Rawalakot

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Rawalakot


راولا کوٹ
Rawalakot comerical area.jpeg
A view of Rawalakot
Azad Kashmir Location Map.svg
Red pog.svg
Rawalakot
Pakistan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Rawalakot
Coordinates: 33°51′12″N73°45′05″E / 33.85333°N 73.75139°E / 33.85333; 73.75139
Country Pakistan
Administrative Territory Azad Kashmir
District Poonch District
Area
  Total1,010 km2 (390 sq mi)
Elevation
1,638 m (5,374 ft)
Population
 (19ا98)
  Total371,00
  Estimate 
(2015)
624,53
  Density375/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Calling code 05824
Number of towns 3
Number of Union councils 21

Rawalakot (Urdu : راولا کوٹ ) is the capital of Poonch district in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is located in the Pir Panjal Range.

Contents

Location

A view of Mong Road Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.jpg
A view of Mong Road

Rawalakot is located at Latitude 33°51'32.18"N, Longitude 73° 45'34.93"E and an Elevation of 5374 feet. Rawalakot is approximately 76 kilometres (47 mi) from Kahuta and about 120 km (75 mi) from the city of Rawalpindi, Pakistan.. It is linked with Rawalpindi and Islamabad via Goyain Nala and Tain roads. Via Kotli Satiyan and Kahuta. It is also linked with Rawalpindi via Sudhnuti.

Rawalakot is also known as Pearl Valley because the abundance of almond blossoms in the valley in summer gives the impression of scattered pearls when viewed from a mountain.[ citation needed ]

Transport

Travel routes

Construction of the Ghazi-e-Millat road (also known as Guoien Nala road) between Rawalakot and Azad Pattan has considerably reduced travel time, it is main road which is connecting Islamabad/Rawalpindi to Rawalakot city. A bus across the LOC, the Poonch-Rawalakot bus has helped to re-establish ties across the conflict torn region.

The road passing through Pakgali-Paniola connects Rawalakot to Bagh, Rawalpindi and Muzaffarabad. The other road that passes through Mohri Farman Shah, Shuja Abad is the shortest possible road link that connects Rawalakot city with Bagh. Murree, Islamabad and Rawalpindi are in a southward direction from Rawalakot. The town has another road link with Kotli.

Rawalakot Airport is non-operational, as there is no demand for the air service provided by Pakistan International Airlines. The airport has been closed since 1998. However, plans are to restart it soon.

Climate

Rawalakot features a subtropical highland climate under the Köppen climate classification due to high altitude. Rawalakot's weather is quite erratic. However, the climate of Rawalakot can be divided into four seasons, namely spring, summer, autumn and winter. Rawalakot has mild to warm temperatures during the spring and autumn, humid temperatures during summer and cold to snowy during the winter. The temperature can rise as high as 38  °C (100  °F ) during the mid-summer months and drop below −1  °C (30  °F ) during the winter months. Snowfall occurs in December and January, while most rainfall occurs during the monsoon season stretching from July to September. [1]

Climate data for Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)25.6
(78.1)
32.9
(91.2)
34.4
(93.9)
41.0
(105.8)
45.0
(113.0)
46.6
(115.9)
43.2
(109.8)
40.0
(104.0)
39.4
(102.9)
39.9
(103.8)
33.3
(91.9)
28.9
(84.0)
46.6
(115.9)
Average high °C (°F)17.3
(63.1)
19.8
(67.6)
24.7
(76.5)
30.6
(87.1)
36.3
(97.3)
38.1
(100.6)
34.8
(94.6)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
30.4
(86.7)
25.2
(77.4)
19.7
(67.5)
28.6
(83.5)
Average low °C (°F)3.8
(38.8)
6.7
(44.1)
11.1
(52.0)
15.9
(60.6)
21.0
(69.8)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
23.6
(74.5)
21.1
(70.0)
14.8
(58.6)
8.8
(47.8)
5.0
(41.0)
15.0
(59.0)
Record low °C (°F)−2.6
(27.3)
0.0
(32.0)
2.8
(37.0)
3.3
(37.9)
10.0
(50.0)
13.0
(55.4)
12.0
(53.6)
12.7
(54.9)
13.0
(55.4)
1.9
(35.4)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches)24.9
(0.98)
30.8
(1.21)
31.2
(1.23)
20.1
(0.79)
14.4
(0.57)
44.1
(1.74)
112.8
(4.44)
136.3
(5.37)
43.8
(1.72)
15.7
(0.62)
14.5
(0.57)
19.1
(0.75)
507.7
(19.99)
Source: [2]

Farming for corn, rice and wheat is conducted in and around Rawalakot. Extensive vegetable farming including tomatoes, potatoes, spinach and various others is done as well. The largest industry for Rawalakot is the harvesting of Poplar trees, which are exported to Pakistan for manufacture of sports goods.

Government employment is a major sector for employment, however, a large section of the population is dependent upon remittances from overseas workers who send money to their relatives in Azad Jammu & Kashmir.

Due to lack of opportunities, most citizens of Poonch, including Rawalakot are looking for ways to get employment in other countries. Moreover, it is not uncommon for qualified youth from the city to find employment in larger cities like Rawalpindi/Islamabad and Peshawar.

Rawalakot map Rawalakot map3.JPG
Rawalakot map

Demography

Rawalakot has an urban population of 79,000 people according to a 2015 estimate. [3]

Rawalakot–Poonch trade route and bus service

Pakistan and India agreed to facilitate travel between the two parts of disputed Jammu and Kashmir by providing entry permits to divided Kashmiri families to travel across the Line of Control (LOC). Thousands of divided families are living on either side of the LOC since 1948 after a cease fire line was drawn which divides Kashmir between Pakistani Kashmir and Indian Kashmir. The cease fire line was turned into the Line of Control (LOC) after the Simla Agreement between India and Pakistan in 1972. Both countries started bus services between the two divisions of Jammu & Kashmir in April 2005 for families to reunite and truck service in October 2008, for businesses to flourish. The Poonch-Rawalakot bus service was started on 20 June 2006 through Tatrinote and Chakan Da Bagh point. A total of 87 persons on first day crossed the Chakan Da Bagh point on foot after coming on board the two buses on either side.

Communications

Two privately owned cable television systems are available in Rawalakot, which carry Pakistani and international television programs. In addition, A local FM radio station named Voice of Kashmir FM 105 is also functioning in the area. This radio station is part of a network of three radio channels. The other two channels are VOK FM 105.6 (Bagh) and VOK FM 105.4 (Muzaffarabad). Cell phone services are also available in this region. They include major cell phone operators: Zong, Mobilink, Ufone, Warid Pakistan, Telenor and SCOM. PTCL Wireless telephone service is also available here. Wateen Telecom installed a fiber optic link connecting Rawalakot to Pakistan, backhauling cell phone traffic to the network in Pakistan. SCO-the local phone company is operated by . [4] This telecom provider is responsible to provide landline telephone network with minority shares of other operators. All major mobile phone companies operating in Pakistan provide their services in Rawalakot. Broadband internet access is available from DSL. WiFi hotspots are also available to a very limited areas that include some parts of Rawalakot city, Dehra & Kharick.

2005 Kashmir earthquake

2005 earthquake relief in Rawalakot. Cuban Field Hospital. Cuban Field Hospital in Rawalakot.jpg
2005 earthquake relief in Rawalakot. Cuban Field Hospital.

On Saturday, 8 October 2005 [5] a 7.6 magnitude earthquake killed 73,338 people and left up to three million homeless in Pakistan, including Azad Kashmir. The city of Rawalakot, the capital of the Poonch, suffered significant damage from the 2005 Kashmir earthquake; although most of the buildings were left standing, many of them were rendered uninhabitable, and some of the population was left homeless. Most of the buildings have been reconstructed.

2005 earthquake damage in Rawalakot 2005 Earthquake damage, Rawalakot.jpg
2005 earthquake damage in Rawalakot

Education

In addition to the Agriculture University of Azad Kashmir, Now The University of Poonch Rawalakot, UPR publishes the newsletter quarterly. You can find the updated information on recent activities and events. New appointments, events, student activities. Rawalakot has a medical school ; Poonch Medical College, a Government College for men and women, numerous higher secondary schools/high schools, and a number of private schools. During the earthquake of 8 October 2005, many degree colleges were badly damaged. Most have been rebuilt so for.

Media

The daily Dharti Rawalakot is an Urdu language news paper published from Rawalakot. The monthly Join Hands is also published from Rawalakot. Daily newspapers from Pakistan are available in English as well as Urdu. Voice of [6] Kashmir FM 105 Rawalakot. Icon Network Cable Television and Satellite Television Service is widely available.

Toli Pir parking area Toli Pir parking area.jpg
Toli Pir parking area

Daily Perel News is a Rawlakot newspaper.

Tourism

Banjosa and Toli pir two popular tourism destination in this area. Lodges, government-owned and private guest houses, and hotels are available in different parts of Rawalakot. Attractions include: mountain-based adventure tourism, rock climbing, mountaineering, trekking, summer camping and hiking, water-based adventure tourism, and paragliding. A Temple is located about two kilometer away from city Rawalakot near the upper block Faculty of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, The University of Poonch. Standing near the temple presents a charming sight of Rawalakot city also the beautiful view of University of Poonch.

Shopping

Rawalakot has a downtown area, which consists of shops selling everything from groceries to electronic goods.

Related Research Articles

Azad Kashmir Region administered by Pakistan

Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing jurisdiction, and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The territory shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Azad Kashmir is one-sixth of the size of Gilgit-Baltistan. The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian administered Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), and a total population of 4,045,366 as per the 2017 Census.

Line of Control demarcation line between India and Pakistan over the disputed region of Kashmir

The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary, but serves as the de facto border. Originally known as the Cease-fire Line, it was redesignated as the "Line of Control" following the Simla Agreement, which was signed on 3 July 1972. The part of the former princely state that is under Indian control is known as the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Pakistani-controlled part is divided into Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan. The northernmost point of the Line of Control is known as NJ9842. The India–Pakistan border continues from the southernmost point on the LoC.

Bagh District City in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Bagh District is one of the Ten districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The district, which had been part of Poonch District, was created in 1988.

Poonch District, Pakistan District in Pakistan

Poonch is one of the 10 districts of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. Poonch district borders Indian-administered Kashmir's Poonch district and is part of the greater dispute between India and Pakistan. The capital of the district is Rawalakot.

Pallandri Place in Pakistan

Pallandri, also spelled Palandri, is a town in Sudhanoti district of Azad Kashmir. It is located at latitude 33° 42′ 54″ N, longitude 73° 41′ 9″ E, 90 km (56 mi) from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It is connected with Rawalpindi and Islamabad through Azad Pattan road. The main tribe of Pallandri is the Sudhan tribe.

Sudhans is one of the major tribes from the districts of Poonch, Sudhanoti, Bagh and Kotli in Azad Kashmir, allegedly originating from Pashtun areas.

Bhalgran is a village in Poonch District in Azad Kashmir.

Thorar Place in Pakistan

Thorar is a town in Poonch District in Azad Kashmir. It is located about 20 miles from Rawalakot city, the capital of Poonch district.

Poonch (town) Town in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Poonch is the capital of Poonch district, in Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is located near the Line of Control – the de facto border with Pakistan's Azad Kashmir.

Tolipir Place in Pakistan

Tolipir is a hilltop area situated in Tehsil Rawalakot in the Poonch District of Azad Kashmir. Its approximate elevation is about 8800 ft above sea level. It is about 30 km, or a 120-minute drive, from Rawalakot in Azad Kashmir. Abbaspur, Bagh and Poonch River can be viewed from Toli Pir.

Sudhanoti District District in Pakistan

Sudhanoti, meaning the "Heartland of Sudhans" Sudhan (tribe) Noti (heartland), is one of the eight districts of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan. Sudhanoti is located at Latitude 33° 42′ 54″ N, Longitude 73° 41′ 9″ E. It is located 90 kilometres (56 mi) away from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It is connected with Rawalpindi and Islamabad through Azad Pattan road.

Kotli Sattian Tehsil Tehsil in Punjab, Pakistan

Kotli Sattian Sattian is a tehsil (subdivision) of Rawalpindi District in the North Punjab province of Pakistan. The people of Kotli Sattian are referred to as Pahari people. The language of this region and the neighbouring areas of Pakistan administered Kashmir and some areas of east Kpk is Pahari language. The people of Kotli Sattian are generally well built and of balanced height, sturdy and strong, hardworking and fair in complexion. They are proud of their ancestors pure-blood. The people of this region are inborn soldiers and belong to the martial races in the northwest of the sub-continent. They possess a distinctive place and role in Armed Forces of Pakistan.

For people with the surname, see Satti (surname).

Khuiratta Place in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Khuiratta or Khoi ratta is the chief town of the Kotli District, in Pakistan-administered Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

The Jats are one of the largest communities found in the Azad Jammu & Kashmir, making up the majority of the population of Mirpur District, and forming a large part of the populations of Kotli and Bhimber districts. Jats form an important element in the population of Jammu and Kashmir. According to the Census of India 1901, there were 148,000 Jats in the state, of which 123,000 were Muslim, and 25,000 were Hindu. They were and still are concenterated in what is now Mirpur,Kotli and Bhimber and Poonch Districts of Azad Jammu Kashmir the population today could be 1.3 million to 1.5 million Jatts in Azad Jammu & Kashmir but many have Migrated to the United kingdom that could be up to 400,000 people of Jatt Ethnic group and only 9000,000 to 1.1 million left in the state

Hajira, Azad Kashmir Town in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Hajira is a small town in Poonch District of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is the headquarters of Tehsil Hajira also known as 'Cheara' in local accents. Hajira is a transport hub, being the center point of different districts. In front (North) of Hajira there is district 'Sudhnoti' and Trarkhal. On the left side (East) of Hajira there is district Kotli and Tata-Pani. On the back side (South) of Hajira there is district 'Haveli' and Abbas-Pur. District Bagh is in the right side (West) of Hajira. Khai Gala and Rawalakot are the other nearest cities of Hajira and located in the right side (West) of Hajira. While summers can be very hot the winters are mild in Hajira, with snowfall very rare due to the low altitude.

Tatrinote

Tatrinote is a village located on the Line of Control which separates Pakistani and Indian administered Kashmir. The word "Tatrinote" is derived from two words, "tatri" and "note", which are two neighbourhoods of Tatrinote. The neighbourhood "Tatri" is located at no-man land on Line of Control while "note" is on the Pakistani side of Kashmir.

Abbaspur One of the Legends Muhammad Ahnaf Farooq Khan is living in this city.

Abbaspur is a small town located near line of control which divides Pakistan administered Kashmir and as like Indian administered Kashmir. It used to be called Gopalpur before its name was changed. It is the sub-divisional headquarters of district, Rawalakot, Poonch, Azad Kashmir.

Narwal, Pakistan Place in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Narwal is a village situated in Poonch district (Rawalakot) Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. It is located between the towns of Trarkhel and Hajira. Narwal is situated 146 kilometres from Islamabad, Pakistan and about 130 km from the city of Rawalpindi. It is linked with Rawalpindi and Islamabad via the Goyain Nala road and Rawlakot Khaigala hajira roads. It is also linked with Rawalpindi via Sudhnuti. Narwal is a hill station.

1947 Poonch rebellion

In Spring 1947, an uprising against the Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir broke out in the Poonch jagir, an area bordering the Rawalpindi district of West Punjab and the Hazara district of the North-West Frontier Province in the future Pakistan. The leader of the rebellion, Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan escaped to Lahore by the end of August 1947 and persuaded the Pakistani authorities to back the rebellion. In addition to the backing, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan authorised an invasion of the state, by the ex-Indian National Army personnel in the south and a force led by Major Khurshid Anwar in the north. These invasions eventually led to the First Kashmir War fought between India and Pakistan, and the formation of Azad Kashmir. The Poonch jagir has since been divided across Azad Kashmir, administered by Pakistan and the state of Jammu and Kashmir, administered by India.

References

  1. Pakistan Meteorological Department Kaleem Abbasi, 15 Aug, 2014 Archived 20 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir". Climate Charts. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  3. "Population of Azad Kashmir Areas". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  4. "Special Communications Organization". Sco.gov. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  5. "Earth Quake 2005". Drgeorgepc.com. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  6. "Radio FM 105 Rawalakot Station live | AJKLive | Azad Kashmir". AJKLive. Retrieved 1 October 2012.

Coordinates: 33°51′12.26″N73°45′05.31″E / 33.8534056°N 73.7514750°E / 33.8534056; 73.7514750