COVID-19 pandemic in Bihar

Last updated

COVID-19 pandemic in Bihar
Bihar Corona Map.png
Map of districts with confirmed cases (as of 19 July 2021)
   250+ cases
   150+ cases
   100+ cases
   600+ cases
   50+ cases
   0-10 cases
Disease COVID-19
Virus strain SARS-CoV-2
Location Bihar
First outbreak Wuhan, China
Index case Munger
Arrival date22 March 2020
(1 year, 3 months, 3 weeks and 6 days)
Confirmed cases62,031 (4 August 2020)
Active cases20,922
Recovered40,760 (4 August 2020)
Deaths
349 (4 August 2020)
Fatality rate0.56%
Territories
38 Districts
Government website
Official website
www.mohfw.gov.in

The first COVID-19 case in the Indian state of Bihar was reported in Munger on 22 March 2020, a 38-year-old tested positive for COVID-19, he was also the first victim. [1] He had travel history to Qatar. [2] The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has confirmed a total of 62,031 cases as of 4 August 2020, including 20,922 active cases, 349 deaths and 40,760 recoveries. [3] The virus has spread in 38 districts of the state, of which Patna district has the highest number of cases. [4]

Contents

The state has been under lockdown since 25 March 2020. The state government has responded to the outbreak by following a contact-tracing, testing, and home-to-home surveillance model.

The state began witnessing a spike in the number of COVID-19 cases as migrant workers and many people of Bihar stranded in other parts of the country returned to the state. Many of them tested positive for the coronavirus when they arrived, and were quarantined.

Bihar's COVID case fatality rate is one of the lowest in the nation. [5] The recovery rate in the state, 76, is also better than the national average.

Timeline

Initially, due to less international travel to Bihar, it reported fewer cases than other states, but due to the return of migrant labourers and students, Bihar witnessed a spike in the number of cases.[ citation needed ]

COVID-19 cases in Bihar, India  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
MarMarAprAprMayMayJunJunJulJulAugAug
Last 15 daysLast 15 days
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-23
3(n.a.)1(n.a.)
2020-03-24
3(=)1(=)
2020-03-25
4(+33%)1(=)
2020-03-26
7(+75%)1(=)
2020-03-27
9(+29%)1(=)
2020-03-28
11(+22%)1(=)
2020-03-29
15(+36%)1(=)
2020-03-30
15(=)1(=)
2020-03-31
21(+40%)1(=)
2020-04-01
24(+14%)1(=)
2020-04-02
29(+21%)1(=)
2020-04-03
31(+6.9%)1(=)
2020-04-04
32(+3.2%)1(=)
2020-04-05
32(=)1(=)
2020-04-06
32(=)1(=)
2020-04-07
38(+19%)1(=)
2020-04-08
39(+2.6%)1(=)
2020-04-09
58(+49%)1(=)
2020-04-10
60(+3.4%)1(=)
2020-04-11
64(+6.7%)1(=)
2020-04-12
64(=)1(=)
2020-04-13
66(+3.1%)1(=)
2020-04-14
66(=)1(=)
2020-04-15
72(+9.1%)1(=)
2020-04-16
83(+15%)1(=)
2020-04-17
85(+2.4%)2(+1)
2020-04-18
86(+1.2%)2(=)
2020-04-19
96(+12%)2(=)
2020-04-20
113(+18%)2(=)
2020-04-21
126(+12%)2(=)
2020-04-22
143(+13%)2(=)
2020-04-23
170(+19%)2(=)
2020-04-24
223(+31%)2(=)
2020-04-25
251(+13%)2(=)
2020-04-26
277(+10%)2(=)
2020-04-27
346(+25%)2(=)
2020-04-28
366(+5.8%)2(=)
2020-04-29
403(+10%)2(=)
2020-04-30
425(+5.5%)2(=)
2020-05-01
466(+9.6%)3(+1)
2020-05-02
482(+3.4%)4(+1)
2020-05-03
517(+7.3%)4(=)
2020-05-04
528(+2.1%)4(=)
2020-05-05
535(+1.3%)4(=)
2020-05-06
542(+1.3%)4(=)
2020-05-07
550(+1.5%)5(+1)
2020-05-08
569(+3.5%)5(=)
2020-05-09
611(+7.4%)5(=)
2020-05-10
707(+16%)6(+1)
2020-05-11
761(+7.6%)6(=)
2020-05-12
879(+16%)6(=)
2020-05-13
953(+8.4%)7(+1)
2020-05-14
999(+4.8%)7(=)
2020-05-15
1,079(+8%)7(=)
2020-05-16
1,178(+9.2%)8(+1)
2020-05-17
1,326(+13%)8(=)
2020-05-18
1,442(+8.7%)9(+1)
2020-05-19
1,786(+24%)9(=)
2020-05-20
1,987(+11%)9(=)
2020-05-21
2,166(+9%)10(+1)
2020-05-22
2,394(+11%)11(+1)
2020-05-23
2,574(+7.5%)11(=)
2020-05-24
2,737(+6.3%)13(+2)
2020-05-25
2,960(+8.1%)14(+1)
2020-05-26
2,960(=)15(+1)
2020-05-27
3,036(+2.6%)15(=)
2020-05-28
3,185(+4.9%)16(+1)
2020-05-29
3,359(+5.5%)17(+1)
2020-05-30
3,565(+6.1%)21(+4)
2020-05-31
3,692(+3.6%)23(+2)
2020-06-01
3,872(+4.9%)23(=)
2020-06-02
4,049(+4.6%)24(+1)
2020-06-03
4,273(+5.5%)25(+1)
2020-06-04
4,420(+3.4%)28(+3)
2020-06-05
4,551(+3%)29(+1)
2020-06-06
4,745(+4.3%)29(=)
2020-06-07
4,972(+4.8%)30(+1)
2020-06-08
5,176(+4.1%)31(+1)
2020-06-09
5,364(+3.6%)33(+2)
2020-06-10
5,583(+4.1%)34(+1)
2020-06-11
5,807(+4%)34(=)
2020-06-12
6,043(+4.1%)35(+1)
2020-06-13
6,183(+2.3%)35(=)
2020-06-14
6,355(+2.8%)36(+1)
2020-06-15
6,585(+3.6%)38(+2)
2020-06-16
6,736(+2.3%)39(+1)
2020-06-17
6,889(+2.3%)39(=)
2020-06-18
6,993(+1.5%)44(+5)
2020-06-19
7,178(+2.6%)49(+5)
2020-06-20
7,380(+2.8%)49(=)
2020-06-21
7,602(+3%)51(+2)
2020-06-22
7,808(+2.7%)52(+1)
2020-06-23
7,974(+2.1%)54(+2)
2020-06-24
8,180(+2.6%)55(+1)
2020-06-25
8,381(+2.5%)56(+1)
2020-06-26
8,611(+2.7%)56(=)
2020-06-27
8,859(+2.9%)58(+2)
2020-06-28
9,117(+2.9%)62(+4)
2020-06-29
9,506(+4.3%)63(+1)
2020-06-30
9,744(+2.5%)68(+5)
2020-07-01
10,075(+3.4%)73(+5)
2020-07-02
10,392(+3.1%)78(+5)
2020-07-03
10,911(+5%)84(+6)
2020-07-04
11,457(+5%)88(+4)
2020-07-05
11,860(+3.5%)90(+2)
2020-07-06
12,140(+2.4%)97(+7)
2020-07-07
12,525(+3.2%)98(+1)
2020-07-08
13,274(+6%)100(+2)
2020-07-09
13,978(+5.3%)100(=)
2020-07-10
14,330(+2.5%)111(+11)
2020-07-11
15,039(+4.9%)118(+7)
2020-07-12
16,305(+8.4%)125(+7)
2020-07-13
17,421(+6.8%)134(+9)
2020-07-14
18,853(+8.2%)143(+9)
2020-07-15
20,173(+7%)157(+14)
2020-07-16
21,558(+6.9%)167(+10)
2020-07-17
23,330(+8.2%)173(+6)
2020-07-18
24,967(+7%)177(+4)
2020-07-19
26,379(+5.7%)179(+2)
2020-07-20
27,455(+4.1%)187(+8)
2020-07-21
28,564(+4%)198(+11)
2020-07-22
30,066(+5.3%)208(+10)
2020-07-23
31,691(+5.4%)212(+4)
2020-07-24
33,511(+5.7%)221(+9)
2020-07-25
36,314(+8.4%)232(+11)
2020-07-26
38,919(+7.2%)249(+17)
2020-07-27
41,111(+5.6%)255(+6)
2020-07-28
43,591(+6%)269(+14)
2020-07-29
45,919(+5.3%)273(+4)
2020-07-30
48,001(+4.5%)285(+12)
2020-07-31
50,987(+6.2%)298(+13)
2020-08-01
54,508(+6.9%)312(+14)
2020-08-02
57,270(+5.1%)322(+10)
2020-08-03
59,567(+4%)336(+14)
2020-08-04
62,031(+4.1%)349(+13)
Sources: MoHFW and Bihar Health Dept.

April

May

June

July

August, September, and beyond

Starting from mid-August, cases slowly started to drop, [7] and the state re-opened by early-March. [8] [9]

However, after Holi on 29 March 2021, cases started to rise quickly again, the government imposed new restrictions on 3 April 2021, [10] and tightened them on April 9, 2021. [11] On April 11, 2021, Bihar reported 3,756 new cases and 12 deaths. Active cases on that day jumped to 14,695, of which half were reported in the past 48 hours. 1,91,352 people were vaccinated on April 11, 2021, with the cumulative number of vaccinations standing at 50,01,448. [12]

On 4 May 2021, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar announced that the state will go into a lockdown till 15 May 2021. [13] The government extended the lockdown till 25 May 2021, on 13 May 2021. [14]

Response

Zones

To tackle the outbreak of coronavirus in an effective and structured manner, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, has classified the country's districts in three different zones; Red, Orange, and Green, based on the severity of outbreak in those areas. [15]

The following is the list of districts of Bihar classified in their respective zones [16]

S.No.
ZonesDistricts
1.Red
(Hotspot)
Munger, Patna, Rohtas, Buxar, Gaya
2.Orange
(Non-Hotspot)
Kaimur, Nalanda, Siwan, Bhojpur, Begusarai, Aurangabad, East Champaran, Madhubani, Bhagalpur, Arwal, Saran, Gopalganj, Nawada, Lakhisarai, Banka, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Jehanabad, Madhepura, Purnia, Muzaffarpur, Sheikhpura, Araria, Jamui, Katihar, Khagaria, Kishanganj , Pashchim Champaran , Saharsa, Samastipur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Supaul
3.Green
(COVID-19 free)

Testing Centres

As of 10 May 2020, the state has 10 laboratories (7 government labs and 3 private labs) approved by ICMR for testing. Till 9 may, no private labs were approved to do COVID-19 testing in Bihar. On 10 May Bihar health department has permitted 2 private labs to collect samples and test for COVID-19. The rate of testing has been fixed and that is 4500 rs. [17]

COVID-19 Testing Centers in Bihar
No.

Institute

CityTesting facility started on

Type

Address\Detail
1 RMRIMS Patna 7 March 2020Government
2 IGIMS Patna 25 March 2020Government
3 DMCH Darbhanga 2 April 2020Government
4 PMCH Patna 6 April 2020Government
5 SKMCH Muzaffarpur 13 April 2020Government
6 AIIMS Patna 15 April 2020Government
7 JLNMCH Bhagalpur 3 May 2020Government
8Dr. Lal Path LabsOnline10 May 2020PrivateWebsite: www.lalpathlabs.com,

Mobile Number: 8527483085

9Path Kind Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd Patna 10 May 2020PrivateMobile Number: 7827949761/ 7827949762
10Path Kind Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd Muzaffarpur 10 May 2020PrivateMobile Number: 7827949750
11 VIMS Pawapuri 15 May 2020Government
12District hospital Siwan 16 May 2020Government
13 JKTMCH Madhepura 18 May 2020Government
14 GMC Bettiah 18 May 2020Government
15 ANMMCH Gaya 18 May 2020Government
16District hospital Munger 19 May 2020Government
17 TBDC Motiihari 19 May 2020Government
18 JLNMCH Bhagalpur 20 May 2020Government
19District Hospital Rohtas 21 May 2020Government

Testing Summary

Summary of test results
Samples tested687,154
Tests per 1 million people5,749
Positive per 100 Tests9
Tested negative625,123
Tested positive62,031
Results Awaited-
Active Case20,922
Recovery Rate66

Total tests done is 687,154 as per 31 July [18] [19] 21,271 reported active, 349 decreased and 40760 people recovered. [20]

Public Health Strategy

Government Quarantine Facility

In late March, as migrants workers started returning to Bihar, the state government imposed mandatory 14 days quarantining at government relief camps. [21] Initially in late May, the state government created three layers of quarantining: [22]

CategoryLevelSource
ABlock11 cities: Surat, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune,Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgram, Noida, Kolkata, and Bangalore
BPanchayatUP, MP, Rajasthan and Haryana (except some towns)
CVillageElsewhere

But within days, the government changed strategy to only have returnee migrants from category A (Block level) be mandatorily put in institutional quarantine, while the rest were sent for home quarantine if found asymptomatic. [23] The camps were closed down on 15 June and the last registration for institutional quarantining took place on 1 June. [24] The reason given for this was that reportedly the last batch of migrant workers came back on the 1st of June and the ones who came to Bihar after that aren't necessary returnee migrant workers. The other reasons was that most of these camps operated out of schools, which needed to be vacated as the government planned to reopen schools in July. [25] As of 14 June, there were 288 Block Quarantine Camps with a total of 15,33,392 persons registered for quarantining. [26]

While operational, these camps provided three meals a day to them, as well as a minimum financial assistance of ₹1,000. [26] To combat rapid population growth, the state government also provided kits containing condoms, contraceptives, and pregnancy tests to the discharged migrants. [27] As of 10 June, 17 lakh condoms were distributed to the migrants. [28]

High-level Multi-disciplinary Central Teams

Bihar is one of the 15 states and Union Territories which will get technical support and administrative hand-holding from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare through central teams composed of two public health experts, epidemiologists, clinicians and a senior Joint Secretary level nodal officer. [29] The central team will assist the health department of the state government in implementing containment measures and management of clinical cases. The team will also improve coordination between the state government, and the district and municipal level authorities for public health response on the field.

Economic Strategy

Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan

This central scheme will be launched in six states, including Bihar, on 20 June 2020 from Telihar village of Khagaria district of Bihar. [30] 32 districts in Bihar will be part of the scheme. [31] This scheme will provide employment opportunities to both rural workers and returnee migrant workers, and develop rural infrastructure. Under the scheme, 25 different types of work will be provided under mission mode. 12 different central government ministries and departments will be involved in this scheme: Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Road Transport & Highways, Mines, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum & Natural Gas, New & Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom and Agriculture.[ citation needed ]

The scheme will be launched in the following districts: [31]

East Champaran, West Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Purnia, Gaya, Madhubani, Araria, Saran, Rohtas, Samastipur, Banka, Khagaria, Begusarai, Supaul, Bhagalpur, Saharsa, Aurangabad, Buxar, Kishanganj, Madhepura, Sitamarhi, Bhojpur, Siwan, Patna, Nalanda, Gopalganj, Jamui, Nawada and Kaimur.

State Government Response

The Bihar government has mapped the skills of more than 17 lakhs of migrant-labourers and has engage more than 6 to 7 lakhs of them in different schemes employment schemes. [31]

Impact

Migrant Workers Crisis

Observing the situation of workers throughout the country, the central government and Indian railway decided to run the "Shramik Special" between states to help workers to reach their home state. Till 13 May over 169 Shramik special train reached Bihar different city from other states.[ citation needed ]

Bihar health department release data on 15 May about total cases related to the migrant workers.

Statistics

District wise details

DistrictTotal casesRecoveriesDeathsActive cases
Total7,21,6547,10,2389,5841,832
Araria 14,86114,71911626
Arwal 7,3217,2257422
Aurangabad 19,93419,853756
Banka 7,3537,2381114
Begusarai 27,04926,51945575
Bhagalpur 25,71125,36730836
Bhojpur 10,0979,92815811
Buxar 9,2289,0471810
Darbhanga 10,75610,243358155
East Champaran 18,89918,348430121
Gaya 33,85733,53127848
Gopalganj 16,62416,4909440
Jamui 9,3699,24710517
Jehanabad 10,75110,6391093
Kaimur 4,9624,8131463
Katihar 18,01917,8679458
Khagaria 9,9179,7988633
Kishanganj 9,9539,8186669
Lakhisarai 7,6927,55010141
Madhepura 12,42312,25011162
Madhubani 18,21317,84633037
Munger 15,05514,85815740
Muzaffarpur 31,23230,59161724
Nalanda 23,33022,79046872
Nawada 10,27110,07517719
Patna 1,46,3281,43,7272,322279
Purnia 24,23623,99217965
Rohtas 13,87213,58926914
Saharsa 17,45317,24113280
Samastipur 19,80619,57915077
Saran 23,13722,782251104
Sheikhpura 7,6577,5697513
Sheohar 4,3704,329365
Sitamarhi 9,1118,96312622
Siwan 15,13014,92516639
Supaul 17,12616,96012640
Vaishali 19,71319,46619156
West Champaran 20,83820,46635616
As of 2021-06-29 [33]

COVID-19 daily graph by total number of cases, recoveries and death

Daily new cases

Daily Recovered

Daily new death

Active cases

Map Statistics

Cases outside Bihar

See also

Notes

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