Thyrsanthemum

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Thyrsanthemum
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Commelinaceae
Subfamily: Commelinoideae
Tribe: Tradescantieae
Subtribe: Thyrsanthemineae
Genus:Thyrsanthemum
Pichon
Type species
Thyrsanthemum floribundum
(M.Martens & Galeotti) Pichon

Thyrsanthemum is a genus of plants in the Commelinaceae, first described in 1946. The entire genus is endemic to Mexico. [1] [2] [3]

Commelinaceae family of plants

Commelinaceae is a family of flowering plants. In less formal contexts, the group is referred to as the dayflower family or spiderwort family. It is one of five families in the order Commelinales and by far the largest of these with about 731 known species in 41 genera. Well known genera include Commelina (dayflowers) and Tradescantia (spiderworts). The family is diverse in both the Old World tropics and the New World tropics, with some genera present in both. The variation in morphology, especially that of the flower and inflorescence, is considered to be exceptionally high amongst the angiosperms.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometers (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Species [1]

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{{taxobox |name =Tigridia |image =Tigridia pavonia flower.jpg |image_caption =Tigridia pavonia in Mexico |regnum =Plantae |unranked_divisio =Angiosperms |unranked_classis =Monocots |ordo =Asparagales |familia =Iridaceae |subfamilia =Iridoideae |tribus =Tigridieae |genus =Tigridia |genus_authority =Juss. |type_species =Tigridia pavonia |type_species_authority =(L.f.) Redouté |synonyms =

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  2. Dalembertia platanoidesBaill. - Oaxaca, Guerrero, México State
  3. Dalembertia populifoliaBaill. - from Sonora to Oaxaca
  4. Dalembertia triangularisMüll.Arg. - Guatemala, Chiapas, Oaxaca

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<i>Callisia</i> genus of plants

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Barroetea is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae.

Decachaeta is a genus of Mesoamerican flowering plants in the sunflower family.

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<i>Gibasis</i> genus of plants

Gibasis is genus of flowering plants within the Commelinaceae family, first described in 1837. It is native to the Western Hemisphere from Texas and the West Indies south to Argentina, with most of the species native to Mexico.

<i>Callisia gentlei</i> species of plant

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  1. Callisia gentlei var. elegans(Alexander ex H.E.Moore) D.R.Hunt - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras
  2. Callisia gentlei var. gentlei - Belize, Yucatán Peninsula
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Polystemma is a genus of flowering plants of the family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1844. It is native to Mexico and Central America.

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  2. Polystemma mirandaeLozada-Pérez - Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla
  3. Polystemma viridifloraDecne. - Michoacán, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas

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References

  1. 1 2 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Hunt, D. R. 1993. Commelinaceae. 13: 130–201. In R. McVaugh (ed.) Flora Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
  3. García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Diversidad Florística de Oaxaca: de Musgos a Angispermas 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria