The Wolf Prize in Chemistry is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Agriculture, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics and Arts.
|1978||Carl Djerassi||Austria||for his work in bioorganic chemistry, application of new spectroscopic techniques, and his support of international cooperation.|
|1979||Herman Mark||Austria||for his contributions to understanding the structure and behavior of natural and synthetic polymers.|
|1980||Henry Eyring||Mexico||for his development of absolute rate theory and its imaginative applications to chemical and physical processes.|
|1981||Joseph Chatt||United Kingdom||for pioneering and fundamental contributions to synthetic transition metal chemistry, particularly transition metal hydrides and dinitrogen complexes.|
|1982||John Charles Polanyi||Hungary / Canada||for his studies of chemical reactions in unprecedented detail by developing the infrared chemiluminiscence technique, and for envisaging the chemical laser.|
|George C. Pimentel||United States||for development of matrix isolation spectroscopy and for the discovery of photodissociation lasers and chemical lasers.|
|1983/4||Herbert S. Gutowsky||United States||for his pioneering work in the development and applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chemistry.|
|Harden M. McConnell||United States||for his studies of the electronic structure of molecules through paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and for the introduction and biological applications of spin label techniques.|
|John S. Waugh||United States||for his fundamental theoretical and experimental contributions to high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in solids.|
|1984/5||Rudolph A. Marcus||Canada / United States||for his contributions to chemical kinetics, especially the theories of unimolecular reactions and electron transfer reactions.|
|1986||Elias James Corey||United States||for outstanding research on the synthesis of many highly complex natural products and the demonstration of novel ways of thinking about such syntheses.|
|Albert Eschenmoser||Switzerland||for outstanding research on the synthesis, stereochemistry and reaction mechanisms for formation of natural products, especially Vitamin-B12.|
|1987|| David C. Phillips |
David M. Blow
| United Kingdom |
|for their contributions to protein X-ray crystallography and to the elucidation of structures of enzymes and their mechanisms of action.|
|1988|| Joshua Jortner |
Raphael David Levine
| Israel |
|for their incisive theoretical studies elucidating energy acquisition and disposal in molecular systems and mechanisms for dynamical selectivity and specificity.|
|1989|| Duilio Arigoni |
Alan R. Battersby
| Switzerland |
|for their fundamental contributions to the elucidation of the mechanism of enzymic reactions and of the biosynthesis of natural products, in particular the pigments of life.|
|1991||Richard R. Ernst||Switzerland||for his revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially Fourier-transform and two-dimensional NMR|
|Alexander Pines||Rhodesia / United States||for his revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially multiple-quantum and high-spin NMR.|
|1992||John Pople||United Kingdom||for his outstanding contributions to theoretical chemistry, particularly in developing effective and widely used modern quantum- chemical methods.|
|1993||Ahmed Hassan Zewail||Egypt / United States||for pioneering the development of laser femtochemistry. Using lasers and molecular beams, femtochemistry has made it now possible to probe the evolution of chemical reactions as they actually happen in real time.|
|1994/5|| Richard Lerner |
| United States |
|for developing catalytic antibodies, thus permitting the catalysis of chemical reactions considered impossible to achieve by classical chemical procedures.|
|1995/6|| Gilbert Stork |
Samuel J. Danishefsky
| United States |
|for designing and developing novel chemical reactions which have opened new avenues to the synthesis of complex molecules, particularly polysaccharides and many other biologically and medicinally important compounds.|
|1998|| Gerhard Ertl |
Gabor A. Somorjai
| Germany; |
Hungary / United States
|for their outstanding contributions to the field of the surface science in general, and for their elucidation of fundamental mechanisms of heterogeneous catalytic reactions at single crystal surfaces in particular.|
|1999||Raymond U. Lemieux||Canada||for his fundamental and seminal contributions to the study and synthesis of oligosaccharides and to the elucidation of their role in molecular recognition in biological systems.|
|2000||Frank Albert Cotton||United States||for opening up an entirely new phase of transition metal chemistry based on pairs and clusters of metal atoms directly linked by single or multiple bonds.|
|2001|| Henri B. Kagan |
K. Barry Sharpless
| France |
|for their pioneering, creative and crucial work in developing asymmetric catalysis for the synthesis of chiral molecules, greatly increasing mankind's ability to create new products of fundamental and practical importance.|
|2004||Harry B. Gray||United States||for pioneering work in bio-inorganic chemistry, unravelling novel principles of structure and long-range electron transfer in proteins.|
|2005||Richard N. Zare||United States||for his ingenious applications of laser techniques, for identifying complex mechanisms in molecules, and their use in analytical chemistry.|
|2006/7|| Ada Yonath |
| Israel |
|for ingenious structural discoveries of the ribosomal machinery of peptide-bond formation and the light-driven primary processes in photosynthesis.|
|2008|| William E. Moerner |
Allen J. Bard
| United States |
|for the ingenious creation of a new field of science, single molecule spectroscopy and electrochemistry, with impact at the nanoscopic regime, from the molecular and cellular domain to complex material systems.|
|2011|| Stuart A. Rice |
Ching W. Tang
| United States; |
Poland / United States
|for the deep creative contributions to the chemical sciences in the field of synthesis, properties and an understanding of organic materials.|
|2012||A. Paul Alivisatos||United States||for his development of the colloidal inorganic nanocrystal as a building block of nanoscience and for making fundamental contributions to controlling the synthesis of these particles, to measuring and understanding their physical properties.|
|Charles M. Lieber||United States||for his seminal contributions to nanochemistry and particularly the synthesis of single-crystalline semiconductor nanowires, characterization of the fundamental physical properties of nanowires, and their application to electronics, photonics and nanomedicine.|
|2013||Robert S. Langer||United States||for conceiving and implementing advances in polymer chemistry that provide both controlled drug-release systems and new biomaterials.|
|2014||Chi-Huey Wong||Taiwan / United States||for his numerous and original contributions to the development of innovative methods for the programmable and applied synthesis of complex oligosaccharides and glycol-proteins.|
|2016||Kyriacos Costa Nicolaou||Cyprus / United States||for advancing the field of chemical synthesis to the extremes of molecular complexity, linking structure and function and expanding our dominion over the interface of chemistry, biology and medicine.|
|Stuart Schreiber||United States||for pioneering chemical insights into the logic of signal transduction and gene regulation that led to important, new therapeutics and for advancing chemical biology and medicine through the discovery of small-molecule probes.|
|2017||Robert G. Bergman||United States||for his discovery of the activation responses of carbon-hydrogen bonds in hydrocarbons by soluble organometallic complexes.|
|2018||Omar M. Yaghi||Jordan / United States||for pioneering reticular chemistry via metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs).|
|Makoto Fujita||Japan||for conceiving metal-directed assembly principles leading to large highly porous complexes.|
|2019|| Stephen L. Buchwald |
John F. Hartwig
| United States |
|for pioneering the development of transition metal catalyzed procedures that are broadly applicable and allow carbon-heteroatom bonds of all sorts to be formed with previously unknown efficiency and precision.|
|2021|| Leslie Leiserowitz |
| Israel |
|for collaboratively established the fundamental reciprocal influences of three-dimensional molecular structure upon structures of organic crystals.|
The Wolf Prize is an international award granted in Israel, that has been presented most years since 1978 to living scientists and artists for "achievements in the interest of mankind and friendly relations among people ... irrespective of nationality, race, colour, religion, sex or political views."
The Wolf Prize in Mathematics is awarded almost annually by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Agriculture, Chemistry, Medicine, Physics and Arts. According to a reputation survey conducted in 2013 and 2014, the Wolf Prize in Mathematics is the third most prestigious international academic award in mathematics, after the Abel Prize and the Fields Medal. Until the establishment of the Abel Prize, it was probably the closest equivalent of a "Nobel Prize in Mathematics", since the Fields Medal is awarded every four years only to mathematicians under the age of 40.
The Wolf Prize in Arts is awarded once a year by the not-for-profit Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation, and has been awarded since 1981; the others are in Agriculture, Chemistry, Mathematics, Medicine and Physics, awarded since 1978. The Prize rotates annually among painting, music, architecture and sculpture.
The Wolf Prize in Physics is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Agriculture, Chemistry, Mathematics, Medicine and Arts.
The Wolf Prize in Medicine is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Agriculture, Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics and Arts. The Prize has been stated to be the second most prestigious award in science, and a significant predictor of the Nobel Prize.
The Wolf Prize in Agriculture is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Chemistry, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics and the Arts. The Prize is sometimes considered the equivalent of a "Nobel Prize in Agriculture".
Avram Hershko is an Israeli biochemist of Hungarian Jewish origin who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2004.
Gabor A. Somorjai is a professor of chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and is a leading researcher in the field of surface chemistry and catalysis, especially the catalytic effects of metal surfaces. For his contributions to the field, Somorjai won the Wolf Prize in Chemistry in 1998, the Linus Pauling Award in 2000, the National Medal of Science in 2002, the Priestley Medal in 2008, the 2010 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Science and the NAS Award in Chemical Sciences in 2013. In April 2015, Somorjai was awarded the American Chemical Society's William H. Nichols Medal Award.
Dan Shechtman is the Philip Tobias Professor of Materials Science at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, an Associate of the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, and Professor of Materials Science at Iowa State University. On April 8, 1982, while on sabbatical at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington, D.C., Shechtman discovered the icosahedral phase, which opened the new field of quasiperiodic crystals.
William Esco Moerner is an American physical chemist and chemical physicist with current work in the biophysics and imaging of single molecules. He is credited with achieving the first optical detection and spectroscopy of a single molecule in condensed phases, along with his postdoc, Lothar Kador. Optical study of single molecules has subsequently become a widely used single-molecule experiment in chemistry, physics and biology. In 2014, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Ricardo Wolf was an Israeli inventor, diplomat, and philanthropist. He was the former Cuban ambassador to Israel. He was the founder of the Wolf Foundation.
The Wolf Foundation is a private not-for-profit organization in Israel established in 1975 by Ricardo Wolf, a German-born Jewish Cuban inventor and former Cuban ambassador to Israel.
Alexander Levitzki is an Israeli biochemist who is a professor of biochemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Michael Sela is an Israeli immunologist of Polish Jewish origin. He is the W. Garfield Weston Professor of Immunology at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot. He is a former president of the Weizmann Institute of Science.
The United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF) is a grant-awarding institution that promotes collaborative research in a wide range of basic and applied scientific disciplines, established in 1972 by an agreement between the governments of the United States and Israel. Numerous scientists participating in BSF programs have won prestigious awards such as the Nobel, Lasker and Wolf prizes. The Foundation grant recipients include 43 Nobel Prize laureates, 19 winners of the Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and 38 recipients of the Wolf Prize.
Krzysztof "Kris" Matyjaszewski is a Polish-American chemist. He is the J.C. Warner Professor of the Natural Sciences at the Carnegie Mellon University Matyjaszewski is best known for the discovery of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), a novel method of polymer synthesis that has revolutionized the way macromolecules are made.
Omar M. Yaghi is the James and Neeltje Tretter Chair Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and an elected member of the US National Academy of Sciences.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation, and awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on proposal of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry which consists of five members elected by the Academy. The award is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
Ada E. Yonath is an Israeli crystallographer best known for her pioneering work on the structure of the ribosome. She is the current director of the Helen and Milton A. Kimmelman Center for Biomolecular Structure and Assembly of the Weizmann Institute of Science.