Skimmed milk

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Skimmed milk being poured into a cereal bowl. Skim milk poured into cereal bowl.jpg
Skimmed milk being poured into a cereal bowl.

Skimmed milk (British English), or skim milk (American English), is made when all the milkfat is removed from whole milk. [1] It tends to contain around 0.1% fat. [2]

Contents

Background

Historically, skimmed milk was used for fattening pigs, and was recommended as "not only the very best supplement for growing pigs, but is of almost equal value for fattening purposes" as it "furnishes a complete protein" and makes the feed "more palatable". [3]

Terminology

In the United Kingdom, milk is traditionally marketed and labelled as follows:

Before the 1980s, milk was delivered on the doorsteps by a milkman in the early hours of the morning in glass pint bottles with the color printed foil lid indicating the milkfat content. Whole milk had plain silver foil, semi-skimmed milk had silver foil with red stripes and skimmed milk silver foil with a blue checker pattern. [2]

Additionally, some supermarkets in the UK now market milk as:

In the United States, milk is marketed primarily by fat content and available in these varieties:

US milk producers also use a color-coding system to identify milk types, usually with the bottle cap or colored accents on the packaging. Whole milk is almost universally denoted by red, while 2% is most often colored royal blue. 1% and skim colors vary by region or dairy, with common colors for these lines being purple, green, yellow, pink, or light blue.

Production

Today, most skim milk is created by spinning whole milk in a centrifuge so that the fat droplets separate out. [4]

Health effects

Skimmed milk is sometimes consumed with the intention of reducing or limiting calorie consumption. It has been argued that the reduction in calories keeps the body further from satiety, causing it to ultimately seek out the missed calories, possibly from sources less beneficial. [5] [6] [ unreliable medical source? ] The extent to which animal fat contributes to weight gain is also brought into question, [7] [ unreliable medical source? ] [8] along with claims that skimmed milk is more beneficial to heart health since non-skimmed milk has a higher low-density lipoprotein content. Milkfat, however, affects only large, non-dense (Pattern A) LDL particles, which studies have shown to carry far less risk of coronary heart disease than small, dense (Pattern B) LDL particles. [9] [ unreliable medical source? ] Skimmed milk also contains almost no vitamin A. [10] [ unreliable medical source? ]

See also

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References

  1. CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21
  2. 1 2 Ward, Andrew (23 May 2017). No Milk Today - The vanishing world of the milkman (1 ed.). London: Robinson. ISBN   1472138902.
  3. Oliver, A. W.; E. L. Potter (November 1930). "Fattening Pigs for Market" (PDF). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin (269): 14. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  4. "How Is Skim Milk Made?". Kitchn. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  5. Alexandra Sifferlin (July 3, 2013). "Skim Milk is Healthier than Whole Milk, Right? Maybe Not". Time.
  6. The Real Food Guide Is Skim Milk Good For You? http://therealfoodguide.com/is-skim-milk-good-for-you/
  7. Enig, Mary, PhD. The truth about saturated fats.
  8. Ravnskov U, Allen C, Atrens D, et al. (February 2002). "Studies of dietary fat and heart disease". Science. 295 (5559): 1464–6. doi:10.1126/science.295.5559.1464c. PMID   11859893.
  9. Paul John Scott (May 2011). "Is Skim Milk Making You Fat?". Details.
  10. Christine Gallary. "How Is Skim Milk Made?". Section Skim Milk Additives. Retrieved 24 May 2019.