Thorncroftia

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Thorncroftia
Thorncroftia longiflora 145-8824.jpg
Thorncroftia longiflora [1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus:Thorncroftia
P.Beauv.

Thorncroftia is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, first described as a genus in 1912. It is native to southern Africa. [2]

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Flowering plant clade of flowering plants (in APG I-III)

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 369,000 known species. Like gymnosperms, angiosperms are seed-producing plants. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers, endosperm within the seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. Etymologically, angiosperm means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the Greek words angeion and sperma ("seed").

<i>Mentha</i> genus of plants

Mentha is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is estimated that 13 to 18 species exist, and the exact distinction between species is still unclear. Hybridization between some of the species occurs naturally. Many other hybrids, as well as numerous cultivars, are known.

Species
  1. Thorncroftia greenii Changwe & K.Balkwill - KwaZulu-Natal
  2. Thorncroftia longiflora N.E.Br - Mpumalanga, Swaziland
  3. Thorncroftia lotteri T.J.Edwards & McMurtry - Mpumalanga
  4. Thorncroftia media Codd - Northern Province of South Africa
  5. Thorncroftia succulenta (R.A.Dyer & E.A.Bruce) Codd - Northern Province of South Africa
  6. Thorncroftia thorncroftii (S.Moore) Codd - Mpumalanga, Swaziland, Northern Province of South Africa

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Mpumalanga Province of South Africa

Mpumalanga is a province of South Africa. The name means "east", or literally "the place where the sun rises" in the Swazi, Xhosa, Ndebele and Zulu languages. Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa, bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. It constitutes 6.5% of South Africa's land area. It shares borders with the South African provinces of Limpopo to the north, Gauteng to the west, the Free State to the southwest, and KwaZulu-Natal to the south. The capital is Mbombela (Nelspruit).

<i>Tulbaghia</i> genus of plants

Tulbaghia is a genus of monocotyledonous herbaceous perennial bulbs native to Africa, belonging to the Amaryllis family. It is one of only two known genera in the society garlic tribe within the onion subfamily. The genus was named for Ryk Tulbagh (1699–1771), one time governor of The Cape of Good Hope.

<i>Kniphofia</i> genus of plants

Kniphofia, also called tritoma, red hot poker, torch lily, knofflers or poker plant, is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Asphodelaceae, first described as a genus in 1794. It is native to Africa.

<i>Crocosmia</i> genus of plants

Crocosmia (montbretia) is a small genus of flowering plants in the iris family, Iridaceae. It is native to the grasslands of southern and eastern Africa, ranging from South Africa to Sudan. One species is endemic to Madagascar.

<i>Euclea</i> genus of plants

Euclea, from the Greek eukleia meaning "glory and fame", denotes a group of flowering plants in the Ebenaceae or ebony family. They were described as a genus by Linnaeus in 1774. The genus includes evergreen trees and shrubs, native to Africa, the Comoro Islands and Arabia. Several species are used for timber, producing a hard, dark heartwood timber similar to ebony.

<i>Acokanthera</i> genus of plants

Acokanthera is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae. It comprises 5 species and is generally restricted to Africa, although Acokanthera schimperi also occurs in Yemen. Its sap contains the deadly cardiotoxic glycoside ouabain. The sap is among the most commonly used in arrow poisons, including those used for poaching elephant.

<i>Orthosiphon</i> genus of plants

Orthosiphon is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family native to Africa, Southern Asia and Queensland, with one species (O. americanus) in Colombia. It is an herbaceous shrub which grows to a height of 1.5 m (5 ft). Orthosiphon is a popular garden plant because of its unique flower, which is white and bluish with filaments resembling a cat's whiskers. In the wild, the plant can be seen growing in the forests and along roadsides.

<i>Tritonia</i> (plant) genus of plants

Tritonia is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family first described as a genus in 1802. They are naturally distributed across southern Africa, with a high concentration of species in Cape Province of western South Africa. The genus is closely related to the genus Ixia.

Inezia is a genus of South African plants in the sunflower family.

<i>Drimiopsis</i> genus of plants

Drimiopsis is a genus of African bulbous perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, native to sub-Saharan Africa. Sometimes species are placed under the genus Ledebouria.

Prosphytochloa is a genus of African plants in the grass family. The only known species is Prosphytochloa prehensilis, native to Eastern Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Mpumalanga, and Limpopo.

Enteropogon genus of plants

Enteropogon is a genus of tropical and subtropical plants in the grass family. It is widespread across many parts of Asia, Africa, Australia, the Americas, and various islands.

  1. Enteropogon acicularis(Lindl.) Lazarides - curly windmill grass, large windmill grass, umbrella grass - Australia
  2. Enteropogon barbatusC.E.Hubb. - Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya
  3. Enteropogon brandegeei(Vasey) Clayton - Baja California, Baja California Sur
  4. Enteropogon chlorideus(Presl) Clayton - buryseed umbrella grass, verdillo cacahuatoide - Arizona, Texas, Mesoamerica
  5. Enteropogon coimbatorensisK.K.N.Nair, S.K.Jain & M.P.Nayar - India
  6. Enteropogon dolichostachyus(Lag.) Keng - Yemen, Oman, Afghanistan, Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, southern China, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, northern Australia, Micronesia
  7. Enteropogon longiaristatus(Napper) Clayton - Tanzania
  8. Enteropogon macrostachyusMunro ex Benth. - bushrye - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North West Province
  9. Enteropogon minutusLazarides - northern Australia
  10. Enteropogon mollis(Nees) Clayton - Central America, West Indies, northern South America, Galápagos
  11. Enteropogon monostachyusSchum. - Somalia, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Swaziland, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  12. Enteropogon paucispiceus(Lazarides) B.K.Simon - Queensland
  13. Enteropogon prieurii(Kunth) Clayton - drier parts of Africa; Saudi Arabia, Yemen, India
  14. Enteropogon ramosusB.K.Simon - tussock umbrella grass - Australia
  15. Enteropogon rupestris(J.A.Schmidt) A.Chev. - drier parts of Africa
  16. Enteropogon seychellarumBenth. - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Madagascar, Seychelles, Aldabra
  17. Enteropogon unispiceus(F.Muell.) Clayton - Taiwan, Queensland, New South Wales, Cook Islands

Radinosiphon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae first described as a genus in 1932. It is native to southern + southeastern Africa.

<i>Pterygodium</i> genus of plants

Pterygodium is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It found primarily in southern Africa but one species is endemic to Tanzania.

Schizochilus is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It is native to southern and eastern Africa.

<i>Haworthiopsis limifolia</i> species of plant

Haworthiopsis limifolia, formerly Haworthia limifolia, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Haworthiopsis, native to southern Africa and first described in 1910.

<i>Erica cerinthoides</i> species of plant

Erica cerinthoides is a species of heath native to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Common names include fire erica, fire heath, red hairy heath, rooihaartjie or klipheide. Throughout its range the species shows marked variation in habit, flower characteristics and hairiness. A form with white flowers is found in Swaziland and the South African province of Mpumalanga while the variety E. cerinthoides var. barbertona has shorter flowers.

<i>Bonatea</i> (plant) genus of plants

Bonatea is a genus of orchids native to tropical and southern Africa, with one species extending into Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

<i>Syncolostemon</i> genus of plants

Syncolostemon is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1838. It is native primarily to South Africa, with some species in other parts of sub-Saharan Africa, plus one species in India.

  1. Syncolostemon albiflorus(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - Transvaal, Swaziland
  2. Syncolostemon argenteusN.E.Br. - KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Syncolostemon bolusii(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - KwaZulu-Natal
  4. Syncolostemon bracteosus(Benth.) D.F.Otieno - widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa
  5. Syncolostemon canescens(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa
  6. Syncolostemon cinereum(Codd) D.F.Otieno & Retief - South Africa
  7. Syncolostemon comosus(Wight ex Benth.) D.F.Otieno - southern India
  8. Syncolostemon comptoniiCodd - Swaziland
  9. Syncolostemon concinnusN.E.Br. - Swaziland, South Africa
  10. Syncolostemon densiflorusBenth. - South Africa
  11. Syncolostemon elliottii(Baker) D.F.Otieno - Zimbabwe, Botswana, Transvaal
  12. Syncolostemon eriocephalusVerd. - Northern Province of South Africa
  13. Syncolostemon flabellifolius(S.Moore) A.J.Paton - Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique + Zimbabwe
  14. Syncolostemon floccosus(Launert) D.F.Otieno - Namibia
  15. Syncolostemon foliosus(S.Moore) D.F.Otieno - Swaziland, South Africa
  16. Syncolostemon gerrardii(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - South Africa
  17. Syncolostemon incanus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  18. Syncolostemon latidens(N.E.Br.) Codd - KwaZulu-Natal
  19. Syncolostemon linearis(Benth.) D.F.Otieno - Zimbabwe
  20. Syncolostemon macranthus(Gürke) Ashby - Drakensberg Mountains in South Africa
  21. Syncolostemon macrophyllusGürke - South Africa
  22. Syncolostemon madagascariensis(A.J.Paton & Hedge) D.F.Otieno - Madagascar
  23. Syncolostemon modestus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Swaziland, South Africa
  24. Syncolostemon namapaensisD.F.Otieno - Mozambique, Tanzania
  25. Syncolostemon obermeyerae(M.Ashby) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  26. Syncolostemon oritrephes(Wild) D.F.Otieno - Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique + Zimbabwe
  27. Syncolostemon ornatus(S.Moore) D.F.Otieno - Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe
  28. Syncolostemon parviflorusE.Mey. ex Benth. - Swaziland, South Africa
  29. Syncolostemon parvifolius(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  30. Syncolostemon persimilis(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  31. Syncolostemon petiolatus(Ashby) D.F.Otieno - Swaziland, South Africa, Mozambique
  32. Syncolostemon pretoriae(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Swaziland, South Africa
  33. Syncolostemon punctatus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  34. Syncolostemon ramosus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - KwaZulu-Natal
  35. Syncolostemon ramulosusE.Mey. ex Benth. - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  36. Syncolostemon rehmannii(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  37. Syncolostemon rotundifoliusE.Mey. ex Benth. - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  38. Syncolostemon rugosifolius(M.Ashby) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  39. Syncolostemon stalmansii(A.J.Paton & K.Balkwill) D.F.Otieno - Mpumalanga, Swaziland
  40. Syncolostemon stenophyllus(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  41. Syncolostemon subvelutinus(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  42. Syncolostemon teucriifolius(Hochst.) D.F.Otieno - Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa
  43. Syncolostemon thorncroftii(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  44. Syncolostemon transvaalensis(Schltr.) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  45. Syncolostemon welwitschii(Rolfe) D.F.Otieno - Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola
<i>Tetradenia</i> genus of plants

Tetradenia is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1830. It is native to Africa, including Madagascar.

  1. Tetradenia bainesii(N.E.Br.) Phillipson & C.F.Steyn - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, KwaZulu-Natal
  2. Tetradenia barberae(N.E.Br.) Codd - Cape Province
  3. Tetradenia brevispicata(N.E.Br.) Codd - Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, Transvaal
  4. Tetradenia clementianaPhillipson - Madagascar
  5. Tetradenia cordataPhillipson - Madagascar
  6. Tetradenia discolorPhillipson - Zambia, Zaire, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tanzania
  7. Tetradenia falafaPhillipson - Madagascar
  8. Tetradenia fruticosaBenth. - Madagascar
  9. Tetradenia galpinii(N.E.Br.) Phillipson & C.F.Steyn - southeast Africa from Tanzania to Swaziland
  10. Tetradenia goudotiiBriq. - Madagascar
  11. Tetradenia herbacea Phillipson - Madagascar
  12. Tetradenia hildeanaPhillipson - Madagascar
  13. Tetradenia isaloensisPhillipson - Madagascar
  14. Tetradenia kaokoensisvan Jaarsv. & A.E.van Wyk - Namibia
  15. Tetradenia multiflora(Benth.) Phillipson - Ethiopia
  16. Tetradenia nervosaCodd - Madagascar
  17. Tetradenia riparia(Hochst.) Codd - southern Africa from Angola + Malawi to Swaziland
  18. Tetradenia tanganyikaePhillipson - Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia
  19. Tetradenia tuberosaT.J.Edwards - KwaZulu-Natal
  20. Tetradenia urticifolia(Baker) Phillipson - eastern + central Africa from Sudan + Eritrea south to Zaire and Tanzania

References

  1. 1919 illustration, M.S. del., J.N.Fitch lith. - Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London., vol. 145 [= ser. 4, vol. 15]: Tab. 8824
  2. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

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