Semelidae

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Semelidae
Scrobicularia plana.jpg
Three valves of the peppery furrow shell, Scrobicularia plana
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Heterodonta
Order: Cardiida
Superfamily: Tellinoidea
Family: Semelidae
Stoliczka, 1870
Genera

See text.

The Semelidae are a family of saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the order Cardiida.

Contents

Description

Members of this family have rounded or oval, elongated shells, much flattened. The two valves are connected by an internal ligament in contrast to the closely related family Tellinidae where the ligament is external. The two separate siphons are very long, sometimes several times the length of the shell. These siphons have a characteristic cruciform muscle at their base. [1]

Selected genera

Genera of Semelidae (with some notable species also listed) include: [2]

Related Research Articles

<i>Bulla</i> (gastropod) genus of molluscs

Bulla is a genus of medium to large hermaphrodite sea snails, shelled marine opisthobranch gastropod molluscs. These herbivorous snails are in the suborder Cephalaspidea, headshield slugs, and the order Opisthobranchia.

Pholadidae family of molluscs

Pholadidae, known as piddocks or angelwings, are a family of bivalve molluscs similar to a clam.

Veneridae family of molluscs

The Veneridae or venerids, common name: venus clams, are a very large family of minute to large, saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs. Over 500 living species of venerid bivalves are known, most of which are edible, and many of which are exploited as food sources.

<i>Marginella</i> genus of molluscs

Marginella is a genus of small tropical and temperate sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Marginellidae, the margin snails. It is the type genus of the family.

Tellinidae family of molluscs

The Tellinidae are a family of marine bivalve molluscs of the order Cardiida. Commonly known as tellins or tellens, they live fairly deep in soft sediments in shallow seas and respire using long siphons that reach up to the surface of the sediment.

<i>Buccinum</i> genus of molluscs

Buccinum is a genus of medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Buccinidae, the true whelks.

<i>Nucula</i> genus of molluscs

Nucula is a genus of very small saltwater clams. They are part of the family Nuculidae.

Mactridae family of molluscs

Mactridae, common name the trough shells or duck clams, is a family of saltwater clams, marine bivalve mollusks in the order Venerida.

Nuculanidae family of molluscs

Nuculanidae is a family of small saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the order Nuculanida. Species in this family are found in all seas, from shallow to deep water.

Corbulidae family of molluscs

Corbulidae is a family of very small saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the order Myida.

Lucinidae family of molluscs

Lucinidae is a family of saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs.

Ungulinidae family of molluscs

Ungulinidae is a family of marine bivalve molluscs in the order Venerida.

Pandoridae family of molluscs

Pandoridae is a taxonomic family of small saltwater clams, marine bivalves in the order Anomalodesmata.

<i>Panopea</i> (bivalve) genus of molluscs

Panopea is a genus of large marine bivalve molluscs or clams in the family Hiatellidae. There are 10 described species in Panopea. Many of them are known under the common name "geoduck".

<i>Crepidula</i> genus of molluscs

Crepidula, commonly known as the slipper snails, slipper limpets, or slipper shells, is a genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Calyptraeidae. This family includes the slipper snails (Crepidula), hat snails (Calyptraea), spiny slipper snails (Bostrycapulus), and cup-and-saucer snails (Crucibulum) as well as Crepipatella, Siphopatella, Grandicrepidula, and Maoricrypta.

<i>Corbula</i> genus of molluscs

Corbula is a genus of very small saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Corbulidae, the basket clams.

<i>Abra</i> (bivalve) genus of molluscs

Abra is a genus of saltwater clams, marine bivalve mollusks in the family Semelidae. Members of this genus are mostly under 1.5 centimeters long, and have thin shells which are usually white. These bivalves normally live under the surface of sandy and muddy sediments, in the neritic zone.

<i>Thracia</i> (bivalve) genus of molluscs

Thracia is a genus of bivalve mollusc in the family Thraciidae.

<i>Cumingia</i> genus of molluscs

Cumingia is a genus of marine clams in the family Semelidae. It is also represented in the fossil record.

References

  1. Barrett, J. H. and C. M. Yonge, 1958. Collins Pocket Guide to the Sea Shore. P. 160. Collins, London
  2. ITIS