Teaching hospital

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A teaching hospital is a hospital or medical centre that provides medical education and training to future and current health professionals. Many of these hospitals conduct medical research, as well as provide care to the poor and uninsured. Teaching hospitals are usually affiliated with one or more medical colleges/universities and are often co-located with medical colleges. [1]

Contents

Teaching hospitals use a residency program to educate qualified physicians, podiatrists, dentists, pharmacists, and veterinarians. Basically, those who hold the degree of MD, DPM, DDS, DMD, DVM, PharmD, DO, BDS, BDent, MBBS, MBChB, or BMed. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] Those that attend a teaching hospital or clinic would practice medicine under the direct or indirect supervision of a senior medical clinician registered in that specialty, such as an attending physician or consultant. The point of these residencies is to create an environment where students can learn and grow in a safe setting which is supervised so as to prevent any potential mistakes, but also allows them to use their skills in real life situations.

The first teaching hospital where students were authorized to methodically practice on patients under the supervision of physicians, was reportedly the Academy of Gundishapur in the Persian Empire during the Sassanid era. [7] Some of the earliest teaching hospitals were the Islamic Bimaristans, which included the Al-Adudi Hospital founded in Baghdad in 981 and the Al-Fustat Hospital in Cairo founded in 872. [8]

Definitions

The following definitions are commonly used in connection with teaching hospitals: [9]

Medical specialties

Residents choose the teaching hospital where they want to perform their residency based upon many factors, including the medical specialties offered by the hospital and reputation and credentials of the hospital. The following table shows medical specialties and the residency training times for medical specialties, as reported by the American Medical Association in 2021. [15]

Length of Medical Residency Training
YearsMedical specialties
Three
Four
Five
Six
Seven

Research

Many teaching hospitals and medical centers are known for the medical research that is performed in their hospitals. Close association with medical colleges and universities enhances the research programs at teaching hospitals. Some of the more notable teaching hospitals include the following: [16]

Africa

Algeria

CHU Mustapha Pacha, Algeria Mustapha Pasha hospital entrance.jpg
CHU Mustapha Pacha, Algeria

The Algerian Ministry of Health, Population and Hospital Reform maintains 15 public university teaching hospital centres (French: Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire or CHU) with 13,755 beds and one public university hospital (EHU) with 773 beds. [17]

Benin

Botswana

Burkina Faso

Three university hospitals, two in Ouagadougou (Pediatrie Charles de Gaull Centre Hospitalier Universitaire National and Yalgado Ouedraogo Centre Hospitalier Universitaire National) and one in Bobo-Dioulasso (Souro Sanou Centre Hospitalier Universitaire National), and one national hospital (Blaise Compaore Centre Hospitalier National). [18]

Cameroon

University Teaching Hospital of Yaounde, Cameroon University Teaching Hospital of Yaounde (CHU) 2014 from behind.jpg
University Teaching Hospital of Yaounde, Cameroon

Central African Republic

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Republic of the Congo

Egypt

Qasr El Eyni Hospital, Egypt Kasr Al Ainy New Teaching Hospital.jpg
Qasr El Eyni Hospital, Egypt

Ethiopia

ALERT Medical Facility, Ethiopia Patients and health workers interact in an open-air environment (7000025621).jpg
ALERT Medical Facility, Ethiopia

Gabon

Gambia

Ghana

Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana Tamale Teaching Hospital 4.jpg
Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana

Ivory Coast

Kenya

Libya

Madagascar

Mali

Morocco

Niger

Nigeria

University of Benin Teaching Hospital Aerial View of the Hospital's Entrance.jpg
University of Benin Teaching Hospital

Rwanda

Senegal

Sierra Leone

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Sudan

Togo

Tunisia

Uganda

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Asia

Below are some of the more notable teaching hospitals in Asia.

China

Peking University Third Hospital Peking University Third Hospital (20200406102006).jpg
Peking University Third Hospital

India

Vanivilas Women and Children's Hospital, India Vanivilas Women and childrens hospital.jpg
Vanivilas Women and Children's Hospital, India

Pakistan

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Agha Khan Hospital Karachi - panoramio.jpg
Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

South Korea

Severence Hospital, South Korea Sev2018.jpg
Severence Hospital, South Korea

Europe

Below are some of the more notable teaching hospitals in Europe.

England

The teaching hospitals in England include the following: [21]

France

Hotel-Dieu, Paris, France Hotel-Dieu from Tour Saint-Jacques.jpg
Hôtel-Dieu, Paris, France

In France, the teaching hospitals are called CHU (Centre hospitalier universitaire). They are regional hospitals with an agreement within a university, or possibly several universities. A part of the medical staff are both medical practitioners and teachers under the two institutions agreement, and receive dual compensation.

There are at least one per French administrative region. In the city of Paris and its suburbs, it is the local public hospital system called Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) which has an agreement with the universities of Paris 5, Paris 6, Paris 7, Paris 11, Paris 12 and Paris 13. However, it is divided into small groups of hospitals and universities which are commonly called CHU as if they were separate CHU.

There are 32 teaching hospitals in France. Amongst these are 30 University hospitals and only two Regional teaching hospitals. [22]

Germany

Uniklinikum Aachen, Germany KlinikumAachen.jpg
Uniklinikum Aachen, Germany

Hungary

Hungary has four medical universities:

North America

Below are some of the more notable teaching hospitals in North America.

Canada

Mexico

United States

The following are some of the most notable teaching hospitals in the United States: [23]

Oceania

Below are some of the more notable teaching hospitals in Oceania.

Australia

New Zealand

South America

Below are some of the more notable teaching hospitals in South America.

Argentina

Bolivia

Brazil

Colombia

Venezuela

See also

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