Skyline of Amos and the Harricana River
Location within Abitibi RCM.
|Constituted||January 17, 1987|
|• Mayor||Sébastien D'Astous|
|• Federal riding||Abitibi—Témiscamingue|
|• Prov. riding||Abitibi-Ouest|
|• Town||435.10 km2 (167.99 sq mi)|
|• Land||430.67 km2 (166.28 sq mi)|
|• Urban||7.91 km2 (3.05 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,650.99 km2 (637.45 sq mi)|
|Elevation||310.00 m (1,017.06 ft)|
|• Density||29.8/km2 (77/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,188.8/km2 (3,079/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||10.4/km2 (27/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2011-2016|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Amos is a town in northwestern Quebec, Canada, on the Harricana River. It is the seat of Abitibi Regional County Municipality.
Amos is the main town on the Harricana River, and the smallest of the three primary towns — after Rouyn-Noranda and Val-d'Or — in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec. Its main resources are spring water, gold and wood products, including paper. In 2012, Quebec Lithium Corp. re-opened Canada's first lithium mine, which had operated as an underground mine from 1955–65. They are planning to carve an open pit mine over pegmatite dikes. (The pegmatite is about 1% lithium carbonate.) The mine is about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Val-d'Or, 38 kilometres (24 mi) southeast of Amos, and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) km west of Barraute. It is in the northeast corner of La Corne Township. Access to the mine is via paved road from Val d'Or.
The smaller communities of Lac-Gauvin and Saint-Maurice-de-Dalquier are also within the municipal boundaries of Amos.
Rupert's Land, in which Abitibi was located, was owned by the Hudson's Bay Company and was bought by Canada in 1869. Abitibi itself was then annexed to the province in Quebec on June 13, 1898, by an act of the federal Parliament.
Amos was the starting point for the colonization of the region of Abitibi that began in 1910. The municipality was established in 1914 while the city itself was chartered in 1925. The name of the city came from the maiden name of the wife of Sir Lomer Gouin, then premier of Quebec.
A related municipality was created in 1917 under the name 'Municipalité de la partie ouest des cantons unis de Figuery et Dalquier' (Municipality of the western part of the united townships of Figuery and Dalquier) which changed its name to Amos-Ouest in 1949. In 1974 the municipality fused with the city of Amos proper. Another related municipality was created in 1918 under the name 'Municipalité de la partie est des cantons Figuery et Dalquier' (Municipality of the eastern part of the united townships of Figuery and Dalquier), which also changed its name later 1950 to Amos-Est. The municipality was finally integrated into the city of Amos itself in 1987.
The current mayor of the city is Sébastien D'Astous, who took office on February 20, 2015, after winning a by-electionfollowing the death in office of former mayor Ulrick Chérubin in September 2014. In the by-election D'Astous, formerly a city councillor, defeated Donald Blanchet, who had served as interim mayor between Chérubin's death and the by-election.
In the National Assembly of Quebec, Amos is within the electoral district of Abitibi-Ouest, represented by Coalition Avenir Québec MNA Suzanne Blais. In the House of Commons of Canada, the city is in the Abitibi—Témiscamingue district, represented by NDP MP Christine Moore.
Amos is the seat of the judicial district of Abitibi.
The town's urban area had a population of 9,400 in the Canada 2011 Census. Its census agglomeration, which consists of Amos itself, the municipalities of Saint-Dominique-du-Rosaire, Saint-Félix-de-Dalquier, Saint-Mathieu-d'Harricana, Sainte-Gertrude-Manneville, the township municipality of Trécesson and the First Nations reserve of Pikogan, had a population of 17,090.
In the Canada 2006 Census, the census agglomeration had been defined differently: it did not include Saint-Félix-de-Dalquier but did include Landrienne and Saint-Marc-de-Figuery.
Amos has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb ), just above a subarctic climate, with warm summers, very cold winters and heavy precipitation for most of the year.
|Climate data for Amos|
|Record high °C (°F)||8.3|
|Average high °C (°F)||−11.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−17.3|
|Average low °C (°F)||−22.8|
|Record low °C (°F)||−48.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||55.1|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||4.8|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||50.6|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||11.6||8.1||9.4||10.2||12.2||14.1||14.9||14.0||16.7||15.3||13.3||12.5||152.3|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||0.82||0.75||3.2||6.9||12.0||14.1||14.9||14.0||16.6||13.9||5.3||1.4||103.7|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||11.0||7.8||6.9||4.2||0.45||0.03||0||0||0.14||2.6||9.4||11.5||54.0|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||81.3||121.4||152.1||173.3||212.8||235.3||249.4||215.6||131.5||83.7||52.9||59.8||1,769|
|Source: Environment Canada|
Rouyn-Noranda is a city on Osisko Lake in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada.
Abitibi Regional County Municipality is a regional county municipality in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec. The seat is Amos.
Abitibi-Ouest Regional County Municipality is a regional county municipality located in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec. Its seat is La Sarre.
Val-d'Or is a city in Quebec, Canada with a population of 32,491 inhabitants according to the Canada 2016 Census. The city is located in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region near La Vérendrye Wildlife Reserve.
Témiscamingue is a regional county municipality in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of western Quebec, Canada. The county seat is Ville-Marie.
La Vallée-de-l'Or(The Golden Valley) is a regional county municipality in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region in northwestern Quebec, Canada. The seat is in Val-d'Or. It is named for its gold deposits in the Harricana River and Bell River valleys.
Abitibi-Témiscamingue is an administrative region located in western Québec, Canada, along the border with Ontario. It became part of the province in 1898. It has a land area of 57,736.50 square kilometres (22,292.19 sq mi) and its population was 146,717 people as of the 2016 Census. The region is divided into five regional county municipalities and 79 municipalities. Its economy continues to be dominated by resource extraction industries. These include logging, mining all along the rich geologic Cadillac Fault between Val-d'Or and Rouyn-Noranda, as well as agriculture.
The Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT) is a public university within the Université du Québec network, with campuses in Val-d'Or and Rouyn-Noranda.
Route 109 is a Quebec provincial highway that runs through the western regions of Abitibi-Témiscamingue and Nord-du-Québec. It begins at Route 117 in Rivière-Héva, proceeding north approximately 59 km (36.7 mi) to Amos. From there, the highway extends 182 km (113.1 mi) to Matagami, where the road continues northwards as James Bay Road. While now classified as a municipal road, the James Bay Road was part of provincial Route 109 until 2002. Consequently, some maps may still identify it as such.
Route 111 is a north/south highway on the north shore of the Saint-Lawrence River in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada. Its northern terminus is in the municipality of Baie-James at the junction of Route 393, and its southern terminus is in Val-d'Or at the junction of Route 117.
Pikogan is an Indian reserve in Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Quebec, inhabited by members of the Abitibiwinni First Nation.
Ulrick Chérubin was a Canadian politician, who served as mayor of Amos, Quebec, from 2002 until his death in 2014. He was one of the first Black Canadians to be elected a mayor in Quebec. Like other black mayors in Quebec history, Chérubin led a municipality which is virtually entirely white and Québécois.
Barraute is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Abitibi Regional County Municipality.
Champneuf is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Abitibi Regional County Municipality. It is the smallest incorporated place in terms of population in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region.
La Motte is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Abitibi Regional County Municipality and the administrative region of Abitibi-Témiscamingue.
Saint-Mathieu-d'Harricana is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Abitibi Regional County Municipality. It is part of the census agglomeration of Amos.
Trécesson is a township municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Abitibi Regional County Municipality. It encompasses the communities of Clercs-Saint-Viateur, La Ferme, Lac-Davy, Trécesson, and Villemontel.
Val-Saint-Gilles is a municipality in northwestern Quebec, Canada, in the Abitibi-Ouest Regional County Municipality about 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of La Sarre. It covers 110.54 km² and with a population of 154 in the Canada 2006 Census, it is the least populous incorporated municipality in the regional county.
Lac-Despinassy is an unorganized territory in the Canadian province of Quebec, located within the Abitibi Regional County Municipality. The area is east of the municipality of Saint-Dominique-du-Rosaire, north of La Morandière, Rochebaucourt and the parish municipality of Senneterre, and west of the city of Senneterre.
Rivière-Ojima is an unorganized territory in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada. It consists of two non-contiguous areas in the Abitibi-Ouest Regional County Municipality, separated by the municipality of Authier-Nord. The communities of Languedoc and Saint-Eugène-de-Chazel are located within its boundaries.
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