Muzaffarabad

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Muzaffarabad


مُظفّر آباد
City
Pakistan is full of breathtaking views - Muzafarabad.JPG
The city is situated in a valley formed by the confluence of the Neelam and Jhelum rivers
Jammu and Kashmir locator map.svg
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Muzaffarabad
Pakistan location map.svg
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Muzaffarabad
Coordinates: 34°21′30″N73°28′20″E / 34.35833°N 73.47222°E / 34.35833; 73.47222 Coordinates: 34°21′30″N73°28′20″E / 34.35833°N 73.47222°E / 34.35833; 73.47222
Country Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Territory Flag of Azad Kashmir.svg  Azad Kashmir
Area
  Total1,642 km2 (634 sq mi)
Elevation
737 m (2,418 ft)
Population
 (2010)
  Total96,000
  Density58.47/km2 (151.4/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+05:00 (PST)
Calling code 05822
Website Muzaffarabad Local Government

Muzaffarabad (Urdu : مُظفّر آباد) is the capital of the Pakistan-administered territory of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

Contents

The city is located in Muzaffarabad District near the confluence of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. The district is bounded by the province of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in the west, by the Kupwara and Baramulla districts of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir in the east, and the Neelum District of Azad Kashmir in the north.

History

Muzaffarabad was founded in 1646 by Sultan Muzaffar Khan chief of the Bomba.[1] [1] which ruled Kashmir. [2] Sultan Muzaffar Khan also completed Muzaffarabad's Red Fort that same year to ward off incursions from the Mughal Empire.

2005 Earthquake

Muzaffarabad has largely been rebuilt since the 2005 earthquake. Muzaffarabad city.jpg
Muzaffarabad has largely been rebuilt since the 2005 earthquake.
Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.jpg

The city was near the epicenter of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, which had a magnitude of 7.6. The earthquake destroyed about 50% of the buildings in the city (including most of the official buildings) and is estimated to have killed up to 80,000 people in the Pakistani-controlled areas of Kashmir. As of 8 October 2005 the Pakistani government's official death toll was 87,350. Some estimates put the death toll over 100,000. [3]

Administrative divisions

Map of Muzaffarabad district Pakistan - Azad Kashmir - Muzaffarabad.svg
Map of Muzaffarabad district

The district of Muzaffarabad is administratively subdivided into 02 tehsils, which are sub-divided into 25 Union Councils [4]

Climate

Climate data for Muzaffarabad (1961–2009)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)27.0
(80.6)
29.4
(84.9)
37.0
(98.6)
40.5
(104.9)
46.5
(115.7)
46.2
(115.2)
45.0
(113.0)
40.2
(104.4)
39.0
(102.2)
38.3
(100.9)
33.0
(91.4)
27.0
(80.6)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F)16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
22.6
(72.7)
28.3
(82.9)
33.5
(92.3)
37.4
(99.3)
34.9
(94.8)
34.0
(93.2)
33.4
(92.1)
30.1
(86.2)
24.2
(75.6)
18.1
(64.6)
22.3
(72.1)
Average low °C (°F)3.1
(37.6)
5.4
(41.7)
9.7
(49.5)
14.2
(57.6)
18.4
(65.1)
21.9
(71.4)
22.8
(73.0)
22.6
(72.7)
19.4
(66.9)
13.7
(56.7)
7.8
(46.0)
4.1
(39.4)
11.1
(52.0)
Record low °C (°F)−3.0
(26.6)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.0
(33.8)
6.5
(43.7)
7.0
(44.6)
12.0
(53.6)
15.5
(59.9)
16.0
(60.8)
12.4
(54.3)
6.5
(43.7)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
−3
(27)
Average rainfall mm (inches)101.3
(3.99)
137.4
(5.41)
157.3
(6.19)
109.0
(4.29)
78.5
(3.09)
113.6
(4.47)
328.7
(12.94)
229.9
(9.05)
112.6
(4.43)
45.9
(1.81)
37.2
(1.46)
69.0
(2.72)
1,242.8
(48.93)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 12:00 PST)50.346.340.938.033.234.052.257.648.142.448.454.037.2
Source: Pakistan Meteorological Department [5]

Transport

The closest railway stations are [Rawalpindi] in Pakistan and Baramulla in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. [6]

People from Muzaffarabad

See also

Related Research Articles

Azad Kashmir Region administered by Pakistan

Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing jurisdiction, and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The territory shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Azad Kashmir is one-sixth of the size of Gilgit-Baltistan. The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian administered Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), and a total population of 4,045,366 as per the 2017 Census.

Line of Control demarcation line between India and Pakistan over the disputed region of Kashmir

The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary, but serves as the de facto border. Originally known as the Cease-fire Line, it was redesignated as the "Line of Control" following the Simla Agreement, which was signed on 3 July 1972. The part of the former princely state that is under Indian control is known as the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Pakistani-controlled part is divided into Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan. The northernmost point of the Line of Control is known as NJ9842. The India–Pakistan border continues from the southernmost point on the LoC.

Districts of Pakistan administrative division used in Pakistan

The Districts of Pakistan, are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but forming the first-tier of local government. In total, there are 154 districts in Pakistan including the Capital Territory and the districts of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. These districts are further divided into tehsils or talukas.

Baramulla district District in India

Baramulla district is a district of the Indian administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Baramulla city is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district covered an area of 4,190 km² in 2001 but it was reduced to 3,353 km² at the time of 2011 census.

Mirpur, Pakistan Place in Pakistan

Mirpur, more commonly known as New Mirpur City, is the capital of Mirpur district and the largest city of Azad Kashmir. The city itself has gone through a process of modernization, but most of the surrounding area remains agricultural. Mirpur is known for its grand buildings and large bungalows, primarily funded through its expatriate community, which comes mainly from Europe, Hong Kong, the Middle East, and North America. The main crop cultivated during summer is millet and pulses. However, other crops such as wheat, maize and vegetables are also grown. The produce of quality rice from the paddy fields of Khari Sharif, between Upper Jhelum Canal and Jhelum river, is very famous and popular for its aroma and taste. The production of electricity from Mangla Dam provides the energy needs for Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Northern Punjab.

Bagh District City in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan

Bagh District is one of the Ten districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The district, which had been part of Poonch District, was created in 1988.

Muzaffarabad District Districts of Azad Kashmir in Pakistan

Muzaffarabad district of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan is located on the banks of the Jhelum and the Neelum rivers, and is very hilly. The district is bounded to Punjab in the west and to Kupwara and Baramulla districts of the Kashmir in the east. To the north is Neelum District; the fall on the northeast of the district and Bagh District forms the southern boundary. The total area of the district is 1,642 square kilometres. The city of Muzaffarabad serves as capital of Azad Kashmir.

Uri, Jammu and Kashmir Town in Jammu and Kashmir, India

Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan

Sultan Muzaffar Khan Kashmiri tribal chief

Sultan Muhammad Muzaffar Khan was a chief of the Bomba. The city of Muzaffarabad, current day Azad Kashmir, Pakistan, is named after him. Muzaffar Khan united various hill tribes around Kashmir-Hazara border and convinced them to settle near the site of two rivers, Jhelum and Kishanganga rivers.

University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir

The University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is located in Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. It was established in 1980, and is currently ranked at No.16 in HEC ranking of General category universities in Pakistan.

Neelum River River in Pakistan and India

The Neelum River, or Kishanganga, is a river in the Kashmir region of India and Pakistan; it starts in the Indian city of Gurais and then merges with the Jhelum River near the Pakistani city of Muzaffarabad.

2005 Kashmir earthquake earthquake

The 2005 Kashmir earthquake occurred at 08:50:39 Pakistan Standard Time on 8 October in Pakistan-administered Azad Kashmir. It was centered near the city of Muzaffarabad, and also affected Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir. It registered a moment magnitude of 7.6 and had a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). The earthquake also affected countries in the surrounding region where tremors were felt in Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Chinese Xinjiang. The severity of the damage caused by the earthquake is attributed to severe upthrust. It is considered the deadliest earthquake to hit South Asia since the 1935 Quetta earthquake.

The Bomba, also spelled as Bambas or Bombwal, are a tribe of Muzaffarabad District in Azad Kashmir Pakistan mainly found in district Muzaffarabad and district Neelum They are also found in the Boi and kaghan valley Abbottabad and Mansehra District of the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. A few also live in Kupwara district of Kashmir.

Mohandri is a village and union council of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located in the north east of the district and borders the Neelum and Muzaffarabad districts of Azad Kashmir and lies in an area affected by the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.

Red Fort, Muzaffarabad

Red Fort - also known as the Muzaffarabad Fort was built by the Chak rulers of Kashmir in the 16th century. The current locality is called Center Plate. Locally, it is known as the "Rutta Qila" or just "qila".

Neelum District District in Pakistan

Neelum District, is the northernmost district of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Taking up the larger part of the Neelam Valley, the district has a population of 191,000. It was badly affected by the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.

Hattian Bala District District

Hattian Bala is one of the ten districts of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Its district headquarters is in the town of Hattian Bala.

Leepa Valley Valley in Pakistan

Leepa Valley is located in Hattian Bala District of Azad Kashmir administered by Pakistan, about 83 kilometres (52 mi) from Muzaffarabad. The valley is divided into the Reshian, Dao Khan, Leepa, and Chananian sections.

History of Azad Kashmir

The history of Pakistan administered Kashmir, a part of the Kashmir region [|administered]] by Pakistan, is related to the history of over all Kashmir region during the Dogra rule. Pakistan administered Kashmir borders the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the south and west respectively, Gilgit–Baltistan to the north and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the east.

References

  1. Mir-át-i Mas'údi Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Ahmad, Pirzada Irshad (2003). A Hand Book on Azad Jammu & Kashmir. Nawab Sons Publication. ISBN   978-969-530-050-3.
  3. Stuart, Julia. (1 January 2006) IoS Appeal: Last chance to donate to quake victims Archived 16 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine . News.independent.co.uk. Retrieved on 3 July 2012.
  4. Information about SPs District Muzaffarabad Archived 6 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Muzaffarabad Climate Data". Pakistan Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  6. Google Maps. Maps.google.co.uk. Retrieved on 3 July 2012.