Tight hymenal ring

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Tight hymenal ring
Specialty Gynecology

Tight hymenal ring is a disorder of the hymen, characterized by a rigid hymen and tight introitus, whether acquired or congenital. It excludes an imperforate hymen.

Hymen membrane that surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening

The hymen is a thin piece of mucosal tissue that surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening. It forms part of the vulva, or external genitalia, and is similar in structure to the vagina. The hymen does not seem to have a specific physiological function and has few, if any, nerve endings.

An introitus is an entrance into a canal or hollow organ. The vaginal introitus is the opening that leads to the vaginal canal.

An imperforate hymen is a congenital disorder where a hymen without an opening completely obstructs the vagina. It is caused by a failure of the hymen to perforate during fetal development. It is most often diagnosed in adolescent girls when menstrual blood accumulates in the vagina and sometimes also in the uterus. It is treated by surgical incision of the hymen.

The condition can be relieved by outpatient surgery or manual dilation. [1]

Outpatient surgery, also known as ambulatory surgery, day surgery, day case surgery, or same-day surgery, is surgery that does not require an overnight hospital stay. The term “outpatient” arises from the fact that surgery patients may enter and leave the facility on the same day. The advantages of outpatient surgery over inpatient surgery include greater convenience and reduced costs.

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  1. Jonathan S. Berek, ed. (2007). "Benign Diseases of the Female Reproductive Tract". Berek & Novak's Gynecology. 2007. Emil Novak. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 459. ISBN   978-0-7817-6805-4.