Watson Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania

Last updated
Watson Township,
Lycoming County,
Pennsylvania
Township
Pine Creek Rail Trail in Watson Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania.jpg
Pine Creek Rail Trail in Watson Township
Map of Lycoming County Pennsylvania Highlighting Watson Township.png
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Watson Township
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lycoming County.svg
Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 41°14′53″N77°19′21″W / 41.24806°N 77.32250°W / 41.24806; -77.32250 Coordinates: 41°14′53″N77°19′21″W / 41.24806°N 77.32250°W / 41.24806; -77.32250
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Lycoming
Settled 1784
Incorporated 1845
Government
  Type Board of Supervisors
  Chairman James Seltzer
  Vice-chairman James Potter
  Supervisor and Roadmaster Gene Zinck
Area [1]
  Total 23.42 sq mi (60.66 km2)
  Land 23.03 sq mi (59.66 km2)
  Water 0.39 sq mi (1.01 km2)
Elevation [2] 1,699 ft (518 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 537
  Estimate (2016) [3] 533
  Density 23.14/sq mi (8.93/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
FIPS code 42-081-81576
GNIS feature ID 1216776 [2]
Website Watson Township

Watson Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 550 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Lycoming County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Lycoming County is a county located in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,111. Its county seat is Williamsport.

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Williamsport, Pennsylvania City in Pennsylvania, United States

Williamsport is a city in, and the county seat of, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States. In 2017, the population was estimated at 28,462. It is the principal city of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of about 114,000.

Contents

History

Watson Township was formed in January 1848 from parts of Porter and Cummings Townships. It is named for Oliver Watson who was the president of a bank in nearby Williamsport at the time. [4]

Porter Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Porter Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,633 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Cummings Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Cummings Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 355 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. Cummings Township is home to two of the 120 Pennsylvania state parks, Little Pine State Park and Upper Pine Bottom State Park.

Bank financial institution

A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit. Lending activities can be performed either directly or indirectly through capital markets. Due to their importance in the financial stability of a country, banks are highly regulated in most countries. Most nations have institutionalized a system known as fractional reserve banking under which banks hold liquid assets equal to only a portion of their current liabilities. In addition to other regulations intended to ensure liquidity, banks are generally subject to minimum capital requirements based on an international set of capital standards, known as the Basel Accords.

Watson Township is and always has been a largely unpopulated area. It is mountainous and covered with a thriving second growth forest. During the late 1800s much of the land was stripped of its old-growth forests. At the time central Pennsylvania, and the city of Williamsport was the center of the lumber industry in the United States. Trees were cut down and floated down Pine Creek, which flows through Watson Township. There were several sawmills along Pine Creek in the township. Other early attempts at industry included an iron forge along Furnace Run. There were several deposits of iron ore in Watson Township, but the ore proved to be of low quality and the investors in the iron furnaces struggled to turn a profit. The furnaces were abandoned and little evidence of their existence remains. [4]

Secondary forest

A secondary forest is a forest or woodland area which has re-grown after a timber harvest, until a long enough period has passed so that the effects of the disturbance are no longer evident. It is distinguished from an old-growth forest, which has not recently undergone such disruption, and complex early seral forest, as well as third-growth forests that result from harvest in second growth forests. Secondary forest regrowing after timber harvest differs from forest regrowing after natural disturbances such as fire, insect infestation, or windthrow because the dead trees remain to provide nutrients, structure, and water retention after natural disturbances. However, often after natural disturbance the timber is harvested and removed from the system, in which case the system more closely resembles secondary forest rather than complex early seral forest.

Old-growth forest A forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance

An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest or late seral forest — is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community. Old-growth features include diverse tree-related structures that provide diverse wildlife habitat that increases the biodiversity of the forested ecosystem. The concept of diverse tree structure includes multi-layered canopies and canopy gaps, greatly varying tree heights and diameters, and diverse tree species and classes and sizes of woody debris.

Pine Creek (Pennsylvania) creek in Pennsylvania, United States

Pine Creek is a tributary of the West Branch Susquehanna River in Potter, Tioga, Lycoming, and Clinton counties in Pennsylvania in the United States. The creek is 87.2 miles (140.3 km) long. Within Tioga County, 23.25 miles (37.42 km) of Pine Creek are designated as a Pennsylvania Scenic River.

Geography

Watson Township is bordered by Clinton County to the west, Cummings Township to the north, Mifflin Township to the east, and Porter Township to the south. [5] As the crow flies, Lycoming County is about 130 miles (209 km) northwest of Philadelphia and 165 miles (266 km) east-northeast of Pittsburgh.

Clinton County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,238. Its county seat is Lock Haven. The county was created on June 21, 1839, from parts of Centre and Lycoming Counties. Its name is in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton, however some sources suggest the namesake is Henry Clinton.

Mifflin Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania Township in Pennsylvania, United States

Mifflin Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,145 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area.

<i>As the crow flies</i> idiom

As the crow flies, similar to in a beeline, is an idiom for the most direct path between two points. This meaning is attested from the early 19th century, and appeared in Charles Dickens's novel Oliver Twist:

We cut over the fields at the back with him between us – straight as the crow flies – through hedge and ditch.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 23.5 square miles (61.0 km2).23.2 square miles (60.1 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km2) of it (1.49%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
2010 537
Est. 2016533 [3] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 550 people, 220 households, and 168 families residing in the township. The population density was 23.7 people per square mile (9.2/km2). There were 285 housing units at an average density of 12.3/sq mi (4.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 98.73% White, 0.18% African American, and 1.09% from two or more races.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 220 households, out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 4.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the township the population was spread out, with 18.9% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 36.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $40,250, and the median income for a family was $45,526. Males had a median income of $33,558 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the township was $19,406. About 9.5% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over.

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References