Orange-breasted thornbird

Last updated

Orange-breasted thornbird
Phacellodomus ferrugineigula -Reserva Guainumbi, Sao Luis do Paraitinga, Sao Paulo, Brasil-8.jpg
At Reserva Guainumbi, São Luís do Paraitinga, São Paulo State, Brazil
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Genus: Phacellodomus
Species:
P. ferrugineigula
Binomial name
Phacellodomus ferrugineigula
(Pelzeln, 1858)
Phacellodomus ferrugineigula map.svg
Synonyms [2]

P. erythrophthalmus ferrugineigula

The orange-breasted thornbird (Phacellodomus ferrugineigula), also known as the red-eyed thornbird, is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in forest and woodland, especially near water, in southeastern Brazil and adjacent northern Uruguay. [3]

Adult Orange-breasted Thornbird.jpg
Adult

It was formerly considered a subspecies of P. erythropthalmus , but under the common name red-eyed thornbird. [2] When split, P. erythropthalmus is known as the orange-eyed thornbird. Unlike that species, the orange-breasted thornbird has dark reddish-brown eyes, extensive rufous to the underparts, a relatively large rufous crown-patch, and dark central rectrices (which contrast with the rufous outer rectrices). The two also have different voices and are locally sympatric in São Paulo without evidence of interbreeding. [4]

Related Research Articles

Pale-breasted spinetail Species of bird

The pale-breasted spinetail, is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from Costa Rica to Uruguay, and in Trinidad.

Bornean peacock-pheasant Species of bird

The Bornean peacock-pheasant is a medium-sized pheasant. It is probably the rarest and certainly the least known of all peacock-pheasants. This elusive bird is endemic to lowland forests of Borneo.

Rusty-vented canastero Species of bird

The rusty-vented canastero, or creamy-breasted canastero, is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae.

Red-crested cardinal Species of bird

The red-crested cardinal is a songbird, the species belonging to the family of tanagers (Thraupidae). Notwithstanding its similar name, this bird is not closely related to the true cardinal family (Cardinalidae). It is sometimes known as the Argentine cardinal.

Chestnut-backed thornbird Species of bird

The chestnut-backed thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru. Its natural habitat is Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation. It is threatened by habitat loss.

<i>Phacellodomus</i> Genus of birds

Phacellodomus is the genus of thornbirds, birds in the family Furnariidae. They are found in woodland, shrubland and grassland, often near water, in South America.

Orange-eyed thornbird Species of bird

The orange-eyed thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to the Atlantic Forest in eastern Brazil. It formerly included P. ferrugineigula as a subspecies, but under the common name red-eyed thornbird. After the two were split, that English name was confusingly used for both species briefly, although it only really is fitting for P. ferrugineigula. To avoid this confusion, P. ferrugineigula is now generally called the orange-breasted thornbird. Unlike that species, the orange-eyed thornbird has conspicuously bright orange eyes, far less rufous below and on the crown, and the entire tail rufous. The two also have different voices and are locally sympatric in São Paulo without evidence of interbreeding.

Spot-breasted thornbird Species of bird

The spot-breasted thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in the Southern Andean Yungas. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.

Rufous-fronted thornbird Species of bird

The rufous-fronted thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae.

Little thornbird Species of bird

The little thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

Streak-fronted thornbird Species of bird

The streak-fronted thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in the eastern half of the Puna grassland. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland.

Freckle-breasted thornbird Species of bird

The freckle-breasted thornbird is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It was first described by Alcide d'Orbigny and Frédéric de Lafresnaye in 1838, from Uruguay.

Tawny-throated leaftosser Species of bird

The tawny-throated leaftosser is a tropical American bird species in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. It is also known as the tawny-throated leafscraper, Mexican leaftosser or Mexican leafscraper. This bird might be a cryptic species complex.

Striped treehunter Species of bird

The striped treehunter is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae with a dusky-brown coloring with prominent buff streaking on the wings, throat, and breast. It is found in humid to wet montane forest that range locally in the Andes from west Venezuela to west Bolivia most often at elevations of 1500–2500 m. It is most often mistaken for and with the larger flammulated treehunter due to many physical and behavioral similarities.

Pale-breasted thrush Species of bird

The pale-breasted thrush is a species of bird in the family Turdidae.

Oberländer's ground thrush, also known as the forest ground-thrush, is a species of bird in the thrush family, Turdidae. It is found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.

Finschs rufous thrush Species of bird

Finsch's rufous thrush, also known as Finsch's flycatcher-thrush, Finsch's rusty flycatcher, Finsch's ant thrush or Finsch's rufous ant thrush, is a little-known flycatcher-like thrush of West African forests. It is often considered a subspecies of Fraser's rufous thrush.

The descriptive term rufous-fronted is part of the common name of a number of different bird species:

Plain thornbird Species of bird

The plain thornbird is a species of bird in the ovenbird family Furnariidae.

References

  1. BirdLife International (2016). "Phacellodomus ferrugineigula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2016: e.T22702632A93883831. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22702632A93883831.en . Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. 1 2 "Phacellodomus ferrugineigula". Avibase.
  3. Cravino, Jorge; Claramunt, Santiago (2007). "First records of Red-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus ferrugineigula and Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas for Uruguay". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 127 (4): 327–329.
  4. Simon, J. E., Pacheco, J. F., Whitney, B. M., Mattos, G. T., & Gagliardi, R. L. (2008). Phacellodomus ferrugineigula (Pelzeln, 1858) (Aves: Furnariidae) é uma espécie válida. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 16(2): 107-124.