximate ancient pre-jawed fish. Lampreys belong to the Cyclostomata, which includes the extant hagfish, and this group may have split early on from other agnathans.

Halecomorphi Clade of fishes

Halecomorphi is a taxon of ray-finned bony fish in the clade Neopterygii. The sole living Halecomorph is the bowfin, but the group contains many extinct species in several families, including Amiidae, Caturidae, Liodesmidae, Sinamiidae, and the orders Ionoscopiformes, and Parasemionotiformes).

Lance Grande

Roger Lansing Grande, more commonly known as Lance Grande, is an evolutionary biologist and curatorial scientist. His research and work is focused on Paleontology, Ichthyology, Systematics and Evolution. He is best known for his work on the paleontology of the Green River Formation and for his detailed monographs on the comparative anatomy and evolution of ray-finned fishes.

References

  1. Bartram, A. W. H. 1977. The Macrosemiidae, a Mesozoic family of holostean fishes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology series 29:137-234. p. 82
  2. Bartram, A. W. H. 1977. The Macrosemiidae, a Mesozoic family of holostean fishes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology series 29:137-234. p. 71