Companies and Intellectual Property Authority

Last updated
CIPA
Government parastatal overview
Formed25 March 2011 (2011-03-25)
Jurisdiction Botswana
Headquarters Gaborone, Botswana
Government parastatal executive
  • Paul Conductor Masena, Chief Executive Officer
Parent departmentMinistry of Trade and Industry of Botswana
Website www.cipa.co.bw

Companies and Intellectual Property Authority (CIPA) [1] is Botswana's registrar of companies and is a government parastatal. It falls under the Ministry of Trade and Industry. All forms of companies (as permitted by Botswana Companies and Intellectual Property Authority Act) are incorporated and registered with CIPA and file specific details as required by the current Companies and Intellectual Property Authority Act. [2] All registered limited companies, including subsidiary, small and inactive companies, must file annual financial statements in addition to annual company returns. Registering of companies is now done online since the introduction of online business registration system launched by Bogolo Kenewendo . [3]

Contents

Types of companies

There are many different types of companies, including:

See also

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Business Organization undertaking commercial, industrial, or professional activity

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Limited company

In a limited company, the liability of members or subscribers of the company is limited to what they have invested or guaranteed to the company. Limited companies may be limited by shares or by guarantee. The former may be further divided in public companies and private companies. Who may become a member of a private limited company is restricted by law and by the company's rules. In contrast, anyone may buy shares in a public limited company.

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Companies House is the United Kingdom's registrar of companies and is an executive agency and trading fund of Her Majesty's Government, falling under the remit of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. All forms of companies are incorporated and registered with Companies House and file specific details as required by legislation. All registered limited companies, including subsidiary, small and inactive companies, must file annual financial statements in addition to annual company returns, and all these are public records. Only some registered unlimited companies are exempt from this requirement.

Intellectual Property Office (United Kingdom) The Patent Office of the United Kingdom

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Intellectual property rights (IPRs) have been acknowledged and protected in China since the 1980s. China has acceded to the major international conventions on protection of rights to intellectual property. Domestically, protection of intellectual property law has also been established by government legislation, administrative regulations, and decrees in the areas of trademark, copyright, and patent. This has led to the creation of a comprehensive legal framework to protect both local and foreign intellectual property. Despite this, copyright violations are common in the PRC. The American Chamber of Commerce in China surveyed over 500 of its members doing business in China regarding IPR for its 2016 China Business Climate Survey Report, and found that IPR enforcement is improving, but significant challenges still remain. The results show that the laws in place exceed their actual enforcement, with patent protection receiving the highest approval rate, while protection of trade secrets lags far behind. Many US companies have claimed that the Chinese government has stolen their intellectual property sometime in 2009–2019.

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Trademark Trade identifier of products or services

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Private company limited by shares Type of business entity

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In Slovakia, taxes are levied by the state and local governments. Tax revenue stood at 29.5% of the country's gross domestic product in 2013. The most important revenue sources for the state government are income tax, social security, value-added tax and corporate tax.

Companies Registry (Hong Kong)

The Companies Registry is a government department under the Financial Services and the Treasury Bureau of the Government of Hong Kong. Its responsibilities include the registration of Hong Kong companies and non-Hong Kong companies under the Companies Ordinance, open-ended fund companies under the Securities and Futures Ordinance and limited partnership funds under the Limited Partnerships Funds Ordinance. It administers the licensing regime for trust and corporate service providers under the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing Ordinance as well as the licensing regime for money lenders under the Money Lenders Ordinance.

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Botswana Energy Regulatory Authority

Botswana Energy Regulatory Authority (BERA) is the energy regulator and a government parastatal of the Botswana government. The parastatal was founded after the Botswana Energy Regulatory Act was put in place in 2016 and started its operations on the 1st September, 2017.

References

  1. "CIPA – Protecting Business Interests" . Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  2. "Republic of Botswana - Government portal". www.gov.bw. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  3. "Congratulations on OBRS CIPA …. But, please do not join the "System e down" cohort | Sunday Standard". www.sundaystandard.info. Retrieved 2019-10-19.