Lygodactylus

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Lygodactylus
Dwarf Yellow-headed gecko edit.jpg
Lygodactylus luteopicturatus
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gekkonidae
Subfamily: Uroplatinae
Genus: Lygodactylus
Gray, 1864 [1] [2]
Diversity
72 spp.

Lygodactylus is a genus of diurnal geckos with 72 species. They are commonly referred to as dwarf geckos. They are mainly found in Africa and Madagascar although two species are found in South America. Lygodactylus picturatus, the best known species, is found in Kenya and commonly known as the white-headed dwarf gecko. [3] Recently, illegal importation from Tanzania of brightly colored (and critically-endangered), Lygodactylus williamsi, known as electric blue geckos, has been gaining attention for Lygodactylus geckos in the reptile trade.

Contents

Since all trade in wild-caught Lygodactylus williamsi is illegal, shipments of these geckos are often intentionally mislabelled as Lygodactylus spp. or as Lygodactylus capensis . [4] As some customs officials have difficulty identifying members of this genus, [4] a Lygodactylus spp. identification guide has been published online by CITES. [5]

Species

Species in alphabetical order by specific name: [2]

Lygodactylus picturatus in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The tail has been lost due to a self-defense mechanism known as autotomy. White-headed dwarf gecko.jpg
Lygodactylus picturatus in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The tail has been lost due to a self-defense mechanism known as autotomy.

L. blancae (feminine, genitive, singular) is named for (Ms) Françoise Blanc, a French geneticist; but L. blanci (masculine, genitive, singular) is named for (Mr.) Charles Pierre Blanc, a French herpetologist. [7]

Nota bene : A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was original described in a genus other than Lygodactylus.

Related Research Articles

<i>Phelsuma</i> Genus of lizards

Phelsuma is a large genus of geckos in the family Gekkonidae. Species in the genus Phelsuma are commonly referred to as day geckos.

<i>Afroedura</i> Genus of lizards

Afroedura is a genus of African geckos, lizards in the family Gekkonidae. Member species are collectively known as rock geckos or flat geckos.

<i>Paroedura</i> Genus of lizards

Paroedura is a genus of geckos, endemic to Madagascar and the Comoros. These geckos are typically terrestrial, though the young of most species can climb until they are too heavy for their feet to support.

<i>Hemidactylus</i> Genus of common geckos

Hemidactylus is a genus of the common gecko family, Gekkonidae. It has 176 described species, newfound ones being described every few years. These geckos are found in all the tropical regions of the world, extending into the subtropical parts of Africa and Europe. They excel in colonizing oceanic islands by rafting on flotsam, and are for example found across most of Polynesia. In some archipelagoes, cryptic species complexes are found. Geckos like to live in and out of houses. They have been introduced to Australia.

Tiny scaled gecko Species of lizard

The tiny scaled gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Madagascar.

<i>Blaesodactylus</i> Genus of lizards

Blaesodactylus is a small genus of six species of lizards, endemic to Madagascar, commonly known as velvet geckos, and formerly considered part of the genus Homopholis.

<i>Cordylus</i> Genus of lizards

The genus Cordylus includes a wide variety of small- to medium-sized spiny lizards from Africa, collectively called girdle-tailed or girdled lizards. All are diurnal and ovoviviparous. Most species are rupicolous (rock-dwelling), while a few species are arboreal or live in burrows. They defend themselves with osteoderms and by quickly retreating into rock crevices or burrows. Many species live in groups and males defend territories.

Pasteurs dwarf gecko Species of lizard

Pasteur's dwarf gecko, also commonly known as Arnoult's gecko, is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to Madagascar.

Blancs dwarf gecko Species of lizard

Blanc's dwarf gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to central Madagascar. They are the least known species of dwarf geckos in Madagascar. Blanc's dwarf geckos are one out of eleven gecko species that are protected in Madagascar. Hence, collecting them is only allowed with an appropriate permit.

<i>Lygodactylus williamsi</i> Species of lizard

Lygodactylus williamsi is a critically endangered species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to a small area of Tanzania. Common names include turquoise dwarf gecko, William's dwarf gecko, and, in the pet trade, electric blue gecko.

<i>Lygodactylus blancae</i> Species of lizard

Lygodactylus blancae is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Madagascar.

Western dwarf gecko Species of lizard

The western dwarf gecko is a small species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Madagascar.

White-headed dwarf gecko Species of lizard

The white-headed dwarf gecko or painted dwarf gecko is a species of Lygodactylus gecko widely distributed in Africa.

Angels dwarf gecko Species of lizard

Angel's dwarf gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Madagascar.

Malagasy dwarf gecko Species of lizard

The Malagasy dwarf gecko, also known commonly as Klemmer's dwarf gecko, is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae.

Kluge's dwarf gecko is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to northeastern Brazil.

<i>Lygodactylus pauliani</i> Species of lizard

Lygodactylus pauliani is a species of gecko, a lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to Madagascar.

Scortecci's dwarf gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is native to East Africa.

References

  1. "Lygodactylus ". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  2. 1 2 Lygodactylus at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database
  3. "Lygodactylus picturatus White-headed Dwarf Gecko". Wildherps.com. Retrieved 2007-04-05.
  4. 1 2 CITES Proposal for inclusion
  5. TRAFFIC (2011). How to identify Lygodactylus williamsi: A photographic guide to the turquoise dwarf gecko. In: Wildlife Trade Handbook. TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa and the Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 11–17.
  6. Marques, Mariana P.; Ceríaco, Luis M. P.; Buehler, Matthew D.; Bandeira, Suzana A.; Janota, Joyce M.; Bauer, Aaron M. (2020-09-23). "A revision of the Dwarf Geckos, genus Lygodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Angola, with the description of three new species". Zootaxa. 4853 (3): 301–352. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4853.3.1. ISSN   1175-5334. PMID   33056364. S2CID   222841571.
  7. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN   978-1-4214-0135-5. (Lygodactylus blancae and L. blanci, p. 26).

Further reading