Last updated


View of Mianwali
Pakistan Punjab location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pakistan location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 32°35′7″N71°32′37″E / 32.58528°N 71.54361°E / 32.58528; 71.54361 Coordinates: 32°35′7″N71°32′37″E / 32.58528°N 71.54361°E / 32.58528; 71.54361
Country Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Province Flag of Punjab.svg Punjab
Division Sargodha
District Mianwali
   MNA NA-95 Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi, NA-96 Amjid Ali Khan
210 m (690 ft)
 (2017) [1]
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Calling code 0459

Mianwali (Urdu : مِيانوالى) is the capital city of Mianwali District, Pakistan. It is the 81st largest city of Pakistan, known for its diverse population of Punjabi and Pashtun ethnicities and commonly considered as part of the Marshal Belt in Pakistan, which consists of regions in Pakistan that provide a considerable amount of manpower to Pakistani Armed Forces.



Mianwali District was an agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. Then later Vedic Civilization took place. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin. In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul, followed by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The population of the Punjab region became majority Muslim, following the conquests by various Muslim dynasties from Central Asia. [2]

Before the British rule, the area formed an integral portion of the Graeco-Bactrian Empire of Kabul and the Punjab. [3] Immediately preceding the annexation of the Punjab by the British after the Anglo-Sikh Wars, this area was part of the Sikh Empire. During British rule, the Indian empire was subdivided into provinces, divisions and districts; afterward, the independence of Pakistan divisions remained the third tier of government until 2000. The British had made the town of Mianwali as tehsil headquarters of Bannu District then part of Dera Ismail Khan Division of Punjab province. The population of Mianwali, according to the 1901 census of India, was 3,591. [4]

Image of the Thal Canal from main Mianwali City bridge. Thal Canal.JPG
Image of the Thal Canal from main Mianwali City bridge.


The city of Mianwali is located in North-west region of the Punjab. The city is located near to the Chasma lake to south west and Namal lake to its north east. The Chasma lake is home to the Chasma barrage, that houses a 184 MW power station. [5] The Chasma lake also houses one of the two Nuclear Power facilities in Pakistan, the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant . The city has an airport built near the old World War II aerodrome and known as M.M.Alam Base Mianwali. It is one of the major operational and training air bases of the country. The No. 1 Fighter Conversion Unit of the PAF is stationed here. Notable locations in the vicinity of the city include

Chasma Nuclear Power Plant

The Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (or CHASNUPP), is a large commercial nuclear power plant located in the vicinities of Chashma colony in Mianwali Disctrict Punjab in Pakistan.Officially known as Chashma Nuclear Power Complex, the nuclear power plant is generating energy for industrial usage with four nuclear reactors with one being in planning phase in cooperation with the China. Supported by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Department of Energy of the United States. [6]

It was established in 2000, the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant became operational when it joined the nation's grid system with China National Nuclear Corporation overseeing the grid connections of the power plant. In 2004, the China National Nuclear Corporation was awarded contract for building a second unit based on the first reactor, followed by contracting for two more reactors in 2011.

M.M Alam Pakistan Airforce Base

PAF Base M.M. Alam (IATA: MWD, ICAO: OPMI) is a Pakistan Air Force airbase located at Mianwali, in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The base is named after Muhammad Mahmood Alam. It primarily serves as the Fighter converter base for the Pakistan Airforce.

Originally a World War II airstrip, it was decided that Mianwali would be upgraded into a satellite airbase for PAF Base Mushaf (then PAF Base Sargodha) during the 1965 Indo-Pak War to act as an alternate recovery airfield. The airbase was again upgraded to a permanent operational airbase in August 1974, although construction of facilities was not completed for another three years.

Namal Instituite

The Namal Institute is a private university about 20 min drive from the city of Mianwali. The institute is located on 30 km, Talagang Mianwali Road near Namal Lake. Initially it was established as an affiliate college of the University of Bradford, UK. Later in 2019 Namal College acquired a DAI (Degree Awarding Institute) status and thus became Namal Institute. There are further plans to turn the small campus into an education city, construction is already under way. [7]


Mianwali city has an urban population of 220,010, [8] accounting for only about 20.82% of Mianwali District's Population. The rest of 79.18% of the rural population is spread around the district in small villages called Moza's. The average household size comes about to 7.1, that means on average 7 people live in one house. This is in line with Joint family culture prominent in North-West regions of Pakistan. Mianwali has a literacy ratio of about 42.8%, considerably less than other urban cities in Punjab.

As for male to female ratio, Male inhabitants count for 63.8% of population and female inhabitants account for the remaining 22.2%. [8] This number may somewhat be inaccurate, as Parda culture doesn't allow audience with na Mahram's. So census teams might have not been able to accurately access the number of females in each house.


As per the 1998 census of Pakistan, the following are the demographics of the Mianwali district, by spoken language: [8]

Though Mianwali is claimed an integral part of the Saraiki speaking belt by the Sraiki language activists, Punjabi-Seraiki division seems to hold little influence on common people in this district. According to 1998 census three fourths (74.2 percent) of the population named their spoken language as Punjabi while only 12 per cent answered that they speak Seraiki.

Inhabitants of Mianwali District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects.

Other languages include:

See also

Related Research Articles

Demographics of Pakistan Aspect of human geography in Pakistan

Pakistan's estimated population was 207,774,520 according to the provisional results of the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country.

Languages of Pakistan Languages of a geographic region

Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. Five languages have more than 10 million speakers each in Pakistan – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Urdu. Almost all of Pakistan's languages belong to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family.

Saraiki language Indo-Aryan language spoken in Pakistan

Saraiki is an Indo-Aryan language of the Lahnda group, spoken in the south-western half of the province of Punjab in Pakistan. It was previously known as Multani, after its main dialect.

Dera Ismail Khan District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Dera Ismail Khan District is a district in Dera Ismail Khan Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The capital of the district is the town of Dera Ismail Khan. The district has an area of 9,334 km2 (3,604 sq mi) and a population of 1,627,132 as of the 2017 Census.

Sargodha Metropolis in Punjab, Pakistan

Sargodha is a city and capital of Sargodha Division, located in Punjab province, Pakistan. It is Pakistan's 12th largest city by population and one of the fastest growing cities of the country. Sargodha is also known as the City of Eagles.

Khushab District District in Punjab, Pakistan

Khushab District is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, with its administrative capital in Jauharabad. The district is named after the historical city of Khushab located within its boundaries. According to the 1998 census, the population was 905,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas. The district consists of four tehsils: Khushab, Noorpur Thal, Quaidabad and Naushera. Khushab is home to the Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor, part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program.

Chakwal District District in Punjab, Pakistan

Chakwal District is in Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its north east, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west and Attock to its north west. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985.

Layyah District District in Punjab, Pakistan

Layyah District, , is a district in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province. Layyah City is the district headquarter of Layyah District. Layyah has hot desert climate.

Manzoor Colony is a neighborhood in Karachi East district of Karachi, Pakistan. It was previously administered as part of Jamshed Town, which was disbanded in 2011.

Mianwali District District in Punjab, Pakistan

The Mianwali District, is a district located in Sargodha Division of Punjab province, Pakistan. It has border with Chakwal, Attock, Kohat, Karak, Lakki Marwat, Dera Ismail Khan, Bhakkar and Khushab Districts. According to the 2017 census of Pakistan, the district had a population of 1,540,000, of which 22% resided in urban settlements.

Attaullah Khan Esakhelvi Pakistani musician

Attaullah Khan Niazi, known professionally as Attaullah Khan Esakhelvi also known as Lala, is a Pakistani musician from Isakhel, Mianwali, Punjab.

Bhakkar District District in Punjab, Pakistan

Bhakkar District, is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The district was created out of parts of Mianwali in 1982, and has the city of Bhakkar as its headquarters. Its area consists of a riverine tract along the Indus, called Kaccha, and most of the district area lies in the desolate plain of the Thal desert.

The Chashma Nuclear Power Plant, is a large commercial nuclear power plant located in the vicinities of Chashma colony and Kundian in Punjab in Pakistan.

PAF Base M.M. Alam is a Pakistan Air Force airbase located at Mianwali, in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The base is named after Muhammad Mahmood Alam.

Nuclear power in Pakistan Overview of nuclear power in Pakistan

As of 2017, nuclear power in Pakistan is provided by five commercial nuclear power plants. Pakistan is the first Muslim majority country in the world to construct and operate civil nuclear power plants. The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), the scientific and nuclear governmental agency, is solely responsible for operating these power plants. As of 2018, the electricity generated by commercial nuclear power plants constitutes roughly 7.5% of electricity generated in Pakistan, Pakistan is not a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty but is a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Pakistan plans on constructing 32 nuclear power plants by 2050 and envisions 40,000 MW of nuclear power generation.

Isakhel Tehsil, is an administrative subdivision (tehsil) of Mianwali District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Isakhel is the headquarters of the tehsil which is administratively subdivided into 3 Municipal Committees 13 Union Councils. It is located between 32° 30′ and 33° 14′ N. and 71° 7′ and 71° 44′ E., with an area of 678 square miles (1,760 km2) and contains the towns of Isakhel, Kammar Mushani and Kalabagh

Parvez Butt

Parvez Butt, is a Pakistani nuclear engineer who served as the chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission from 2001 till 2006.

The Saraiki diaspora refers to the dispersing of ethnic Saraikis from Pakistan's Saraiki-speaking region to other parts of the world. The Saraikis are one of the largest ethnic groups to collectively migrate from Pakistan. The total Saraiki population numbers around 26 million, with the majority of overseas Saraikis concentrated in Britain, Southeast Asia and the Middle East. Some Saraiki currently live in Afghanistan.

Shahpuri is a Punjabi dialect spoken in the Sargodha Division of Punjab Province in Pakistan. Grierson considered it to be representative of Lahnda, but later opinions have tended to see it as a dialect of Punjabi that is transitional to Saraiki. Its name is derived from former Shahpur District.

Kundian Nuclear Fuel Complex (KNFC) is a nuclear fuel fabrication plant located at Kundian, Mianwali District, Punjab, Pakistan.


  1. (PDF) http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files/population_census/Administrative%20Units.pdf.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. https://www.punjabpolice.gov.pk/mianwali_directory
  3. "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 17, page 318 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu.
  4. Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 326 at Digital South Asia Library
  5. Shakeel, Engr Rana M. "Internship Report of 184 MW hydro Power plant Chashma, Mianwali Pakistan".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. "CHASNUPP-1 | Facilities | NTI". www.nti.org. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  7. "Namal Institute". www.namal.edu.pk. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  8. 1 2 3 "Block Wise Provisional Summary Results of 6th Population & Housing Census-2017 [As on January 03, 2018] | Pakistan Bureau of Statistics". www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 2021-01-17.