2009 Hotel Shamo bombing

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2009 Hotel Shamo bombing
LocationSomalia.svg
Location of Somalia in Africa
Location Mogadishu, Somalia
Date3 December 2009
Attack type
Suicide bombing
Deaths25
Injuries
60

The 2009 Hotel Shamo bombing was a suicide bombing at the Hotel Shamo in Mogadishu, Somalia, on 3 December 2009. The bombing killed 25 people, including three ministers of the Transitional Federal Government, [1] and injured 60 more, [2] making it the deadliest attack in Somalia since the Beledweyne bombing on 18 June 2009 that claimed more than 30 lives. [3]

Suicide attack attack in which the attacker knows they will die

A suicide attack is any violent attack in which the attacker accepts their own death as a direct result of the method used to harm, damage or destroy the target. Suicide attacks have occurred throughout history, often as part of a military campaign such as the Japanese kamikaze pilots of World War II, and more recently as part of terrorist campaigns, such as the September 11 attacks.

Mogadishu Capital in Banaadir, Somalia

Mogadishu, locally known as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia. Located in the coastal Banadir region on the Somali Sea, the city has served as an important port for millennia. The original inhabitants are known as reer xamar. As of 2017, it had a population of 2,425,000 residents. Mogadishu is the nearest foreign mainland city to Seychelles, at a distance of 835 mi (1,344 km) over the Somali Sea.

Somalia Federal republic in Africa

Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.

Contents

The bombing

The hall had been brightly decorated, and there was a feeling of excitement – such ceremonies rarely happen in Mogadishu. [4]

Mohammed Olad Hassan, BBC News

Somalia location map.svg
Green pog.svg
Mogadishu
Mogadishu in Somalia

The attack took place inside the meeting hall of the Hotel Shamo in Mogadishu during a commencement ceremony for medical students of Benadir University and was carried out by a suicide bomber dressed as a woman, "complete with a veil and a female's shoes", according to Minister of Information Dahir Mohamud Gelle. [5] According to witnesses, the bomber approached a speakers' panel, verbally greeted them with the phrase "peace", and detonated his explosives belt. [6] Former Minister of Health Osman Dufle, who was speaking when the blast happened, reported that he had noticed an individual wearing black clothing moving through the audience immediately before the explosion. [7]

Benadir University (BU), also known as the University of Benadir, is a private university located in Mogadishu, Somalia.

The ceremony—the second since Benadir University was formed in 2002 and a rare event in war-torn Somalia—had attracted hundreds of people. [5] In attendance were the graduates and their family members, University officials, [8] and five ministers of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG). [5] Security inside the meeting hall was light and all of the ministers' bodyguards were outside the hall. [5]

Casualties

Suddenly, the hall shook and I heard a PAW! sound from the front of the ceremony, where most government officials and dignitaries were sitting. I got down on the ground and looked back. Dozens of people were on the ground under a huge cloud of smoke. Others were stampeding to the exit for safety. [9]

Abdinasir Mohamed, The Wall Street Journal

The bombing killed 24 people [1] and injured 60 others. [2] Most of those killed were students, [2] but also among the dead were two doctors, three journalists, [10] and three government ministers—Minister of Education Ahmed Abdulahi Waayeel, Minister of Health Qamar Aden Ali, and Minister of Higher Education Ibrahim Hassan Addow were killed. [5] [7] Minister of Sports Saleban Olad Roble was critically injured, and was hospitalised. He was later reported to have been flown to Saudi Arabia for treatment, [11] where he died on 13 February 2010. [12]

Ahmed Abdulahi Waayeel was a Somali politician and a minister in the Transitional Federal Government.

Qamar Aden Ali was a Somali lawyer and politician. She served as the Minister of Health in the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia.

Saleban Olad Roble was a Somali politician and a minister in the Transitional Federal Government.

The three journalists killed in the bombing were: Mohamed Amiin Abdullah of Shabelle Media Network, a Somali television and radio network; [7] [10] freelance photographer Yasir Mairo, who died of injuries in hospital; [10] and a cameraman alternately identified as freelancer Hassan Ahmed Hagi [7] and Al Arabiya cameraman Hassan Zubeyr [10] or Hasan al-Zubair. [8] Their deaths raised to nine the number of journalists killed in Somalia during 2009, including four for Radio Shabelle. [10] The explosion also injured six other journalists, including two—Omar Faruk, a photographer for Reuters, and Universal TV reporter Abdulkadir Omar Abdulle—who were taken to Medina Hospital in critical condition. [10]

Shabelle Media Network broadcast network

Shabelle Media Network (SMN) is a radio and television news organization based in Mogadishu, Somalia.

A television network is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, whereby a central operation provides programming to many television stations or pay television providers. Until the mid-1980s, television programming in most countries of the world was dominated by a small number of terrestrial networks. Many early television networks evolved from earlier radio networks.

There are two types of radio network currently in use around the world: the one-to-many broadcast network commonly used for public information and mass-media entertainment, and the two-way radio type used more commonly for public safety and public services such as police, fire, taxicabs, and delivery services. Cell phones are able to send and receive simultaneously by using two different frequencies at the same time. Many of the same components and much of the same basic technology applies to all three.

The dean of Benadir University's medical college was among the wounded. [8]

Dean is a title employed in academic administrations such as colleges or universities for a person with significant authority over a specific academic unit, over a specific area of concern, or both. Deans are common in private preparatory schools, and occasionally found in middle schools and high schools as well.

A medical college or medical association is a trade association that brings together practitioners of a particular geographical area. In common-law countries, they are often grouped by medical specialties.

Aftermath

President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed accused the Islamist group al-Shabaab of perpetrating the attack. Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-337-2.jpg
President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed accused the Islamist group al-Shabaab of perpetrating the attack.

No one immediately claimed responsibility for orchestrating the bombing, [5] but Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, the President of Somalia, blamed the Somali Islamist group al-Shabaab. [7]

In a news conference held in the Hotel Shamo after the attack, President Ahmed called for international assistance to Somalia. [6] He also displayed, according to a local journalist, what he identified as the bomber's body and remains of an explosive belt and a hijab. [7] The Danish newspaper Berlingske Tidende reported the bomber was a 23-year-old citizen of Denmark. [13]

According to Idd Mohamed, a senior Somali diplomat, the attack was carried out to foster "terror" and "panic" and undermine the legitimacy of the Transitional Federal Government. [6] Wafula Wamunyini, the acting head of the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM), expressed a similar opinion, claiming that the attack had the purpose of "intimidat[ing] and blackmail[ing]" the Somali government. [2] Stephanie McCrummen of The Washington Post described the attack as "the worst blow in months" to the United Nations-supported government of Somalia. [6]

Reactions

The attack drew condemnation from a number of organisations, including the African Union (AU), the European Union, the United Nations Security Council, and the National Union of Somali Journalists. [5] [7]

AMISOM described the bombing as "inhumane and cowardly", [5] and characterised it as a "heinous [crime] against humanity". [7] AMISOM also promised to "spare no efforts" to identify and bring to justice the perpetrators of the attack, [7] and stated that the attack would not deter the AU from continuing to carry out its mission in Somalia. [2]

Baroness Catherine Ashton, the High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy for the European Union (EU), echoed AMISOM's sentiment, calling the bombing a "cowardly attack against civilians including students, doctors and journalists". [5]

The UN Security Council president Michel Kafando labelled the attack an act of terrorism [7] and a "criminal act", [6] called for a "thorough investigation", and conveyed "sympathies and condolences" to the victims of the attack, their families, the TFG, and the Somali people. [7]

A joint statement by the UN, the EU, the Arab League and the United States affirmed that the international community would continue its support of the Transitional Federal Government; [5] however, a senior European diplomat indicated that any additional military support to the TFG was unlikely. [6]

President Ahmed characterised the attack as a "national disaster". [2]

The Committee to Protect Journalists issued a statement expressing condolences to the families of the three journalists killed in the bombing and noted that the attack "cemented" Somalia's "position as the deadliest country in Africa for journalists". [10]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "4th minister dies of wounds". The Straits Times . 6 December 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Somalia al-Shabab Islamists deny causing deadly bomb". BBC News . 4 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  3. Guled, Abdi; Ibrahim Mohamed (4 December 2009). "Bomber kills 19 in Somalia". National Post . Retrieved 4 December 2009.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Hassan, Mohammed Olad (3 December 2009). "Somalia bomb attack: 'Light turned to dark'". BBC News . Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Somalia ministers killed by hotel suicide bomb". BBC News . 3 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 McCrummen, Stephanie (4 December 2009). "Bombing kills 19 in Somali capital". The Washington Post . Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Blast kills 19 at graduation ceremony in Somalia". CNN . 3 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  8. 1 2 3 "Govt ministers killed in Somalia blast". RTÉ News and Current Affairs . 3 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  9. Mohamed, Abdinasir (4 December 2009). "'I Looked to My Right and Saw a Colleague Dead and Bleeding'". The Wall Street Journal . Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Explosion kills three Somali journalists in Mogadishu". Committee to Protect Journalists. 3 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  11. Somalia: Patients flown to Saudi Arabia
  12. http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/LDE61C02G.htm
  13. Somalia suicide bomber from Denmark Archived 12 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine The Copenhagen Post.

Coordinates: 2°01′51″N45°18′14″E / 2.0309°N 45.3039°E / 2.0309; 45.3039