Thornliebank

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Thornliebank
Thornliebank Main Street - geograph.org.uk - 1352372.jpg
Shops on Main Street
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Thornliebank
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Thornliebank
Location within Scotland
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Thornliebank
Thornliebank (Scotland)
Population4,051 
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G46
Dialling code 0141
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°48′22″N4°19′01″W / 55.806°N 4.317°W / 55.806; -4.317 Coordinates: 55°48′22″N4°19′01″W / 55.806°N 4.317°W / 55.806; -4.317

Thornliebank (Scots: Thonliebank, Scottish Gaelic: Bruach nan Dealgan) is a suburban area in East Renfrewshire, in the west central Lowlands of Scotland. Part of the Greater Glasgow conurbation, it is located on the Auldhouse Burn about 6 miles (10 km) south of Glasgow city centre, and just outside the city's administrative boundaries (the closest neighbourhoods within Glasgow, to the west and north of Thornliebank, being Arden, Carnwadric, Eastwood, Jenny Lind and Mansewood). The neighbouring East Renfrewshire town of Giffnock lies directly to the east, with Rouken Glen Park to the south.

Scots language Germanic language

Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster in Ireland. It is sometimes called Lowland Scots to distinguish it from Scottish Gaelic, the Celtic language which was historically restricted to most of the Highlands, the Hebrides and Galloway after the 16th century. The Scots language developed during the Middle English period as a distinct entity.

East Renfrewshire Council area of Scotland

East Renfrewshire is one of 32 council areas of Scotland. Until 1975 it formed part of the county of Renfrewshire for local government purposes along with the modern council areas of Renfrewshire, North Ayrshire and Inverclyde. Although no longer a local authority area, Renfrewshire still remains the registration county and lieutenancy area of East Renfrewshire.

Central Lowlands A geologically defined area of relatively low-lying land in southern Scotland

The Central Lowlands or Midland Valley is a geologically defined area of relatively low-lying land in southern Scotland. It consists of a rift valley between the Highland Boundary Fault to the north and the Southern Uplands Fault to the south. The Central Lowlands are one of the three main geographical sub-divisions of Scotland, the other two being the Highlands and Islands which lie to the north, northwest and the Southern Uplands, which lie south of the associated second fault line.

Contents

The original village was founded in the 18th century and began to develop after the opening of a printworks in 1778, and subsequently other light industry. Despite industrial decline in the 20th century, Thornliebank continued to expand due to extensive public and private housing construction. As of the 2011 Census, the area has a population of 4,051.

History

It is not known when Thornliebank was first settled although it has been ascertained that it did not exist prior to the 18th century. The village first makes its appearance on Thomas Richardson's map of 1795 and was, at the time, referred to as 'Thorny Bank', a title believed to have been inspired by the substantial number of thorn trees that were prevalent in the area. In 1789 it was a little street of cottages but it had grown by 1845, to have a population of 1366. This was largely due to the Crum family, who established and ran the Thornliebank printworks. John Crum founded the works in Main Street in 1778 to print locally woven linen. [1] [2]

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Thomas Richardson was a Scottish cartographer in the 18th century.

Map of Thornliebank in the early 1900s TBGiffMap1923.jpg
Map of Thornliebank in the early 1900s

Walter Crum who was in charge by 1819 was a chemist and Fellow of the Royal Society. He replaced spinning and weaving by calico printing with bleaching, turkey red dyeing and "beetling". This brought immigrants from Northern Ireland and the New Statistical Account of Scotland described Thornliebank as "a very flourishing village where, thirty years ago, three families did not exist". [1]

Walter Crum FRS was a Scottish chemist and businessman. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1844.

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.

Beetling

Beetling is the pounding of linen or cotton fabric to give a flat, lustrous effect.

Walter's son Alexander Crum who took over the printing works was a major philanthropist supporting housing, education, and leisure facilities in the village. He also provided funds for the village club and Thornliebank Parish Church. [1] Alexander Crum was Member of Parliament for Renfrewshire from 1880 to 1885. After his death he was commemorated by the Crum Library which was designed by the Scottish architect Sir Rowand Anderson and formally opened on 20 March 1897. [3]

Alexander Crum was a Scottish printer and Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1880 to 1885.

Renfrewshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 until 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

Woodfarm

Woodfarm is a residential area of Thornliebank, next to Rouken Glen Park and Eastwood Park. The housing is a mix of (mostly formerly) council-owned property, ex Army-owned houses, older bungalows and villas, and newer flats and family homes built within the last twenty years.

Rouken Glen Park is a public park in Giffnock, East Renfrewshire, to the south-west of Glasgow, Scotland.

Woodfarm Playing Fields sports complex was completed in 2004. The development features a full-sized football pitch, three five-a-side football pitches (that can also be used as tennis courts), and a clubhouse with changing rooms. Woodfarm High School, opposite the complex, has use of the pitches on weekdays for physical education classes, while the public has access to the leisure facilities on evenings and weekends. [4] There is also a separate Woodfarm Pavilion, a community hall with grass playing fields primarily used for cricket. [5]

Demography

According to the 2011 census, the Thornliebank census locality had a total resident population of 4,051. [6]

Transport

Public transport in the area is coordinated by Strathclyde Partnership for Transport. Thornliebank railway station is on the East Kilbride branch of the Glasgow South Western Line. Originally opened by the Busby Railway in 1881, it is served by half-hourly trains running between Glasgow Central and East Kilbride. Bus services are mainly provided by First Glasgow: services 10, 57 and 57A pass the railway station, while 38, 38A, 38B & 38C serve the Woodfarm area, all linking Thornliebank with Glasgow city centre.

The B769 (Spiersbridge Road) runs through the middle of Thornliebank, with the A727 running to the south of it, which leads to junction 3 of the M77 motorway at the western edge of the Thornliebank area.

Schools

Thornliebank has one non-denominational secondary school, Woodfarm High School in the Woodfarm area. Thornliebank Primary School is the only primary school in the area and acts as a feeder school for Woodfarm.

There are no Roman Catholic schools in Thornliebank itself, but the area is served by St Ninian's High School in Giffnock and St Vincent's Primary School in Carnwadric, Glasgow, for Catholic education.

Churches

Thornliebank Parish Church - Church of Scotland. The Minister is Rev. Mike Gargrave.

St. Vincent de Paul - Roman Catholic Church.

Facilities

Main Street: Church of Scotland, Saint Vincent de Paul Catholic church, Library, Thorntree Hall, Thornliebank Health Centre and Thornliebank Bowling Club.

Sport

Thornliebank F.C. were a senior football club in existence between 1875 and 1907. They reached the 1880 Scottish Cup Final.

Notable People

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Portal to the Past: East Renfrewshire's Heritage Collection - Thornliebank
  2. Glasgow, Thornliebank, Main Street, Thornliebank Print Works, Canmore
  3. Glasgow Herald 22 March 1897
  4. Soccer centre to take lease option at Woodfarm, Glasgow South and Eastwood Extra, 19 October 2013
  5. Woodfarm Pavilion, East Renfrewshire Culture and Leisure
  6. "Area Profiles". Scotland's Census. National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  7. Clifford, Rose F. (31 October 2011). History of British Neurology. ISBN   9781908977847.
  8. https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/JOHN-FINLAYSON-COWDENBEATH-1932-1933-RARE-ORIGINAL-HAND-SIGNED-CUTTING-CARD-/291138166331
  9. https://www.scottishfa.co.uk/players/?pid=112876
  10. https://www.playbuzz.com/patrick14/7-scots-to-have-played-major-league-baseball