Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female

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Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
Awarded forQuality female jazz vocal performances
CountryUnited States
Presented by National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences
First awarded1981
Last awarded1991
Website grammy.com

The Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female was an honor presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards, [1] to female recording artists for quality jazz vocal performances (songs or albums). Honors in several categories are presented at the ceremony annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position". [2]

Grammy Award Accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The trophy depicts a gilded gramophone. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.

Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States. It originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as "America's classical music". Since the 1920s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms".

Contents

Prior to 1981, the gender-neutral category of Best Jazz Vocal Performance existed. [3] The first award specifically for female performances was presented to Ella Fitzgerald in 1981 for the album A Perfect Match . The category remained unchanged until 1985, when it was combined with the award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male and presented in the genderless category. Gender-specific awards were once again presented from 1986 until 1991. In 1992, the two categories were combined and presented as the category Best Jazz Vocal Performance. This category was later renamed to Best Jazz Vocal Album beginning in 2001. While the gender-specific award has not been presented since the category merge in 1992, an official confirmation of its retirement has not been announced.

The Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Album is an award presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards, to recording artists for quality works in the vocal jazz music genre. Awards in several categories are presented at the ceremony annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position".

Ella Fitzgerald American jazz singer

Ella Jane Fitzgerald was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing, intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

<i>A Perfect Match</i> (Ella Fitzgerald album) 1979 live album by Ella Fitzgerald

A Perfect Match is a 1979 live album by the American jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald, accompanied by the Count Basie Orchestra, and featuring Count Basie himself on the last track.

Fitzgerald holds the record for the most wins in this category, with four. Diane Schuur is the only other artist to receive the award more than once, with two consecutive wins. American artists have been presented with the award more than any other nationality, though it has been presented to a vocalist from the United Kingdom once. Betty Carter and Maxine Sullivan share the record for the most nominations without a win, with three each.

Diane Schuur American jazz musician

Diane Joan Schuur, nicknamed "Deedles", is an American jazz singer and pianist. As of 2015, Schuur had released 23 albums, and had extended her jazz repertoire to include essences of Latin, gospel, pop and country music. Her most successful album is Diane Schuur & the Count Basie Orchestra, which remained number one on the Billboard Jazz Charts for 33 weeks. She won Grammy Awards for best female jazz vocal performance in both 1986 and 1987 and has had three other Grammy nominations.

Betty Carter Jazz singer, songwriter

Betty Carter was an American jazz singer known for her improvisational technique, scatting and other complex musical abilities that demonstrated her vocal talent and imaginative interpretation of lyrics and melodies. Vocalist Carmen McRae once remarked: "There's really only one jazz singer—only one: Betty Carter."

Maxine Sullivan American blues and jazz singer

Maxine Sullivan, born Marietta Williams in Homestead, Pennsylvania, was an American jazz vocalist and performer.

Recipients

Four-time award winner Ella Fitzgerald performing in 1975 Ellafitzgerald.jpg
Four-time award winner Ella Fitzgerald performing in 1975
1986 award winner Cleo Laine Cleo Laine.jpg
1986 award winner Cleo Laine
1989 award winner Betty Carter performing in 1986 CarterBetty19861025.jpg
1989 award winner Betty Carter performing in 1986
Year [I] Performing artist(s)WorkNomineesRef.
1981 Ella Fitzgerald A Perfect Match [4]
1982 Ella Fitzgerald Digital III at Montreux [5]
1983 Sarah Vaughan Gershwin Live! [6]
1984 Ella Fitzgerald The Best Is Yet to Come [7]
1985 [II] [8]
1986 Cleo Laine Cleo at Carnegie: The 10th Anniversary Concert [9]
1987 Diane Schuur Timeless [10]
1988 Diane Schuur Diane Schuur & the Count Basie Orchestra [11]
1989 Betty Carter Look What I Got! [12]
1990 Ruth Brown Blues on Broadway [13]
1991 Ella Fitzgerald All That Jazz [14]

^[I] Each year is linked to the article about the Grammy Awards held that year.
^[II] Award was combined with the Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male category and presented in a genderless category known as Best Jazz Vocal Album.

The Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male was an honor presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards, to male recording artists for quality jazz vocal performances. Honors in several categories are presented at the ceremony annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position".

See also

The Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group was presented from 1981 to 1990.

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References

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