Kwinana Beach, Western Australia

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Kwinana Beach
Perth,  Western Australia
Kwinana ind night gnangarra.jpg
A chemical plant in Kwinana Beach
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Red pog.svg
Kwinana Beach
Coordinates 32°14′49″S115°45′32″E / 32.247°S 115.759°E / -32.247; 115.759 Coordinates: 32°14′49″S115°45′32″E / 32.247°S 115.759°E / -32.247; 115.759
Population0 [note 1]
Postcode(s) 6167
Location42 km (26 mi) from the Perth CBD
LGA(s) City of Kwinana
State electorate(s) Kwinana
Federal Division(s) Brand
Suburbs around Kwinana Beach:
Naval Base Hope Valley
Kwinana Beach Postans and Medina
East Rockingham Calista and Leda

Kwinana Beach is an outer southwestern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Kwinana. It is one of the two traditional industrial suburbs in the Perth metropolitan region.

Contents

History

Kwinana is originally a local indigenous Australian word meaning either "young woman" or "pretty maiden". [1] The ship SS Kwinana was wrecked on Cockburn Sound in 1922, and blown on to the beach. The nearby area acquired the name Kwinana Beach when the local postmistress, Clara Wells, immediately started labeling the mail sacks "Kwinana Wreck", to distinguish the settlement there from Rockingham, to the south. [2] :p.10 Kwinana Beach was officially adopted as a township in 1937.

With the new industrial developments at Kwinana Beach in the 1950s, led by BP's Kwinana Refinery, a large new workers settlement – Kwinana Townsite – was purpose-built slightly inland. [2]

Other industries quickly followed – Alcoa, [3] CSBP, [4] CBH, [5] Coogee Chemicals, [6] and others.

The original village at Kwinana Beach was rezoned 'industrial', and scheduled for resumption and compulsory purchase as early as 1953 – apparently unbeknown to the residents. Confirmed in the Stephenson Plan (1955), this was ratified by State Parliament in the 1963 Perth Metropolitan Region Scheme. [2] However, building applications were still being approved throughout the 1960s, and beyond – with a vague warning that the land was earmarked for "potential industrial development".

There was no real public comment until 1968, following increased pollution, nuisance, and health problems from the growing industrial development just north of the village. This led to a rather lively Council meeting at the Kwinana Beach Hall in September, 1969. The dangers of property resumption were played down by the Kwinana Mayor, Cr. F. Baker, who advised residents to stay put and see what happened. The Air Pollution consultant, Mr A. Keil, informed them that, though there were no immediate plans to use the land for industry, it was a definite possibility – and pollution problems were "unavoidable", and would only get worse. Residents responded that they didn't mind moving, so long as the compensation was fair, and enabled them to purchase a property of at least equal value – rather than leaving them in debt. Finally, a committee was formed to look into the issues. [2]

Matters remained in limbo throughout the 1970s, with residents accepting resumption of their properties as conditions became increasingly intolerable.

With the exception of the huge CBH grain silos and jetty, very little of this land was ever actually used by industry. Today, rail lines connect local industries to their supplies, snaking through the ruins of the houses and gardens which line the original Kwinana Beach Road. To the north of the Kwinana Beach area, enormous jetties jut out into the deep-water harbour of Cockburn Sound.

Starting with the Kwinana wreck at Wells Park (named for the postmistress, Clara Wells, [2] who inadvertently named the area in 1922), the Kwinana Beach coastline down to Rockingham is now largely used as beach and recreation areas. The Kwinana wreck itself is now an unrecognisable, short concreted line-fishing jetty.

Motorsport

Kwinana Beach is home to the Perth Motorplex which incorporates an international standard drag racing strip, and a 520 metres (570 yd) dirt track speedway. The Motorplex opened in 2000, replacing the old Ravenswood Raceway Drag Racing strip (1969–1999), and the Claremont Speedway which had operated from 1927 until 2000 and is recognised as the longest running speedway in Australia. [7]

Notes

  1. Industrial suburb with no local residents.

Related Research Articles

City of Kwinana Local government area in Western Australia

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Safety Bay, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

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Patterson Road is a major road between Kwinana and Rockingham and is part of Australia's National Route 1 for part of its length. The first part goes through Kwinana's heavy industrial area. After the Ennis Avenue turnoff which takes Highway 1 with it, Patterson Road becomes State Route 18 and goes through the Rockingham Beach area until it turns into Railway Terrace one block from the ocean at Mangles Bay, which is part of the Indian Ocean.

Rockingham Road is a major road between Fremantle and Kwinana in the southern suburbs of Perth. It is allocated National Route 1 – part of Australia's national Highway 1 – between Stock Road in Munster and its southern terminus in Kwinana.

Cockburn Road

Cockburn Road is a major road in the southern suburbs of Perth, which connects Fremantle and Kwinana. While it is for the most part a coastal road, much of its length travels through heavy industrial areas. However, a number of other facilities can be found on the road—the Woodman Point Recreation Reserve which includes camping and accommodation facilities, the Beeliar Regional Park and the Cockburn International Raceway.

Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

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Perth Motorplex is a motorsport venue located at Kwinana Beach, Western Australia. It caters mainly for drag racing and speedway, although other events are held there regularly. Over 275,000 patrons attend the venue each year to many varied events. The Perth Motorplex holds rounds of the World Series Sprintcars championship.

North Coogee Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

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Kwinana is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

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Kwinana Oil Refinery

The Kwinana Refinery, operated by BP, is located on the shore of Cockburn Sound at Kwinana, near Fremantle, Western Australia. It was constructed by the then Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and completed in 1955. It is the largest oil refinery in Australia, with a capacity of 138,000 barrels per day (21,900 m3/d).

Rockingham, Western Australia City in Western Australia

Rockingham is a city and primary centre in Western Australia south-west of the Perth city centre and south of Fremantle. It has a beachside location at Mangles Bay, the southern extremity of Cockburn Sound. To its north stretches the maritime and resource-industry installations of Kwinana and Henderson. Offshore to the north-west is Australia's largest naval fleet and submarine base, Garden Island, connected to the mainland by an all-weather causeway. To the west and south lies the Shoalwater Islands Marine Park.

SS <i>Kwinana</i>

SS Kwinana was an Australian ocean-going cargo and passenger steamship. She was built in England in 1892 as the cargo ship SS Darius. In 1912 she changed owners, was refitted as a cargo and passenger ship and renamed Kwinana.

Kwinana freight railway

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Fremantle Outer Harbour

The Fremantle Outer Harbour is the part of Fremantle Harbour located in the Cockburn Sound, at the City of Kwinana, Western Australia. Fremantle Harbour consists of the Inner Harbour, which is situated on the mouth of the Swan River; and the Outer Harbour, which is 20 km to the south. It is managed by the Fremantle Port Authority.

References

  1. Wajnryb, Ruth (2006). Australian Place Name Stories. Lothian Books. p. 114. ISBN   0-7344-0623-1.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Russell, Laurie (1979). Kwinana: Third Time Lucky. Western Australia: Advance Press, for Kwinana Town Council. pp. 248–252, 257–259. ISBN   0-9595116-0-1.
  3. Alcoa of Australia Limited official website
  4. CSBP official website
  5. About CBH
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 January 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. Perth Motorplex official website