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天地會 (Chinese Traditional)
天地会 (Chinese Simplified)

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  1. Alexander Wylie: Secret Societies in China, in China Researches, p131, 1897 Shanghai, reprinted in USA by Nabu Public Domain Reprints
  2. Ownby (1995).
  3. Ownby & Heidhues (1993), p.  10.
  4. Murray & Qin (1994), p. 10.
  5. "WingChunPedia - the One and Only Wing Chun Encyclopedia! | WCP / Wing Chun Kuen and the Secret Societies-Collected Information by Rene Ritchie browse". Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  6. Murray & Qin (1994), p. 34.
  7. Ownby & Heidhues (1993), p.  185.
  8. Rites of Belonging: Memory, Modernity, and Identity in a Malaysian Chinese Community By Jean DeBernardi, Jean Elizabeth DeBernardi Published by Stanford University Press, 2004; ISBN   0-8047-4486-6, ISBN   978-0-8047-4486-7; p. 26
  9. The Straits Settlements, 1826–67: Indian Presidency to Crown Colony By Constance Mary Turnbull Published by Athlone Press, 1972; p. 9, 420
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Further reading

Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 天地會
Simplified Chinese 天地会
Literal meaningHeaven and Earth Society