Thysanoplusia daubei

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Thysanoplusia daubei
Thysanoplusia daubei01.jpg
Scientific classification
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T. daubei
Binomial name
Thysanoplusia daubei
(Boisduval, 1840)
Synonyms
  • Plusia daubei
  • Plusia ciliarisWalker, [1858]
  • Daubeplusia daubei

Thysanoplusia daubei is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in North and East Africa, Southern Europe, Arabia, Turkey, Southern Iran to the Himalayas, India, Indochina, China, Japan and Taiwan.

Moth Group of mostly-nocturnal insects in the order Lepidoptera

Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera. Most lepidopterans are moths, and there are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.

Noctuidae family of insects

The Noctuidae, commonly known as owlet moths, cutworms or armyworms, are the most controversial family in the superfamily Noctuoidea because many of the clades are constantly changing, along with the other families of the Noctuoidea. It was considered the largest family in Lepidoptera for a long time, but after regrouping Lymantriinae, Catocalinae and Calpinae within the family Erebidae, the latter holds this title now. Currently, Noctuidae is the second largest family in Noctuoidea, with about 1,089 genera and 11,772 species. However, this classification is still contingent, as more changes continue to appear between Noctuidae and Erebidae.

Africa The second largest and second most-populous continent, mostly in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Contents

The wingspan is about 30 mm.

The closest relatives of T.daubei are the afrotropical Thysanoplusia indicator (Walker, 1858) and the South-East Asiatic Thysanoplusia lectula that is larger in size. [1]

Biology

The larvae feed on Sonchus , Chondrilla , Cichorium and Mentha species.

<i>Sonchus</i> genus of plants

Sonchus is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family.

<i>Chondrilla</i> (plant) genus of plants

Chondrilla is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae. They are native to Eurasia, and certain taxa are known as introduced species outside their native range. The best known of these is rush skeletonweed, a noxious weed established in Africa, Australia, and the Americas.

<i>Cichorium</i> genus of plants

Cichorium is a genus of plants in the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family. The genus includes two cultivated species commonly known as chicory or endive, plus several wild species.

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References

  1. [Behounek, G., Ronkay, L. & Ronkay, G. (2010). A Taxonomic Atlas of the Eurasian and North African Noctuioidea. Plusiinae II. - The Witt Catalogue (Vol.4). (Plate 9, figs 5-6; Plate 33, figs 11-15; gen. fig. 33.)]