Archducal hat

Last updated
The archducal hat at Klosterneuburg Monastery Erzherzoghut (7167199024).jpg
The archducal hat at Klosterneuburg Monastery
Drawing of the archducal hat Richard Fallenboeck 001.jpg
Drawing of the archducal hat
Margaret of Austria wearing her hat on her tomb by Conrad Meit Eglise de Brou4 marguerite d'autriche.jpg
Margaret of Austria wearing her hat on her tomb by Conrad Meit
Painting of the archducal hat of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor Weltliche Schatzkammer Wien.JPG
Painting of the archducal hat of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

The archducal hat (German : Erzherzogshut) is the insignia of the Archduchy of Austria, mostly apparently symbolic and used in the heraldry and some portraits of Austrian archdukes rather than routinely worn. One late example is kept in Klosterneuburg Monastery.



The first archducal coronet (Erzherzogskrone) was shown on a portrait of Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, though this coronet probably never existed. Ernest the Iron (1377–1424) had a coronet made, and another was made on the death of Archduke Ferdinand II of the Tyrol in 1595.

The final crown of the Archduchy of Austria was made in 1616 for the regent of the Tyrol, Maximilian III. Its place of production remains unknown. It is kept at Klosterneuburg Monastery in Lower Austria. It was brought to Vienna in 1620 for the Ceremony of Homage by the Estates (the so-called Erbhuldigung ) for the new ruler, and was last there in 1835.

Margaret of Austria, aunt of Emperor Charles V and Regent of the Netherlands, is also shown wearing one on her tomb by Conrad Meit and in some images. Since one had to be made for her funeral, she probably never wore a version while alive. Hers is a plain uncovered hoop with large zig-zag projections upwards. [1]

An archducal hat of Tyrol was made for Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria in 1602 and is kept as a votive offering at the church of Mariastein in Tyrol. Another example (the archducal hat of Joseph II) was made for Joseph II in 1764 for his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt, of which only the metal frame remains today.

Another insignia of the Habsburg rulers is the ducal hat of Styria, which is kept in the Landesmuseum Joanneum in Graz, Styria.


Coat of arms of Upper Austria crowned with the archducal hat Oberosterreich Wappen.svg
Coat of arms of Upper Austria crowned with the archducal hat

The coat of arms of the federal state of Upper Austria features the archducal hat on the top. It formerly appeared on the coat of arms of Lower Austria, until 1918.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">House of Habsburg</span> European dynastic family

The House of Habsburg, alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English and also known as the House of Austria is one of the most prominent and important dynasties in European history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emperor of Austria</span> Hereditary ruler of the Austrian (later Austro-Hungarian) Empire

The Emperor of Austria was the ruler of the Austrian Empire and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire. A hereditary imperial title and office proclaimed in 1804 by Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, and continually held by him and his heirs until Charles I relinquished power in 1918.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Archduke</span> Title of nobility in the Holy Roman Empire

Archduke was the title borne from 1358 by the Habsburg rulers of the Archduchy of Austria, and later by all senior members of that dynasty. It denotes a rank within the former Holy Roman Empire (962–1806), which was below that of Emperor and King, roughly equal to Grand Duke, but above that of a Prince and Duke.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leopold III, Margrave of Austria</span>

Leopold III, known as Leopold the Good, was the Margrave of Austria from 1095 to his death in 1136. He was a member of the House of Babenberg. He was canonized on 6 January 1485 and became the patron saint of Austria, Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Vienna. His feast day is 15 November.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ernest, Duke of Austria</span> Duke of Austria

Ernest the Iron, a member of the House of Habsburg, ruled over the Inner Austrian duchies of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1406 until his death. He was head of the Habsburg Leopoldian line from 1411.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Treaty of Neuberg</span> 1379 treaty dividing Habsburg lands

The Treaty of Neuberg, concluded between the Austrian duke Albert III and his brother Leopold III on 25 September 1379, determined the division of the Habsburg hereditary lands into an Albertinian and Leopoldian line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Inner Austria</span> Historical region of Europe

Inner Austria was a term used from the late 14th to the early 17th century for the Habsburg hereditary lands south of the Semmering Pass, referring to the Imperial duchies of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola and the lands of the Austrian Littoral. The residence of the Inner Austrian archdukes and stadtholders was at the Burg castle complex in Graz.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria</span> Archduke of Austria

Maximilian III of Austria, briefly known as Maximilian of Poland during his claim for the throne, was the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Austrian Crown Jewels</span>

The Austrian Crown Jewels are the regalia and vestments worn by the Holy Roman Emperor, and later by the Emperor of Austria, during the coronation ceremony and other state functions. The term refers to the following objects: the crowns, sceptres, orbs, swords, rings, crosses, holy relics and royal robes, as well as several other objects connected with the ceremony. The collection dates from the 10th to the 19th centuries, and it reflects more than a thousand years of European history. It is kept in the Imperial Treasury at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Duchy of Carniola</span> Historical land, Habsburg crown land

The Duchy of Carniola was an imperial estate of the Holy Roman Empire, established under Habsburg rule on the territory of the former East Frankish March of Carniola in 1364. A hereditary land of the Habsburg monarchy, it became a constituent land of the Austrian Empire in 1804 and part of the Kingdom of Illyria until 1849. A separate crown land from 1849, it was incorporated into the Cisleithanian territories of Austria-Hungary from 1867 until the state's dissolution in 1918. Its capital was Ljubljana.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ducal hat of Styria</span>

The ducal hat of the Duchy of Styria is a jagged crown made out of silver-gilt. It was refashioned with pearls and enameled in 1766.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Imperial Crown of Austria</span>

The Imperial Crown of Austria is a crown formerly in use by the monarchs of the Habsburg monarchy. The crown was originally made in 1602 in Prague by Jan Vermeyen as the personal crown of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, and therefore is also known as the Crown of Emperor Rudolf II. The crown was used as a private crown of the Holy Roman Emperors and Kings of Hungary and Bohemia from the House of Habsburg. In 1804 it became the official crown of the newly constituted Austrian Empire. After 1867 it remained the imperial crown of the Cisleithanian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leopoldian line</span> Habsburg dynasty line of descent beginning with Duke Leopold III of Austria

The Leopoldian line was a sequence of descent in the Habsburg dynasty begun by Duke Leopold III of Austria, who, after the death of his elder brother Rudolf IV, divided the Habsburg hereditary lands with his brother Albert III according to the 1379 Treaty of Neuberg.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Archduchy of Austria</span> Fief of the Holy Roman Empire

The Archduchy of Austria was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire and the nucleus of the Habsburg monarchy. With its capital at Vienna, the archduchy was centered at the Empire's southeastern periphery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County of Tyrol</span> Estate of the Holy Roman Empire (1140-1806); county of Austria (1806-1919)

The (Princely) County of Tyrol was an estate of the Holy Roman Empire established about 1140. After 1253, it was ruled by the House of Gorizia and from 1363 by the House of Habsburg. In 1804, the County of Tyrol, unified with the secularised prince-bishoprics of Trent and Brixen, became a crown land of the Austrian Empire. From 1867, it was a Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Duchy of Styria</span> State of the Holy Roman Empire (1180–1806) and crown land of Austria-Hungary (1806-1918)

The Duchy of Styria was a duchy located in modern-day southern Austria and northern Slovenia. It was a part of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806 and a Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal Monastery of Brou</span>

The Royal Monastery of Brou is a religious complex located at Bourg-en-Bresse in the Ain département, central France. Made out of monastic buildings in addition to a church, they were built at the beginning of the 16th century by Margaret of Austria, daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands. The complex was designed as a dynastic burial place in the tradition of the Burgundian Champmol and Cîteaux Abbey, and the French Saint-Denis. The church is known as the Église Saint-Nicolas-de-Tolentin de Brou in French.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Archducal hat of Joseph II</span>

The archducal hat of Joseph II is an imperial insignia of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Archducal hat of Tyrol</span>

The archducal hat of Tyrol is an insignia of the County of Tyrol. It is located in the treasury of Mariastein.


  1. Burk, Jens Ludwig, "Conrat Meit, Margaret of Austria's Court Sculptor in Malines and Brou", pp. 15-16, PDF version Archived 2014-08-09 at the Wayback Machine , Centre des monuments nationaux (France)


Commons-logo.svg Media related to Archducal hats at Wikimedia Commons