Timeline of Llanelli history

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This article is a timeline of Llanelli history. For a full article on the town, see Llanelli .



St. Ellyw, a child or grandchild of king Brychan and a disciple of Cadoc built a church, and lent his name to the town.


1607 – Oldest Map of Wales. Created by William Camden. Llanelly a small Town in South Wales where Machynys is shown to be a separate island called Bach hannis

1682 – Creation of Llanelly Church

1683 – Start of parish records


1714 - Llanelly House construction started.

1772John Wesley visits Llanelly.

1779 – Wesley visits again.

1780 – Independent chapel established at Capel Als.

1785Calvinist Methodist church established at Gelli On.

1791Blast furnace set up in Cwmddyche by Gevers and Ingman.

1795 – Alexander Raby begins to operate mining and melting of metal ores. Llanelly's population recorded as less than 500.


1801 – Llanelly's first census – population 2,972.

1802 – Establishment of foundry and engineering works by Waddle in New Dock.

1803Carmarthenshire Railway or Tramroad opened in May 1803. It had closed down by 1844, but the same trackway was used by the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway more than 80 years later.

1805 – Llanelly's copper works established by Daniel & Co.

1809 – Llanelly is hit by floods. Jubilee of King George celebrated by townsfolk. Establishment of Capel Newydd.


1813 – Box coal pit opened.

1822 – Sion Chapel founded.

1823 – Part of Parish Church is built.

1828 – Six bells put in tower of the Parish Church. Upper and Lower Markets opened. Wesleyan church built.

1829 – Construction of Hall Street and New Road begin. Railway allowed between St Davids and Machynys. R.J. Nevill buys all coal pits belonging to General Ward.

1830 – Cambrian copper works opened.

1831 – Town population recorded as 7,646.


1834 - Llanelly Railway opened.

1835 – New Dock opened in Llanelly, the gas company is formed and the local industrialist Alexander Raby dies.

1839 – Swansea Road workhouse opened.


1847 - Copperworks School was established, it is the oldest School in Llanelly. Built by Richard Janion Nevill, son of Charles Nevill of the Copperworks in Llanelly

1850 - St. Elli Parish Church Lynch gates and stocks were removed.

1875Llanelli RFC, one of the most storied rugby union clubs in Wales, is formed; though the club itself misidentified its formation date as 1872.

1879Stradey Park opens as the home of Llanelli RFC. It remained the home for Llanelli RFC for nearly 130 years, and later for the regional side Scarlets, but closed in November 2008 when the teams' new home, Parc y Scarlets , opened in nearby Pemberton.

1886 - Parc Howard Museum opened.

1897 - Stamping works opens in Seaside Llanelli.

1898 - Initial founding of Llanelly Steel Works Limited (later Duport Steel).

1895 – Host the National Eisteddfod of Wales


1901 - Population: 25,617. [1]

1903 – Hosts the National Eisteddfod for a second time.

1904 - A train derails as it was over speeding, killing five and injuring 94 people. [2]

1906 - St Elli Church, Llanelli rebuilt. [1]

1909 - Llanelli Star begins publication.

1911Riots occur as a part of railway strikes during 'the great unrest'. On 17 August, strikers at Llanelli held up trains at one of the level crossings in the town. The army was called in the next day and two bystanders were shot dead. Railway trucks carrying detonators were set on fire, causing an explosion that killed four people. [3]

1911 - Palace Theatre, later called the Vint's Palace was established.

1912 - St. Elli Parish Church Llanelly. Lych Gates were replaced.

1920 - The Royal Theatre (Haggars) opens in Market Street Llanelli

1930 – Hosts the National Eisteddfod.

1930 - The Regal Cinema opens in Llanell.

1934 - The Ritz Ballroom opens in Llanelli.

1962 – Hosts the National Eisteddfod.

1970 -

1972 – "The Day the Pubs Ran Dry"—31 October, when Llanelli RFC defeated the touring All Blacks of New Zealand 9-3 (10-3 in today's scoring system) before a crowd of 26,000 at Stradey Park. Pubs throughout the town ran dry serving fans celebrating the win. [4]

1995 - Our Lady Queen of Peace Church opened.


2000 – Hosts the National Eisteddfod.


2009 – 31 January—The official opening ceremony of Parc y Scarlets is held; the main event is a match between the Scarlets and the Barbarians, with the Scarlets winning 40–24.



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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Britannica 1910.
  2. "Accident at Llanelli - Loughor on 3rd October 1904 :: The Railways Archive".
  3. "Troops camped near Llanelli during the Railway Strike, 1911". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  4. "The day the pubs ran dry in Llanelli". BBC Sport. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  5. "National Eisteddfod held in Llanelli for sixth time". BBC News. 2 August 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  6. "Covid: Llanelli in local lockdown after coronavirus spike". BBC News. 25 September 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  7. "New arrests as Llanelli asylum seeker hotel deemed unsafe". BBC News. 5 October 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2024.
  8. "Llanelli wants to become Wales' eighth city". Sky News. Retrieved 18 January 2024.

Further reading