Wolf Prize in Chemistry

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The Wolf Prize in Chemistry is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Agriculture, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics and Arts.

Contents

Laureates [1]

YearNameNationalityCitation
1978 Carl Djerassi Flag of Austria.svg  Austria for his work in bioorganic chemistry, application of new spectroscopic techniques, and his support of international cooperation.
1979 Herman Mark Flag of Austria.svg  Austria for his contributions to understanding the structure and behavior of natural and synthetic polymers.
1980 Henry Eyring Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico for his development of absolute rate theory and its imaginative applications to chemical and physical processes.
1981 Joseph Chatt Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom for pioneering and fundamental contributions to synthetic transition metal chemistry, particularly transition metal hydrides and dinitrogen complexes.
1982 John Charles Polanyi Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary / Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada for his studies of chemical reactions in unprecedented detail by developing the infrared chemiluminiscence technique, and for envisaging the chemical laser.
George C. Pimentel Flag of the United States.svg  United States for development of matrix isolation spectroscopy and for the discovery of photodissociation lasers and chemical lasers.
1983/4 Herbert S. Gutowsky Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his pioneering work in the development and applications of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chemistry.
Harden M. McConnell Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his studies of the electronic structure of molecules through paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and for the introduction and biological applications of spin label techniques.
John S. Waugh Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his fundamental theoretical and experimental contributions to high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in solids.
1984/5 Rudolph A. Marcus Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada / Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his contributions to chemical kinetics, especially the theories of unimolecular reactions and electron transfer reactions.
1986 Elias James Corey Flag of the United States.svg  United States for outstanding research on the synthesis of many highly complex natural products and the demonstration of novel ways of thinking about such syntheses.
Albert Eschenmoser Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland for outstanding research on the synthesis, stereochemistry and reaction mechanisms for formation of natural products, especially Vitamin-B12.
1987 David C. Phillips
David M. Blow
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
for their contributions to protein X-ray crystallography and to the elucidation of structures of enzymes and their mechanisms of action.
1988 Joshua Jortner
Raphael David Levine
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
for their incisive theoretical studies elucidating energy acquisition and disposal in molecular systems and mechanisms for dynamical selectivity and specificity.
1989 Duilio Arigoni
Alan R. Battersby
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
for their fundamental contributions to the elucidation of the mechanism of enzymic reactions and of the biosynthesis of natural products, in particular the pigments of life.
1990No award
1991 Richard R. Ernst Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland for his revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially Fourier-transform and two-dimensional NMR
Alexander Pines Flag of Rhodesia (1968-1979).svg  Rhodesia / Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his revolutionary contributions to NMR spectroscopy, especially multiple-quantum and high-spin NMR.
1992 John Pople Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom for his outstanding contributions to theoretical chemistry, particularly in developing effective and widely used modern quantum- chemical methods.
1993 Ahmed Hassan Zewail Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt / Flag of the United States.svg  United States for pioneering the development of laser femtochemistry. Using lasers and molecular beams, femtochemistry has made it now possible to probe the evolution of chemical reactions as they actually happen in real time.
1994/5 Richard Lerner
Peter Schultz
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for developing catalytic antibodies, thus permitting the catalysis of chemical reactions considered impossible to achieve by classical chemical procedures.
1995/6 Gilbert Stork
Samuel J. Danishefsky
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for designing and developing novel chemical reactions which have opened new avenues to the synthesis of complex molecules, particularly polysaccharides and many other biologically and medicinally important compounds.
1996/7No award
1998 Gerhard Ertl
Gabor A. Somorjai
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany;
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary / Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for their outstanding contributions to the field of the surface science in general, and for their elucidation of fundamental mechanisms of heterogeneous catalytic reactions at single crystal surfaces in particular.
1999 Raymond U. Lemieux Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada for his fundamental and seminal contributions to the study and synthesis of oligosaccharides and to the elucidation of their role in molecular recognition in biological systems.
2000 Frank Albert Cotton Flag of the United States.svg  United States for opening up an entirely new phase of transition metal chemistry based on pairs and clusters of metal atoms directly linked by single or multiple bonds.
2001 Henri B. Kagan
Ryōji Noyori
K. Barry Sharpless
Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for their pioneering, creative and crucial work in developing asymmetric catalysis for the synthesis of chiral molecules, greatly increasing mankind's ability to create new products of fundamental and practical importance.
2002/3No award
2004 Harry B. Gray Flag of the United States.svg  United States for pioneering work in bio-inorganic chemistry, unravelling novel principles of structure and long-range electron transfer in proteins.
2005 Richard N. Zare Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his ingenious applications of laser techniques, for identifying complex mechanisms in molecules, and their use in analytical chemistry.
2006/7 Ada Yonath
George Feher
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for ingenious structural discoveries of the ribosomal machinery of peptide-bond formation and the light-driven primary processes in photosynthesis.
2008 William E. Moerner
Allen J. Bard
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for the ingenious creation of a new field of science, single molecule spectroscopy and electrochemistry, with impact at the nanoscopic regime, from the molecular and cellular domain to complex material systems.
2009No award
2010No award
2011 Stuart A. Rice
Ching W. Tang
Krzysztof Matyjaszewski
Flag of the United States.svg  United States;
Flag of the United States.svg  United States;
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland / Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for the deep creative contributions to the chemical sciences in the field of synthesis, properties and an understanding of organic materials.
2012 A. Paul Alivisatos Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his development of the colloidal inorganic nanocrystal as a building block of nanoscience and for making fundamental contributions to controlling the synthesis of these particles, to measuring and understanding their physical properties. [2]
Charles M. Lieber Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his seminal contributions to nanochemistry and particularly the synthesis of single-crystalline semiconductor nanowires, characterization of the fundamental physical properties of nanowires, and their application to electronics, photonics and nanomedicine. [3]
2013 Robert S. Langer Flag of the United States.svg  United States for conceiving and implementing advances in polymer chemistry that provide both controlled drug-release systems and new biomaterials.
2014 Chi-Huey Wong Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan / Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his numerous and original contributions to the development of innovative methods for the programmable and applied synthesis of complex oligosaccharides and glycol-proteins.
2015No award
2016 Kyriacos Costa Nicolaou Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus / Flag of the United States.svg  United States for advancing the field of chemical synthesis to the extremes of molecular complexity, linking structure and function and expanding our dominion over the interface of chemistry, biology and medicine.
Stuart Schreiber Flag of the United States.svg  United States for pioneering chemical insights into the logic of signal transduction and gene regulation that led to important, new therapeutics and for advancing chemical biology and medicine through the discovery of small-molecule probes.
2017 Robert G. Bergman Flag of the United States.svg  United States for his discovery of the activation responses of carbon-hydrogen bonds in hydrocarbons by soluble organometallic complexes.
2018 Omar M. Yaghi Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan / Flag of the United States.svg  United States for pioneering reticular chemistry via metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs).
Makoto Fujita Flag of Japan.svg  Japan for conceiving metal-directed assembly principles leading to large highly porous complexes.
2019 Stephen L. Buchwald
John F. Hartwig
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
for pioneering the development of transition metal catalyzed procedures that are broadly applicable and allow carbon-heteroatom bonds of all sorts to be formed with previously unknown efficiency and precision. [4]
2020No award
2021 Leslie Leiserowitz
Meir Lahav
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
for collaboratively established the fundamental reciprocal influences of three-dimensional molecular structure upon structures of organic crystals. [5]

See also

Notes and references

  1. Wolf Prize Recipients in Chemistry
  2. Berkeley Lab
  3. Lieber Research Group
  4. Wolf Prize 2019 - Chemistry
  5. Laureates 2021

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