Princess of Wales

Last updated
Princess of Wales
Tywysoges Cymru
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi with Their Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on November 08, 2017 (1) (cropped 2).jpg
Incumbent
Camilla,Princess of Wales

since 9 April 2005 [1]
Style Her Royal Highness
Ma'am
Residence Clarence House
Inaugural holder Joan of Kent
Website princeofwales.gov.uk

Princess of Wales (Welsh : Tywysoges Cymru) is a British courtesy title held by the wife of the Prince of Wales, who is, since the 14th century, the heir apparent of the English or British monarch. The first acknowledged title holder was Eleanor de Montfort, wife of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. It has subsequently been used by wives of post-conquest princes of Wales.

Contents

The title is currently held by Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (the former Camilla Parker Bowles), second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, since their marriage on 9 April 2005. [1] She does not use the title [1] in due respect to the previous holder, Charles's first wife Diana, Princess of Wales, who died in 1997. Instead, she uses the title of Duchess of Cornwall, the feminine form of her husband's highest-ranking subsidiary title.

Status of the title

The Princess of Wales is not a princess in her own right. There have been some Princesses of Wales who were addressed as such: for example, Alexandra of Denmark and Mary of Teck were called "Princess Alexandra" and "Princess Victoria Mary", respectively. However, that was because they were already princesses when they married. Diana, Princess of Wales, was commonly called "Princess Diana" following her marriage to the Prince of Wales, but this was incorrect because she was not a princess in her own right.

Although not granted the title in her own right, the future Queen Mary I was, during her youth, invested by her father, King Henry VIII, with many of the rights and properties traditionally given to the Prince of Wales, including use of the official seal of Wales for correspondence. For most of her childhood, Mary was her father's only legitimate heir, and for this reason, she was often referred to as "the Princess of Wales", although Henry never formally created her as such. For example, Spanish scholar Juan Luis Vives dedicated his Satellitium Animi to "Dominæ Mariæ Cambriæ Principi, Henrici Octavi Angliæ Regis Filiæ". [2]

Other titles of the Princess of Wales

The Princess of Wales, by virtue of her marriage to the Prince of Wales, takes on the feminine equivalent of her husband's titles. Thus, upon marriage, the wife of the Prince of Wales assumes the styles and titles of Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, and Countess of Chester.

The Princess of Wales is known as the Duchess of Rothesay in Scotland, and the Prince of Wales is known as the Duke of Rothesay there, the dukedom being the title historically associated with the heir to the Scottish throne. She is known as the Duchess of Cornwall in the far south west of England, and as the Countess of Chester in Cheshire.

Native princesses of Wales

Several consorts of Welsh princes of Wales were theoretically princesses of Wales while their husbands were in power. Llywelyn ab Iorwerth's consort, Joan, Lady of Wales, used that title in the 1230s; Isabella de Braose and Elizabeth Ferrers were likewise married to princes of Wales, but it is not known if they assumed a title in light of their husbands' status.

The only consort of a Welsh prince definitively shown to have used the title was Eleanor de Montfort, the English bride of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last native Prince of Wales. Their only child was Gwenllian, who was taken prisoner as an infant following her father's death. Gwenllian was the last native Welsh princess to actually be described as Princess of Wales, which was not an official title; Edward I had her raised in Sempringham Priory in Lincolnshire, far from where any Welsh rebels could find her, and once appealed to the Pope to increase funds to the priory by writing that "...herein is kept the Princess of Wales, whom we have to maintain."[ citation needed ]

Princesses of Wales

This is a list of Princesses of Wales. [3]

PersonPrevious nameBirthMarriageBecame Princess of WalesSpouseChange in statusDeath
Joan of Kent.jpg Joan, Countess of Kent 19 September 132810 October 1361 Edward the Black Prince 7 June 1376
(husband's death)
7 August 1385
Anne Neville portrait.jpg Lady Anne Neville 11 June 145613 December 1470 Edward of Westminster 4 May 1471
(husband's death)
16 March 1485
Catalina de Aragon, por un artista anonimo.jpg Infanta Catherine of Aragon 16 December 148514 November 1501 Arthur, Prince of Wales 2 April 1502
(husband's death)
7 January 1536
Caroline Wilhelmina of Brandenburg-Ansbach by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg Princess Caroline of Ansbach 1 March 168322 August 170527 September 1714 George Augustus of Brunswick and Lüneburg 11 June 1727
(husband's accession)
20 November 1737
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by Charles Philips cropped.jpg Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha 30 November 171917 April 1736 Frederick, Prince of Wales 31 March 1751
(husband's death)
8 February 1772
Caroline of Brunswick.jpg Princess Caroline of Brunswick 17 May 17688 April 1795 George, Prince of Wales 29 January 1820
(husband's accession)
7 August 1821
Josefine Swoboda - Queen Alexandra when Princess of Wales 1895.jpg Princess Alexandra of Denmark 1 December 184410 March 1863 Albert Edward, Prince of Wales 22 January 1901
(husband's accession)
20 November 1925
PrincessofWales1902.jpg Princess Mary of Teck 26 May 18676 July 18939 November 1901 George, Prince of Wales 6 May 1910
(husband's accession)
24 March 1953
BEST ALL-TIME DIANA! (5113074392).jpg Lady Diana Spencer 1 July 196129 July 1981 Charles, Prince of Wales 28 August 1996
(divorce)
then titled Diana, Princess of Wales
31 August 1997
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi with Their Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall, at Hyderabad House, in New Delhi on November 08, 2017 (1) (cropped 2).jpg Camilla Parker Bowles 17 July 19479 April 2005
(known as Duchess of Cornwall)
incumbent

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 "House of Commons – Royal Marriage". parliament.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  2. "To the Lady Mary, Prince of Wales, Daughter of Henry VIII, King of England"
  3. Cecily Neville, wife of Richard, Duke of York, is omitted from this list. Although her husband Richard of York was briefly given various titles, including Prince of Wales, by an Act of Parliament as part of his arrangement to succeed Henry VI as king instead of Henry's own son, he is not generally recognised as such and is not mentioned in any published summary of the topic.

Bibliography

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Prince of Wales British Royal Family Title

Prince of Wales was a title held by native Welsh princes before the 12th century; the term replaced the use of the word king. One of the last Welsh princes, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was killed at the Battle of Orewin Bridge in 1282. Edward I, King of England, invested his son Edward as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Prince of Wales

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, sometimes written as Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, also known as Llywelyn the Last, was Prince of Wales from 1258 until his death at Cilmeri in 1282. The son of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr and grandson of Llywelyn the Great, he was the last sovereign prince of Wales before its conquest by Edward I of England.

A prince consort is the husband of a queen regnant who is not himself a king in his own right. In recognition of his status, a prince consort may be given a formal title, such as prince or prince consort, with prince being the most common. However, most monarchies do not have formal rules on the styling of princes consort, thus they may have no special title. Few monarchies use the title of king consort for the same role.

The order of precedence in the United Kingdom is the sequential hierarchy for Peers of the Realm, officers of state, senior members of the clergy, holders of the various Orders of Chivalry and other persons in the three legal jurisdictions within the United Kingdom:

Eleanor de Montfort, Princess of Wales Princess of Wales

Eleanor de Montfort, Princess of Wales and Lady of Snowdon was an English noble. She was the daughter of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England. She was also the second woman who can be shown to have used the title Princess of Wales.

British princess Princess of the United Kingdom

This is a list of those who have held the title Princess of the United Kingdom from the accession of George I in 1714. This article deals with both princesses of the blood royal and women who become princesses upon marriage.

Henry de Montfort English noble

Sir Henry de Montfort was the son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, and with his father played an important role in the struggle of the barons against King Henry III. Henry's mother was Princess Eleanor of England, a daughter of King John, whose marriage to Simon further increased the foreign influence begun by the king, which was to result in great hostility by those very barons who later revolted against the king.

Duchess of Cornwall is a courtesy title held by the wife of the duke of Cornwall. The Dukedom of Cornwall is a non-hereditary peerage title held by the British monarch's eldest son and heir. The current duchess is Camilla, wife of Charles, Prince of Wales.

Princess consort is an official title or an informal designation that is normally accorded to the wife of a sovereign prince. The title may be used for the wife of a king if the more usual designation of queen consort is not used.

Gwenllian of Wales or Gwenllian ferch Llywelyn was the only child of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last native Prince of Wales. She is sometimes confused with Gwenllian ferch Gruffudd, who lived two centuries earlier.

Duchess of Rothesay is a Scottish courtesy title. It is held by the wife of the duke of Rothesay since the first duke in 1398. The Act of Union of 1707 united the kingdoms of Scotland and England into the Kingdom of Great Britain. Ever since 1603 the title of the Duchess of Rothesay is held by the wife of the Prince of Wales, who was also the Duchess of Cornwall and almost always the Princess of Wales; the title of Duchess of Rothesay is for her use when in Scotland.

Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd was Princess consort of Deheubarth in Wales, and married to Gruffydd ap Rhys, Prince of Deheubarth. Gwenllian was the daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan (1055–1137), Prince of Gwynedd and Angharad ferch Owain, and a member of the princely Aberffraw family of Gwynedd. Gwenllian's "patriotic revolt" and subsequent death in battle at Kidwelly Castle contributed to the Great Revolt of 1136.

Ednyfed Fychan, full name Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig, was a Welsh warrior who became seneschal to the Kingdom of Gwynedd in Northern Wales, serving Llywelyn the Great and his son Dafydd ap Llywelyn. He claimed descent from Marchudd ap Cynan, Lord of Rhos, 'protector' of Rhodri Mawr, King of Gwynedd. He was ancestor of Owen Tudor and thereby of the Tudor dynasty, and all its royal successors down to the present day.

Margaret Hanmer, sometimes known by her Welsh name of Marred ferch Dafydd, was the wife of Owain Glyndŵr. Although some modern histories have accorded Margaret the title "Princess of Wales", there is no contemporary record that Hanmer used either that title or her husband's earlier title of Prince of Powys. "Princess of Wales", an English honorific given to the wife of the English prince of Wales, was first used by Joan of Kent. Only one wife of a Welsh prince is known to have used the title: Eleanor de Montfort, wife of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last Prince of Wales.

This article is about the particular significance of the century 1201–1300 to Wales and its people.

Events from the 1240s in England.

History of Gwynedd during the High Middle Ages

The history of Gwynedd in the High Middle Ages is a period in the History of Wales spanning the 11th through the 13th centuries. Gwynedd, located in the north of Wales, eventually became the most dominant of Welsh principalities during this period. Distinctive achievements in Gwynedd include further development of Medieval Welsh literature, particularly poets known as the Beirdd y Tywysogion associated with the court of Gwynedd; the reformation of bardic schools; and the continued development of Cyfraith Hywel. All three of these further contributed to the development of a Welsh national identity in the face of Anglo-Norman encroachment of Wales.

Dafydd ap Gruffydd Prince of Wales and last independent ruler of Wales

Dafydd ap Gruffydd was Prince of Wales from 11 December 1282 until his execution on 3 October 1283 by King Edward I of England. He was the last independent ruler of Wales.

Ferch may refer to: