COVID-19 pandemic in Wales

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in Wales
Wales Principal Areas Map Cases per 100K of COVID-19 ONGOING; starting at 17 April 2020.svg
Cases per 10k in Wales as of 11 March 2021 [ needs update ]
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Wales
First outbreak Wuhan, China
Index case Caerphilly
Arrival date28 February 2020
(1 year, 10 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
Confirmed cases689,790 [1] [note 1] [2] (up to 5 January 2022)
Hospitalised cases
  • 346 [2] (active, as of 27 December 2021)
  • 37,186 [2] (total, up to 27 December 2021)
Ventilator cases31 [2] (active, as of 28 December 2021)
Recoveredno data [3]
Deaths
  • 6,599 [4] [2] (deaths within 28 days of positive test, up to 5 January 2022)
  • 9,102 [2] (deaths with COVID-19 on the death certificate by date of death, up to 10 December 2021)
Fatality rate
  • 202.6 [2] (death rate per 100,000 who died within 28 days of the first positive test)
  • 279.5 [2] (death rate per 100,000 whose death certificate mentioned COVID-19)
Government website
gov.wales/coronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Wales on 28 February 2020, with a case being reported in the Swansea area; this first known case was a person who had recently returned from Italy. [5] The first known case of community transmission was reported on 11 March in the Caerphilly area. [6]

Contents

Health care in Wales is a devolved matter, as it is in Northern Ireland and Scotland, with all three governments having their own systems of publicly funded healthcare. The UK Government is responsible for health care in England, however, and over the course of the pandemic has made many announcements using the words 'nationally' or 'UK', whereas in fact they related only to England. As a result of each country having different policies, procedures and priorities, a variety of differences exist between these systems. [7] [8] There is a Conservative Government in Westminster, and a Labour led Government in Cardiff; this ideological divide might contribute to variances in approach. In general, and compared to other nations with similar population, the death toll in Wales is much higher, with over 2,500 in Wales, compared to 889 in Jamaica and 298 in Norway. Compared to England, however, the number of deaths per 100,000 population is marginally lower.

Timeline

COVID-19 cases in Wales  ()
     Deaths        Confirmed cases
2020202020212021
FebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAugSepSepOctOctNovNovDecDec
JanJanFebFebMarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAug
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
Cases (% rise)
Deaths (% rise)
2020-02-281(n.a.)
2020-02-291(=)
2020-03-011(=)
2020-03-021(=)
2020-03-031(=)
2020-03-041(=)
2020-03-052(+50%)
2020-03-062(=)
2020-03-072(=)
2020-03-08
4(+50%)
2020-03-09
6(+50%)
2020-03-10
15(+133%)
2020-03-11
19(+27%)
2020-03-12
25(+32%)
2020-03-13
37(+52%)
2020-03-14
60(+56%)
2020-03-15
94(+57%)
2020-03-16
124(+32%)1(n.a.)
2020-03-17
136(+10%)1(=)
2020-03-18
149(+10%)1(=)
2020-03-19
170(+16%)1(=)
2020-03-20
191(+12%)1(=)
2020-03-21
280(+47%)3(+200%)
2020-03-22
347(+28%)12(+300%)
2020-03-23
418(+20%)16(+33%)
2020-03-24
478(+14%)17(+6.3%)
2020-03-25
628(+31%)22(+29%)
2020-03-26
741(+18%)28(+27%)
2020-03-27
921(+24%)34(+21%)
2020-03-28
1,093(+19%)38(+12%)
2020-03-29
1,241(+14%)48(+26%)
2020-03-30
1,451(+15%)62(+29%)
2020-03-31
1,563(+7.7%)69(+11%)
2020-04-01
1,837(+18%)98(+42%)
2020-04-02
2,121(+15%)117(+20%)
2020-04-03
2,466(+16%)141(+21%)
2020-04-04
2,853(+16%)154(+9.2%)
2020-04-05
3,197(+12%)166(+7.8%)
2020-04-06
3,499(+9.4%)193(+16%)
2020-04-07
3,790(+8.3%)212(+9.8%)
2020-04-08
4,073(+7.5%)245(+16%)
2020-04-09
4,082(+0.2%)286(+17%)
2020-04-10
4,591(+12%)315(+10%)
2020-04-11
4,930(+7.4%)351(+11%)
2020-04-12
5,297(+7.4%)369(+5.1%)
2020-04-13
5,610(+5.9%)384(+4.1%)
2020-04-14
5,848(+4.2%)403(+4.9%)
2020-04-15
6,113(+4.5%)463(+15%)
2020-04-16
6,401(+4.7%)495(+6.9%)
2020-04-17
6,645(+3.8%)506(+2.2%)
2020-04-18
6,936(+4.4%)534(+5.5%)
2020-04-19
7,270(+4.8%)575(+7.7%)
2020-04-20
7,546(+3.8%)584(+1.6%)
2020-04-21
7,850(+4.0%)609(+4.3%)
2020-04-22
8,124(+3.5%)624(+2.5%)
2020-04-23
8,358(+2.9%)641(+2.7%)
2020-04-24
8,601(+2.9%)751(+17%)
2020-04-25
8,900(+3.5%)774(+3.1%)
2020-04-26
9,078(+2.0%)788(+1.8%)
2020-04-27
9,280(+2.2%)796(+1.0%)
2020-04-28
9,512(+2.5%)813(+2.1%)
2020-04-29
9,629(+1.2%)886(+8.9%)
2020-04-30
9,812(+1.9%)908(+2.5%)
2020-05-01
9,972(+1.6%)925(+1.9%)
2020-05-02
10,155(+1.8%)969(+4.8%)
2020-05-03
10,329(+1.7%)983(+1.4%)
2020-05-04
10,524(+1.9%)997(+1.4%)
2020-05-05
10,669(+1.4%)1,023(+2.6%)
2020-05-06
10,764(+0.9%)1,044(+2.1%)
2020-05-07
10,851(+0.8%)1,062(+1.7%)
2020-05-08
11,003(+1.4%)1,090(+2.6%)
2020-05-09
11,121(+1.1%)1,099(+0.8%)
2020-05-10
11,344(+2.0%)1,111(+1.1%)
2020-05-11
11,468(+1.1%)1,116(+0.5%)
2020-05-12
11,573(+0.9%)1,132(+1.4%)
2020-05-13
11,706(+1.1%)1,154(+1.9%)
2020-05-14
11,834(+1.1%)1,164(+0.9%)
2020-05-15
11,960(+1.1%)1,173(+0.8%)
2020-05-16
12,142(+1.5%)1,191(+1.5%)
2020-05-17
12,304(+1.3%)1,203(+1.0%)
2020-05-18
12,404(+0.8%)1,207(+0.3%)
2020-05-19
12,570(+1.3%)1,224(+1.4%)
2020-05-20
12,680(+0.9%)1,238(+1.1%)
2020-05-21
12,846(+1.3%)1,247(+0.7%)
2020-05-22
12,984(+1.1%)1,254(+0.6%)
2020-05-23
13,169(+1.4%)1,260(+0.5%)
2020-05-24
13,309(+1.1%)1,267(+0.6%)
2020-05-25
13,415(+0.8%)1,274(+0.6%)
2020-05-26
13,556(+1.0%)1,282(+0.6%)
2020-05-27
13,653(+0.7%)1,293(+0.9%)
2020-05-28
13,725(+0.5%)1,307(+1.1%)
2020-05-29
13,827(+0.7%)1,317(+0.8%)
2020-05-30
13,913(+0.6%)1,331(+1.1%)
2020-05-31
13,995(+0.6%)1,342(+0.8%)
2020-06-01
14,054(+0.4%)1,347(+0.4%)
2020-06-02
14,121(+0.5%)1,354(+0.5%)
2020-06-03
14,203(+0.6%)1,371(+1.2%)
2020-06-04
14,238(+0.2%)1,379(+0.6%)
2020-06-05
14,314(+0.5%)1,383(+0.3%)
2020-06-06
14,356(+0.3%)1,393(+0.7%)
2020-06-07
14,396(+0.3%)1,398(+0.4%)
2020-06-08
14,438(+0.3%)1,401(+0.2%)
2020-06-09
14,480(+0.3%)1,410(+0.6%)
2020-06-10
14,518(+0.3%)1,419(+0.6%)
2020-06-11
14,581(+0.4%)1,425(+0.4%)
2020-06-12
14,658(+0.5%)1,435(+0.7%)
2020-06-13
14,703(+0.3%)1,441(+0.4%)
2020-06-14
14,742(+0.3%)1,444(+0.2%)
2020-06-15
14,804(+0.4%)1,448(+0.3%)
2020-06-16
14,869(+0.4%)1,456(+0.5%)
2020-06-17
14,922(+0.4%)1,466(+0.7%)
2020-06-18
14,970(+0.3%)1,471(+0.3%)
2020-06-19
15,001(+0.2%)1,475(+0.3%)
2020-06-20
15,026(+0.2%)1,476(+0.1%)
2020-06-21
15,126(+0.7%)1,477(+0.1%)
2020-06-22
15,197(+0.5%)1,478(+0.1%)
2020-06-23
15,295(+0.6%)1,483(+0.3%)
2020-06-24
15,341(+0.3%)1,491(+0.5%)
2020-06-25
15,466(+0.8%)1,497(+0.4%)
2020-06-26
15,531(+0.4%)1,497(=)
2020-06-27
15,577(+0.3%)1,502(+0.3%)
2020-06-28
15,602(+0.2%)1,504(+0.1%)
2020-06-29
15,717(+0.7%)1,507(+0.2%)
2020-06-30
15,743(+0.2%)1,510(+0.2%)
2020-07-01
15,775(+0.2%)1,516(+0.4%)
2020-07-02
15,815(+0.3%)1,524(+0.5%)
2020-07-03
15,841(+0.2%)1,525(+0.1%)
2020-07-04
15,875(+0.2%)1,530(+0.3%)
2020-07-05
15,890(+0.1%)1,531(+0.1%)
2020-07-06
15,898(+0.1%)1,531(=)
2020-07-07
15,900(+0.01%)1,534+(0.2%)
2020-07-08
15,913(+0.1%)1,538(+0.3%)
2020-07-09
15,929(+0.1%)1,540(+0.1%)
2020-07-10
15,939(+0.1%)1,540(=)
2020-07-11
15,946(+0.04%)1,541+(0.1%)
2020-07-12
15,962(+0.1%)1,541(=)
2020-07-13
15,973(+0.1%)1,541(=)
2020-07-14
16,836(+0.12%)1,543(+0.13%)
2020-07-15
16,854(+0.11%)1,545(+0.13%)
2020-07-16
16,871(+0.10%)1,545(=)
2020-07-17
16,887(+0.09%)1,546(+0.06%)
2020-07-18
16,897(+0.06%)1,546(=)
2020-07-19
16,928(+0.18%)1,547(+0.06%)
2020-07-20
16,943(+0.09%)1,547(=)
2020-07-21
16,965(+0.13%)1,547(=)
2020-07-22
16,987(+0.13%)1,548(+0.06%)
2020-07-23
17,030(+0.25%)1,548(=)
2020-07-24
17,075(+0.26%)1,548(=)
2020-07-25
17,105(+0.18%)1,548(=)
2020-07-26
17,125(+0.12%)1,549(+0.06%)
2020-07-27
17,170(+0.26%)1,549(=)
2020-07-28
17,191(+0.12%)1,549(=)
2020-07-29
17,223(+0.19%)1,554(+0.32%)
2020-07-30
17,232(+0.05%)1,556(+0.13%)
2020-07-31
17,258(+0.15%)1,560(+0.26%)
2020-08-01
17,279(+0.12%)1,562(+0.13%)
2020-08-02
17,315(+0.21%)1,565(+0.19%)
2020-08-03
17,339(+0.14%)1,565(=)
2020-08-04
17,361(+0.13%)1,566(+0.06%)
2020-08-05
17,374(+0.07%)1,568(+0.13%)
2020-08-06
17,389(+0.09%)1,571(+0.19%)
2020-08-07
17,406(+0.10%)1,578(+0.45%)
2020-08-08
17,425(+0.11%)1,579(+0.06%)
2020-08-09
17,451(+0.15%)1,579(=)
2020-08-10
17,463(+0.07%)1,579(=)
2020-08-11
17,476(+0.07%)1,581(+0.13%)
2020-08-12
17,484(+0.05%)1,586(+0.32%)
2020-08-13
17,499(+0.09%)1,586(=)
2020-08-14
17,516(+0.10%)1,586(=)
2020-08-15
17,543(+0.15%)1,587(+0.06%)
2020-08-16
17,561(+0.10%)1,589(+0.13%)
2020-08-17
17,575(+0.08%)1,589(=)
2020-08-18
17,599(+0.14%)1,589(=)
2020-08-19
17,620(+0.12%)1,589(=)
2020-08-20
17,639(+0.11%)1,589(=)
2020-08-21
17,673(+0.19%)1,589(=)
2020-08-22
17,707(+0.19%)1,590(+0.06%)
2020-08-23
17,727(+0.11%)1,592(+0.13%)
2020-08-24
17,746(+0.11%)1,593(+0.06%)
2020-08-25
17,774(+0.16%)1,593(=)
2020-08-26
17,808(+0.19%)1,594(+0.06%)
2020-08-27
17,843(+0.20%)1,595(+0.06%)
2020-08-28
17,877(+0.19%)1,595(=)
2020-08-29
17,917(+0.22%)1,595(=)
2020-08-30
17,973(+0.31%)1,595(=)
2020-08-31
18,012(+0.22%)1,595(=)
2020-09-01
18,063(+0.28%)1,596(+0.06%)
2020-09-02
18,105(+0.23%)1,596(=)
2020-09-03
18,155(+0.28%)1,596(=)
2020-09-04
18,206(+0.28%)1,596(=)
2020-09-05
18,283(+0.42%)1,597(+0.06%)
2020-09-06
18,381(+0.54%)1,597(=)
2020-09-07
18,514(+0.72%)1,597(=)
2020-09-08
18,664(+0.81%)1,597(=)
2020-09-09
18,829(+0.88%)1,597(=)
2020-09-10
18,931(+0.54%)1,597(=)
2020-09-11
19,064(+0.70%)1,597(=)
2020-09-12
19,228(+0.86%)1,597(=)
2020-09-13
19,390(+0.84%)1,597(=)
2020-09-14
19,573(+0.94%)1,597(=)
2020-09-15
19,681(+0.55%)1,597(=)
2020-09-16
19,880(+1.01%)1,597(=)
2020-09-17
20,048(+0.85%)1,600(+0.19%)
2020-09-18
20,233(+0.92%)1,601(+0.06%)
2020-09-19
20,445(+1.05%)1,603(+0.12%)
2020-09-20
20,644(+0.97%)1,603(=)
2020-09-21
20,878(+1.13%)1,603(=)
2020-09-22
21,159(+1.35%)1,603(=)
2020-09-23
21,548(+1.84%)1,605(+0.12%)
2020-09-24
21,896(+1.61%)1,606(+0.06%)
2020-09-25
22,215(+1.46%)1,609(+0.19%)
2020-09-26
22,584(+1.66%)1,612(+0.19%)
2020-09-27
22,945(+1.60%)1,612(=)
2020-09-28
23,231(+1.25%)1,612(=)
2020-09-29
23,597(+1.58%)1,615(+0.19%)
2020-09-30
23,985(+1.64%)1,616(+0.06%)
2020-10-01
24,383(+1.66%)1,622(+0.37%)
2020-10-02
24,845(+1.89%)1,625(+0.18%)
2020-10-03
25,420(+2.31%)1,630(+0.31%)
2020-10-04
25,852(+1.70%)1,630(=)
2020-10-05
26,447(+2.30%)1,630(=)
2020-10-06
26,872(+1.61%)1,640(+0.61%)
2020-10-07
27,624(+2.80%)1,643(+0.18%)
2020-10-08
28,262(+2.31%)1,644(+0.06%)
2020-10-09
29,028(+2.71%)1,646(+0.12%)
2020-10-10
29,654(+2.16%)1,667(+1.28%)
2020-10-11
30,121(+1.57%)1,669(+0.12%)
2020-10-12
30,608(+1.62%)1,673(+0.24%)
2020-10-13
31,370(+2.49%)1,678(+0.30%)
2020-10-14
32,316(+3.02%)1,688(+0.60%)
2020-10-15
33,041(+2.24%)1,698(+0.59%)
2020-10-16
34,005(+2.92%)1,703(+0.29%)
2020-10-17
34,679(+1.98%)1,708(+0.29%)
2020-10-18
35,628(+2.74%)1,711(+0.18%)
2020-10-19
36,253(+1.75%)1,712(+0.06%)
2020-10-20
37,400(+3.16%)1,722(+0.58%)
2020-10-21
38,361(+2.57%)1,736(+0.81%)
2020-10-22
39,491(+2.95%)1,743(+0.40%)
2020-10-23
40,253(+1.93%)1,756(+0.75%)
2020-10-24
41,577(+3.29%)1,772(+0.91%)
2020-10-25
42,681(+2.66%)1,777(+0.28%)
2020-10-26
43,839(+2.71%)1,783(+0.34%)
2020-10-27
45,046(+2.75%)1,790(+0.39%)
2020-10-28
46,459(+3.14%)1,827(+2.07%)
2020-10-29
47,834(+2.96%)1,848(+1.15%)
2020-10-30
49,571(+3.63%)1,859(+0.60%)
2020-10-31
50,872(+2.62%)1,872(+0.70%)
2020-11-01
51,691(+1.61%)1,888(+0.85%)
2020-11-02
53,337(+3.18%)1,891(+0.16%)
2020-11-03
54,456(+2.10%)1,895(+0.21%)
2020-11-04
55,658(+2.21%)1,939(+2.32%)
2020-11-05
56,927(+2.28%)1,969(+1.55%)
2020-11-06
58,279(+2.37%)1,982(+0.66%)
2020-11-07
59,273(+1.71%)2,014(+1.61%)
2020-11-08
59,981(+1.19%)2,033(+0.94%)
2020-11-09
60,912(+1.55%)2,041(+0.39%)
2020-11-10
61,356(+0.73%)2,063(+1.08%)
2020-11-11
62,284(+1.51%)2,108(+2.18%)
2020-11-12
63,151(+1.39%)2,142(+1.61%)
2020-11-13
63,948(+1.26%)2,171(+1.35%)
2020-11-14
64,881(+1.46%)2,191(+0.92%)
2020-11-15
66,214(+2.05%)2,207(+0.73%)
2020-11-16
67,106(+1.35%)2,209(+0.09%)
2020-11-17
67,811(+1.05%)2,243(+1.54%)
2020-11-18
68,449(+0.94%)2,284(+1.83%)
2020-11-19
69,497(+1.53%)2,307(+1.01%)
2020-11-20
70,517(+1.47%)2,338(+1.34%)
2020-11-21
71,533(+1.44%)2,365(+1.15%)
2020-11-22
72,341(+1.13%)2,376(+0.47%)
2020-11-23
73,233(+1.23%)2,385(+0.38%)
2020-11-24
73,828(+0.81%)2,406(+0.88%)
2020-11-25
74,735(+1.23%)2,446(+1.66%)
2020-11-26
75,986(+1.67%)2,474(+1.14%)
2020-11-27
77,091(+1.45%)2,494(+0.81%)
2020-11-28
78,536(+1.87%)2,523(+1.16%)
2020-11-29
79,540(+1.28%)2,536(+0.63%)
2020-11-30
80,342(+1.01%)2,540(+0.04%)
2020-12-01
81,009(+0.83%)2,563(+0.91%)
2020-12-02
82,489(+1.83%)2,614(+1.99%)
2020-12-03
83,961(+1.78%)2,638(+0.92%)
2020-12-04
85,432(+1.75%)2,671(+1.25%)
2020-12-05
87,077(+1.93%)2,695(+0.90%)
2020-12-06
88,992(+2.20%)2,709(+0.52%)
2020-12-07
91,013(+2.27%)2,711(+0.07%)
2020-12-08
91,792(+0.86%)2,725(+0.52%)
2020-12-09
94,030(+2.44%)2,756(+1.14%)
2020-12-10
95,998(+2.09%)2,789(+1.20%)
2020-12-11
98,232(+2.33%)2,818(+1.04%)
2020-12-12
100,725(+2.54%)2,849(+1.10%)
2020-12-13
2020-12-14
101,953*(+1.22%)2,882(+1.16%)
2020-12-15
102,568*(+0.60%)2,891(+0.31%)
2020-12-16
103,098*(+0.52%)2,921(+1.04%)
2020-12-17
114,566*(+11.12%),2973(+1.78%)
2020-12-18
117,367(+2.44%)3,011(+1.28%)
2020-12-19
120,432(+2.61%)3,046(+1.16%)
2020-12-20
122,766(+1.94%)3,115(+2.27%)
2020-12-21
125,329(+2.09%)3,125(+0.32%)
2020-12-22
128,089(+2.20%)3,149(+0.77%)
2020-12-23
131,102(+2.35%)3,200(+1.62%)
2020-12-24
133,263(+1.65%)3,263(+1.97%)
2020-12-25
2020-12-26
135,500(+1.68%)3,298(+1.07%)
2020-12-27
139,642(+3.06%)3,368(+2.12%)
2020-12-28
141,915(+1.63%)3,383(+0.45%)
2020-12-29
144,425(+1.77%)3,416(+0.98%)
2020-12-30
146,706(+1.58%)3,429(+0.38%)
2020-12-31
148,537(+1.25%)3,494(+1.90%)
2021-01-01
2021-01-02
151,300(+1.86%)3,564(+2.00%)
2021-01-03
155,311(+2.65%)3,620(+1.57%)
2021-01-04
157,209(+1.22%)3,645(+0.69%)
2021-01-05
159,278(+1.32%)3,662(+0.47%)
2021-01-06
161,516(+1.41%)3,738(+2.08%)
2021-01-07
163,234(+1.06%)3,801(+1.69%)
2021-01-08
165,721(+1.52%)3,857(+1.47%)
2021-01-09
168,094(+1.43%)3,919(+1.61%)
2021-01-10
169,754(+0.99%)3,964(+1.15%)
2021-01-11
171,457(+1.06%)3,981(+0.43%)
2021-01-12
172,879(+0.78%)3,997(+0.40%)
2021-01-13
174,412(+0.89%)4,063(+1.65%)
2021-01-14
176,056(+0.94%)4,117(+1.33%)
2021-01-15
177,864(+1.03%)4,171(+1.31%)
2021-01-16
178,989(+0.63%)4,226(+1.32%)
2021-01-17
180,161(+0.65%)4,274(+1.14%)
2021-01-18
181,493(+0.74%)4,294(+0.47%)
2021-01-19
182,599(+0.61%)4,302(+0.19%)
2021-01-20
183,882(+0.70%)4,346(+1.02%)
2021-01-21
185,035(+0.63%)4,392(+1.06%)
2021-01-22
185,836(+0.43%)4,459(+1.53%)
2021-01-23
186,915(+0.58%)4,486(+0.61%)
2021-01-24
187,711(+0.43%)4,530(+0.98%)
2021-01-25
188,583(+0.46%)4,553(+0.51%)
2021-01-26
189,152(+0.30%)4,561(+0.18%)
2021-01-27
189,689(+0.28%)4,610(+1.07%)
2021-01-28
190,394(+0.37%)4,666(+1.21%)
2021-01-29
190,940(+0.29%)4,695(+0.62%)
2021-01-30
191,677(+0.39%)4,720(+0.53%)
2021-01-31
192,282(+0.32%)4,754(+0.72%)
2021-02-01
192,912(+0.33%)4,775(+0.44%)
2021-02-02
193,526(+0.32%)4,782(+0.15%)
2021-02-03
193,981(+0.24%)4,832(+1.05%)
2021-02-04
194,525(+0.28%)4,867(+0.72%)
2021-02-05
194,924(+0.21%)4,912(+0.92%)
2021-02-06
195,599(+0.35%)4,961(+1.00%)
2021-02-07
196,060(+0.24%)4,989(+0.56%)
2021-02-08
196,670(+0.31%)5,001(+0.24%)
2021-02-09
197,021(+0.18%)5,011(+0.20%)
2021-02-10
197,344(+0.16%)5,032(+0.42%)
2021-02-11
197,754(+0.21%)5,059(+0.54%)
2021-02-12
198,362(+0.31%)5,084(+0.49%)
2021-02-13
198,761(+0.20%)5,106(+0.43%)
2021-02-14
199,155(+0.20%)5,121(+0.29%)
2021-02-15
199,518(+0.18%)5,137(+0.31%)
2021-02-16
199,793(+0.14%)5,145(+0.16%)
2021-02-17
200,166(+0.19%)5,175(+0.58%)
2021-02-18
200,456(+0.14%)5,189(+0.27%)
2021-02-19
200,989(+0.27%)5,205(+0.31%)
2021-02-20
201,352(+0.18%)5,221(+0.31%)
2021-02-21
201,688(+0.17%)5,237(+0.31%)
2021-02-22
202,007(+0.16%)5,246(+0.17%)
2021-02-23
202,324(+0.16%)5,250(+0.08%)
2021-02-24
202,560(+0.12%)5,263(+0.25%)
2021-02-25
202,872(+0.15%)5,284(+0.40%)
2021-02-26
203,108(+0.12%)5,300(+0.30%)
2021-02-27
203,378(+0.13%)5,316(+0.30%)
2021-02-28
203,625(+0.12%)5,340(+0.45%)
2021-03-01
203,818(+0.09%)5,343(+0.06%)
2021-03-02
203,988(+0.08%)5,344(+0.02%)
2021-03-03
204,196(+0.10%)5,356(+0.22%)
2021-03-04
204,463(+0.13%)5,366(+0.19%)
2021-03-05
204,692(+0.11%)5,378(+0.22%)
2021-03-06
204,886(+0.09%)5,385(+0.13%)
2021-03-07
205,038(+0.07%)5,403(+0.33%)
2021-03-08
205,202(+0.08%)5,403(=)
2021-03-09
205,368(+0.08%)5,406(+0.06%)
2021-03-10
205,593(+0.11%)5,412(+0.11%)
2021-03-11
205,788(+0.09%)5,424(+0.22%)
2021-03-12
205,978(+0.09%)5,436(+0.22%)
2021-03-13
206,188(+0.1%)5,442(+0.11%)
2021-03-14
206,405(+0.11%)5,452(+0.18%)
2021-03-15
206,653(+0.12%)5,454(+0.04%)
2021-03-16
206,795(+0.07%)5,455(+0.02%)
2021-03-17
206,940(+0.07%)5,463(+0.15%)
2021-03-18
207,237(+0.14%)5,467(+0.07%)
2021-03-19
207,438(+0.1%)5,476(+0.16%)
2021-03-20
207,646(+0.1%)5,482(+0.11%)
2021-03-21
207,842(+0.09%)5,488(+0.11%)
2021-03-22
207,992(+0.07%)5,488(=)
2021-03-23
208,119(+0.06%)5,488(=)
2021-03-24
208,277(+0.08%)5,491(+0.05%)
2021-03-25
208,504(+0.11%)5,495(+0.07%)
2021-03-26
208,694(+0.09%)5,498(+0.05%)
2021-03-27
208,895(+0.1%)5,505(+0.13%)
2021-03-28
209,066(+0.08%)5,505(=)
2021-03-29
209,191(+0.06%)5,506(+0.02%)
2021-03-30
209,285(+0.04%)5,506(=)
2021-03-31
209,345(+0.03%)5,507(+0.02%)
2021-04-01
209,532(+0.09%)5,509(+0.04%)
2021-04-02
209,532(=)5,509(=)
2021-04-03
209,627(+0.05%)5,511(+0.04%)
2021-04-04
209,627(=)5,511(=)
2021-04-05
209,816(+0.09%)5,519(+0.15%)
2021-04-06
209,942(+0.06%)5,521(+0.04%)
2021-04-07
210,023(+0.04%)5,521(=)
2021-04-08
210,105(+0.04%)5,527(+0.11%)
2021-04-09
210,219(+0.05%)5,528(+0.02%)
2021-04-10
210,344(+0.06%)5,528(=)
2021-04-11
210,397(+0.03%)5,531(+0.05%)
2021-04-12
210,447(+0.02%)5,531(=)
2021-04-13
210,515(+0.03%)5,533(+0.04%)
2021-04-14
210,477(+0.03%)5,533(=)
2021-04-15
210,681(+0.05%)5,535(+0.04%)
2021-04-16
210,729(+0.02%)5,535(=)
2021-04-17
210,729(=)5,535(=)
2021-04-18
210,823(+0.04%)5,538(+0.05%)
2021-04-19
210,925(+0.05%)5,540(+0.04%)
2021-04-20
210,978(+0.03%)5,542(+0.04%)
2021-04-21
211,042(+0.03%)5,542(=)
2021-04-22
211,104(+0.03%)5,543(+0.02%)
2021-04-23
211,162(+0.03%)5,543(=)
2021-04-24
211,162(=)5,543(=)
2021-04-25
211,224(+0.03%)5,546(+0.06%)
2021-04-26
211,321(+0.05%)5,548(+0.08%)
2021-04-27
211,354(+0.02%)5,548(=)
2021-04-28
211,389(+0.02%)5,548(=)
2021-04-29
211,458(+0.03%)5,550(+0.04%)
2021-04-30
211,494(+0.02%)5,550(=)
2021-05-01
211,494(=)5,550(=)
2021-05-02
211,573(+0.04%)5,550(=)
2021-05-03
211,573(=)5,550(=)
2021-05-04
211,638(+0.03%)5,551(+0.02%)
2021-05-05
211,692(+0.03%)5,551(=)
2021-05-06
211,726(+0.02%)5,552(+0.02%)
2021-05-07
211,773(+0.02%)5,552(=)
2021-05-08
211,773(=)5,552(=)
2021-05-09
211,827(+0.03%)5,552(=)
2021-05-10
211,931(+0.05%)5,556(+0.07%)
2021-05-11
211,961(+0.01%)5,557(+0.02%)
2021-05-12
211,983(+0.01%)5,557(=)
2021-05-13
212,041(+0.03%)5,558(+0.02%)
2021-05-14
212,095(+0.03%)5,558(=)
2021-05-15
212,095(=)5,558(=)
2021-05-16
212,149(+0.03%)5,559(+0.02%)
2021-05-17
212,240(+0.04%)5,560(+0.02%)
2021-05-18
212,272(+0.02%)5,560(=)
2021-05-19
212,316(+0.02%)5,560(=)
2021-05-20
212,316(=)5,561(+0.02%)
2021-05-21
212,388(+0.03%)5,564(+0.05%)
2021-05-22
212,388(=)5,564(=)
2021-05-23
212,434(+0.02%)5,566(+0.04%)
2021-05-24
212,545(+0.05%)5,566(=)
2021-05-25
212,554(+0.01%)5,566(=)
2021-05-26
212,582(+0.01%)5,567(+0.02%)
2021-05-27
212,640(+0.03%)5,569(+0.04%)
2021-05-28
212,672(+0.02%)5,569(=)
2021-05-29
212,672(=)5,569(=)
2021-05-30
212,702(+0.01%)5,569(=)
2021-05-31
212,702(=)5,569(=)
2021-06-01
212,796(+0.04%)5,569(=)
2021-06-02
212,879(+0.04%)5,569(=)
2021-06-03
212,928(+0.02%)5,569(=)
2021-06-04
212,999(+0.03%)5,569(=)
2021-06-05
212,999(=)5,569(=)
2021-06-06
213,091(+0.04%)5,569(=)
2021-06-07
213,166(+0.04%)5,570(+0.02%)
2021-06-08
213,188(+0.01%)5,570(=)
2021-06-09
213,411(+0.10%)5,570(=)
2021-06-10
213,524(+0.05%)5,571(+0.02%)
2021-06-11
213,642(+0.06%)5,571(=)
2021-06-12
213,642(=)5,571(=)
2021-06-13
213,757(+0.05%)5,572(+0.02%)
2021-06-14
214,004(+0.12%)5,572(=)
2021-06-15
214,102(+0.05%)5,572(=)
2021-06-16
214,243(+0.07%)5,572(=)
2021-06-17
214,382(+0.06%)5,572(=)
2021-06-18
214,545(+0.08%)5,572(=)
2021-06-19
214,545(=)5,572(=)
2021-06-20
214,721(+0.08%)5,572(=)
2021-06-21
215,205(+0.23%)5,572(=)
2021-06-22
215,380(+0.08%)5,572(=)
2021-06-23
215,593(+0.1%)5,573(+0.02%)
2021-06-24
216,030(+0.2%)5,573(=)
2021-06-25
216,366(+0.16%)5,574(+0.02%)
2021-06-26
216,366(=)5,574(=)
2021-06-27
216,782(+0.19%)5,575(+0.02%)
2021-06-28
217,452(+0.31%)5,575(=)
2021-06-29
217,732(+0.13%)5,575(=)
2021-06-30
218,245(+0.24%)5,575(=)
2021-07-01
218,726(+0.22%)5,575(=)
2021-07-02
219,296(+0.26%)5,575(=)
2021-07-03
219,296(=)5,575(=)
2021-07-04
219,831(+0.24%)5,575(=)
2021-07-05
221,087(+0.57%)5,577(+0.04%)
2021-07-06
221,785(+0.32%)5,578(+0.02%)
2021-07-07
222,448(+0.30%)5,578(=)
2021-07-08
223,149(+0.32%)5,578(=)
2021-07-09
223,804(+0.29%)5,579(+0.02%)
2021-07-10
223,804(=)5,579(=)
2021-07-11
224,501(+0.31%)5,579(=)
2021-07-12
225,691(+0.53%)5,579(=)
2021-07-13
226,428(+0.33%)5,580(+0.02%)
2021-07-14
227,563(+0.5%)5,581(+0.02%)
2021-07-15
228,424(+0.38%)5,581(=)
2021-07-16
229,507(+0.47%)5,583(+0.04%)
2021-07-17
229,507(=)5,583(=)
2021-07-18
230,619(+0.48%)5,586(+0.05%)
2021-07-19
232,672(+0.89%)5,589(+0.05%)
2021-07-20
233,227(+0.24%)5,589(=)
2021-07-21
234,168(+0.4%)5,590(+0.02%)
2021-07-22
234,880(+0.3%)5,594(+0.07%)
2021-07-23
235,635(+0.32%)5,595(+0.02%)
2021-07-24
235,635(=)5,595(=)
2021-07-25
236,873(+0.53%)5,595(=)
2021-07-26
238,003(+0.48%)5,597(+0.04%)
2021-07-27
238,707(+0.3%)5,597(=)
2021-07-28
239,295(+0.25%)5,603(+0.11%)
2021-07-29
240,019(+0.3%)5,606(+0.05%)
2021-07-30
240,843(+0.34%)5,610(+0.07%)
2021-07-31
240,843(=)5,610(=)
2021-08-01
241,562(+0.3%)5,615(+0.09%)
2021-08-02
242,668(+0.46%)5,616(+0.02%)
2021-08-03
243,249(+0.24%)5,616(=)
2021-08-04
243,857(+0.25%)5,620(+0.07%)
2021-08-05
244,538(+0.28%)5,623(+0.05%)
2021-08-06
245,341(+0.33%)5,623(=)
2021-08-07
245,341(=)5,623(=)
2021-08-08
246,205(+0.35%)5,626(+0.05%)
2021-08-09
247,569(+0.55%)5,629(+0.05%)
2021-08-10
248,112(+0.22%)5,630(+0.02%)
2021-08-11
248,112(=)5,630(=)
2021-08-12
249,958(+0.74%)5,632(+0.04%)
2021-08-13
251,048(+0.44%)5,634(+0.04%)
2021-08-14
251,048(=)5,634(=)
2021-08-15
252,147(+0.44%)5,638(+0.07%)
2021-08-16
254,541(+0.95%)5,641(+0.05%)
2021-08-17
255,302(+0.3%)5,641(=)
Sources: Public Health Wales


Notes: The dates relate to when the case or death was reported, not the actual date of the test or death. 9 April 2020 figures reflect six hours of testing, where as others reflect twenty-four hours. The figures reported on 24 April included 84 deaths that had occurred between 20 March 2020 and 22 April 2020. The figures reported on 25 April 2020 removed 22 previously reported deaths as they did not have a positive test result. The figures reported on 29 April 2020 included 30 deaths which occurred between 29 March 2020 and 24 April 2020.
†: From 14 July 2020, Public Health Wales began incorporating previous testing data from non-NHS Wales laboratories such as drive-through centres and home testing kits into their headline figures. Although the headline figure rose by 863, only 21 of these were newly reported confirmed cases. *: Due to planned maintenance of NHS Wales IT systems, no figures were reported on 13 December 2020, followed by under-reporting of case numbers from Lighthouse laboratories from 14 to 16 December 2020. The backlog of over 11,000 cases was reported on 17 December 2020.

Mark Drakeford announces that "Visitors in England can not travel to Wales"; 2 November 2020

Initial outbreak (28 February – 11 March)

The first case of COVID-19 in Wales was confirmed on 28 February 2020 in a person who had returned from Northern Italy, and then transferred to a specialist NHS infection centre at the Royal Free Hospital in London. [9] [10] The Chief Medical Officer for Wales, Frank Atherton, said that the Government would be taking "all appropriate measures" to reduce the risk of transmission. [5]

On 10 March nine more cases were discovered in Wales, bringing the total to 15, the first significant jump in cases. [11]

Pandemic confirmed (11 March – 23 March)

On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a pandemic. [12]

On 16 March, the first death in Wales was reported in Wrexham. [13]

On 18 March, the Welsh Government announced that all schools in Wales would be closing by 20 March. A limited number of schools were permitted to remain open to provide support for key workers and children with additional needs. [14] It was further announced in the following days that all exams, including GCSEs and A-Levels, would be cancelled, with grades being based on existing work and predicted grades. [15] Both Scotland and Northern Ireland ministers followed suit, and later that evening Boris Johnson also conformed.

Lockdown (23 March – 1 June)

On 23 March, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, having the agreement of all devolved governments, announced a lockdown of the United Kingdom, with only essential services remaining open. This announcement was followed by the Welsh First Minister Mark Drakeford announcing that the measures would also cover Wales and would come into effect from that evening. [16] The measures put in place restrict people from leaving their home for non-essential travel, with outside exercise limited to once a day. The measures that controlled exercise outside the home differed from those in England, where the measures in place did not stipulate a once-a-day restriction, whereas the Welsh version specifically limited exercise outside the home to once a day, with the maximum fine being £120, compared to £960 in England. [15] On 20 May, the Government announced that the maximum fine would be increased to £1,920. [17]

Gatherings of two or more people, except individuals in the same household, were banned, whilst pubs, restaurants (with exception for take-aways) and shops selling 'non-essential goods' were ordered to closed. [18]

On 25 March the Coronavirus Act 2020 was given Royal Assent, after passing through both Houses in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The following day the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (Wales) Regulations 2020 were approved by the Senedd, giving the Welsh Government emergency powers to deal with various aspects of managing the pandemic. These new powers include the authority to: [19] [20]

On 26 March, Snowdon and other Welsh mountains were closed to the public, after a larger number of English tourists had gathered on the mountains in the preceding days, causing traffic mayhem. [21] Natural Resources Wales later announced that all sites and paths liable to have large numbers of people visiting, or pose a high risk, would be closed. [22]

Diolch Yn Fawr NHS, Wales Millennium Centre Diolch Yn Fawr NHS, Wales Millennium Centre, June 2020.jpg
Diolch Yn Fawr NHS, Wales Millennium Centre

By 27 March, North Wales Police were patrolling the border between Wales and England because visitors were ignoring the stay-at-home instructions and travelling into Wales. In many cases the police were stopping cars entering from England; such border control had not happened between Wales and England since the 16th century. [23] [24] [25]

On 2 April, it was announced that the number of confirmed cases had risen above 2,000 and the number of deaths in Wales had risen above 100. [26] On 5 April the number of cases rose above 3,000. [27]

On 6 April, Jitendra Rathod, a heart surgeon at University Hospital of Wales, died after testing positive for COVID-19. He was thought to have been the first health worker in Wales to die after being diagnosed with the disease. [28]

On 7 April the number of deaths rose above 200. [4] On the same day, distancing measures in the workplace, enforcing a two metre distance between people, became law in Wales, requiring employers to take "all reasonable measures" to comply. [29]

On 8 April the number of cases rose above 4,000 to 4,073, [1] with 245 deaths notified. [4] On the same day it was announced that the lockdown would not be lifted within the next week. [30]

On 17 April, Public Health Wales reported, for the first time, the areas where the deaths in Wales (to date, 506) had occurred. Almost all were in southeast Wales, with 12 deaths shared between the other health board areas covering west, mid and north Wales. [31] It was later discovered that there had been a delay in reporting the figures from the Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board. [32] Mark Drakeford announced that "lockdown could stay in Wales even if it was lifted elsewhere in the UK". [33]

On 8 May, First Minister Mark Drakeford announced that the COVID-19 lockdown in Wales would be extended for a further three weeks. [34] He also announced "modest" changes to the measures already in force: some garden centres would be allowed to re-open, and people could now exercise outdoors more than once per day provided that they "stay[ed] local". [35]

On 10 May, Prime Minister Johnson announced lockdown-easing measures on UK television, without mentioning that the measures were only relevant to England. [36] [37] The response to this was immediate: the leaders of Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales said they would not be adopting his new "Stay alert" slogan (as opposed to "Stay home") and Nicola Sturgeon commented: "We mustn't squander progress by easing up too soon or sending mixed messages. People will die unnecessarily". The Scottish Health Secretary Jeane Freeman said that the Scottish Government had not been consulted about the change. [38] The Welsh Government Counsel General for Wales, Jeremy Miles, said exercise must be local to home and visitors could be fined if they drove into Wales for leisure. [39] Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said that the new message "lacked clarity". [40]

Easing of restrictions (1 June – 7 September)

On 3 June, briefings began [41] (later referred to as 'press conferences') in a series that was set up by Welsh Government as a way of dispersing new information to the people of Wales regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in Wales.

On 12 June, the First Minister Mark Drakeford stated that the R number for Wales was the lowest of any part of the United Kingdom, at 0.7. [42] Ceredigion had the lowest rates of people infected with or dying from COVID-19 in the British mainland, up to June 2020. The area is naturally rural and holiday attractions and the university were closed down very early. The county council set up its own contact tracing system in March 2020. [43]

On 6 July, there were no confirmed deaths in Wales for the first time since the pandemic started. [44]

On 10 July, for the second time, Wales confirmed no deaths. First Minister Mark Drakeford announced changes to the lockdown restrictions and specified dates for the reopening of hospitality businesses, hair and beauty salons, and outdoor leisure facilities. He stated that Frank Atherton, the chief medical officer for Wales, had "confirmed we have some capacity to ease the restrictions further over the next three weeks". [45]

On 17 July, the First Minister announced that the Wales daily briefings would end and instead take place every week. [46]

By 21 July, Wales was recording no new deaths for the eighth time in a month. However, figures released by the Care Inspectorate Wales confirmed that there had been 736 care home resident deaths linked to COVID-19 by 17 July, with the overall number of deaths 71% higher than in the same period last year. [47]

On 25 July, Wales recorded no deaths for the tenth time in a month. On 27 July, it was announced that the R number for Wales was again the lowest of any part of the United Kingdom, between 0.6 and 0.8. By 18 August, the number of people still in hospital suffering from COVID-19 was 70. [48]

Restrictions were further eased by an announcement on 31 July, confirming that pubs and restaurants would be able to open indoor areas on 3 August. Up to thirty people would be able to meet outdoors and children under 11 would no longer have to keep a two metre distance from anyone. Indoor bowling alleys, auction houses and bingo halls were allowed to reopen, while swimming pools, gyms, leisure centres and indoor play areas would be allowed to reopen from 10 August, all with social distancing. [49]

Towards the end of August, concerns grew about a potential second spike in infections, after passengers arriving at Cardiff Airport from overseas tested positive for the virus. [50] The flight operator, TUI Group, was criticised for failing to enforce mask-wearing during the flight. [51] Health Minister Vaughan Gething later revealed that 30 cases had been linked to four flights into the UK from the island of Zakynthos, and the Welsh and Scottish governments lobbied the UK government to have the island included in the list of quarantine destinations for the UK as a whole. [52]

Reversal of easing of restrictions (7 September – 19 October)

On 7 September 2020, the Welsh Government announced that from 6pm the following day Caerphilly County would be placed back in lockdown. It was the first local lockdown in Wales, and followed the discovery that 98 people had tested positive in a week, giving the county the highest infection rate in Wales. [53] On 11 September 2020, the Welsh government announced that tighter restrictions would be back in force from Monday 14 September, with face coverings being mandatory for indoor places and social gatherings cut from 30 to 6 people until further notice. On 16 September 2020, Rhondda Cynon Taf became the second place in Wales to have a local lockdown due to a spike in cases. [54] Health minister Vaughan Gething drew attention to some specific cases of flouting of the guidelines, including a coach trip to Doncaster made by a group from Abercynon, which was said to be associated with one of the clusters of cases in RCT, saying "This wasn't a group of young people – it's entirely possible for people in their forties and fifties to behave irresponsibly, and we've seen a significant spread from that event". Members of the club protested that they had not gone to the racecourse but had instead visited local pubs. It was later confirmed that one member of the club had tested positive for COVID-19 and the club had closed a few days before the trip because several members of staff had been taken ill. [55]

In the middle of September the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson admitted that the UK was seeing a second wave of COVID-19 cases. On 25 September 2020, the Welsh Government announced that the cities of Cardiff and Swansea, and the town of Llanelli (part of Carmarthenshire) would go into local lockdowns in the next two days, joining Caerphilly, Newport, Bridgend, Merthyr, Blaenau Gwent and Rhondda Cynon Taf. [56] From 28 September, Torfaen, Neath Port Talbot and the Vale of Glamorgan were placed under the same restrictions. [57]

Circuit breaker (23 October – 9 November)

Welsh government press conference on 19 October 2020 announcing the firebreak lockdown

On 19 October, the Welsh Government announced that a second national lockdown, described as a "fire-break", would be imposed from 23 October until 9 November, coinciding with school half-term holidays which would be extended by a week in colleges and for school students in year 9 (13 to 14 years old) and above, in the hope of bringing down the number of COVID-19 cases. [58] The First Minister announced that all pubs, restaurants, and non-essential shops would be closed during that period. [59] Halloween and bonfire celebrations would not take place in the traditional way, because no indoor or outdoor gatherings with people from other households would be possible, [60] but alternative ways to celebrate would be suggested by the government in due course. [61]

The decision to forbid supermarkets from selling non-essential goods (such as clothing) during the circuit break lockdown caused a certain degree of controversy and confusion. [62] Drakeford argued that the measures were "a simple matter of fair play" expanding that "We are requiring many hundreds of small businesses to close on the high street right across Wales, We cannot do that and then allow supermarkets to sell goods that those people are unable to sell". The leader of Welsh Conservatives, Paul Davies, described them as "madness", "overreaching" and "devastating economically". [63]

Mark Drakeford, Welsh Government's First Minister's message to the nation, as the firebreak nears its end

Following the end of the circuit-breaker, Vaughan Gething claimed that there were "many promising signs" and an overall downward trend in most areas, but also warned the public against "going back to normal". [64]

Post-circuit breaker (9 November – 15 December)

After the firebreak, rules were standardised across Wales, with localised restrictions abolished. [65] From 9 November, pubs, restaurants and cafes reopened with groups of up to four people (children under eleven not counting in the total) from different households allowed to meet up in them; the 10 pm curfew for alcohol sales remained in place. [66] Non-essential shops also reopened. [67] Two households could form a bubble (interact when they wished) whilst any number of children under eleven and up to 15 or 30 individuals over that age could take part in indoor and outdoor organised events respectively. Travel restrictions within Wales were lifted, though non-essential visits to other parts of the UK or abroad remained banned. [68]

Multiple changes to the restrictions came into force on 3 December. Travel was allowed between Wales and areas in lower tiers of England and Scotland's regional lockdown systems. [69] However, hospitality businesses were forbidden from selling alcohol or providing eat-in catering after 6 pm. [70]

There was a drop in cases, from 206.2 per 100,000 people to 170.6, following the firebreak lockdown, but by early December they had risen to 403.8 per 100,000 people. First Minister Mark Drakeford expressed grave concern and warned that further restrictions might be necessary before Christmas. [71]

Christmas and New Year (16 December – 19 February 2021)

NHS Wales COVID-19 Vaccination card (Welsh language version) Vaccination card 02.jpg
NHS Wales COVID-19 Vaccination card (Welsh language version)

On 16 December, the First Minister announced that after a period of cases rising rather than falling, only two households would be able to form bubbles (instead of the original idea of three) for the Christmas period. He also announced that after the five day relaxation, the whole of Wales would be entering the highest level of restrictions from 28 December and be reviewed every three weeks.

On 19 December, the First Minister announced that the whole of Wales would enter tier-4 restrictions. This included an ongoing national lockdown from that evening. This followed an outbreak of a mutant strain of COVID-19 in the United Kingdom. Original joint plans of relaxed restrictions from 23 to 28 December were in place for the entire United Kingdom, but this was amended so that the sole relaxed period would consist of Christmas Day, in which only two households were to be allowed to meet. Before and after Christmas Day, meeting with people from different households would not be allowed to take place indoors. Those that did meet with other households outdoors had to stay at least two metres apart from each other and wear PPE. [72]

Easing of restrictions (20 February – September)

On 18 June 2021, the First Minister announced the pausing of relaxations due to the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant spreading across Wales, also saying that the country was at the start of a third wave of infections.

On 6 August 2021, the First Minister announced that most of the remaining restrictions which had been placed in Wales since the first lockdown in March 2020, would be eased, with nightclubs opening the next day (making it the first time in 17 months they could trade), but that face coverings in all public places would still be mandatory. [73]

Vaccine passports and Omicron (October – Present)

In October 2021, Welsh Government introduced the Covid-19 Pass as a measure to help to “keep Wales safe and open during the pandemic”. [74] From 11 October 2021, it’s became compulsory for people over the age of 18 to present a Covid-19 Pass, recent negative LFT or PCR test at the licensed premises, clubs and large events. On the 9th of November 2021, Senedd members voted to expand the current Covid-19 pass scheme to include cinemas and theatres. [75]

In November 2021 the Welsh Government raised concern for the new SARS-CoV-2 variant, Omicron, with them asking all secondary school pupils to wear masks in classrooms. [76] In addition all this the government increased the booster vaccine to all adults, with everyone having to self isolate if they become in contact with someone who has been infected with the Omicron variant. [77]

Restrictions were tightened on Boxing day. These included a cap of six on people meeting in certain recreational facilities, a maximum of 50 at outdoor events and 20 indoors. Required two metre social distancing in offices and public places. Nightclubs also needed to close. [78]

On 14 January, the Welsh Government set out a plan to relax restrictions on the condition that Covid-19 cases kept on falling. The plan stated that...

Government response

The UK government's letter sent to every household (Welsh language version) Image of the UK Government correspondence on Coronavirus in Welsh.jpg
The UK government's letter sent to every household (Welsh language version)
Mark Drakeford's COVID-19 winter letter Mark Drakeford's COVID winter letter.jpg
Mark Drakeford's COVID-19 winter letter

The measures put in place restrict people from leaving their home for non-essential travel, with outside exercise limited to once a day. The measures that controlled exercise outside the home differed from those in England, where the measures in place did not stipulate a once-a-day restriction, whereas the Welsh version specifically limited exercise outside the home to once a day, with the maximum fine being £120, compared to £960 in England. [15] Gatherings of two or more people, except individuals in the same household, were banned, whilst pubs, restaurants (with exception for take-aways) and shops selling 'non-essential goods' were ordered to closed. [18]

On 26 March, the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (Wales) Regulations 2020 were approved by the Senedd, giving the Welsh Government emergency powers to deal with various aspects of managing the pandemic.[ citation needed ]

A COVID-19 medical ventilator designed by Rhys Thomas, a consultant anaesthetist at Glangwili General Hospital in Carmarthen, Wales was given the go-ahead by the Welsh Government. [80] The machine, designed in a few days, was used successfully on a patient in mid-March, and subsequently funded by the Welsh Government to develop further in order to clean the room of viral particles and only supply purified air to the patient.

On 18 March, the Welsh Government announced that all schools in Wales would be closing by 20 March. With a limited number of schools remaining open to provide support for key workers and children with additional needs. [14] It was further announced in the following days that all exams, including GCSEs and A-Levels, would be cancelled, with grades being based on existing work and predicted grades. [15]

Mark Drakeford, First Minister, announced that the Welsh Government has opened discussions with the army about helping the NHS in Wales including training soldiers to support the Welsh Ambulance Service and assisting with non-clinical activities. The Army also set up and ran some of the temporary hospitals across Wales. [81]

Test, Trace, Protect advise from the Welsh Government

On 21 May 2020 the Welsh Government announced that one of the new antibody blood tests for the SARS-CoV-2 virus was being produced by Ortho Clinical Diagnostics (OCD) at Pencoed, Wales, in partnership with Public Health Wales. The test would be rolled out, prioritised and managed and would also be available in care homes. According to Health Minister Vaughan Gething, this test was an important part of the "Test, Trace, Protect" strategy which would help Wales come out of lockdown. [82]

NHS and social care staff in Wales were given two bonus payments of £500 each in May 2020 and April 2021 in recognition of their work during the pandemic. [83] Vaughan Gething announced a £100 million plan in March 2021 which was to establish a "route map to a modern and agile social care sector". [84]

Healthcare response

Hospital capacity

In 2018–19 there were around 10,563 beds available in hospitals within Wales. [85] As of 7 April 2020 Wales had 369 critical care beds, with plans in place to increase capacity further. [86] In early April 2020, there were 415 ventilators currently in Welsh hospitals, with a further 1,035 ordered. [87]

Temporary hospitals

On 27 March 2020, it was announced that the Principality Stadium in Cardiff was to be used as a temporary hospital for up to 2,000 beds. [88] Each health board in Wales later announced that they were increasing the number of beds available in their current hospitals and, with the exception of Powys Teaching Health Board, would be opening a total of 16 [89] temporary hospitals in available spaces. [90] In Powys, a further three special 'field hospital' facilities were set up – at the Brecon War Memorial Hospital, in Llandrindod Wells County War Memorial Hospital and at the Victoria Memorial Hospital, Welshpool – and beds were designated for the treatment of COVID-19 patients at community hospitals and health and care centres in Bronllys, Builth Wells, Knighton, Llanidloes, Machynlleth, Newtown and Ystradgynlais. [89] Powys also had arrangements with neighbouring boards for access to beds in case of need. [89]

On 9 April it was announced that the temporary hospital to be located in the Principality Stadium would be called Dragon's Heart Hospital and would be the largest hospital in Wales and the second largest in the United Kingdom. [91] On 14 September it was announced that the hospital would be decommissioned and replaced by a smaller temporary hospital with 400 beds, to be located close to the University Hospital of Wales. [92] [93] The same announcement explained that the 19 'field hospitals' would be reduced to 10 to be retained over the coming winter period.

Location of field hospitals [90]
Local health boardLocationStatus after Sept [94] Number of beds
Aneurin Bevan Grange University Hospital, CwmbranOpen350
Betsi Cadwaladr Venue Cymru, LlandudnoRetain350
Brailsford Centre, Bangor University Retain250
Ysbyty Enfys Deeside, Deeside Leisure Centre, FlintshireRetain250
Glan Clwyd Hospital, Bodelwyddan, Denbighshire80
Cardiff and Vale Dragon's Heart Hospital (Principality Stadium, Cardiff)
-facility to move to near University Hospital of Wales
move; new site2,000 / 400
Cwm Taf Morgannwg The Vale Resort, Vale of Glamorgan290
Rhondda Cynon Taf council's Ty Trevithick offices, Abercynon 150
Harman Becker unit, Bridgend Industrial EstateRetain400
Hywel Dda 'y Barn', Parc y Scarlets, Llanelli;Retain350
Selwyn Samuel Centre, Llanelli [93] Open
Bluestone National Park Resort, PembrokeshireOpen144
Plascrug Leisure Centre, Aberystwyth [89] Retain
Ysbyty Enfys Aberteifi, Cardigan Leisure Centre, Cardigan [93] [95] Retain48
Powys Teaching Health Board Modifications at Brecon War Memorial Hospital
Modifications at Llandrindod Wells County War Memorial Hospital
Modifications at Victoria Memorial Hospital, Welshpool
Swansea Bay Llandarcy Academy of Sport, Neath
(subsequently closed, transfer equipment to Bay Studios)
closed, transfer to Bay Studios1,340
Bay Studios, SwanseaRetain

Vaccination programme

On 8 December 2020, the first people in Wales began getting vaccinated with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Among the first was Craig Atkins, a 48-year-old care home worker, in Cwmbran's vaccine site. [96]

In mid-January it was announced that a total of 327,000 doses of the two available vaccines had been delivered to the Welsh NHS. Criticism of the rate of progress of the vaccination programme continued, with a reported 86,039 doses having been given by 10 January 2021, compared with a reported 400,000 in the UK as a whole. At 2.7% of the population, progress was slower than that in the other three constituent countries of the UK. [97]

Despite the slower start to the vaccination programme in Wales, the vaccination rate had caught up to England and Scotland's rates by early February 2021. From early April 2021, the percentage of total population given a first dose overtook that of England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. By late May 2021, the Welsh vaccination rate was leading both the UK and the world, as a higher proportion of the Welsh population had received a first dose of a COVID vaccine than any other country with a population of more than a million people. [98]

From early March 2021, due to the acceleration of first doses, and a drop in vaccine supply, the Welsh Government changed focus from administering first doses to prioritising second doses. This led to Wales leading the UK in delivering second doses. [99] Wales fell behind in administering second doses between May and June 2021, but again overtook the rest of the UK from late June 2021. [100]

In mid June 2021, the Welsh Government confirmed that all eligible adults in Wales had been offered a first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, six weeks ahead of the target date of 31 July 2021. [101]

Research and innovation

A COVID-19 medical ventilator designed by Rhys Thomas, a consultant anaesthetist at Glangwili General Hospital in Carmarthen, Wales was given the go-ahead by the Welsh Government. [80] The machine, designed in a few days, was used successfully on a patient in mid-March, and subsequently funded by the Welsh Government to develop further in order to clean the room of viral particles and only supply purified air to the patient. In early April it was approved by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency, and on 12 April the ventilator, designed and built in Wales, was also approved by the UK Government. It is being produced by CR Clarke & Co in Betws, near Ammanford. The idea was suggested by Plaid Cymru leader Adam Price who challenged Thomas to come up with a simpler and more effective ventilator. [102] [103]

Supply chain issues

On 10 April the UK Government sent out a document to PPE suppliers informing them that suppliers of certain medical equipment, including protective masks, gloves and aprons, must be registered with the Care Quality Commission, which regulates all health and social care services in England only. There was not a similar agreement in place between suppliers and Care Inspectorate Wales or the Care Inspectorate of Scotland. [104] [105] The Welsh Government advised care home providers that they should order through their local council, while Plaid Cymru leader Adam Price lodged a formal complaint with the European Union over the issue. [105] The manager of two care homes in Gwynedd, Wales was told by two suppliers that they would only sell to care homes in England. [106] The chief executive of the care home umbrella group Scottish Care said that the UK's four largest PPE suppliers had said they were not distributing to Scotland because their priority was going to be "England, the English NHS and then English social care providers". [107] The UK government reported that it had not instructed any company to prioritise PPE for any nation. [107] Healthcare supplier Gompels' website said at the time that "These restrictions are not something we have decided, they are a criteria [sic] given to us by Public Health England". [108]

Impact

COVID regulation signs in Cenarth, Ceredigion COVID Welsh Regulation Sign Ceredigion (cropped).jpg
COVID regulation signs in Cenarth, Ceredigion

Airports

The Welsh Government also announced that it would provide financial assistance to state-owned Cardiff Airport, to maintain solvency during reduced operations. [109]

"At risk" population

Letters were sent to over 80,000 people who were deemed to be the 'most vulnerable', advising them to stay indoors for 12 to 16 weeks. [110] The Welsh Government began sending food boxes to the most in need, in order to help them stay in their homes. [111] [112]

On 8 April 2020, it was confirmed that the Welsh Government had shared data of those identified as extremely vulnerable to serious illness as a result of exposure to COVID-19. This was done to help them get priority online food deliveries rather than risk leaving their homes. [110]

Businesses

On 30 March 2020, a £1.1 billion support package for businesses and public services affected by the pandemic, included a £500 million economy crisis fund, £100 million in loans, and £400 million in emergency funding. [113]

Education

On 15 March 2020, Bangor University cancelled all lectures with immediate effect, with teaching resuming online on 23 March. Cardiff University and Swansea University also announced that they would be moving towards remote learning and online lectures from 23 March. [114]

On 18 March, the Welsh Government announced that all schools and nurseries in Wales would be closing by 20 March, initially for a period of four weeks, and Education Minister Kirsty Williams said that it would very likely be for a "considerable period of time". A limited number of schools remained open to provide support for key workers and children with additional needs. [14] It was further announced in the following days that all exams, including GCSEs and A-Levels, would be cancelled, with grades being based on existing work and predicted grades. [15]

On 6 April, the Welsh Assembly announced funding for free child care for all children of key workers under five years old. [115]

On 3 June, it was announced that schools in Wales would reopen on 29 June and that the summer term had been extended by one week to 27 July. In addition, the autumn half-term break would be extended by one week. [116]

In July 2021, the Centre for Economic Performance, a research centre at the London School of Economics, published an analysis of educational loss due to school closures. Researchers found that young people in Wales had missed 124 school days. This compares to a full year of 190 classroom days during normal times. In aspects of blended learning, pupils in Wales missed 66 days of school, representing the highest average loss across all UK countries. [117]

On 1 December, 2021, Estyn, Wales’ schools watchdog, presented a yearly report on the pandemic’s significant implications for children’s learning. The 147-page report evaluates how schools and other educational and training settings responded to the ongoing pandemic’s problems. It reiterates warnings from others, including the Children’s Commissioner for Wales, that children and teenagers from low-income families have been disproportionately affected by a lack of support, and that safeguarding referrals increased during lockdowns. [118] According to the report, many children' literacy and numeracy skills deteriorated as a result of disruption to learning during lockdown and self-isolation. [119]

Health

Chief Medical Officer, Dr Frank Atherton explaining what the relaxation of the rules means over Christmas 2020, for those who were previously shielding.

On 1 April 2020, it was announced that during the pandemic, home abortions would be allowed for women in the first nine weeks of pregnancy, following an online or telephone consultation. [120] This was part of a significant re-structuring of health care services for women in particular. [121]

Virtual GP appointments were also rolled out across Wales, sooner than originally anticipated, allowing for phone consultations, with video consultations also available if needed. [122]

In October 2020, an analysis of progress showed that the number of people waiting for routine surgery had increased to 57,445, approximately six times as many as the same time in 2019. The Royal College of Surgeons requested the Welsh Government to speed up the introduction of "green zones" in Welsh hospitals, so that operations could resume. [123]

Politics

Plans by the Welsh Government to extend the right to vote to prisoners serving less than four years were shelved, with ministers unable to commit "any official resource" due to the pandemic. Plans to extend the vote and enfranchise 16 and 17 year olds were to continue ahead however. [124]

Prisons

On 19 March 2020, it was reported that around 75 officers at HMP Berwyn in Wrexham County Borough were off work due to sickness or self-isolation, and 22 prisoners showing symptoms of COVID-19 were being isolated by the prison. The prison had enough staff members to remain fully operational. [125]

On 31 March, three inmates at HMP Swansea had been confirmed as testing positive. [126]

On 4 April it was announced that some low risk prisoners, with two months or less still to serve, would be released on temporary licence. Those released would be electronically tagged. No inmates convicted of COVID-19 offences would be considered for release. [127]

The statue of Tommy Cooper in Caerphilly with a protective mask Statue of Tommy Cooper, Caerphilly, May 2020.jpg
The statue of Tommy Cooper in Caerphilly with a protective mask

Religious services

The Church in Wales announced the suspension of its public gatherings, including church services, along with the postponement of weddings and baptisms. The Muslim Council of Britain and the Roman Catholic church announced similar moves, with many religious services being streamed online. [128] [129]

Sports

On 13 March 2020, the Six Nations Wales vs Scotland fixture was postponed for a year. [130] The Welsh Rugby Union also suspended all forms of rugby in Wales from 14 to 30 March 2020, which also extended to the end of the season of 20 March 2020.[ citation needed ]

The Football Association for Wales suspended domestic football matches at all levels in Wales until at least 30 April 2020. [131]

A drive through COVID testing centre at Cardiff City Stadium Cardiff Stadium drive-through Covid testing centre.jpg
A drive through COVID testing centre at Cardiff City Stadium

Supermarkets and shops

In March 2020, some supermarkets announced restrictions on the number of items people could buy, with each company setting their own limits. This was seen as a reaction to a large number of members of the public stockpiling food. [132] Stores began implementing social distancing regulations, with many stores attaching tape to the floor to separate people by two metres and limiting the number of people in the store at a time. Many stores installed protective screens on checkouts to help protect workers. [133]

After new regulations were introduced in England and Scotland in July and August obliging shoppers to wear face masks, the Welsh government decided not to impose this restriction on shoppers in Wales. [134] Instead, they recommended the use of face masks "where social distancing is difficult". This resulted in criticism from some scientists. [135] In mid-September, the use of face masks in shops became mandatory in Wales, after Drakeford announced that 20 people in every 100,000 in Wales had COVID-19. Anyone not observing the face covering restrictions could be fined. [136]

After a 'firebreak' lockdown was imposed in late October to control the spread of COVID-19 in Wales, supermarkets were prohibited from selling 'non-essential goods' after many other retailers were forced to close. [137] The policy was the subject of the largest petition ever submitted to the Senedd, leading the government to state that it would review the policy after the first weekend of the firebreak. [138] There were no further restrictions placed on retailers after the end of the firebreak. [71]

A 'Thank You NHS' blue postbox in Cardiff Thank You NHS blue post box, Whitchurch Road, May 2020 02.jpg
A 'Thank You NHS' blue postbox in Cardiff

Statistics

Cases

Cumulative confirmed COVID-19 case totals in Wales:

Situation on 1 December 2021 [1] [139]
Health boardLocal authorityCases/100kTestsPositive test %
Aneurin Bevan Blaenau Gwent 12,63618,087.197,63812.9
Caerphilly 31,81917,572.3230,94613.8
Monmouthshire 11,60112,264.5104,13111.1
Newport 25,69716,613.4203,29912.6
Torfaen 16,25917,304.0119,30213.6
Betsi Cadwaladr Anglesey 7,53210,753.478,7599.6
Conwy 14,21812,131.1144,8759.8
Denbighshire 14,47915,130.2129,00711.2
Flintshire 22,76714,584.9174,91713.0
Gwynedd 14,93911,993.4140,80110.6
Wrexham 22,98016,902.4171,05013.4
Cardiff and Vale Cardiff 60,64916,530.0453,53213.4
Vale of Glamorgan 21,86516,367.6169,49912.9
Cwm Taf Morgannwg Bridgend 24,96616,978.0180,39213.8
Merthyr Tydfil 12,39020,538.487,55214.2
Rhondda Cynon Taf 43,82118,163.1312,93314.0
Hywel Dda Carmarthenshire 27,92914,795.2228,67012.2
Ceredigion 6,5118,956.668,0279.6
Pembrokeshire 14,62111,620.8132,53811.0
Powys Powys 15,02111,342.2131,45111.4
Swansea Bay Neath Port Talbot 26,99218,834.0181,28014.9
Swansea 41,80116,924.0293,72114.2
Location Unknown3,32638,9918.5
Welsh resident outside Wales18,971124,61915.2
Total (1 December)513,79016,210.03,997,93012.9

Deaths

Deaths by local area to 17 April 2020 were published by the Office for National Statistics on 25 April. At this point, deaths had reached 1,016. The figure is higher than that published by Public Health Wales because it included hospitals, care homes, homes, hospices and other settings. [140] This figure may be revised again because a second health board, Hywel Dda, was found to have under-reported 31 deaths in its area. [141]

The table below shows deaths by health board, most of which occurred in hospitals.

Situation on 1 December 2021 [4] [142]
Health boardTotal deathsDeaths per 100,000
Aneurin Bevan 1,110185.6
Betsi Cadwaladr 1,102156.7
Cardiff and Vale 876173.6
Cwm Taf Morgannwg 1,731384.8
Hywel Dda 611156.8
Powys 8362.4
Swansea Bay 891227.9
Location UnknownN/A
Welsh resident outside Wales16
Total6,420202.0

Graphs

Total confirmed cases and deaths by date reported

New cases by date reported

Source: coronavirus.data.gov.uk. [143]

The graph above shows new cases by date reported, and not by the specimen date of the positive test. Due to planned maintenance of NHS Wales IT systems, no figures were reported on 13 December, followed by under-reporting of case numbers from Lighthouse laboratories from 14 to 16 December. The backlog of over 11,000 cases was reported on 17 December. [144] No case numbers were reported on 25 December and 1 January.

No Case numbers or deaths were reported on 2 April and 4 April. As of 17 April 2021, Public Health Wales stopped posting the latest figures on Saturdays. As such, these days have been removed from the graphs.

No case numbers or deaths were reported on 11 August due to a technical issue.

New hospitalisations by date reported

New cases by week reported

New deaths by week reported