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Scientific classification

Type species
Tiarocarpus neubaueri

Tiarocarpus is a genus of Afghan plants in the thistle tribe within the daisy family. [1] [2] [3]

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Afghan refers to someone or something from Afghanistan, in particular a citizen of that country. Prior to the rise of the nation as Afghanistan, it was used by Persian speakers and those influenced by the Persian language to denote the Pashtun people. In modern times, Afghan is rarely used as an ethnic term for the Pashtuns, but is rather used as the national demonym for all citizens of Afghanistan—Pashtuns, and a large number of Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Aimaqs, Turkmens, Balochs, Nuristanis, Pashayis, Pamiris, Arabs, and others. According to the Encyclopædia Iranica, the word Afghan (afḡān) in current political usage means any citizen of Afghanistan, regardless of their tribal or religious affiliation. According to the 1964 Constitution of Afghanistan, all Afghans are equal in rights and obligations before the law. The fourth article of the current Constitution of Afghanistan states that citizens of Afghanistan consist of Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Turkmen, Aimaq, Arab, Baluch, Pashayi, Nuristani, Qizilbash, Gurjar, Brahui, and members of other tribes.

Cynareae tribe of plants

The Cynareae are a tribe of flowering plants in the daisy family (Asteraceae) and the subfamily Carduoideae. Most of them are commonly known as thistles; four of the best known genera are Carduus, Cynara, Cirsium, and Onopordum.

Species [1] [4]
  1. Tiarocarpus hymenostephanus Rech.f. - Afghanistan
  2. Tiarocarpus neubaueri (Rech.f.) Rech.f. - Afghanistan
  3. Tiarocarpus tragacanthoides (Rech.f. & Gilli) Rech.f. - Afghanistan

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<i>Rumex</i> genus of plants

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<i>Gagea</i> genus of plants

Gagea is a large genus of spring flowers in the lily family. It is found primarily in Eurasia with a few species extending into North Africa and North America.

<i>Teucrium chamaedrys</i> species of plant

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<i>Alkanna</i> genus of plants

Alkanna is a genus of herbaceous plants including about 60 species of the family Boraginaceae.

Hymenocrater is a genus of plants from the mint family. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Turkmenistan and Pakistan.

  1. Hymenocrater adenothrixRech.f. - Afghanistan
  2. Hymenocrater altimuranusRech.f. - Afghanistan
  3. Hymenocrater bituminosusFisch. & C.A.Mey. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus
  4. Hymenocrater calycinus(Boiss.) Benth. - Turkmenistan, Iran
  5. Hymenocrater elegansBunge - Turkmenistan, Iran
  6. Hymenocrater incanusBunge - Iran
  7. Hymenocrater inciaidentatusBoriss. - Turkmenistan
  8. Hymenocrater longiflorusBenth. - Iran, Iraq
  9. Hymenocrater oxyodontusRech.f. - Iran
  10. Hymenocrater platystegiusRech.f. - Iran
  11. Hymenocrater sessilifoliusBenth. - Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan
  12. Hymenocrater yazdianusRech.f. - Iran
<i>Tricholepis</i> genus of plants

Tricholepis is a genus of Asian plants in the thistle tribe within the daisy family.

Turaniphytum is a genus of Asian plants in the chamomile tribe within the daisy family.

Hyalochaete is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.

Xylanthemum is a genus of Asian plants in the daisy family.

Scariola is a genus of Asian plants in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.

Sclerorhachis is a genus of Asian plants in the chamomile tribe within the daisy family.

Karvandarina is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.

Koelpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion family.

Omalotheca genus of plants

Omalotheca is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family. It is commonly known as arctic cudweed.

<i>Pentanema</i> genus of plants

Pentanema is a genus of Asian and African plants in the elecampane tribe within the sunflower family.

Graellsia is a genus of small perennial sub-caespitose herbs in the family Brassicaceae / Cruciferae. Most of the species are found in Iran and Afghanistan, with one occurring in Turkey, and one in the High Atlas of Morocco. They are typically found in shady crevices of calcareous rocks at altitudes of 1,000–3,600 metres (3,300–11,800 ft).

Lophanthus is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1763. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Mongolia, with many of the species endemic to Iran.

  1. Lophanthus adenocladus(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  2. Lophanthus allotrius(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  3. Lophanthus archibaldii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  4. Lophanthus chinensisBenth. - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Siberia
  5. Lophanthus depauperatus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  6. Lophanthus dschuparensis(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  7. Lophanthus elegans(Lipsky) Levin - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  8. Lophanthus hedgei(Freitag) A.L.Budantzev - Afghanistan
  9. Lophanthus iranshahrii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  10. Lophanthus kryloviiLipsky - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Altai
  11. Lophanthus laxiflorus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  12. Lophanthus michauxii(Briq.) Levin - Iran
  13. Lophanthus ouroumitanensis(Franch.) Kochk. & Zuckerw. - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  14. Lophanthus oxyodontus(Boiss.) Levin - Iran
  15. Lophanthus pinetorum(Aitch. & Hemsl.) Levin - Afghanistan, Pakistan, western Himalayas
  16. Lophanthus schrenkiiLevin - Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  17. Lophanthus schtschurowskianus(Regel) Lipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  18. Lophanthus sessilifolius(Bunge) Levin - Iran, Pakistan
  19. Lophanthus subnivalisLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  20. Lophanthus tibeticusC.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang - Tibet
  21. Lophanthus tschimganicusLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
  22. Lophanthus turcicusDirmenci, Yıldız & Hedge - Turkey
  23. Lophanthus varzobicusKochk. - Tajikistan

Stachyopsis is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1923. The genus is native to Central Asia.

<i>Acanthophyllum</i> genus of plants

Acanthophyllum is a genus of flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. 107 species have been described and of these, only 68 are currently accepted. about 60 species of Acanthophyllum C. A. Mey. spread in the Irano-Turanian area.


  1. 1 2 3 Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-11-06 at Archive.today
  2. Rechinger, Karl Heinz. 1972. Anzeiger der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschatliche Klasse 108: 5
  3. Tropicos, Tiarocarpus Rech. f.
  4. The Plant List search for Tiarocarpus