| Tiarocarpus neubaueri |
Tiarocarpus is a genus of Afghan plants in the thistle tribe within the daisy family.
A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.
Afghan refers to someone or something from Afghanistan, in particular a citizen of that country. Prior to the rise of the nation as Afghanistan, it was used by Persian speakers and those influenced by the Persian language to denote the Pashtun people. In modern times, Afghan is rarely used as an ethnic term for the Pashtuns, but is rather used as the national demonym for all citizens of Afghanistan—Pashtuns, and a large number of Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Aimaqs, Turkmens, Balochs, Nuristanis, Pashayis, Pamiris, Arabs, and others. According to the Encyclopædia Iranica, the word Afghan (afḡān) in current political usage means any citizen of Afghanistan, regardless of their tribal or religious affiliation. According to the 1964 Constitution of Afghanistan, all Afghans are equal in rights and obligations before the law. The fourth article of the current Constitution of Afghanistan states that citizens of Afghanistan consist of Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Turkmen, Aimaq, Arab, Baluch, Pashayi, Nuristani, Qizilbash, Gurjar, Brahui, and members of other tribes.
The Cynareae are a tribe of flowering plants in the daisy family (Asteraceae) and the subfamily Carduoideae. Most of them are commonly known as thistles; four of the best known genera are Carduus, Cynara, Cirsium, and Onopordum.
Nepeta is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. The genus name is reportedly in reference to Nepete, an ancient Etruscan city. There are about 250 species.
The docks and sorrels, genus Rumex L., are a genus of about 200 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs in the buckwheat family Polygonaceae.
Gagea is a large genus of spring flowers in the lily family. It is found primarily in Eurasia with a few species extending into North Africa and North America.
Teucrium chamaedrys, the wall germander, is a species of ornamental plant native to Mediterranean region of Europe and North Africa, and to the Middle East as far east as Iran. It was historically used as a medicinal herb for the treatment of gout and sometimes as a component of Venice treacle.
Alkanna is a genus of herbaceous plants including about 60 species of the family Boraginaceae.
Hymenocrater is a genus of plants from the mint family. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Turkmenistan and Pakistan.
Tricholepis is a genus of Asian plants in the thistle tribe within the daisy family.
Turaniphytum is a genus of Asian plants in the chamomile tribe within the daisy family.
Hyalochaete is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.
Xylanthemum is a genus of Asian plants in the daisy family.
Scariola is a genus of Asian plants in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.
Sclerorhachis is a genus of Asian plants in the chamomile tribe within the daisy family.
Karvandarina is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.
Koelpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion family.
Omalotheca is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family. It is commonly known as arctic cudweed.
Pentanema is a genus of Asian and African plants in the elecampane tribe within the sunflower family.
Graellsia is a genus of small perennial sub-caespitose herbs in the family Brassicaceae / Cruciferae. Most of the species are found in Iran and Afghanistan, with one occurring in Turkey, and one in the High Atlas of Morocco. They are typically found in shady crevices of calcareous rocks at altitudes of 1,000–3,600 metres (3,300–11,800 ft).
Lophanthus is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1763. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Mongolia, with many of the species endemic to Iran.
Stachyopsis is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1923. The genus is native to Central Asia.
Acanthophyllum is a genus of flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae. 107 species have been described and of these, only 68 are currently accepted. about 60 species of Acanthophyllum C. A. Mey. spread in the Irano-Turanian area.
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