David Clary

Last updated

Sir David Clary
David clary 2013 copy.jpg
Born
David Charles Clary

(1953-01-14) 14 January 1953 (age 68) [1]
Halesworth, Suffolk, United Kingdom
NationalityBritish
Alma mater University of Sussex (BSc)
University of Cambridge (PhD)
Known for Quantum theory for chemical reactions
Spouse(s)Heather Ann Clary
Awards FRS (1997).

Knight Bachelor (2016).

Foreign Honorary Member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Contents

Royal Society of Chemistry:
Meldola Medal and Prize,
Marlow Award,
Corday-Morgan Prize,
Chemical Dynamics Award,
Polanyi Medal,
Tilden Prize,
Liversidge Award,
Spiers Memorial Award.

Annual Medal of International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science.
Scientific career
Fields Theoretical Chemistry
Institutions IBM San Jose California.
University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology.
University of Cambridge.
University College London.
University of Oxford.
Magdalen College Oxford.
Foreign & Commonwealth Office.
Website www.magd.ox.ac.uk/member-of-staff/david-clary/

Sir David Charles Clary, FRS (born 14 January 1953) is a British theoretical chemist. He was president of Magdalen College, Oxford, from 2005 to 2020. [2] He was the first chief scientific adviser to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 2009 to 2013. He is a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford. [3]

Education

He was born in Halesworth, Suffolk, and attended Colchester Royal Grammar School from 1964 to 1971. He has a BSc (1974) from the University of Sussex and a PhD (1977) and ScD (1997) from the University of Cambridge, where he was at Corpus Christi College. He undertook post-doctoral research at IBM in San Jose, California, and at the University of Manchester.

Appointments

In 1980, he was appointed lecturer at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST). In 1983, he was appointed lecturer and then reader in theoretical chemistry at the University of Cambridge, where he was fellow and senior tutor of Magdalene College. In 1996, he was director of the Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry and professor at University College London. In 2002, he moved to the University of Oxford, where he was head of the Division of Mathematical and Physical Sciences and professorial fellow of St John's College. He was elected President of Magdalen College, Oxford in 2005.

He was editor of Chemical Physics Letters from 2000-2020 and was a reviewing editor of Science from 2003-16. He has held numerous visiting fellowships and given several named lectures.

Some of his work as the first chief scientific advisor to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office is described in an article in Science and Diplomacy . [4]

Awards

In 1997 Clary was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society for his development of the quantum theory for chemical reactions. [5] He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) and the Institute of Physics; Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. He received an honorary DSc from the University of Sussex and was elected an honorary fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge and Magdalen College, Oxford.

Clary was knighted in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to international science. [6] The citation for his knighthood stated:

"Professor Clary has made an outstanding contribution to enhancing the international reputation of UK science and higher education. Through his leadership, he has enhanced Magdalen College’s position as one of the leading academic institutions in the world. In his own scientific research he developed new theories for calculating the rates of chemical reactions. As Head of the Division of Mathematical and Physical Sciences at Oxford University he facilitated links between physical, life and medical sciences, helping to raise Oxford's profile as a leader for scientific research and innovation. As the first FCO Chief Scientific Adviser he enhanced significantly the visibility of UK science and innovation overseas, being a major proponent of using scientific collaborations to enhance international relations." [7]

Research

The citation for his election as a Fellow of the Royal Society states:

"Professor Clary is distinguished for his use of quantum collision theory as a practical tool for explaining a wide variety of experimental results in chemical reaction dynamics. His general theories and computational methods enable reliable predictions to be made on the reactions, energy transfer and dissociation of polyatomic molecules in selected quantum states. His work also has important applications in understanding interstellar, combustion and atmospheric chemistry, as the extreme temperatures of these environments can be hard to reproduce in the laboratory, but are readily treated with these theoretical methods." [8]

His current research focus is in developing semiclassical rate theories for chemical reactions. [9]

He is an authority on Erwin Schrödinger, the discoverer of the form of quantum theory known as wave mechanics and Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. [10] [11]

Related Research Articles

Physical chemistry Study of macroscopic, atomic, subatomic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of laws and concepts of physics

Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic, and particulate phenomena in chemical systems in terms of the principles, practices, and concepts of physics such as motion, energy, force, time, thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics, analytical dynamics and chemical equilibrium.

Quantum chemistry, also called molecular quantum mechanics, is a branch of chemistry focused on the application of quantum mechanics to chemical systems. Understanding electronic structure and molecular dynamics using the Schrödinger equations are central topics in quantum chemistry.

John Lennard-Jones Early 20th-century English mathematician and physicist

Sir John Edward Lennard-Jones was a British mathematician and professor of theoretical physics at the University of Bristol, and then of theoretical science at the University of Cambridge. He may be regarded as the initiator of modern computational chemistry.

Michael Duff (physicist) British physicist

Michael James Duff FRS, FRSA is a British theoretical physicist and pioneering theorist of supergravity who is the Principal of the Faculty of Physical Sciences and Abdus Salam Chair of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London.

Anthony James Leggett British physicist (born 1938)

Sir Anthony James Leggett is a theoretical physicist and professor emeritus at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Leggett is widely recognised as a world leader in the theory of low-temperature physics, and his pioneering work on superfluidity was recognised by the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics. He has shaped the theoretical understanding of normal and superfluid helium liquids and strongly coupled superfluids. He set directions for research in the quantum physics of macroscopic dissipative systems and use of condensed systems to test the foundations of quantum mechanics.

Robert Robinson (chemist)

Sir Robert Robinson was a British organic chemist and Nobel laureate recognised in 1947 for his research on plant dyestuffs (anthocyanins) and alkaloids. In 1947, he also received the Medal of Freedom with Silver Palm.

Nicholas Charles Handy was a British theoretical chemist. He retired as Professor of quantum chemistry at the University of Cambridge in September 2004.

Henry F. Schaefer III

Henry Frederick "Fritz" Schaefer III is a computational and theoretical chemist. He is one of the most highly cited chemists in the world, with a Thomson Reuters H-Index of 121 as of 2020. He is the Graham Perdue Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Center for Computational Chemistry at the University of Georgia.

Hugh Christopher Longuet-Higgins was both a theoretical chemist and a cognitive scientist.

Eric J. Heller American physicist, theoretical chemist and professor

Eric Johnson "Rick" Heller is the Abbott and James Lawrence Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Physics at Harvard University. Heller is known for his work on time dependent quantum mechanics, and also for producing digital art based on the results of his numerical calculations.

William Hughes Miller

William Hughes Miller is a professor at the University of California, Berkeley and a leading researcher in the field of theoretical chemistry.

Sourav Pal is an Indian theoretical chemist, a professor of chemistry in IIT Bombay and is the director of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata. Pal is an ex-director of CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory Pune, and adjunct professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune.

Ralph C. S. Walker

Ralph Charles Sutherland Walker is a philosopher at Magdalen College, Oxford and an expert on the philosophy of Immanuel Kant.

Mark Sheard Child FRS is a British chemist, and Emeritus Fellow of St Edmund Hall, Oxford.

Donald Truhlar

Donald Gene Truhlar is an American scientist working in theoretical and computational chemistry and chemical physics with special emphases on quantum mechanics and chemical dynamics.

Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford Department of the University of Oxford

The Department of Chemistry is the chemistry department of the University of Oxford, England, which is part of the university's Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences Division

Biman Bagchi Indian chemist (born 1954)

Biman Bagchi is currently a SERB-DST Indian National Science Chair Professor and also a Honorary Professor at the Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit of the Indian Institute of Science. He is a Theoretical Physical Chemist and Biophysicist who is well known for his research in the area of statistical mechanics; particularly in the study of phase transition and nucleation, solvation dynamics, mode-coupling theory of electrolyte transport, dynamics of biological macromolecules, protein folding, enzyme kinetics, supercooled liquids and protein hydration layer.

Claire Vallance is a professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Oxford, Tutorial Fellow in Physical Chemistry at Hertford College, and current President of the Faraday Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry. In collaboration with professor Mark Brouard and others, she created the PImMS sensor, used for time-of-flight particle imaging and recently featured in the Royal Society of Chemistry's Research Frontiers report. She is co-founder of the spin-out company Oxford HighQ, which is developing next-generation chemical and nanoparticle sensors based on optical microcavity technology. Vallance's research spans chemical reaction dynamics, optical microcavity spectroscopy, and applications of spectroscopy and imaging in medical diagnostics. She is also an accomplished musician and triathlete.

Semiclassical Transition State Theory (SCTST) is an efficient chemical rate theory, which aims to calculate accurate rate constants of chemical reactions, including nuclear quantum effects such as tunnelling, from ab initio quantum chemistry. The method makes use of the semiclassical WKB wavefunction, Bohr-sommerfeld theory and vibrational perturbation theory to derive an analytical relation for the probability of a particle transmitting through a potential barrier at some energy, E. It was first developed by Bill Miller and coworkers in the 1970's, and has been further developed to allow for application to larger systems and using more accurate potentials.

Evgeny E. Nikitin is a Russian theoretical chemist and emeritus professor at the Technion in Haifa, Israel.

References

  1. "CLARY, Prof. Sir David Charles". Who's Who 2013, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2013; online edn, Oxford University Press.(subscription required)
  2. http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/member-of-staff/david-clary/
  3. [http://research.chem.ox.ac.uk/david-clary.aspx/
  4. http://www.sciencediplomacy.org/editorial/2013/scientist-in-foreign-office
  5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=frty6nCiT20
  6. "No. 61608". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 2016. p. B2.
  7. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/528701/birthday_honours_2016_overseas_higher_awards_notes.pdf
  8. https://royalsociety.org/people/david-clary-11232/
  9. Shan, Xiao; Burd, Timothy A. H.; Clary, David C. (2019). "New Developments in Semiclassical Transition-State Theory". The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 123 (22): 4639–4657. Bibcode:2019JPCA..123.4639S. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.9b01987. PMID   30969125.
  10. https://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/discover-magdalen/history-of-college/famous-alumni/dr-erwin-schrodinger/
  11. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5OdOQUkjIws
Academic offices
Preceded by
Anthony Smith
President of Magdalen College, Oxford
2005–2020
Succeeded by
Dinah Rose