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|History of Croatia|
Ban of Slavonia (Croatian : Slavonski ban; Hungarian : szlavón bán; Latin : Sclavoniæ banus) or the Ban of "Whole Slavonia" (Croatian : ban cijele Slavonije; Hungarian : egész Szlavónia bánja; Latin : totius Sclavoniæ banus) was the title of the governor of a territory part of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary and Kingdom of Croatia.
In the Kingdom of Croatia, Demetrius Zvonimir was the only notable person that ruled over the region of Slavonia with the title ban from around 1070 until 1075. From 1102, the title Ban of Croatia was appointed by the kings of Hungary, and there was at first a single ban for all of the Kingdom of Croatia, but later the Slavonian domain got a separate ban. It included parts of present-day Central Croatia, western Slavonia and parts of northern Bosnia and Herzegovina. From 1225, the title started being held by a separate dignitary from the title of the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia, and existed until 1476, when it was joined with the latter title.
According to the public law of the Kingdom of Hungary, bans were counted among the "barons of the realm" and thus they enjoyed several privileges connected to their office.
|Term start||Term end||Notes||Monarch|
|Aladar||1225||1226|| Andrew II |
|Julius I Kán||1229||1234|
|Apáj Gutkeled||1235||1238|| Béla IV |
|Denis II Türje||1241||1244|
|Ladislaus I Kán||1245||1247|
|Stephen I Gutkeled||1248||1259|
|Roland I Rátót||1261||1267|
|Henry I Kőszegi||1267||1270|
|Mojs II||1272|| Ladislaus IV the Cuman |
|Matthew II Csák||1272||1273|
|Henry I Kőszegi||1273||1274|
|Nicholas I Gutkeled||1278||1279|
|Radoslav I Babonić||1288||1290|
|Nicholas II Kőszegi||1279||1281|
|Petar of Pakrac||1281||1283|
|Radoslav I Babonić||1290||1293|| Andrew III the Venetian |
|Henry II Kőszegi||1291|
|Henry II Kőszegi||1301||1309|| Charles I |
|Stephen IV Babonić||1310||1316|
| Louis I the Great |
|Nicholas VII Hahót||1343||1345||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Nicholas Szécsi||1346||1349||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Pavao Ugal||1350||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Stephen I Lackfi||1350||1352||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Nicholas VII Hahót||1353||1356||Second term. Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Nicholas Szécsi||1366||1368||Second term.|
|John I Bánffy||1381||1385|
| Mary |
| Charles II of Durazzo |
| Sigismund |
|Stephen II Bánffy||1385||1387|
|Emeric I Bebek||1386|
|Ladislaus of Lučenec||1387||1389|
|Ivan Paližna||1389||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Nicholas II Garai||1397||1401||Also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Ladislav Grđevački||1402||1404||Also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Paul Besenyő||1404||1406||Also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Hermann II of Celje||1406||1407||Also at the time the ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|David I Lackfi||1416||1418|
|Hermann II of Celje||1423||1435|
| Albert I |
| Vladislaus I |
|Friedrick II of Celje||1445||1454|| Ladislaus V the Posthumus |
|Ulrich II of Celje||1454||1456|
|Jan Vitovec||1457||1463||Held office together with Nicholas of Ilok|
| Matthias I |
|Nicholas of Ilok||1457||1463|
|Blaise Magyar||1470||1472||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|Damjan Horvat||1472||1473||Also at the time the Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia|
|John I Ernuszt||1473||1476||Last Ban of "Whole Slavonia". Title rejoined with Ban of Croatia and Dalmatia.|
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|Great Officers of State|
Kingdom of Hungary
|Kingdom of Hungary|
The Military Frontier was a borderland of the Habsburg Monarchy and later the Austrian and Austro-Hungarian Empire. It acted as the cordon sanitaire against incursions from the Ottoman Empire.
The Kingdom of Croatia entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, after a period of rule of kings from the Trpimirović and Svetoslavić dynasties and a succession crisis following the death of king Demetrius Zvonimir. With the coronation of King Coloman of Hungary as "King of Croatia and Dalmatia" in 1102 in Biograd, the realm passed to the Árpád dynasty until 1301, when the (male) line of the dynasty died out. Then, kings from the Capetian House of Anjou, who were also cognatic descendants of the Árpád kings, ruled the kingdoms. Later centuries were characterized by conflicts with the Mongols, who sacked Zagreb in 1242, competition with Venice for control over Dalmatian coastal cities, and internal warfare among Croatian nobility. Various powerful nobles emerged in the time period, like Paul I Šubić of Bribir and Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić, that secured de facto independence for their realms. The Ottoman incursion into Europe in the 16th century significantly reduced Croatian territories and left the country weak and divided. After the death of Louis II in 1526 during the Battle of Mohács and a brief period of dynastic dispute, both crowns passed to the Austrian House of Habsburg, and the realms became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.
The Croatian Military Frontier was a district of the Military Frontier, a territory in the Habsburg Monarchy, first during the period of the Austrian Empire and then during Austria-Hungary.
Syrmia County was a historic administrative subdivision (županija) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (Transleithania), the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. The region of Syrmia is today split between Croatia and Serbia. The capital of the county was Vukovar.
The Kingdom of Slavonia was a province of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austrian Empire that existed from 1699 to 1868. The province included northern parts of present-day regions of Slavonia and Syrmia. The southern parts of these regions were part of the Slavonian Military Frontier, which was a section of the Military Frontier.
The Slavonian Military Frontier was a district of the Military Frontier, a territory in the Habsburg Monarchy, first during the period of the Austrian Empire and then during the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. It was formed out of territories the Habsburgs conquered from the Ottoman Empire and included southern parts of Slavonia and Syrmia; today the area it covered is mostly in eastern Croatia, with its easternmost parts in northern Serbia.
The Kingdom of Croatia, or Croatian Kingdom, was a medieval kingdom in Central Europe comprising most of what is today Croatia, as well as most of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Croatian Kingdom was ruled for part of its existence by ethnic dynasties, and the Kingdom existed as a sovereign state for nearly two centuries. Its existence was characterized by various conflicts and periods of peace or alliance with the Bulgarians, Byzantines, Hungarians, and competition with Venice for control over the eastern Adriatic coast. The goal of promoting the Croatian language in the religious service was initially introduced by the 10th century bishop Gregory of Nin, which resulted in a conflict with the Pope, later to be put down by him. In the second half of the 11th century Croatia managed to secure most coastal cities of Dalmatia with the collapse of Byzantine control over them. During this time the kingdom reached its peak under the rule of kings Peter Krešimir IV (1058–1074) and Demetrius Zvonimir (1075–1089).
Šokci are a South Slavic ethnic group native to historical regions of Baranya, Bačka, Slavonia and Syrmia. These regions today span eastern Croatia, southwestern Hungary, and northern Serbia. They primarily self-identify as a subgroup of Croats and therefore they are not considered a separate ethnicity in Croatia and elsewhere.
The Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia was a nominally autonomous kingdom and constitutionally defined separate political nation within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, created in 1868 by merging the kingdoms of Croatia and Slavonia following the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement of 1868. It was associated with the Hungarian Kingdom within the dual Austro–Hungarian state, being within the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen, also known as Transleithania. While Croatia had been granted a wide internal autonomy with "national features", in reality, Croatian control over key issues such as tax and military issues was minimal and hampered by Hungary. It was internally officially referred to as the Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, also simply known as the Triune Kingdom, and had claims on Dalmatia, which was administrated separately by the Austrian Cisleithania. The city of Rijeka, following a disputed section in the 1868 Settlement known as the Rijeka Addendum, became a corpus separatum and was legally owned by Hungary, but administrated by both Croatia and Hungary.
Paul I Šubić of Bribir was Ban of Croatia between 1275 and 1312, and Lord of Bosnia from 1299 to 1312. As the oldest son of Stephen II of the Šubić noble family, he inherited the title of count of Bribir. He was appointed ban in 1273. He was relieved from duty in 1274, following his involvement in disputes between the Dalmatian coastal cities of Trogir and Split, and was returned to office in 1275.
Borić was the first known Ban of Bosnia as a Hungarian vassal, and progenitor of Boričević royal house. He was appointed by 1154, during Byzantine-Hungarian conflicts, and was last mentioned in 1163.
Janus Pannonius was a Croat-Hungarian Latinist, poet, diplomat and Bishop of Pécs. He was the most significant poet of the Renaissance in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of the better-known figures of Humanist poetry in Europe.
Ban of Croatia was the title of local rulers or office holders and after 1102, viceroys of Croatia. From the earliest periods of the Croatian state, some provinces were ruled by bans as a ruler's representative (viceroy) and supreme military commander. In the 18th century, Croatian bans eventually became the chief government officials in Croatia. They were at the head of the Ban's Government, effectively the first prime ministers of Croatia. The institution of ban persisted until the first half of the 20th century, when it was officially superseded in function by that of a parliamentary prime minister.
Usora was a zemlja of the medieval Bosnian state, although it also had some periods outside its authority, when it was connected with neighbouring Banates of Slavonia or Mačva. The administrative seat of this duchy was Srebrenik, which also served as residence of its rulers for entire period of existence of the medieval Bosnian state. It took its name from the river Usora.
The Kingdom of Croatia was part of the lands of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1527, following the Election in Cetin, and the Austrian Empire from 1804 to 1867. It was also a part of the Lands of the Hungarian Crown, but was subject to direct Imperial Austrian rule for significant periods of time, including its final years. Its capital was Zagreb.
Croatian–Hungarian Settlement was a pact signed in 1868, that governed Croatia's political status in the Hungarian-ruled part of Austria-Hungary. It lasted until the end of World War I, when the Croatian Parliament, as the representative of the historical sovereignty of Croatia, decided on October 29, 1918 to end all state and legal ties with the old Austria-Hungary.
The "Lands of the Hungarian Crown" was the titular expression of Hungarian pretensions to the various territories that the King of Hungary ruled nominally or absolutely.
Count Ladislav Pejačević of Virovitica was a Croatian aristocrat and statesman, a member of the Pejačević noble family, remarkable and influential in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He was the Ban (viceroy) of Croatia between 1880 and 1883.
Monoszló was the name of a Slavonian-origin gens in the Kingdom of Hungary, several prominent secular dignitaries came from this kindred.
Slavonia may refer to: