Timeline of Galician history

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Bronze Age

Iron Age

Gallaecia province of the Roman Empire

Suevi Kingdom of Gallaecia

Gallaecia province inside Visigothic Kingdom

Félix of Braga was the last bishop of Braga to reside there until 1070, due to the Moorish invasion. His successors established themselves in Lugo (Galicia).


Kingdom of Asturias/Gallaecia

Kingdom of Galicia inside Kingdom of León

1032 Bermudo III of León, deprived of the capital city of Leon, retreated into Galicia.

Kingdom of Galicia inside Crown of Castile

Kingdom of Spain / Republic of Spain / Francoist Spain

Autonomy of Galicia inside Kingdom of Spain

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alfonso III of Asturias</span> King of Asturias

Alfonso III, called the Great, was the king of León, Galicia and Asturias from 866 until his death. He was the son and successor of Ordoño I. In later sources he is the earliest to be called "Emperor of Spain." He was also titled "Prince of all Galicia".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingdom of León</span> Country on the Iberian Peninsula (910-1230)

The Kingdom of León was an independent kingdom situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula. It was founded in 910 when the Christian princes of Asturias along the northern coast of the peninsula shifted their capital from Oviedo to the city of León. The kings of León fought civil wars, wars against neighbouring kingdoms, and campaigns to repel invasions by both the Moors and the Vikings, all in order to protect their kingdom's changing fortunes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gallaecia</span> Roman province in the northwest Iberian Peninsula

Gallaecia, also known as Hispania Gallaecia, was the name of a Roman province in the north-west of Hispania, approximately present-day Galicia, northern Portugal, Asturias and Leon and the later Kingdom of Gallaecia. The Roman cities included the port Cale (Porto), the governing centers Bracara Augusta (Braga), Lucus Augusti (Lugo) and Asturica Augusta (Astorga) and their administrative areas Conventus bracarensis, Conventus lucensis and Conventus asturicensis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spain in the Middle Ages</span> Period of Spanish history from 408 to 1492

Spain in the Middle Ages is a period in the History of Spain that began in the 5th Century following the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and ended with the beginning of the Early modern period in 1492.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ramiro II of León</span> King of León from 931 to 951

Ramiro II, son of Ordoño II and Elvira Menendez, was a King of León from 931 until his death. Initially titular king only of a lesser part of the kingdom, he gained the crown of León after supplanting his brother Alfonso IV and cousin Alfonso Fróilaz in 931. The scant Anales castellanos primeros are a primary source for his reign.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of Portuguese history (Lusitania and Gallaecia)</span>

This is a historical timeline of Portugal.

This is a historical timeline of the Iberian Peninsula during the period of the post-Imperial kingdoms.

This is a historical timeline of Portugal.

This is a historical timeline of Portugal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Galicia</span> Aspect of history

The Iberian Peninsula, where Galicia is located, has been inhabited for at least 500,000 years, first by Neanderthals and then by modern humans. From about 4500 BC, it was inhabited by a megalithic culture, which entered the Bronze Age about 1500 BC. These people would become the Gallaeci, and they would be conquered by the Roman Empire in the first and second centuries AD. As the Roman Empire declined, Galicia would be conquered and ruled by various Germanic tribes, notably the Suebi and Visigoths, until the 9th century. Then the Muslim conquest of Iberia reached Galicia, although they never quite controlled the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingdom of Galicia</span> Kingdom in Iberia from 410 to 1833

The Kingdom of Galicia was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It was founded by the Suebic king Hermeric in 409, with its capital established in Braga. It was the first kingdom that officially adopted Catholicism. In 449, it minted its own currency. In 585, it became a part of the Visigothic Kingdom. In the 8th century, Galicia became a part of the newly founded Christian Kingdom of Asturias, which later became the Kingdom of León, while occasionally achieving independence under the authority of its own kings. Compostela became the capital of Galicia in the 11th century, while the independence of Portugal (1128) determined its southern boundary. The accession of Castilian King Ferdinand III to the Leonese kingdom in 1230 brought Galicia under the control of the Crown of Castile.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kingdom of the Suebi</span> 409–585 Germanic kingdom in northwestern Iberia

The Kingdom of the Suebi, also called the Kingdom of Galicia or Suebi Kingdom of Galicia, was a Germanic post-Roman kingdom that was one of the first to separate from the Roman Empire. Based in the former Roman provinces of Gallaecia and northern Lusitania, the de facto kingdom was established by the Suebi about 409, and during the 6th century it became a formally declared kingdom identifying with Gallaecia. It maintained its independence until 585, when it was annexed by the Visigoths, and was turned into the sixth province of the Visigothic Kingdom in Hispania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Astur-Leonese dynasty</span>

The Asturian or Astur-Leonese dynasty, known in Arabic as the Banī Adhfūnsh, was the ruling family of the kingdom of Asturias and León from 739 until 1037. Under their rule, the Astur-Leonese kingdom went from a small mountain enclave to one of the dominant powers in Hispania.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hispania</span> Roman province (218 BC – 472 AD)

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, initially as Hispania Nova, which was later renamed "Callaecia". From Diocletian's Tetrarchy onwards, the south of the remainder of Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and all of the mainland Hispanic provinces, along with the Balearic Islands and the North African province of Mauretania Tingitana, were later grouped into a civil diocese headed by a vicarius. The name Hispania was also used in the period of Visigothic rule.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County of Portugal</span> County in Southwestern Europe (868–1139)

The County of Portugal refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Braga and Porto, today corresponding to littoral northern Portugal, within which the identity of the Portuguese people formed. The first county existed from the mid-ninth to the mid-eleventh centuries as a vassalage of the Kingdom of Asturias and the Kingdom of Galicia and also part of the Kingdom of León, before being abolished as a result of rebellion. A larger entity under the same name was then reestablished in the late 11th century and subsequently elevated by its count in the mid-12th century into an independent Kingdom of Portugal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Name of Galicia</span>

The name of Galicia, an autonomous community of Spain and former kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula, derives from the Latin toponym Callaecia, later Gallaecia, related to the name of an ancient tribe that resided north of the Douro river, the Gallaeci or Callaeci in Latin, or Kallaikói (καλλαικoι) in Greek.

Ordoño Ramírez, called "the Blind" was the son of King Ramiro III of León and Sancha Gómez, grandson of Sancho I of León and Queen Teresa Ansúrez and, on the maternal side, of Gómez Díaz, Count of Saldaña and Countess Muniadona Fernández.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ancient Portugal</span>

This article covers the history of ancient Portugal, the period between Prehistoric Iberia and County of Portugal.

Gutier Menéndez (c. 865 – 934) was the most powerful Galician magnate of his time in the Kingdom of León. Related to the royal family through marriages, he acted as a powerbroker in the civil wars that followed the disputed succession of 925.


  1. "Los celtas que colonizaron Gran Bretaña procedían de Galicia". 21 September 2006. Archived from the original on 28 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  2. Alberro, Manuel (2008). "Celtic Legacy in Galicia". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies. 6: 20. Archived from the original on 2023-03-30. Retrieved 2023-03-30.
  3. Muruais, Perfecto Conde (20 April 1978). "Santiago y La Coruña se disputan la capitalidad de Galicia | España | EL PAÍS". El País. Archived from the original on 4 December 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  4. Britannica 1910.
  5. 1 2 Archived copy Archived 2020-10-30 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "El futuro de la primera línea del ferrocarril de Galicia está en peligro". 20 November 2008. Archived from the original on 28 June 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  7. "El ferrocarril cumple 135 años". Archived from the original on 2020-06-30. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2020-06-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. Real Decreto-lei 7/1978, polo que se aproba o réxime preautonómico para Galicia (BOE nº 66, de 18.03.1978) Archived 2012-02-01 at the Wayback Machine e Real Decreto 474/1978, polo que se desenvolve o Real Decreto-lei 7/1978 (BOE nº 66, de 18.03.1978) Archived 2012-02-01 at the Wayback Machine .

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Peninsular War". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.