List of COVID-19 pandemic legislation

Last updated

This is a list of legislation passed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Contents

China

Ireland

New Zealand

Philippines

Singapore

Taiwan

United Kingdom

Primary Legislation

Significant Secondary Legislation

United States

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Coronavirus Act 2020 UK law granting government emergency powers to handle the 2020 coronavirus pandemic

The Coronavirus Act 2020 is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that grants the government emergency powers to handle the COVID-19 pandemic. The act allows the government the discretionary power to limit or suspend public gatherings, to detain individuals suspected to be infected by COVID-19, and to intervene or relax regulations in a range of sectors to limit transmission of the disease, ease the burden on public health services, and assist healthcare workers and the economically affected. Areas covered by the act include the National Health Service, social care, schools, police, Border Force, local councils, funerals and courts. The act was introduced to Parliament on 19 March 2020, and passed the House of Commons without a vote on 23 March, and the House of Lords on 25 March. The act subsequently received royal assent on 25 March 2020.

CARES Act Law intended to address the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, also known as the CARES Act, is a $2.2 trillion economic stimulus bill passed by the 116th U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Donald Trump on March 27, 2020, in response to the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. The spending primarily includes $300 billion in one-time cash payments to individual people who submit a tax return in America, $260 billion in increased unemployment benefits, the creation of the Paycheck Protection Program that provides forgivable loans to small businesses with an initial $350 billion in funding, $500 billion in loans for corporations, and $339.8 billion to state and local governments.

Health (Preservation and Protection and other Emergency Measures in the Public Interest) Act 2020 Irish 2020 pandemic legislation

The Health Act 2020 is an Act of the Oireachtas which provided for additional powers for the state in the extraordinary circumstances of the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Bayanihan to Heal as One Act

The Bayanihan to Heal as One Act, also known as the Bayanihan Act, and officially designated as Republic Act No. 11469, is a law in the Philippines that was enacted in March 2020 granting the President additional authority to combat the COVID-19 pandemic in the Philippines. The word "bayanihan" is a Tagalog word for communal work.

COVID-19 pandemic in England Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in England

The COVID-19 pandemic was first confirmed to have spread to England with two cases among Chinese nationals staying in a hotel in York on 31 January 2020. The two main public bodies responsible for health in England are NHS England and Public Health England. NHS England oversees the budget, planning, delivery and day-to-day operation of the commissioning side of the NHS in England while PHE's mission is "to protect and improve the nation’s health and to address inequalities". As of 20 March 2021, there have been 3,754,821 total cases and 110,985 deaths in England. In January 2021 it was estimated around 22% of people in England have had coronavirus.

Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act

Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act is a $484 billion law that increases funding to the Paycheck Protection Program and also provide more funding for hospitals and testing for COVID-19.

HEROES Act

The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act or Heroes Act is proposed legislation acting as a $3 trillion stimulus package in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and is intended to supplement the earlier CARES Act stimulus package. The bill for this Act of Congress was proposed by Representative Nita Lowey of New York on May 12, 2020, and was passed by the United States House of Representatives by a vote of 208–199 on May 15, 2020.

The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Wearing of Face Coverings on Public Transport) (England) Regulations 2020 United Kingdom emergency legislation

The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020 is a statutory instrument (SI) brought into force on 15 June 2020 by the Secretary of State for Transport, Grant Shapps, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It requires the wearing of a face covering when travelling on public transport such as trains, buses and aircraft in England. The regulations were later extended to include taxis and private hire vehicles.

The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (No. 2) (England) Regulations 2020 United Kingdom emergency legislation

The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020 is a statutory instrument (SI) enacted on 4 July 2020 by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, Matt Hancock, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It replaces and relaxes the previous Lockdown Regulations, and gives the Secretary of State powers to make declarations restricting access to public outdoor places.

U.S. federal government response to the COVID-19 pandemic Actions by the U.S. federal government regarding the COVID-19 pandemic

The federal government of the United States initially responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country with various declarations of emergency, some of which led to travel and entry restrictions, and the formation of the White House Coronavirus Task Force. As the pandemic progressed in the U.S. and throughout the rest of the world, the U.S. government began issuing recommendations regarding the response by state and local governments, as well as social distancing measures and workplace hazard controls. Following the closure of most businesses throughout a number of U.S. states, President Donald Trump announced the mobilization of the National Guard in the most affected areas.

The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) (No. 3) Regulations 2020 United Kingdom emergency legislation

The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020 is a statutory instrument (SI) enacted on 18 July 2020 by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, Matt Hancock, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It allows a local authority to make directions relating to premises, events and outdoor public spaces in its area, supplementing central government powers relating to public outdoor places that were granted to the Secretary of State on 3 July in The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020. In practice, the regulations allow local authorities to close shops and outdoor public spaces, and to cancel events. The regulations relate to England only.

HEALS Act

The Health, Economic Assistance, Liability Protection and Schools (HEALS) Act was a $1 trillion economic stimulus bill introduced in 2020 by the United States Senate during the COVID-19 pandemic, to supplement the earlier CARES Act.

The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Wearing of Face Coverings in a Relevant Place) (England) Regulations 2020 United Kingdom emergency legislation

The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020 is a statutory instrument (SI) brought into force on 23 July 2020 by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, Matt Hancock, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Subject to some exceptions, it requires members of the public in England to wear a face covering in most indoor shops, shopping centres, banks, post offices and public transport hubs. The regulations are similar to The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020, which were brought into force on 15 June 2020.

This article contains a list of primary and secondary legislation enacted by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic.

First COVID-19 tier regulations in England United Kingdom emergency legislation

On 14 October 2020, the UK Government abandoned its attempts to control the spread of SARS-CoV-2 by means of piecemeal local regulations and introduced a three-tier approach across England, with legal restrictions varying according to government-defined tiers. Tier 1 restrictions are referred to as 'Local COVID Alert Level Medium', with tier 2 being 'Local COVID Alert Level High' and tier 3 'Local COVID Alert Level Very High'. The restrictions were enforced by three English statutory instruments, as follows:

The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (All Tiers) (England) Regulations 2020 United Kingdom emergency legislation

The Health Protection (England) Regulations 2020 is an English emergency statutory instrument that replaced the second lockdown regulations from 2 December 2020. As initially made, it brought back the three-tier legal framework first introduced by the first COVID-19 tier regulations in England, but with changes to the restrictions within each tier.

Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 Appropriations and pandemic relief bill

The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 is a $2.3 trillion spending bill that combines $900 billion in stimulus relief for the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States with a $1.4 trillion omnibus spending bill for the 2021 federal fiscal year and prevents a government shutdown. The bill is one of the largest spending measures ever enacted, surpassing the $2.2 trillion CARES Act, enacted in March 2020. The legislation is the first bill to address the pandemic since April 2020. According to the Senate Historical Office, at 5,593 pages, the legislation is the longest bill ever passed by Congress.

American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Law intended to address the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, also called the COVID-19 Stimulus Package or American Rescue Plan, is a $1.9 trillion economic stimulus bill passed by the 117th United States Congress and signed into law by President Joe Biden on March 11, 2021, to speed up the United States' recovery from the economic and health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing recession. First proposed on January 14, 2021, the package builds upon many of the measures in the CARES Act from March 2020 and in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, from December.

The Health Protection (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2021 is an emergency statute in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in England, which came into force at 5.00pm on 29 January 2021.

The following is a timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in England from July 2020 to December 2020. There are significant differences in the legislation and the reporting between the countries of the UK: England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales.

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