Lucky Jim Camp

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Lucky Jim Camp sometimes called Lucky Camp is a ghost town site in Clark County, Nevada. It was within New Mexico Territory when founded in 1862. [1]

Ghost town City depopulated of inhabitants and that stays practically intact

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, war, pollution, or nuclear disasters. The term can sometimes refer to cities, towns, and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but significantly less so than in past years; for example, those affected by high levels of unemployment and dereliction.

Clark County, Nevada County in the United States

Clark County is located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,951,269, with an estimated population of 2,204,079 in 2017. It is by far the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of the state's residents–thus making Nevada one of the most centralized states in the nation.

New Mexico Territory territory of the United States of America, 1850-1912

The Territory of New Mexico was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from September 9, 1850, until January 6, 1912, when the remaining extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of New Mexico, making it the longest-lived organized incorporated territory of the United States, lasting approximately 62 years.

Contents

It was a mining camp in El Dorado Canyon in the Colorado Mining District in the 1860s. Its site lies on the north side of the canyon, south of the Techatticup Mine, at an elevation of 2444 feet and above the mouth of January Wash at its confluence with El Dorado Canyon. [1]

El Dorado Canyon is a canyon in southern Clark County, Nevada famed for its rich silver and gold mines. The canyon was named in 1857 by steamboat entrepreneur Captain George Alonzo Johnson when gold and silver was discovered here. It drains into the Colorado River at the former site of Nelson's Landing.

Colorado Mining District was primarily a silver and gold mining district organized in El Dorado Canyon, New Mexico Territory on the west shore of the Colorado River in what is now Clark County, Nevada. The Colorado District was part of Arizona Territory from 1863 to 1869. In 1869, the land of Arizona Territory north and west of the Colorado River east to the 114th meridian of longitude, including the Colorado District, was turned over to Nevada.

Techatticup Mine, is a former gold mine, now a tourist attraction. It is located at an elevation of 2,477 feet (755 m), midway in Eldorado Canyon, in Clark County, Nevada.

History

How Lucky Jim Camp was named is unknown. [2]

Lucky Jim Camp was the home of miners sympathetic to the Confederate cause during the American Civil War. A mile up the canyon, above Huse Spring, was a camp with Union sympathies called Buster Falls. [3] :15, and Note 33 [4] :611

Confederate States of America (de facto) federal republic in North America from 1861 to 1865

The Confederate States of America, commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865. The Confederacy was originally formed by seven secessionist slave-holding states—South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas—in the Lower South region of the United States, whose economy was heavily dependent upon agriculture, particularly cotton, and a plantation system that relied upon the labor of African-American slaves.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Union (American Civil War) United States national government during the American Civil War

During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states that supported it. The Union was opposed by 11 southern slave states that formed the Confederate States of America, also known as "the Confederacy" or "the South".

El Dorado City with its stamp mill, established in late 1863, was located just a short distance down the same side of the canyon as the older Lucky Jim Camp, and may have supplanted it by the end of the war or shortly thereafter when the mines had a period of idleness. [5]

El Dorado City, which is now a ghost town, was a mining camp in the Colorado Mining District at the mouth of January Wash at its confluence with El Dorado Canyon. It was located about a mile down the canyon from Huse Spring, at an elevation of 2382 feet. Its site was located nearby to the south southeast of the Techatticup Mine the primary source of the ore its mill processed.

Stamp mill type of mill machine

A stamp mill is a type of mill machine that crushes material by pounding rather than grinding, either for further processing or for extraction of metallic ores. Breaking material down is a type of unit operation.

Today

The site of Lucky Jim Camp appears barren of any trace of ruins viewed by satellite photos. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lucky Jim Camp
  2. The town replaced the earlier mining camps of Alturas and Louisville established near the Techatticup Mine in 1861, after the destructive Great Flood of 1862. The Great Flood affected much of the Western United States in the winter of 1861-1862, including the Colorado River Basin between Washington County, Utah and Yuma, Arizona, causing severe flooding and destruction of settlements, including in El Dorado Canyon. Lucky Jim Camp was located off the canyon floor and above the flood waters, and provided a refuge to those fleeing the lower camps in the flood's path. The name of nearby January Wash may memorialize the event which would have occurred there in January 1862.
  3. John M. Townley, Early Development of El Dorado Canyon and Searchlight Mining Districts, NEVADA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY, SPRING 1968, VOLUME XI Number 1, Nevada Historical Society, Reno, 1968
  4. James Graves Scrugham, Nevada: A Narrative of the Conquest of a Frontier Land, Vol. 1, American Historical Society, Chicago, 1935
  5. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Eldorado City (historical)

Coordinates: 35°42′08″N114°48′12″W / 35.70222°N 114.80333°W / 35.70222; -114.80333

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.