University College Hospital

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University College Hospital
University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
University College Hospital - New Building - London - 020504.jpg
Hospital building, opened 2005
Camden London UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shown in Camden
Geography
Location Fitzrovia, London, England
Organisation
Care system National Health Service
Type Teaching
Affiliated university University College London
Services
Emergency department Yes
Beds665 [1]
History
Opened1834;188 years ago (1834)
Links
Website uclh.nhs.uk
Lists Hospitals in England
Paul Waterhouse's etching of the Cruciform Building on Gower Street University College Hospital, London; the entrance facade on Wellcome V0014738.jpg
Paul Waterhouse's etching of the Cruciform Building on Gower Street
The Cruciform Building on Gower Street in 2007 UCL Gower Street.jpg
The Cruciform Building on Gower Street in 2007

University College Hospital (UCH) is a teaching hospital in the Fitzrovia area of the London Borough of Camden, England. The hospital, which was founded as the North London Hospital in 1834, is closely associated with University College London (UCL), whose main campus is situated next door. The hospital is part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Contents

The hospital is on the south side of Euston Road and its tower faces Euston Square tube station on the east side. Warren Street tube station lies immediately west and the major Euston terminus station is beyond 200 metres east, just beyond Euston Square Gardens.

History

In 1826 the London University began emphasising the importance of having medical schools attached to hospitals. Before the hospital opened, only Oxford and Cambridge universities offered medical degrees, and as a consequence relatively few doctors actually had degrees. [2] The hospital was founded as the North London Hospital in 1834 in order to provide clinical training for the "medical classes" of the university, after a refusal by the governors of the Middlesex Hospital to allow students access to that hospital's wards. [3] It soon became known as University College Hospital. [3]

In 1835, Robert Liston became the first professor of clinical surgery at UCH, [4] [5] and the first major operation under ether in Europe was conducted at the hospital by Liston on 21 December 1846. [3] UCH was split from UCL in 1905, and a new hospital building designed by Alfred Waterhouse, known as the Cruciform Building, was opened in 1906 on Gower Street. UCH merged with the National Dental Hospital in 1914, and the Royal Ear Hospital in 1920. [3]

George Orwell married Sonia Brownell in 1949, and later died 21 January 1950, in room 65 of the hospital. [6] The hospital was run by the Camden and Islington Area Health Authority [7] from 1974. In 1994, UCH became part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Trust. [3] The hospital site at the Cruciform Building was closed in 1995, despite strikes and an occupation in 1993. [8] The building was purchased by UCL, for use as the home for the Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research and the teaching facility for UCL bioscience and medical students UCL Medical School. [9]

A new 75,822 m2 hospital, procured under the Private Finance Initiative in 2000, designed by Llewelyn Davies Yeang [10] and built by a joint venture of AMEC and Balfour Beatty at a cost of £422 million, opened in 2005. [11] [12] The sculpture Monolith and Shadow made from a large polished piece of Brazilian granite was placed outside the main entrance to the new hospital in 2005. [13]

In October 2006, the hospital was nominated and made the Building Design shortlist for the inaugural Carbuncle Cup, awarded to "the ugliest building in the United Kingdom completed in the last 12 months", [14] which was ultimately awarded to Drake Circus Shopping Centre in Plymouth. [15] Facilities management services are provided by Interserve. [1]

In November 2008, the £70 million Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Wing was opened, allowing the hospital to offer all women's health services in one place (except some breast and gynaecology services). [16]

Services

As of 2015 the following services were provided at the hospital: [17]

The hospital has 665 in-patient beds, 12 operating theatres and houses the largest single critical care unit in the NHS. [1] [17] The Accident and Emergency department sees approximately 120,000 patients a year. [18] It is a major teaching hospital and a key location for the UCL Medical School. [19] It is also a major centre for medical research and part of both the UCLH/UCL Biomedical Research Centre and the UCL Partners academic health science centre. [20] [21]

The urology department moved to University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street, formerly the Heart Hospital, in 2015. [22] [23]

Notable staff

See also

Related Research Articles

University College London, which operates as UCL, is a public research university in London, United Kingdom. It is a member institution of the federal University of London, and is the second-largest university in the United Kingdom by total enrolment and the largest by postgraduate enrolment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and Obstetric Hospital</span> Hospital in London, England

The Elizabeth Garrett Anderson and Obstetric Hospital and its predecessor organisations provided health care to women in central London from the mid-Victorian era. It was named after Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, one of Britain's first female physicians, and its work continues in the modern Elizabeth Garrett Anderson wing of University College Hospital, part of UCLH NHS Foundation Trust.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Middlesex Hospital</span> Hospital in London, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital</span> Hospital in London, England

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastman Dental Hospital</span> Hospital in London, England

The Eastman Dental Hospital was based on Gray's Inn Road until it co-located with the University College London ear, nose, throat, balance and hearing services on Huntley Street, London as the Royal National ENT and Eastman Dental Hospitals in October 2019. The hospital continues to provide specialist dental treatment as well as ear, nose, throat, hearing, speech and balance services and is part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

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University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UCLH) is an NHS foundation trust based in London, United Kingdom. It comprises University College Hospital, University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street, the UCH Macmillan Cancer Centre, the Royal National ENT and Eastman Dental Hospitals, the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine and the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital.

Sir Robert Naylor was the Chief Executive of University College London Hospitals (UCLH) NHS Foundation Trust until September 2016.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">UCLH/UCL Biomedical Research Centre</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street</span> Hospital in London, England

University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street, named The Heart Hospital until refurbished and renamed in 2015, was a specialist cardiac hospital located in London, United Kingdom until 2015. It is part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and is closely associated with University College London (UCL). After the 2015 refurbishment the hospital now provides thoracic surgery, and urology services.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ian Jacobs (oncologist)</span>

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Ramani Moonesinghe OBE MD(Res) FRCP FRCA FFICM is Professor of Perioperative Medicine at University College London (UCL) and a Consultant in Anaesthetics and Critical Care Medicine at UCL Hospitals. Moonesinghe is Director of the National Institute for Academic Anaesthesia (NIAA) Health Services Research Centre and between 2016 and 2019 was Associate National Clinical Director for Elective Care for NHS England. In 2020 on she took on the role of National Clinical Director for Critical and Perioperative care at NHS England and NHS Improvement.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Martin Rossor</span>

Martin Neil Rossor, is a British clinical neurologist with a specialty interest in degenerative dementias and familial disease.

Alan J. Thompson, MD, FMedSci, FRCP, FRCPI, is Dean of the Faculty of Brain Sciences at UCL; Pro-Provost for London at UCL; Garfield Weston Professor of Clinical Neurology and Neurorehabilitation at the UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology. He is also a consultant neurologist at the University College London NHS Hospitals Foundation Trust working at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery. He is Editor-in-Chief for Multiple Sclerosis Journal.

Rachel Louise Batterham is a British physician who is a professor of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology at University College London. She established the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Bariatric Centre for Weight Management and Metabolic Surgery. She has extensively studied obesity, and has contributed to clinical management and the understanding of obesity-related diseases.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "UCLH". Interserve Plc. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  2. The London Encyclopaedia, Weinreb and Hibbert, 1983
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "UCLH trust chronology". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 11 April 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  4. "Overview of Robert Liston".
  5. Flemming, P. (1926). "Robert Liston, the first professor of clinical surgery at UCH". University College Hospital Magazine. 1: 176–85. in Gordon, R. (1983), p. 146.
  6. Cavendish, Dominic (1 August 2017). "The It Girl who tried to save George Orwell – and how Cressida Bonas will bring her alive in a new play". The Telegraph. ISSN   0307-1235 . Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  7. "The National Health Service (Constitution of Area Health Authorities) Order 1973" (PDF). Legislation.co.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  8. "The South London Women's Hospital Occupation 1984–85". Past tense. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  9. University College London (21 May 2018). "Cruciform Building". Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  10. "University College Hospital". E-Architect. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  11. "University College London Hospitals wins award for Best Health Project (over £20 million)". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 24 January 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  12. "University College London Hospital". ASM. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  13. "Rare stone to boost hospital aura". BBC News . 24 August 2005. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
  14. Watson, Anna (22 July 2010). "Six in race for Carbuncle Cup". bdonline.co.uk. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  15. bdonline.co.uk. "Bottom of the barrel - Carbuncles 2006" . Retrieved 11 September 2014.
  16. "New EGA Wing opens to mothers and babies". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  17. 1 2 "University College Hospital". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  18. "University College London Hospitals: Emergency Services". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 10 November 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  19. "Bloomsbury Campus". UCL Medical School. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  20. "Home". UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  21. "About us". UCL Partners. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  22. University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street (formerly the Heart Hospital)
  23. UCLH Web site: Refurbishment of the Heart Hospital, 18 May 2015, retrieved 15 September 2015 "The Heart Hospital is being refurbished and will reopen at the beginning of the summer to provide thoracic surgery and urology services ... it will be called University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street."

Sources

Coordinates: 51°31′30.87″N00°08′03.83″W / 51.5252417°N 0.1343972°W / 51.5252417; -0.1343972