Last updated

Caddyshack poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Harold Ramis
Produced by Douglas Kenney
Written by
Music by Johnny Mandel
Cinematography Stevan Larner
Edited byWilliam C. Carruth
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date
  • July 25, 1980 (1980-07-25)
Running time
98 minutes
CountryUnited States
Budget$4.8 million [1]
Box office$60 million [1]

Caddyshack is a 1980 American sports comedy film directed by Harold Ramis, written by Brian Doyle-Murray, Ramis, and Douglas Kenney, and starring Chevy Chase, Rodney Dangerfield, Ted Knight, Michael O'Keefe, and Bill Murray. Doyle-Murray also has a supporting role.


Caddyshack was Ramis's directorial debut and boosted the career of Dangerfield, who was previously known mostly for his stand-up comedy. Grossing nearly $40 million at the domestic box office (the 17th-highest of the year), [2] it was the first of a series of similar comedies. A sequel, Caddyshack II (1988), followed, although only Chase reprised his role and the film was poorly received.

The film has a cult following and was described by ESPN as "perhaps the funniest sports movie ever made." [3]


Danny Noonan (Michael O'Keefe) works as a caddie at the exclusive Bushwood Country Club to earn enough money to go to college. Danny caddies for Ty Webb (Chevy Chase), a mischievous but avid golfer and the son of one of Bushwood's co-founders. Danny tries to gain favor with Judge Elihu Smails (Ted Knight), the country club's arrogant co-founder and director of the caddie scholarship program, by caddying for him. Meanwhile, Carl Spackler (Bill Murray), a mentally unstable groundskeeper who lives in the maintenance building, is sent by his Scottish supervisor Sandy McFiddish (Thomas A. Carlin) to hunt a gopher that is damaging the course. He attempts to kill it with a rifle and high-pressure hose but fails.

Al Czervik (Rodney Dangerfield), a loud and free-spirited nouveau riche golfer, begins attending the club. Czervik distracts Smails as he tees off, causing his shot to go badly. Later, frustrated by slow play, Czervik wagers with Smails. Smails is furious for losing the bet and throws his putter, injuring an elderly woman. Danny takes the blame for the incident to gain Smails' favor. Smails encourages him to apply for the caddie scholarship.

At Bushwood's annual Fourth of July banquet, Danny and his girlfriend Maggie (Sarah Holcomb) work as waiting staff. Czervik continues to annoy Smails and the club members, while Danny becomes attracted to Lacey Underall (Cindy Morgan), Smails' promiscuous niece.

Later, Danny wins the Caddy Day golf tournament and the scholarship, earning him an invitation from Smails to attend the christening ceremony for his boat. The boat is sunk at the event after an accident involving Czervik's larger boat. Returning home, Smails discovers Lacey and Danny in bed at his house. Expecting to be fired or to have the scholarship revoked, Danny is surprised when Smails only demands that he keep the incident secret.

Unable to bear the continued presence of the uncouth Czervik, Smails confronts him and announces that he will never be granted membership. Czervik counters by announcing that he would never consider being a member: he insults the country club and claims to be there merely to evaluate buying it and developing the land into condominiums. After a brief fight and exchange of insults, Webb suggests they discuss the situation over drinks. After Smails demands satisfaction, Czervik proposes a team golf match with Smails and his regular golfing partner Dr. Beeper (Dan Resin) against Czervik and Webb. Against club rules, they also agree to a $20,000 wager on the match, which quickly doubles to $40,000. That evening, Webb practices for the game against Smails and his errant shot brings him to meet Carl; the two share a bottle of wine and a joint.

The match is held the next day. Word spreads of the stakes involved, drawing in a crowd. During the game, Smails and Beeper take the lead, while Czervik, to his chagrin, is "playing the worst game of his life." He reacts to Smails' wisecracks by angrily doubling the wager to $80,000 per team. When his own ricocheting ball strikes his arm, Czervik fakes an injury in hopes of having the contest declared a draw. Lou (Brian Doyle-Murray), the caddy manager who is acting as an umpire, tells Czervik his team will forfeit unless they find a substitute. When Webb chooses Danny, Smails threatens to revoke his scholarship, but Czervik promises Danny that he will make it "worth his while" if he wins. Danny chooses to play.

Upon reaching the final hole, the score is tied. Judge Smails scores a birdie. Danny has to complete a difficult putt to win. Czervik again doubles the wager based on Danny making the putt. Danny's putt leaves the ball hanging over the edge of the hole. At that moment, in his latest attempt to kill the gopher, Carl detonates plastic explosives that he has rigged around the golf course. Several explosions shake the ground and cause the ball to drop into the hole, handing Danny, Webb and Czervik victory on the wager. Smails refuses to pay, so Czervik beckons two intimidating men to "help the judge find his checkbook." As Smails is chased across the course, Czervik leads a wild party at the clubhouse, attended by all of the onlookers at the match. Some distance away, the gopher emerges from underground, unharmed, and dances to the film's main theme, "I'm Alright," amid the smoldering ruins of the golf course.



The film was inspired by writer and co-star Brian Doyle-Murray's memories of working as a caddie at Indian Hill Club in Winnetka, Illinois. His brothers Bill and John Murray (production assistant and a caddy extra) and director Harold Ramis also had worked as caddies when they were teenagers. Many of the characters in the film were based on characters they had encountered through their various experiences at the club, including a young woman upon whom the character of Maggie is based and the Haverkamps, a doddering old couple, John and Ilma, longtime members of the club, who can barely hit the ball out of their shadows. The scene involving a Baby Ruth candy bar being thrown into the swimming pool was based on a real-life incident at Doyle-Murray's high school. [4] [ failed verification ] The scene in which Al Czervik hits Judge Smails in the genitals with a struck golf ball happened to Ramis on what he said was the second of his two rounds of golf, on a nine-hole public course. [5]

The film was shot over eleven weeks during the autumn of 1979; Hurricane David in early September delayed production. Golf scenes were filmed at the Rolling Hills Golf Club (now the Grande Oaks Golf Club) in Davie, Florida. [6] According to Ramis, Rolling Hills was chosen because the course did not have any palm trees. He wanted the film to feel that it was in the Midwest, not Florida. The explosions that take place during the climax of the film were reported at the nearby Fort Lauderdale airport by an incoming pilot, who suspected that a plane had crashed. [4] The Fourth of July dinner and dancing scene was filmed at the Boca Raton Hotel and Club in Boca Raton, Florida, while the yacht club scene was shot at the Rusty Pelican Restaurant in Key Biscayne, Florida. [7]

The scene that begins when Ty Webb's golf ball crashes into Carl Spackler's shack was not in the original script. It was added by director Harold Ramis after realizing that two of his biggest stars, Chevy Chase and Bill Murray (who previously did not get along due to a feud dating back to their days on Saturday Night Live , but were at least tolerant and professional towards each other while on set), until then, did not appear in a scene together. The three met for lunch and wrote the scene. This is the only film that Chase and Murray have appeared in together. [8]

Murray improvised much of a "Cinderella story" scene based on two lines of stage direction. Ramis gave him direction to act as a child. Murray hit flowers with a grass whip while fantasizing aloud about winning the Masters Tournament; a major golf tournament. [8] Murray was with the production for only six days, and all of his dialogue was heavily embellished by his spontaneous improvisations.

Cindy Morgan said that a massage scene with Chevy Chase was improvised, and her reaction to Chase dousing her back with the massage oil, where she exclaimed "You're crazy!" was genuine. [9] A scene in which her character dived into the pool was acted by a professional diver. Before the diver took over, she was led to the diving board by the crew and carefully directed up the ladder since she could not wear her contact lenses near the pool and was legally blind without them. [10]

A deal was made with John Dykstra's [8] effects company for visual effects, including lightning, stormy sky effects, flying golf balls and disappearing greens' flags. The gopher was part of the effects package. Dykstra's technicians added hydraulic animation to the puppet, including ear movement, and built the tunnels through which it moved.

The production became infamous for the amount of drug usage which occurred on-set, with supporting actor Peter Berkrot describing cocaine as "the fuel that kept the film running." [11]


Critical response

Caddyshack was released on July 25, 1980, [12] in 656 theaters, and grossed $3.1 million during its opening weekend; it went on to make $39,846,344 in North America, [13] and $60 million worldwide. [1]

The film was met with underwhelming reviews in its original release, [14] with criticism towards the disorganized plot, though Dangerfield and Murray's comic performances were well received. Roger Ebert gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and wrote, "Caddyshack feels more like a movie that was written rather loosely, so that when shooting began there was freedom—too much freedom—for it to wander off in all directions in search of comic inspiration." [15] Gene Siskel gave the film three out of four stars, saying it was "funny about half of the time it tries to be, which is a pretty good average for a comedy." [16] Dave Kehr, in his review for the Chicago Reader , wrote, "The first-time director, Harold Ramis, can't hold it together: the picture lurches from style to style (including some ill-placed whimsy with a gopher puppet) and collapses somewhere between sitcom and sketch farce." [17] Vincent Canby gave it a mixed review in The New York Times , describing it as "A pleasantly loose-limbed sort of movie with some comic moments, most of them belonging to Mr. Dangerfield." [18]

Nevertheless, the film has gained a cult following in the years after its release and has been positively reappraised by many film critics. [19] The film holds a 73% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on 59 (mostly contemporary) reviews, with an average rating of 6.56/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "Though unabashedly crude and juvenile, Caddyshack nevertheless scores with its classic slapstick, unforgettable characters, and endlessly quotable dialogue." [20] Christopher Null gave the film four stars out of five in his 2005 review, and wrote, "They don't make 'em like this anymore … The plot wanders around the golf course and involves a half-dozen elements, but if you simply dig the gopher, the caddy, and the Dangerfield, you're not going to be doing half bad." [21]

Tiger Woods said [22] that he liked the film, and played Spackler in an American Express commercial based on the film. Many of the film's quotes are part of popular culture. [23]

Ramis noted in the DVD documentary that TV Guide had originally given the film two stars (out of four) when it began showing on cable television in the early 1980s, but over time the rating had gone up to three stars. In 2009, he said, "I can barely watch it. All I see are a bunch of compromises and things that could have been better," such as the poor swings of everyone, except for O'Keefe. [24]

Denmark was the only place outside the United States where Caddyshack was initially a hit. The distributor had cut 20 minutes to emphasize Bill Murray's role. [25]


This film is also second on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies." [26]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:


In anticipation of the movie, the Kenny Loggins single "I'm Alright" was released nearly three weeks before the movie opened and became a top ten hit the last week of September 1980. [30] CBS Records also issued a soundtrack to Caddyshack later that year. It included ten songs, four of which were performed by Kenny Loggins, including the aforementioned "I'm Alright."


There was a sequel, Caddyshack II (1988), which did poorly at the box office and is considered one of the worst sequels of all time. [31]


In 2007, Taylor Trade Publishing released The Book of Caddyshack, an illustrated paperback retrospective of the movie, with cast and crew Q&A interviews. The book was written by Scott Martin. [32] [ better source needed ]

In April 2018, Flatiron Books published Caddyshack: The Making of a Hollywood Cinderella Story by Chris Nashawaty, detailing the making of the film. [33]

Caddyshack restaurants

On June 7, 2001, Bill Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray and their brothers opened a themed restaurant inspired by the film at the World Golf Village, near St. Augustine, Florida. The restaurant is meant to resemble the fictional Bushwood Country Club, and serves primarily American cuisine. The brothers are all active partners and make occasional appearances at the restaurant. Three more Caddyshack restaurants were opened, in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; Orlando; and Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida; these are now closed, leaving the original St. Augustine, Florida their flagship location, open to fans and diners. [34]

Bill Murray and two of his brothers were in attendance when another venue opened in Rosemont, Illinois, in April 2018. [35]

Related Research Articles


In golf, a caddie is the person who carries a player's bag and clubs, and gives the player advice and moral support.

Chevy Chase American actor, comedian, writer and producer

Cornelius Crane "Chevy" Chase is an American comedian, writer and actor. Born into a prominent family, he had a variety of jobs before moving into comedy and started acting with National Lampoon. He became a key cast member in the first season of Saturday Night Live, where his recurring Weekend Update segment became a staple of the show. As a performer he earned three Primetime Emmy Awards out of five nominations.

Bill Murray American actor and comedian

William James Murray is an American actor, comedian and writer. Known for his deadpan delivery, he first rose to fame on Saturday Night Live, a series of performances that earned him his first Emmy Award, and later starred in comedy films—including Meatballs (1979), Caddyshack (1980), Stripes (1981), Tootsie (1982), Ghostbusters (1984), Ghostbusters II (1989), What About Bob? (1991), Groundhog Day (1993), and Kingpin (1996). His only directorial credit is Quick Change (1990), which he co-directed with Howard Franklin.

Brian Doyle-Murray American actor, comedian and screenwriter

Brian Doyle-Murray is an American actor, comedian and screenwriter. The older brother of actor/comedian Bill Murray, he has appeared with him in several films, including Caddyshack, Scrooged, Ghostbusters II, Groundhog Day, and The Razor's Edge. He co-starred on the TBS sitcom on Sullivan & Son, where he played the foul-mouthed Hank Murphy. He also appeared in the Nickelodeon animated series SpongeBob SquarePants as the Flying Dutchman, in the Cartoon Network original animated series My Gym Partner's a Monkey as Coach Tiffany Gills, The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack as Captain K'nuckles, in a recurring role, as Don Ehlert on the ABC sitcom The Middle, and Bob Kruger in the AMC dramedy, Lodge 49.

<i>Groundhog Day</i> (film) 1993 American fantasy comedy film by Harold Ramis

Groundhog Day is a 1993 American fantasy comedy film directed by Harold Ramis and written by Ramis and Danny Rubin. It stars Bill Murray, Andie MacDowell and Chris Elliott. Murray portrays Phil Connors, a cynical television weatherman covering the annual Groundhog Day event in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, who becomes trapped in a time loop, forcing him to relive February 2nd repeatedly. The film also stars Stephen Tobolowsky, Brian Doyle-Murray, Marita Geraghty, Angela Paton, Rick Ducommun, Rick Overton, and Robin Duke.

Rodney Dangerfield American stand-up comedian

Jack Roy, popularly known by the stage name Rodney Dangerfield, was an American stand-up comedian, actor, producer, screenwriter, musician and author. He was known for his self-deprecating one-liner humor, his catchphrase "I get no respect!" and his monologues on that theme.

<i>Tin Cup</i> 1996 US romantic comedy/sports film by Ron Shelton

Tin Cup is a 1996 American romantic comedy and sports film co-written and directed by Ron Shelton, and starring Kevin Costner and Rene Russo with Cheech Marin and Don Johnson in major supporting roles. The film received generally positive reviews and was a moderate box office success grossing $75.8 million against its $45 million budget. Costner received a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.

Harold Ramis American actor, director, and screenwriter

Harold Allen Ramis was an American actor, comedian, director and writer. His best-known film acting roles were as Egon Spengler in Ghostbusters (1984) and Ghostbusters II (1989), and as Russell Ziskey in Stripes (1981); he also co-wrote those films. As a director, his films include the comedies Caddyshack (1980), National Lampoon's Vacation (1983), Groundhog Day (1993), Analyze This (1999) and Analyze That (2002). Ramis was the original head writer of the television series SCTV, on which he also performed, as well as a co-writer of Groundhog Day and National Lampoon's Animal House (1978). The final film that he wrote, produced, directed, and acted in was Year One (2009).

<i>Caddyshack II</i> 1988 film

Caddyshack II is a 1988 American sports comedy film and a sequel to Caddyshack. The film stars Jackie Mason, Dan Aykroyd, Robert Stack, Dyan Cannon, Randy Quaid, Chevy Chase, Jonathan Silverman, and Jessica Lundy. It was written by various outside writers, but is credited to the first draft by Peter Torokvei and Harold Ramis, who also co-wrote and directed the first, and is directed by Allan Arkush. The film garnered a PG rating, in contrast to the original's R rating. The film was given scathing reviews by critics, but Kenny Loggins' "Nobody's Fool" was a chart success, hitting #8 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Dynamite Hack is a post-grunge band, formed in Austin, Texas in 1997 taking its name from a line in the film Caddyshack in which Carl Spackler describes the marijuana he is smoking as "dynamite hack" to Ty Webb.

Ted Knight American actor

Ted Knight was an American actor well known for playing the comedic roles of Ted Baxter in The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Henry Rush in Too Close for Comfort, and Judge Elihu Smails in Caddyshack.

Douglas Kenney American comedy writer

Douglas Clark Francis Kenney was an American comedy writer of magazine, novels, radio, TV and film who co-founded the magazine National Lampoon in 1970. Kenney edited the magazine and wrote much of its early material. He went on to write, produce and perform in the influential comedies Animal House and Caddyshack before his untimely death.

Joel Murray American actor

Joel Murray is an American actor. He has had prominent roles in the television series Mad Men, Grand, Love & War, Dharma and Greg, Still Standing, and Shameless. He has also appeared in films including God Bless America and Monsters University.

<i>Modern Problems</i> 1981 American fantasy comedy film by Ken Shapiro

Modern Problems is a 1981 American fantasy comedy film written and directed by Ken Shapiro and starring Chevy Chase, Patti D'Arbanville, and Dabney Coleman. The film grossed $26.2 million in the United States. A DVD release of the film was issued in 2005.

<i>New Wave Theatre</i>

New Wave Theatre was a television program broadcast locally in the Los Angeles area on UHF channel 18 and eventually on the USA Network as part of the late night variety show Night Flight during the early 1980s. The show was created and produced by David Jove, who also wrote the program with Billboard magazine editor Ed Ochs. It was noted for showcasing rising punk and new wave acts, including Bad Religion, Fear, the Dead Kennedys, 45 Grave, The Angry Samoans and The Circle Jerks.

<i>Whos Your Caddy?</i> 2007 film by Don Michael Paul

Who's Your Caddy? is a 2007 American blaxploitation comedy film directed by Don Michael Paul and starring Big Boi, Lil Wayne, Andy Milonakis, Faizon Love, Terry Crews, Tony Cox, Jeffrey Jones and Jesper Parnevik. It is the first film produced by Robert L. Johnson's Our Stories Films studio.

The Columbia Country Club, located in Chevy Chase, Maryland, is the successor of the Columbia Golf Club, which was organized on September 29, 1898 by nine men. Originally there were twenty members. The golf course, which opened in 1911, was designed by Herbert Barker. The first location of the Club was on the east side of Brightwood Avenue, afterwards known as Georgia Avenue, in the neighborhood of Schuetzen Park. Through its history, the club has counted among its members two Five Star Generals, Omar Bradley and Hap Arnold, along with countless politicians, most notably Barack Obama, journalists, CEOs and lobbyists.

The Caddie Hall of Fame recognizes professional golf caddies, others who caddied in their youth and those who support the profession. It was originally created by the Professional Caddies Association in 1999 but has been administered by the Western Golf Association since 2011.

<i>A Futile and Stupid Gesture</i> (film) 2018 American film directed by David Wain

A Futile and Stupid Gesture is a 2018 American biographical comedy-drama film, based on Josh Karp's book of the same name, directed by David Wain, and written by Michael Colton and John Aboud. The film stars Will Forte as comedy writer Douglas Kenney, during the rise and fall of National Lampoon. The film had its world premiere at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival on January 24, and was released on Netflix on January 26, 2018.

<i>Bill Murray & Brian Doyle-Murrays Extra Innings</i>

Bill Murray & Brian Doyle-Murray's Extra Innings is an American reality series that premiered on November 20, 2017 on Facebook Watch. The show follows Bill Murray and Brian Doyle-Murray as they visit Minor League ballparks across the country, immersing themselves in the local culture and interacting with the different communities. Facebook ordered a ten episode first season of the show which premiered on November 20, 2017 with all subsequent episodes airing on the following Mondays.


  1. 1 2 3 WE'RE TALKING GROSS, TACKY AND DUMB Brown, Peter H. Los Angeles Times 20 Jan 1985: 6.
  2. 1980 Yearly Box Office Results. Archived July 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  3. " - Page2 - Page 2's Top 20 Sports Movies of All-Time". Archived from the original on April 13, 2019. Retrieved June 15, 2019. Perhaps the funniest sports movie ever made, and 22 years later, it still ranks as definitely the most "quotable" sports film.
  4. 1 2 "Caddyshack: Reel Life from " Page 2"". Archived from the original on August 14, 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  5. Caddyshack: The Inside Story Archived June 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine , Bio.HD December 13, 2009.
  6. Grande Oaks Golf Club Archived January 12, 2021, at the Wayback Machine .
  7. On Location: Caddyshack filming locations Archived January 11, 2020, at the Wayback Machine .
  8. 1 2 3 Mark Canton, Chevy Chase, Scott Colomby, Hamilton Mitchell, Cindy Morgan, Jon Peters, Harold Ramis, Ann Ryerson (1999). Caddyshack: The 19th Hole, Special Feature (DVD). Warner Bros.
  9. KIMBERLY REBMAN (May 7, 2015). "Actress Cindy Morgan: Dancing Gophers, Computer Graphics, and Everything in Between". The AME Magazine. Archived from the original on June 20, 2015.
  10. Hinson, Mark (August 7, 2009). "'Caddyshack' siren joins the fun for film school's 20th". Tallahassee Democrat . p. 14D. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
  11. Sorokach, Josh (April 18, 2018). "'Caddyshack' Was Fueled By Rampant Cocaine Use, New Book Reveals". Decider. Archived from the original on April 18, 2018.
  12. "Caddyshack". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). (advertisement). July 25, 1980. p. 10A.
  13. "Caddyshack (1980)". Box Office Mojo . Archived from the original on February 27, 2020. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
  14. Paseman, Lloyd (August 7, 1980). "Light movie funny, but tasteless". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). (review). p. 5D.
  15. Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1980). "Caddyshack". Chicago Sun-Times . Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
  16. Siskel, Gene (July 1980). "Caddyshack". Chicago Tribune . Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  17. Kehr, Dave. "Caddyshack". Chicago Reader . Archived from the original on April 18, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2009.
  18. Canby, Vincent (July 1980). "Caddyshack". The New York Times . Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  19. Tom Hoffarth (February 20, 2007). "'Caddyshack' former hottie in revival mode". Palm Beach Post. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  20. "Caddyshack (1980)". Rotten Tomatoes . Fandango Media. Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  21. Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine at's
  22. "Tiger Woods Talks...To His Twitter Followers". Radar Online. November 30, 2010. Archived from the original on April 3, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  23. Ben Craw and Dan Abramson (May 30, 2010). "All The Best 'Caddyshack' Quotes In One Video: Pick Your Favorite!". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on October 21, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  24. Martin, Brett (July 2009). "Harold Ramis Gets the Last Laugh". GQ : 64–67, 124–25. Archived from the original on August 6, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2009. Like, it bothers me that nobody except Michael O'Keefe can swing a golf club. A movie about golf with the worst bunch of golf swings you've ever seen! It doesn't bother golfers, though.
  25. Iben Albinus Sabroe (2008). Jeg vil vinde en Oscar (I Want to Win an Oscar).
  26. "Bravo's 100 funniest movies list". June 2, 2006. Archived from the original on March 2, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  27. "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  28. "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 7, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  29. "AFI's 10 Top 10: Top 10 Sports". American Film Institute. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  30. "Billboard's Hot 100 for the week of 27 Sep 1980". Archived from the original on June 22, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2019.. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  31. Nashawaty, Chris (July 24, 2020). "The Inside Story of Caddyshack II". Sports Illustrated . Archived from the original on July 26, 2020. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  32. Martin, Scott (2007). The Book of Caddyshack: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Greatest Movie Ever Made. ISBN   978-1589793583.
  33. Ryan, Patrick (April 24, 2018). "'Caddyshack': 5 wild things we learn about the Bill Murray comedy in new tell-all book". USA Today. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  34. "Murray Bros. Caddyshack home page". Murraybroscaddyshack. Archived from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  35. Kindelsperger, Nick (April 17, 2018). "Bill Murray visits his Caddyshack restaurant in Chicago and doesn't disappoint". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on April 22, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.