Orange-eyed thornbird

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Orange-eyed thornbird
Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus.jpg
at Serra da Cantareira State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Genus: Phacellodomus
Species:
P. erythrophthalmus
Binomial name
Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus
(Wied, 1821)
Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus map.svg

The orange-eyed thornbird (Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus) is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to the Atlantic Forest in eastern Brazil. It formerly included P. ferrugineigula as a subspecies, but under the common name red-eyed thornbird. After the two were split, that English name was confusingly used for both species briefly, although it only really is fitting for P. ferrugineigula. To avoid this confusion, P. ferrugineigula is now generally called the orange-breasted thornbird. Unlike that species, the orange-eyed thornbird has conspicuously bright orange eyes, far less rufous below and on the crown (essentially restricted to the throat and frontlet), and the entire tail rufous. The two also have different voices and are locally sympatric in São Paulo without evidence of interbreeding. [2]

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References

  1. BirdLife International (2018). "Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2018: e.T22702627A130275632. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22702627A130275632.en . Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. Simon, J. E., Pacheco, J. F., Whitney, B. M., Mattos, G. T., & Gagliardi, R. L. (2008). Phacellodomus ferrugineigula (Pelzeln, 1858) (Aves: Furnariidae) é uma espécie válida. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 16(2): 107-124.