Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy

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Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy
Dissidia Duodecim 012 Final Fantasy.png
North American cover art featuring
the cast of the game
Developer(s) Square Enix 1st Production Department [1]
Publisher(s) Square Enix
Director(s) Mitsunori Takahashi
Producer(s) Ichiro Hazama
Programmer(s) Ryuji Ikeda
Artist(s) Mihoko Ishii
Writer(s) Akiko Ishibashi
Saori Itamuro
Composer(s) Takeharu Ishimoto
Series Final Fantasy
Platform(s) PlayStation Portable
  • JP: March 3, 2011 [2]
  • NA: March 22, 2011 [3]
  • EU: March 25, 2011 [4]
  • AU: March 25, 2011
Genre(s) Fighting
Mode(s) Single-player, multiplayer

Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy(ディシディア デュオデシム ファイナルファンタジー,Dishidia Dyuodeshimu Fainaru Fantajī, pronounced "Dissidia Duodecim Final Fantasy") is a 2011 fighting game published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the Final Fantasy series. It was developed by the company's 1st Production Department and released in Japan on March 3, 2011. [1] The game is both a prequel and remake of Dissidia Final Fantasy , revealing what occurred before the events of its predecessor, and was released on March 22, 2011 in North America. [5]

Square Enix Japanese video game developer, publisher, and distribution company

Square Enix Holdings Co., Ltd. is a Japanese video game developer, publisher, and distribution company known for its Final Fantasy, Dragon Quest, and Kingdom Hearts role-playing video game franchises, among numerous others. Several of them have sold over 10 million copies worldwide, with the Final Fantasy franchise alone selling over 115 million. The Square Enix headquarters are in the Shinjuku Eastside Square Building in Shinjuku, Tokyo. The company employs over 4300 employees worldwide.

PlayStation Portable handheld game console made by Sony

The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment and competed with the Nintendo DS as part of the seventh generation of video-game consoles. Development of the handheld console was announced during E3 2003 and it was unveiled on May 11, 2004, at a Sony press conference before the next E3. The system was released in Japan on December 12, 2004; in North America on March 24, 2005; and in the PAL region on September 1, 2005.

Final Fantasy is a Japanese science fantasy media franchise created by Hironobu Sakaguchi, and developed and owned by Square Enix. The franchise centers on a series of fantasy and science fantasy role-playing video games (RPGs/JRPGs). The first game in the series was released in 1987, with 14 other main-numbered entries being released since then. The franchise has since branched into other video game genres such as tactical role-playing, action role-playing, massively multiplayer online role-playing, racing, third-person shooter, fighting, and rhythm, as well as branching into other media, including CGI films, anime, manga, and novels.


The game initially focuses on the twelfth war between the gods Chaos and Cosmos who have summoned several warriors from parallel worlds to fight for them. Upon ending the twelfth cycle, the game remakes the thirteenth war from the original Dissidia Final Fantasy and adds multiple sidestories. Fights in Dissidia 012 were given the ability to counteract enemies' strongest attacks by using assisting characters, while navigation is now done through a traditional-styled Final Fantasy world map.

Development of the game started in August 2009 with the Square staff wishing to improve the gameplay from the first game to provide players with more entertaining features as well as balance several parts. Dissidia 012 has been well received, with publications calling it one of the best PlayStation Portable games.


Gameplay is largely reminiscent of Dissidia Final Fantasy along with a few changes. The game consists primarily of one-on-one battles, taking place on what is known as a battle map where the two characters duel. Players are able to perform two types of attacks: a Bravery attack and an HP attack. Both characters start with a set amount of Bravery points, the number of Bravery points being equivalent to the amount of damage dealt by an HP attack. Thus, the player must perform several Bravery attacks to steal Bravery points from the opponent so as to increase the power of their HP attack, as Bravery attacks do not cause any damage.

<i>Dissidia Final Fantasy</i> video game

Dissidia Final Fantasy is a fighting game with action RPG elements developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation Portable as part of the campaign for the Final Fantasy series' 20th anniversary. It was released in Japan on December 18, 2008, in North America on August 25, 2009, in Australia on September 3, 2009 and in Europe on September 4, 2009. It was then re-released as an international version in Japan, based on the North American port, as Dissidia Final Fantasy: Universal Tuning, on November 1, 2009.

Additional mechanics

The mechanics of the battle system include "EX Revenge" and "Assist." EX Mode functions exactly the same as the first game by collecting EX Cores around the battle map to fill up the EX gauge and transform the character into a more powerful state, which allows players to perform a powerful EX Burst attack should an HP attack land during EX Mode. The Assist system is a new element to the game which allows the player to summon an additional ally into battle to either assist in attacking the enemy or defend from an oncoming attack. It is performed using the Assist Gauge, which is built up by using Bravery Attacks. [6] Both modes are supposed to balance each other, because when an EX Burst is executed, the opponent's Assist Gauge is reduced to zero.

The three main countering systems are Assist Breaks, EX Breaks and EX Revenge. An Assist Break is performed by attacking the opponent's Assist character while the player is in EX Mode, causing him/her to be unable to call out the Assist character for a brief period; this also passes the stage's Bravery points to the character. An EX Break is performed by stopping an opponent's EX Mode through the use of an Assist attack which forces the opponent out of EX Mode, additionally passing the stage's Bravery points to the player. Lastly, EX Revenge occurs when trying to activate EX Mode while being attacked. While in the first game it would simply halt the opponent's attack, it now slows down time allowing the player to pummel the opponent instead, though it sacrifices the player's ability to use an EX Burst as it uses up the entire EX Gauge. [6]

Single-player mode

A screenshot showing the single-player mode of the game. The game's world map, with new characters Lightning, Kain and Tifa as the three-member party. Dissidia 012 Story Screenshot.jpg
A screenshot showing the single-player mode of the game. The game's world map, with new characters Lightning, Kain and Tifa as the three-member party.

The biggest addition is within the single-player story mode of the game, taking place on a traditional-styled Final Fantasy world map, with players being able to experience a story while exploring a world with scenarios and events taking place as the story progresses. Players traverse the 3D world map with parties consisting of up to five characters, with players being able to interact in conversations with the characters. When roaming the map, players will encounter enemies known as "Manikins"; when attacked by an enemy, players will be transported to a battle map where battles will take place. There are specially marked shops on the map. The story mode is also party based, similar to the story progression of Final Fantasy VI . In certain scenarios, parties will be predetermined, but in most cases players are free to select their own party. [7] Alongside the game's new story mode, the game also includes the first game's story, which has been remade with the 3D world map as well as additional elements added for the new storyline. Tetsuya Nomura, producer and character designer for the game, has said that both storylines played together would result in approximately 60 hours of gameplay. [8]

<i>Final Fantasy VI</i> 1994 video game

Final Fantasy VI, also known as Final Fantasy III from its marketing for initial North American release in 1994, is a role-playing video game developed and published by Japanese company Square for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Final Fantasy VI, being the sixth game in the series proper, was the first to be directed by someone other than producer and series creator Hironobu Sakaguchi; the role was filled instead by Yoshinori Kitase and Hiroyuki Ito. Yoshitaka Amano, long-time collaborator to the Final Fantasy series, returned as the character designer and contributed widely to visual concept design, while series-regular, composer Nobuo Uematsu, wrote the game's score, which has been released on several soundtrack albums. Set in a fantasy world with a technology level equivalent to that of the Second Industrial Revolution, the game's story follows an expanding cast that includes fourteen permanent playable characters. The drama includes and extends past depicting a rebellion against an evil military dictatorship, pursuit of a magical arms-race, use of chemical weapons in warfare, depiction of violent, apocalyptic confrontations with Divinities, several personal redemption arcs, teenage pregnancy, and the continuous renewal of hope and life itself.

Tetsuya Nomura is a Japanese video game artist, designer and director working for Square Enix. He designed characters for the Final Fantasy series, debuting with Final Fantasy VI and continuing with various later installments. Additionally, Nomura has lead the development of the Kingdom Hearts series since its debut in 2002 and was also the director for the CGI film Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children.


Setting and characters

The game's main story revolves around the twelfth cycle of the eternal conflict between the gods Cosmos and Chaos, who have both summoned several warriors from different worlds [9] to fight for them in "World B", a mirror dimension to the realm of World A. [10] It features the entire cast of the original Dissidia with new and tweaked abilities, and introduces nine new playable characters for a total of thirty-one. Six of the new characters are available from the start of the game: Lightning, a former soldier and the protagonist of Final Fantasy XIII ; Vaan, a sky pirate and the protagonist of Final Fantasy XII ; [6] [7] Laguna Loire, the man who appears in Squall's dreams and the secondary protagonist of Final Fantasy VIII ; [7] Yuna, Tidus's love interest and female protagonist of Final Fantasy X ; [11] [12] Kain Highwind, Cecil Harvey's childhood friend and rival from Final Fantasy IV ; [13] and Tifa Lockhart, Cloud Strife's childhood friend from Final Fantasy VII . [7] [13] The remaining three characters, which can be unlocked through various means of gameplay, are Prishe, a supporting character from Final Fantasy XI ; Gilgamesh, a recurring villain from Final Fantasy V ; and Feral Chaos(デスペラードカオス,Desuperādo Kaosu), an alternate form of Chaos. Final Fantasy VII's Aerith Gainsborough is available as an assist-only character (i.e. not fully playable in the game) through the purchase of Dissidia 012 Prologus Final Fantasy on the PlayStation Network. [14]

Lightning (<i>Final Fantasy</i>) fictional character of the Final Fantasy series

Claire Farron, better known by the codename Lightning, is a fictional character from Square Enix's Final Fantasy series. She first appeared as a playable character and protagonist in the role-playing video game Final Fantasy XIII, in which she features as a resident of the artificial world of Cocoon. After her sister Serah is declared an enemy of Cocoon, Lightning attempts to save her. She and others are then chosen by the fal'Cie, a divided race of demigods who rule the worlds of Gran Pulse and Cocoon, to destroy Cocoon. Lightning reappears as a supporting character in Final Fantasy XIII-2, acting as protector of the Goddess Etro. She is the sole playable character in Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII, wherein she sets out to save her world, which is destined to end in thirteen days. Outside the XIII series, Lightning has been featured in multiple Final Fantasy games and had cameo appearances in other video games.

<i>Final Fantasy XIII</i> 2010 role-playing video game

Final Fantasy XIII is a science fiction role-playing video game developed and published by Square Enix for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 consoles and later for the Microsoft Windows operating system. Released in Japan in December 2009 and worldwide in March 2010, it is the thirteenth title in the mainline Final Fantasy series. The game includes fast-paced combat, a new system for the series for determining which abilities are developed for the characters called "Crystarium", and a customizable "Paradigm" system to control which abilities are used by the characters. Final Fantasy XIII includes elements from the previous games in the series, such as summoned monsters, chocobos, and airships.

Vaan fictional character

Vaan is a fictional character in the Final Fantasy series from Square Enix. Created by Yasumi Matsuno and designed by Akihiko Yoshida, he first appeared in Itadaki Street Special and then appeared in Final Fantasy XII as the protagonist. Final Fantasy XII establishes Vaan as an orphaned teenager from Rabanastre who dreams of becoming a sky pirate. He and his best friend Penelo join Dalmasca Princess Ashe in her fight against the tyranny of the Archadian Empire. Vaan also takes a more active role in the sequel Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings and has also been featured in few Final Fantasy crossover games.


During the twelfth cycle, the war is turning in favor of Chaos. Therefore, Cosmos entrusts her warriors with the task of retrieving the crystals that will help them defeat Chaos. [15] However, Cosmos does not foresee Chaos's forces employing an unworldly army of crystalline soldiers known as Manikins, which pose a threat due to their ability to negate the gods' power to revive the warriors after they are killed. [16] Believing their defeat to be inevitable, Kain and the Warrior of Light defeat most of their own allies to stop them from fighting the Manikins and return in the upcoming cycle. [17] Lightning opposes this plan and leads the other active warriors—Vaan, Yuna, Laguna, and Tifa—to stop the Manikins once and for all by sealing the portal from which they emerge, with Kain eventually joining them as well. [18] Though they succeed, Cosmos is reduced to a weakened state after using much of her power to diminish the Manikin army when they attempt to kill her and the Warrior of Light, [19] while Lightning and her group succumb to the Manikins' power and fade away. [20]

From there, the game retells the events of Dissidia Final Fantasy where returning warriors for Cosmos participate in the thirteenth cycle that ends the conflict between the gods. Once completing the thirteenth cycle, the player also has access to the third and final arc "Confessions of the Creator", in which Shinryu—a powerful entity that absorbs the warriors' memories and experiences following each cycle—traps Cosmos' comrade, Cid of the Lufaine, in a nightmare world where the cycles never end as punishment for saving Cosmos' warriors from the thirteenth cycle following Chaos' defeat. The player selects five characters to fight Feral Chaos, a stronger incarnation of Chaos, and save the imprisoned Cid the nightmare world. [21] [22]

In addition to the main story is a set of "Reports", most of which follow the other warriors who participate in the thirteenth cycle, explaining their roles before and during that cycle. Prominent characters in these reports include warriors of Cosmos—Terra, Cloud and Tidus—who fight for the side of Chaos during the twelfth cycle, and Chaos's warrior Jecht, who appears on the side of Cosmos, with the reports detailing how these characters came to switch sides. Furthermore, the Reports cover other events such as how the Warrior of Light enters the conflict and meets Cosmos's previous warriors Prishe and Shantotto, along with Gilgamesh's misadventures upon stumbling into World B.


Ideas for a sequel to Dissidia Final Fantasy were already conceived shortly after its release in Japan with creative producer Tetsuya Nomura wishing to feature Kain Highwind on it. [23] Development of the game started in August 2009 shortly before the release of Dissidia Final Fantasy Universal Tuning, the international version from the prequel. Director Mitsunori Takahashi stated the team wanted the sequel to have more changes than just new characters. This resulted in changes to gameplay features and the inclusion of new ones. The Assist feature was made to add more entertainment to the fights, [24] as well as to act as a counterbalance to the EX Mode that was the strongest area from the first game. [25] This was done in response to feedback commenting that the EX Mode was too powerful in the original game. The world map was created in order to appeal more the RPG fans. [26] Returning characters had their movesets modified to provide the player with new strategies when fighting. [25] One of the most revised ones was Firion due to feedback from players. [27] Since the original Dissidia had a concrete conclusion, the staff decided to make its story a prequel and encourage players to revisit Dissidia once concluding it. [25]

Choosing new characters proved difficult as the staff chose them based on their popularity and fighting styles. [24] The amount of new characters was restricted due to memory limitations. [25] Vaan's inclusion met several hardships since his Japanese voice actor, Kouhei Takeda, was busy at the time. They decided to replace Takeda with Kenshō Ono as a result of fan response. [28] Battle system director Takeo Kujiraoka made contact with Hiroyuki Ito regarding the character's design and moves based on his Final Fantasy XII appearances, which was well received by Ito. [29] While designed by Tetsuya Nomura, various of the new alternative outfits the characters were given were based on artworks by Yoshitaka Amano, another designer from the Final Fantasy series. [30] [31]

Downloadable content

Three other Square Enix games, Final Fantasy Trading Card Game, Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep Final Mix , and The 3rd Birthday , give players access to downloadable content in the form of alternate outfits for Vaan, Cloud Strife, and Lightning, respectively. [32] [33] As of June 16, 2011, the PlayStation Network has featured downloadable content for Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, including character costumes, avatars, and BGM packs. [34]


The music for Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy was composed by Takeharu Ishimoto and features multiple rearrangements from previous Final Fantasy themes by other composers. The American band Kidneythieves also sang the second part of the Feral Chaos' boss theme song, "God in Fire." Ishimoto wrote the song and requested Kidneythieves' collaboration with them to which the band stated it was entertaining. [35] On March 3, 2011, Square Enix released the Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy Original Soundtrack featuring a total of three discs with the first one having 44, the second one 20, and the third one seven. [36]

Track list


Aggregate score
Metacritic 78/100 [37]
Review scores
1UP.com A- [38]
Famitsu 38/40 [39]
Game Informer 7/10 [40]
GameSpot 8.0/10 [41]
IGN 9.0/10 [42]

Upon its first week of release Dissidia 012 sold 286,117 units in Japan, topping the Media Create's charts by replacing Phantasy Star Portable 2 Infinity, Although it managed first place, Dissidia 012 performed far below its predecessor, The original sold close to 500,000 units in its first week in December 18, 2008. [43] It has sold 465,198 units in Japan as of January 2012. [44] It has received positive reception. Dissidia 012 was scored a 38/40 by Famitsu , composed of a 10, 9, 10, 9 score by the four reviewers, two points higher than the original. [39] PSM3 gave the game an 8.2, calling it an "improvement on the original, with some great Final Fantasy fan service thrown in." [45] IGN gave the game a 9.0 (one point higher than the original), praising the game's graphics and improved gameplay, but criticizing its story. [42] Game Informer gave the game a 7, saying the game did not improve any of the battle system problems of the previous game, although the assist system was a good addition, saying it added an extra dimension to what was missing in the first game. [40] GamesRadar+ listed it as the ninth best PlayStation Portable game commenting on how it uses elements from famous RPGs, [46] while IGN listed it third with comments aimed towards its gameplay. [47]

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  16. Square Enix (March 22, 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Garland: Manikins are merciless. They know only how to deliver death and destruction, from which there can be no return.
  17. Square Enix (March 22, 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Kain: Manikins... Hm. I wonder. How do you place our odds? Against numbers like these, do you think we actually stand to win? / Warrior of Light: I cannot speak for the outcome, but we can fight as long as we have strength. / Kain: That's one answer. You are correct. We can fight for as long as we have strength, and almost certainly lose. But IF! IF there were a way to make winning possible, by accepting that loss as inevitable... / ... / Lightning: You're taking down your own allies and putting them to sleep so they'll get revived?
  18. Square Enix (March 22, 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Lightning: Say your 'next battle' were to start now. There wouldn't be any fewer enemies out there. And starting over fresh doesn't guarantee we'd get our crystals any faster either. At the very least, we might as well cut their numbers down first. It sure can't hurt, can it? And it might just give us a shot. / Laguna: Guess now's as good a time as any. Just happens I've got some intel that might change the whole game. You wanna even our odds? Try this on: I know where the manikins are coming from.
  19. Square Enix (22 March 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Vaan: What about Cosmos? / Kain: It's too late. / Vaan: "Too late"?! / Laguna: Even if we did go back, we'd never make it in time. Only thing we can do is trust our last line of defence to hold.
  20. Square Enix (March 22, 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Lightning: I'm sure you all understand our...situation. We came here to destroy the portal that connects this world to the Rift. It's the last thing left for us to do. But once we charge into the middle of those manikins, there's no coming back.
  21. Square Enix (March 22, 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Moogle (Cid of the Lufaine): The replica of Chaos you defeated was based on him at the time of sealing. I assume both Chaos and Shinryu have increased their powers since then. --I do apologize. I didn't mean to scare you. Beyond here awaits Chaos. --Let's go.
  22. Square Enix (March 22, 2011). Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy. PlayStation Portable. Square Enix. Cid has awakened--in the world in which I was felled in the 13th conflict. And another thing happened-- Another miracle. The 'crystals' of the warriors who were defeated despite the strongest resolve have brought 'her' back to that world. And Shinryu departed for the Rift. I guess the conflict will never repeat again. Thank you so much...for saving my father...
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