Botswana Police Service

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The Botswana Police Service is the police service of Botswana.



Colonial era

The service has its origins in the Bechuanaland Mounted Police, which was formed on 1 July 1884. The Bechuanaland Border Police were formed on 4 Aug 1885. In October 1889 a royal charter established the British South Africa Company's Police, which absorbed part of the BBP. During the 1890s the various police forces in the area went through a number of name changes until BSAP No.1 (Bechuanaland) Division ceased to exist, becoming the Bechuanaland Protectorate Police. [1] This force recruited few Bechuanaland natives, instead it mostly recruited black constables in Basutoland (modern Lesotho), Rhodesia (modern Zimbabwe) and Zambia.


Two Botswanan mounted police officers in 1970s era khaki uniform. Botswana Police service in the 1970s.jpg
Two Botswanan mounted police officers in 1970s era khaki uniform.

In 1965 following the independence of Botswana the Botswana Police Force, was formed and in 1971 the first female police constables were recruited. In 1977 in a reversal of earlier policy and in response to growing threats to Botswana's security, the Botswana Defence Force was formed. In 2009 the Botswana police force subsumed the Botswana local police to create the Botswana Police Service. The modern Botswana police service is an armed police service of 8500 officers including 2000 female officers.[ citation needed ].Botswana Police Service runs a police college near Otse village.


The force is divided into 4 divisions:

And 17 Districts falling within the 4 Divisions. The BPS is headed by Commissioner of Police. BOTSWANA POLICE SERVICE RANKS Commissioner of Police, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Senior Assistant Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner, Senior Superintendent, Superintendent, Assistant Superintendent, Inspector, Sub Inspector, Sergeant of Police, Constable, Special Constable,

The BPS is divided into various branches and the most notable are:

Special Support Group(SSG) Air Support Branch(ASB) Transport and Telecommunications Branch(TTB) Anti-Stock Theft Unit Training Branch Criminal Investigation Department (CID)

The SSG is the paramilitary branch of the BPS and it is run along military lines. Police officers in this branch are called operatives and they undergo 3 months military training upon completion of the mandatory 12 months Police training. The branch is divided into various units/companies namely SWAT unit, Anti Poaching Unit(APU), Band Wing Unit(BND), Training Wing Unit(TRG), Specialized Unit(SPU), Command and Logistics Unit, 44cess, A-Coy, B-Coy, C-Coy, E-Coy, F-Coy,

The Botswana Police Service is currently ranked the number 1 Police Service in Africa.[ [2]

Botswana Police helicopter Eurocopter AS350 Ecureuil. Botswana Police helicopter.jpg
Botswana Police helicopter Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil.

The four core values of the Botswana police service are:

See also

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  1. Andrew Field. "An Abbreviated History of the British South Africa Police" . Retrieved 13 Nov 2017.
  2. "Botswana Police Service ranked #1 in Africa – YourBotswana" . Retrieved 2020-05-29.