This is a list of those who have held the title Princess of the United Kingdom from the accession of George I in 1714. This article deals with both princesses of the blood royal and women who become princesses upon marriage.
George I was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 23 January 1698 until his death in 1727.
The use of the title of Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is entirely at the will of the sovereign as expressed in letters patent. Individuals holding the title of princess are styled "Her Royal Highness" (HRH). On 18 April 1917, the newest granddaughter of Wilhelm II, German Emperor was styled a British Princess from birth even though Germany and Britain were fighting in WWI. George V wrote Letters Patent on 30 November 1917,to restrict the automatic assignment of the title "Princess" and the use of the style "Royal Highness" to the following persons:
Princess is a regal rank and the feminine equivalent of prince. Most often, the term has been used for the consort of a prince, or for the daughter of a king or prince.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy. A monarch may exercise the highest authority and power in the state, or others may wield that power on behalf of the monarch. Typically a monarch either personally inherits the lawful right to exercise the state's sovereign rights or is selected by an established process from a family or cohort eligible to provide the nation's monarch. Alternatively, an individual may become monarch by conquest, acclamation or a combination of means. A monarch usually reigns for life or until abdication.
Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation. Letters patent can be used for the creation of corporations or government offices, or for the granting of city status or a coat of arms. Letters patent are issued for the appointment of representatives of the Crown, such as governors and governors-general of Commonwealth realms, as well as appointing a Royal Commission. In the United Kingdom they are also issued for the creation of peers of the realm. A particular form of letters patent has evolved into the modern patent granting exclusive rights in an invention. In this case it is essential that the written grant should be in the form of a public document so other inventors can consult it to avoid infringement and also to understand how to "practice" the invention, i.e., put it into practical use. In the Holy Roman Empire, Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, imperial patent was also the highest form of generally binding legal regulations, e. g. Patent of Toleration, Serfdom Patent etc.
Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a royal title normally granted to sons and grandsons of reigning and past British monarchs. It is also held by the Duke of Edinburgh, husband of Queen Elizabeth II. The title is granted by the reigning monarch, who is the fount of all honours, through the issuing of letters patent as an expression of the royal will.
On 31 December 2012, Elizabeth II issued letters patent enabling all children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales to enjoy the princely title and style of Royal Highness , as opposed to only the eldest son.
Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Prince of Wales was a title granted to native Welsh princes before the 12th century; the term replaced the use of the word king. One of the last Welsh princes, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was killed in battle in 1282 by Edward I, King of England, whose son Edward was invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.
Royal Highness is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses. Monarchs and their consorts are usually styled Majesty. When used as a direct form of address, spoken or written, it takes the form "Your Royal Highness". When used as a third-person reference, it is gender-specific and, in plural, Their Royal Highnesses (TRH).
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Under the current practice, princesses of the blood royal are the legitimate daughters and the legitimate male line granddaughters of a British Sovereign. They are dynasts, that is potential successors to the throne. For these individuals, the title "Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" and the style "Her Royal Highness" is an entitlement for life. The title Princess and the style Royal Highness is prefixed to the Christian name, before another title of honour. From 1714 until 1917, the male-line great granddaughters of the Sovereign were titled "Princess of Great Britain and Ireland" with the style "Highness". Since 1917,the male-line great granddaughters of the Sovereign have held "the style and title enjoyed by the children of dukes". For example, the daughters of the current Duke of Gloucester, a male line grandson of George V, are styled The Lady Davina Lewis and The Lady Rose Gilman.
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary. He practised as an architect until the death of his elder brother placed him in direct line to inherit his father's dukedom of Gloucester, which he inherited, as the second duke, in 1974. He is a paternal cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, and currently 27th in the line of succession to the British throne as well as the first in line not descended from King George VI. He is also the senior male line descendant of three British monarchs: Victoria, Edward VII and George V.
Princesses by marriage are the recognised wives of the Sovereign's sons and male-line grandsons.Generally, these women are entitled to the style "Royal Highness" by virtue of marriage, and retain the style if widowed. However, Queen Elizabeth II issued Letters Patent dated 21 August 1996 stating that any woman divorced from a Prince of the United Kingdom would no longer be entitled to the style "Royal Highness". This has so far applied to Diana, Princess of Wales, and Sarah, Duchess of York.
Diana, Princess of Wales, was a member of the British royal family. She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and the mother of Prince William and Prince Harry. Diana's activism and glamour made her an international icon and earned her an enduring popularity as well as an unprecedented public scrutiny, exacerbated by her tumultuous private life.
Sarah, Duchess of York, is a British writer, charity patron, film producer, and television personality. She is the former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Sarah is the younger daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson and Susan Barrantes. She has two daughters, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, who are respectively ninth and tenth in the line of succession to the British throne.
Since the passage of the Royal Marriages Act 1772, there have been several instances in which princes of the blood contracted marriages in contravention of that act (which meant they were not legally married) and several instances in which the Sovereign withheld the style "Her Royal Highness" from a prince's wife deemed to be unsuitable. For example, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, a male-line grandson of George III, married Sarah Louisa Fairbrother, in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act. Although morganatic marriage did not exist in British law, the duke's wife was never titled the Duchess of Cambridge or accorded the style "Her Royal Highness". Instead, she was known as "Mrs FitzGeorge". Most famously, George VI issued Letters Patent dated 27 May 1937 that entitled The Duke of Windsor "to hold and enjoy for himself only the title style or attribute of Royal Highness so however that his wife and descendants if any shall not hold the said title style or attribute".
The wife of a prince of the blood takes her husband's Christian namein her title as do all married royal women. For example, upon her marriage to Prince Michael of Kent in 1978, Baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz assumed the title and style of "Her Royal Highness Princess Michael of Kent". Similarly, upon her marriage to then Prince Richard of Gloucester, the former Birgitte van Deurs assumed the title and style of "Her Royal Highness Princess Richard of Gloucester".
The situation is slightly different when a woman is married to a prince who happens to be a peer or the Prince of Wales.[ citation needed ] Upon marriage, the wife of the Prince of Wales becomes "Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales". Upon marriage, the wife of a royal duke (or earl) becomes "Her Royal Highness The Duchess (or Countess) of X". When Prince Richard of Gloucester succeeded to his father's dukedom in 1974, his wife became "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Gloucester".
It has been traditional, and is still technically the case,[ citation needed ] that a princess by marriage cannot be called Princess followed by her first name. Diana, Princess of Wales, was consistently referred to as "Princess Diana" by fans and the media, but the use of this title is completely erroneous, as she was not the child of a monarch nor the child of a son of a monarch. However, this tradition was broken once in the past century with Queen Elizabeth's aunt, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, being referred to—with permission from the sovereign—in official sources as such following the death of her husband.
The use of the titles prince and princess and the styles of Highness and Royal Highness for members of the Royal Family is of fairly recent usage in the British Isles. Before 1714,there was no settled practice regarding the use of the titles prince and princess other than the heir apparent and his wife. From 1301 onward, the eldest sons of the Kings of England (and later Great Britain and the United Kingdom) have generally been created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester. Their wives were titled Princess of Wales.
The title Princess Royal came into being in 1642[ citation needed ] when Queen Henrietta Maria, the French-born wife of Charles I, wished to imitate the way the eldest daughter of the French King was styled (Madame Royale). However, there was no settled practice on the use of the title princess for the Sovereign's younger daughters or male-line granddaughters. For example, as late as the time of Charles II, the daughters of his brother James, Duke of York, both of whom became Queens regnant, were called simply "The Lady Mary" and "The Lady Anne". The future Queen Anne was styled princess in her marriage treaty to Prince George of Denmark and then styled "Princess Anne of Denmark" once married. However, in exile at Saint-Germain-en-Laye the deposed James II gave the title of Princess Royal to his last daughter, Louisa Maria (1692–1712).
After the accession of George I of Hanover, the princely titles were changed to follow the German practice.[ citation needed ] The children, grandchildren, and male line great grandchildren of the British Sovereign were automatically titled "Prince or Princess of Great Britain and Ireland" and styled "Royal Highness" (in the case of children and grandchildren) or "Highness" (in the case of male line great grandchildren). Queen Victoria confirmed this practice in Letters Patent dated 30 January 1864 (the first Act of the Prerogative dealing with the princely title in general terms).
On 31 December 2012, Elizabeth II issued letters patent enabling all children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales to enjoy the princely title and style of Royal Highness , as opposed to only the eldest son.
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When a princess marries, she still takes on her husband's title. If the title is higher than (or equal to) the one she possesses, she will normally be styled using the female equivalent.[ citation needed ] If her husband has a lower title or style, her style as a princess remains in use, although it may then be combined with her style by marriage, e.g. HRH The Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll or HRH Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone – if that princess had a territorial designation, she may cease its use. However, some of the lowest styles are not utilised by senior royals — Princess Anne remains HRH The Princess Royal rather than HRH The Princess Royal, Lady Laurence.
A woman who marries a Prince does not become a Princess in her own right, but rather is permitted to use the substantive title "Princess Husband's name"; this is akin to a woman being referred to as "Mrs. John Smith".The only recent time this has broken tradition is with the Sovereign's express consent. Namely, with Queen Elizabeth's aunts Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent. The former was not a princess by birth, while the latter was born a princess of Greece and Denmark. Both women asked the Queen to use their given names to avoid confusion with their daughters-in-law's titles after their husbands' deaths.
There have been several exceptions in recent history to these rules, but all have come by order of the Sovereign, mostly through letters patent.
|Princess of Great Britain from birth|
|Princess of the United Kingdom from birth|
|Created Princess of Great Britain by the sovereign|
|Created Princess of the United Kingdom by the sovereign|
|Title at birth||Birth||Death||Lineage||Comments|
|Sophia Dorothea||1687||1757||Only daughter of King George I||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her father as King George I.|
Queen-consort of Prussia 1713–1740.
|Anne||1709||1759||1st daughter of King George II||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her grandfather as King George I. Princess of Orange.|
|Amelia Sophia Eleanor||1711||1786||2nd daughter of King George II||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her grandfather as King George I.|
|Caroline Elizabeth||1713||1757||3rd daughter of King George II||Gained title in 1714 upon accession of her grandfather as King George I.|
|Mary||1723||1772||4th daughter of King George II||Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel|
|Louise||1724||1751||5th daughter of King George II||Queen of Denmark 1746-1751.|
|Augusta Frederica||1737||1813||1st daughter of Frederick |
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Duchess of Brunswick 1780–1806.|
|Elizabeth Caroline||1741||1759||2nd daughter of Frederick |
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Louise Anne||1749||1768||3rd daughter of Frederick |
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Caroline Matilda||1751||1775||4th daughter of Frederick |
& Granddaughter of King George II
|Queen of Denmark and Norway 1767–1775.|
|Charlotte Augusta Matilda||1766||1828||1st daughter of King George III||Held the title 'The Princess Charlotte' from birth and formally styled Princess Royal in 1789. Queen of Württemberg 1806–1816.|
|Augusta Sophia||1768||1840||2nd daughter of King George III|
|Elizabeth||1770||1840||3rd daughter of King George III||Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg|
|Mary||1776||1857||4th daughter of King George III||Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh|
|Sophia Matilda||1777||1848||5th daughter of King George III|
|Amelia||1783||1810||6th daughter of King George III|
|Sophia Matilda||1773||1834||1st daughter of Prince William Henry |
& Great-Granddaughter of King George II
|Granted style of Royal Highness in 1816.|
|Caroline Augusta Maria||1774||1775||2nd daughter of Prince William Henry |
& Great-Granddaughter of King George II
|Charlotte Augusta||1796||1817||Only daughter of King George IV||Death in childbirth left Kingdom without direct line heir. Princess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.|
|Charlotte Augusta Louisa||1819||1819||1st daughter of King William IV|
|Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide||1820||1821||2nd daughter of King William IV|
|Alexandrina Victoria||1819||1901||Only daughter of Prince Edward |
& Granddaughter of King George III
|Succeeded as Queen Victoria, reigned 1837–1901.|
Title held until her accession in 1837 as Queen Victoria.
|Augusta Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Mary Sophia Louise||1822||1916||Granddaughter of George III||Daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge; Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1860–1904.|
|Mary Adelaide Wilhemina Elizabeth||1833||1897||Granddaughter of George III||Daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge; mother of Queen Mary. Duchess of Teck|
|Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa||1840||1901||Daughter of Queen Victoria||Held the title 'The Princess Victoria' from birth and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1841.|
German Empress and Queen of Prussia 1888 and mother of William II, German Emperor and King of Prussia.
|Alice Maud Mary||1843||1878||Daughter of Queen Victoria||Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine 1877–1878.|
|Helena Augusta Victoria||1846||1923||Daughter of Queen Victoria|
|Frederica Sophie Marie Henrietta Amelia Theresa||1848||1926||Great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of George V of Hanover.|
|Louise Caroline Alberta||1848||1939||Daughter of Queen Victoria|
|Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elisabeth Alexandrina||1849||1904||Great-granddaughter of George III||Daughter of George V of Hanover.|
|Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore||1857||1944||Daughter of Queen Victoria||Princess Henry of Battenberg|
|Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar||1867||1931||Daughter of Edward VII||Held the title 'Princess Louise of Wales' from birth, 'The Princess Louise' from her father's accession in 1901 and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1905.|
|Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary||1868||1935||Daughter of Edward VII||Held the title 'Princess Victoria of Wales' from birth, 'The Princess Victoria' from her father's accession in 1901, held title until death.|
|Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria||1869||1938||Daughter of Edward VII||Queen of Norway 1905–1938.|
|Marie Alexandra Victoria||1875||1938||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh; Queen of Romania 1914–1927.|
|Victoria Melita||1876||1936||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh; Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine 1894–1901; de jure Empress of All Russia 1924-1936.|
|Alexandra Louise Olga Victoria||1878||1942||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.|
|Marie Louise Victoria Caroline Amelia Alexandra Augusta Frederica||1879||1948||Great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Crown Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover.|
|Margaret Victoria Charlotte Augusta Norah||1882||1920||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn; Crown Princess of Sweden 1907-1920.|
|Alexandra Marie Louise Olga Elizabeth Theresa Vera||1882||1963||Great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Crown Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover.|
|Alice Mary Victoria Augusta Pauline||1883||1981||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany.|
|Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria||1884||1966||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.|
|Olga Adelaide Louise Marie Alexandrina Agnes||1884||1958||Great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Crown Prince Ernst Augustus of Hanover.|
|Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth||1886||1974||Granddaughter of Queen Victoria||Title held from her birth until 1919 when she relinquished her title and style upon marriage, Daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn.|
|Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise||1891||1959||Granddaughter in female line of Edward VII||Title granted by Letters Patent of 1905, Daughter of Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife.|
|Maud Alexandra Victoria Georgina Bertha||1893||1945||Granddaughter in female line of Edward VII||Title granted by Letters Patent of 1905, ceased use of title after her marriage in 1923 although it was never formally relinquished, daughter of Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife.|
|Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary||1897||1965||Daughter of George V||Held the title 'Princess Mary of York' from birth, 'The Princess Mary' on her father's accession in 1910, and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1932.|
|Sibylla Calma Maria Alice Bathildis Feodora||1907||1972||Great-granddaughter of Victoria||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany. Duchess of Västerbotten from 1932 to her death, mother of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.|
|Caroline Matilda Helen Louise Augusta Beatrice||1912||1983||Great-granddaughter of Victoria||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany.|
|Frederica Louisa Thyra Victoria Margareta Olga Cécilie Isabella Christa||1917||1981||Great-great-great-granddaughter of George III||Title from birth until 1917, daughter of Ernest Augustus, Prince of Hanover and Duke of Brunswick.|
|Elizabeth Alexandra Mary||1926||Daughter of George VI||Held the title 'Princess Elizabeth of York' from birth, 'The Princess Elizabeth' from her father's accession in 1936, until her succession in 1952 as Queen Elizabeth II.|
|Margaret Rose||1930||2002||Daughter of George VI||Held the title 'Princess Margaret of York' from birth, 'The Princess Margaret' from her father's accession in 1936, and 'The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon' after her marriage, title held title until death.|
|Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel||1936||Granddaughter of George V||Daughter of Prince George, Duke of Kent.|
|Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise||1950||Daughter of Elizabeth II||Held the title 'Princess Anne of Edinburgh' from birth, 'The Princess Anne' from her mother's accession, and styled 'The Princess Royal' in 1987.|
|Beatrice Elizabeth Mary||1988||Granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York.|
|Eugenie Victoria Helena||1990||Granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York. After wedding named Mrs Jack Brooksbank|
|Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary||2003||Granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex; styled as an earl's daughter per her parents' wishes and the will of the Queen. (see her titles and styles).|
|Charlotte Elizabeth Diana||2015||Great-granddaughter of Elizabeth II||Daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, holds the title 'Princess Charlotte of Cambridge'.|
|Title of Princess where spouses title was eliminated by Letters Patent issued 30 November 1917 or Order in Council in 1919|
|Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach||1683||1737||1705||George, Prince of Wales||Gained title by accession of her father-in-law as George I in 1714 and held it until her husband's accession as George II in 1727.|
|Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha||1719||1772||1736||Frederick, Prince of Wales|
|Maria Walpole||1736||1807||1766||Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh|
|Anne Horton||1742||1808||1771||Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn||Gained title by her second marriage.|
|Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia||1767||1820||1791||Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany|
|Duchess Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel||1768||1821||1795||George, Prince of Wales||Held title until her husband's accession as George IV in 1820.|
|Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz||1778||1841||1815||Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale||Gained title by her third marriage and held title until her husband's accession as King Ernest Augustus of Hanover in 1837.|
|Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel||1797||1889||1818||Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge|
|Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld||1786||1861||1818||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn||Gained title by her second marriage.|
|Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen||1792||1849||1818||Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews||Held title until her husband's accession as William IV in 1830.|
|Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg||1818||1907||1843||George, Crown Prince of Hanover||Held title until her husband's accession as George V of Hanover in 1851.|
|Princess Alexandra of Denmark||1844||1925||1863||Albert Edward, Prince of Wales||Held title until her husband's accession as Edward VII in 1901.|
|Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia||1853||1920||1874||Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh||Held title until her husband's accession as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1893.|
|Princess Thyra of Denmark||1853||1933||1878||Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover||Husband lost British title of Prince in 1917.|
|Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia||1860||1917||1879||Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn|
|Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont||1861||1922||1882||Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany|
|Princess Mary of Teck||1867||1953||1893||Prince George, Duke of York||Held title until her husband's accession as George V in 1910.|
|Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein||1885||1970||1905||Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany||Husband lost British title of Prince in 1919.|
|Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia||1892||1980||1913||Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick||Husband lost British title of Prince in 1917. Princess Viktoria Luise was born Princess of Prussia being the only daughter of the German Kaiser Wilhelm II.|
|Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon||1900||2002||1923||Prince Albert, Duke of York||Held title until her husband's accession as George VI in 1936.|
|Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark||1906||1968||1934||Prince George, Duke of Kent||Princess of Greece and Denmark by birth. However, when she was widowed she reverted her title to Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, styling herself as a princess suo jure in the UK.|
|Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott||1901||2004||1935||Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester||When she was widowed in 1974 she was granted special permission to style herself as a princess suo jure .|
|Katharine Worsley||1933||1961||Prince Edward, Duke of Kent|
|Birgitte van Deurs||1946||1972||Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester|
|Baroness Marie Christine von Reibnitz||1945||1978||Prince Michael of Kent||Gained title by her second marriage.|
|Lady Diana Spencer||1961||1997||1981||Charles, Prince of Wales||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales. She lost style of Her Royal Highness upon divorce, and was restyled as "Diana, Princess of Wales". She was also a "Lady" (as a daughter of an earl) in her own right prior to marriage.|
|Sarah Ferguson||1959||1986||Prince Andrew, Duke of York||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York. She lost style of Her Royal Highness and her position as a Princess upon divorce, and was restyled as "Sarah, Duchess of York".|
|Sophie Rhys-Jones||1965||1999||Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex and Viscountess Severn.|
|Camilla Parker Bowles||1947||2005||Charles, Prince of Wales||By her second marriage she became: Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester. She also holds the title of Princess of Wales but does not use it.|
|Catherine Middleton||1982||2011||Prince William, Duke of Cambridge||On marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.|
|Meghan Markle||1981||2018||Prince Henry, Duke of Sussex||By her second marriage she became: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Sussex, Countess of Dumbarton and Lady Kilkeel.|
Each of the following women married a royal prince but as their marriages were invalid under the Royal Marriages Act 1772, they did not become princesses:[ citation needed ]
Although Wallis Simpson married the Duke of Windsor in 1937, and he was a British prince with the style His Royal Highness, having been confirmed as such by letters patent 27 May 1937 from his brother, George VI, Wallis and her descendants from the marriage were expressly denied the style of "Royal Highness" by the same letters patentbefore she married him. As a duke's wife, she was always styled Her Grace The Duchess of Windsor. Her husband, the Duke of Windsor, insisted that staff and friends should refer to her as Her Royal Highness, and honor her with bows and curtsies.
There have been two instances where a British princess married a British prince:[ citation needed ] first The Princess Mary, daughter of George III, who married her first cousin Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh; and secondly Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, granddaughter of Edward VII, who married her first cousin once removed Prince Arthur of Connaught. In the first instance Princess Mary was of higher rank and the Duke of Gloucester and his sister were elevated from the style His/Her Highness to His/Her Royal Highness. In the second instance Princess Alexandra had been granted the style Her Highness by her grandfather the King; as the wife of a Prince she received the style Her Royal Highness.
There is also the curious case of Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg, later Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain (the daughter of Princess Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenberg). Prior to her marriage to Alfonso XIII of Spain in May 1906, she was styled Her Highness Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg. On 3 April 1906 Edward VII, in order to elevate her standing prior to her wedding, raised her status to Royal Highness per royal declaration which read: "Whitehall April 3, 1906. The KING has been graciously pleased to declare and ordain that His Majesty's niece, Her Highness Princess Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena, daughter of Her Royal Highness the Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore (Princess Henry of Battenberg), shall henceforth be styled and called "Her Royal Highness"; And to command that the said Royal concession and declaration be registered in His Majesty's College of Arms."Edward VII concurrently issued a Royal Warrant on the elevation which read: "Our Will and Pleasure is and we do hereby declare and ordain that from and after the date of this Warrant our most Dear Niece Princess Victoria Eugénie Julia Ena, only daughter of Our most Dear Sister Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore (Princess Henry of Battenberg) shall be styled entitled and called "Her Royal Highness" before her name and such Titles and Appellations which to her belong in all Deeds Records Instruments or Documents whatsoever wherein she may at any time hereafter be named or described. And We do hereby authorize and empower Our said most Dear Niece henceforth at all times to assume and use and to be called and named by the Style, Title and Appellation of "Her Royal Highness" accordingly. Given at Our Court of Saint James's, the Third day of April 1906: in the Sixth Year of Our Reign. By His Majesty's Command. M Gladstone" Whether this made her a British Royal Princess is the subject of debate.
The former Lady Diana Spencer lost the prefix of Her Royal Highness upon her divorce in August 1996, and was restyled as "Diana, Princess of Wales". Buckingham Palace issued a press release on the day the decree absolute of divorce was issued, announcing Diana's change of title, but made it clear that Diana continued to be a member of the British Royal Family. This was confirmed by the deputy coroner of the Queen's Household, Baroness Butler-Sloss, after a pre-hearing on 8 January 2007: "I am satisfied that at her death, Diana, Princess of Wales continued to be a member of the Royal Household."This appears to have been confirmed in the High Court judicial review matter of Al Fayed & Ors v Butler-Sloss. In that case, three High Court judges accepted submissions that the "very name 'Coroner to the Queen's Household' gave the appearance of partiality in the context of inquests into the deaths of two people, one of whom was a member of the Family and the other was not."
Of the above named princesses, there are a great number of shared names:
Miss Catherine Middleton became Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.
The Duchess is entitled to use the title Princess William of Wales, but has never described herself as such because the couple decided to be known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge after the titles were conferred on them by the Queen on their wedding day.
Although she has never used the name, the Duchess is entitled to refer to herself as Princess William of Wales, as well as being Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.
The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family.
Mountbatten-Windsor is the personal surname used by some of the male-line descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Under a declaration made in Privy Council in 1960, the name Mountbatten-Windsor applies to male-line descendants of the Queen without royal styles and titles. Individuals with royal styles do not usually use a surname, but some descendants of the Queen with royal styles have used Mountbatten-Windsor when a surname was required.
Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood was a member of the British royal family. She was the third child and only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary and was born during the reign of Queen Victoria, her great-grandmother. Mary was the paternal aunt of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. Her education started at home. World War I brought Mary out of seclusion as she launched a charity campaign to support British troops and sailors. She eventually became a nurse. Mary married Viscount Lascelles in 1922. She was an avid collector of jewellery.
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge was a member of the British royal family, a granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II. She held the title of Duchess of Teck through marriage.
Princess Arthur of Connaught, 2nd Duchess of Fife, RRC, GCStJ was a granddaughter of King Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife was the third child and the eldest daughter of the British king Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark; she was a younger sister of George V. She was the eldest granddaughter of Christian IX of Denmark. In 1905, her father gave her the title of Princess Royal, which is usually bestowed on the eldest daughter of the British monarch if there is no living holder.
Princess Maud, later Countess of Southesk, was a granddaughter of the British king Edward VII. Maud and her elder sister, Alexandra, had the distinction of being the only female-line descendants of a British sovereign officially granted both the title of Princess and the style of Highness. Despite the fact that they were not daughters of a royal duke, they were sometimes unofficially referred to with the territorial designation of Fife but in official documents, until their marriages, they were always styled Her Highness Princess Maud or Alexandra, without the territorial designation "of Fife".
Lady May Helen Emma Abel Smith was a relative of the British Royal Family. She was a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria and a niece of Queen Mary. Due to anti-German sentiment in England during World War I, George V changed the name of the royal house from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor and renounced all of his German titles and the German titles of members of the British royal family. In response, May's family renounced their German princely titles and the style of Serene Highness and adopted the surname Cambridge, after her ancestor the Duke of Cambridge. Her father was then created the Earl of Athlone, and she was granted the precedence of the daughter of an earl with the courtesy title of Lady.
Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester was a great-granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and niece of King George III.
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh was the eleventh child and fourth daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom and his consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Duchess of Cornwall is a courtesy title held by the wife of the Duke of Cornwall. The Dukedom of Cornwall is a non-hereditary peerage title held by the British monarch's eldest son and heir. The current Duchess of Cornwall is Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, since her 9 April 2005 marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales.
Princess consort is an official title or an informal designation that is normally accorded to the wife of a sovereign prince. The title may be used for the wife of a king if the more usual designation of queen consort is not used.
Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh was Countess Waldegrave from 1759 to 1766 as the wife of James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, and a member of the British royal family from 1766 as the wife of Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh.
In the British peerage, a royal duke is a member of the British royal family, entitled to the titular dignity of prince and the style of His Royal Highness, who holds a dukedom. Dukedoms are the highest titles in the British roll of peerage, and the holders of these particular dukedoms are Princes of the Blood Royal. The holders of the dukedoms are royal, not the titles themselves. They are titles created and bestowed on legitimate sons and male-line grandsons of the British monarch, usually upon reaching their majority or marriage. The titles can be inherited but cease to be called "royal" once they pass beyond the grandsons of a monarch. As with any peerage, once the title becomes extinct, it may subsequently be recreated by the reigning monarch at any time.
The wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten took place on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey in London. Philip had been made Duke of Edinburgh on the morning of the wedding.
Duchess of Edinburgh is the principal courtesy title held by the wife of the Duke of Edinburgh.