COVID-19 pandemic in Crimea

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COVID-19 pandemic in Crimea
Crimea (orthographic projection).svg
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Crimea
Arrival date21 March 2020
(1 year, 4 months, 1 week and 6 days)
Confirmed cases16,314
Recovered12,374
Deaths
313
Government website
rk.gov.ru/koronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the disputed territory of Crimea (claimed and de facto administered by Russia as the Republic of Crimea, but recognised as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea) in March 2020. The Russian government includes cases in the Republic of Crimea in the count of cases in Russia.

Contents

Background

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019. [1] [2]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, [3] [4] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll. [5] [3]

Timeline

March 2020

On 21 March, the first case was confirmed. [6]

May 2020

As of May 11, the Russian head of Crimea reported 126 COVID-19 cases in the city of Sevastopol and 202 cases in the rest of the peninsula, for 328 cases in total. [7]

July 2020

According to the Crimean Human Rights Group, on July 10, 2020, there were ten new cases in Crimea including Sevastopol. The total count during the pandemic was 1,089 with 37 deaths. [8]

See also

Related Research Articles

Crimea Peninsula in the Black Sea

Crimea, is a peninsula along the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe. It is almost entirely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. Crimea is located south of Kherson Oblast in Ukraine, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and lies west of Krasnodar Krai in Russia, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge since 2018. The Arabat Spit is located to its northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. To the peninsula's west, across the Black Sea, lies Romania, and to its south, Turkey.

The annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation took place in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution. On 22–23 February, Russian President Vladimir Putin convened an all-night meeting with security services chiefs to discuss pullout of deposed President, Viktor Yanukovych, and at the end of that meeting Putin remarked that "we must start working on returning Crimea to Russia.". Russia sent in soldiers on February 27, 2014. Crimea held a referendum. According to official Russian and Crimean sources 95% voted to reunite with Russia. The legitimacy of the referendum has been questioned by the international community on both legal and procedural grounds.

Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous republic of Ukraine

The Autonomous Republic of Crimea is de jure an autonomous republic of Ukraine encompassing most of Crimea and that was annexed by the Russian Federation in 2014.

Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia from Ukraine

The Crimean Peninsula, north of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe, was annexed by the Russian Federation between February and March 2014 and since then has been administered as two Russian federal subjects—the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol. The annexation from Ukraine followed a Russian military intervention in Crimea that took place in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and was part of wider 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine.

Republic of Crimea First-level administrative division of Russia, annexed territory of Ukraine

The Republic of Crimea is a federal subject (republic) of Russia located on the disputed Crimean Peninsula, which was annexed by Russia from Ukraine in 2014, but is still internationally recognized as being part of Ukraine. The capital city and largest city within the republic is Simferopol, which is also the second-largest city of the peninsula, behind the federal city of Sevastopol. At the last census, the republic had a population of 1,891,465 .

On 18 March 2014, a Ukrainian soldier and the member of quasi "Crimean self-defense forces" were killed in the first case of bloodshed during the Russian military intervention in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.

2014 Crimean parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections took place in the Republic of Crimea on 14 September 2014. These were the first elections since Crimea's annexation into the Russian Federation earlier that year. The outcome was an overwhelming victory for President Vladimir Putin's United Russia party.

Crimea national football team Crimean sports team

Crimea national football team is a football national team representing the Crimea peninsula in international and local friendly matches. The team is controlled by the Crimean Football Union. Crimea is not a member of FIFA nor of UEFA, but is a member of the unofficial organization ConIFA.

COVID-19 pandemic in Russia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Russia

The COVID-19 pandemic in Russia is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Russia on 31 January 2020, when two Chinese citizens in Tyumen (Siberia) and Chita tested positive for the virus, with both cases being contained. Early prevention measures included restricting the border with China and extensive testing. The infection spread from Italy on 2 March, leading to additional measures such as cancelling events, closing schools, theatres, and museums, as well as shutting the border and declaring a non-working period which, after two extensions, lasted until 11 May 2020. By the end of March 2020, the vast majority of federal subjects, including Moscow, had imposed lockdowns. By 17 April 2020, cases had been confirmed in all federal subjects. At the beginning of September 2020, the number of COVID-19 cases in Russia reached a million. The number of COVID-19 cases in the country also reached two million on 19 November 2020, three million on 26 December 2020, four million on 10 February 2021 and five million on 23 May 2021. At the end of 2020, there were nearly 3.2 million COVID-19 cases in Russia. On 3 April 2021, the number of COVID-19 deaths in the country reached 100,000.

COVID-19 pandemic in Belarus Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Belarus

The COVID-19 pandemic in Belarus is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Belarus, when the first case of COVID-19 in the country was registered in Minsk on 28 February 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Ukraine

The COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Ukraine when the country's first case was confirmed to be hospitalized in Chernivtsi Oblast on 3 March 2020, a man who had travelled from Italy to Romania by plane and then arrived in Ukraine by car.

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Transnistria in March 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in the Luhansk Peoples Republic Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in the Luhansk Peoples Republic

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Luhansk People's Republic in March 2020. For the rest of Ukraine, see COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine.

COVID-19 pandemic in the Donetsk Peoples Republic Details of ongoing viral pandemic in the Donetsk Peoples Republic

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Donetsk People's Republic, or DNR, in March 2020. The DNR is a Russian-supported separatist entity that controls about a third of the territory of Ukraine's Donetsk Oblast.

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Sevastopol in March 2020. The Russian government includes the cases in Sevastopol in the count of cases in Russia.

COVID-19 pandemic in Abkhazia Details of ongoing viral pandemic in Republic of Abkhazia

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Abkhazia in April 2020.

COVID-19 pandemic in North Asia Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in North Asia

The first cases of the COVID-19 pandemic were confirmed in North Asia on 31 January 2020. Early prevention measures included restricting the border with China and extensive testing. Later measures included cancelling events, closing schools, theatres and museums, shutting the border, and declaring a non-working period which is currently in effect until at least 30 April. By the end of March, lockdowns were imposed in the vast majority of federal subjects. By 17 April, cases were confirmed in all federal subjects.))

Russian government response to the COVID-19 pandemic Actions by the Russian central and local governments on COVID-19 pandemic

The government of Russia has initially responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country with preventive measures to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 in the country, which involved imposing quarantines, carrying raids on potential virus carriers, and using facial recognition to impose quarantine measures. Measures to prevent a crisis in Russia include banning the export of medical masks, random checks on the Moscow Metro, and cancellation of large-scale events by schools. The Russian government has also taken measures to prevent foreign citizens from heavily affected countries from visiting Russia. Local governments have also responded to the pandemic by imposing their own preventive measures in their communities.

Social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia

Attribution: text was copied from 2020_coronavirus_pandemic_in_Russia on February 1, 2021. Please see the history of that page for full attribution.

References

  1. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  2. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN   1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. "Аксенов: в Крыму подтвердили первый случай заболевания коронавирусом". Крим.Реалії. 21 March 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  7. "Ukraine- Occupied Crimea confirms 328 coronavirus cases". MENAFN. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  8. Crimean Human Rights Group (10 July 2020). "За минувшие сутки в оккупированном Крыму и Севастополе зарегистрировано 17 новых случаев заболевания COVID-19. Об этом сообщает "Минздрав" Крыма. Итого в Крыму и Севастополе за весь период пандемии заболели 1089 человек, скончались 37 человек". Twitter. Retrieved 11 July 2020.