COVID-19 Advisory Board

Last updated

COVID-19 Advisory Board
Biden transition logo.svg
Transition logo for the President-elect of the United States Joe Biden
Agency overview
FormedNovember 2020
DissolvedJanuary 20, 2021 [1] [2]
Superseding agency
Type Advisory board
JurisdictionUnited States
Agency executives
Website buildbackbetter.gov

The COVID-19 Advisory Board was announced in November 2020 by President-elect of the United States Joe Biden as part of his presidential transition. It was co-chaired by physicians David A. Kessler, Marcella Nunez-Smith, and Vivek Murthy and comprises 13 health experts. The board was then succeeded by the White House COVID-19 Response Team upon Biden's presidency in January 2021.

Contents

Background

Before naming any White House staff or cabinet appointments, Biden announced that he will appoint a COVID-19 task force, co-chaired by former Surgeon General Vivek Murthy, former Food and Drug Administration Commissioner David Kessler and Yale University epidemiologist Professor Marcella Nunez-Smith. [3] [4] In November 2020, he announced the names of 13 health experts to serve on the COVID-19 Advisory Board. [5] Biden pledged a more and larger federal government response to the pandemic than Donald Trump, akin to President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal during the Great Depression. [6] This would include increased testing for SARS-CoV-2, a steady supply of personal protective equipment, distributing a vaccine and securing money from Congress for schools and hospitals under the aegis of a national "supply chain commander" who would coordinate the logistics of manufacturing and distributing protective gear and test kits. This would be distributed by a "Pandemic Testing Board", also similar to Roosevelt's War Production Board during World War II. [6] Biden also pledged to invoke the Defense Production Act more aggressively than Trump in order to build up supplies, as well as the mobilization of up to 100,000 Americans for a "public health jobs corps" of contact tracers to help track and prevent outbreaks. [6]

Jeffrey Zients will work with the advisory board as the incoming White House Coronavirus Response Coordinator (czar). [7] [8] Civil servant and political advisor, Natalie Quillian, will serve as Deputy Coronavirus Response Coordinator. [9]

Succession

The board was dissolved on January 20, 2021, after President Biden was sworn in. [1] [2] The reason for the dissolution is unknown. The board was then succeeded by the White House COVID-19 Response Team upon Biden's presidency.[ citation needed ]

Members

There were 16 members of the COVID-19 advisory board, appointed by President of the United States Joe Biden. Three of the members, David A. Kessler, Vivek Murthy and Marcella Nunez-Smith, served as co-chairs.

MemberRoleEducationAppointment
DavidAaronKesslerApr2009.jpg David A. Kessler Former Commissioner of Food and Drugs
Co-chair
Amherst College (BA)
University of Chicago (JD)
Harvard University (MD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Marcella Nunez-Smith Yale School of Medicine associate dean for health equity research
Co-chair
Swarthmore College (BA)
Thomas Jefferson University (MD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Vice Admiral Vivek H. Murthy, USPHS.jpg Vivek Murthy Former Surgeon General of the United States
Co-chair
Harvard University (BA)
Yale University (MD, MBA)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Luciana Borio official portrait.jpg Luciana Borio Former Acting Chief Scientist of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration George Washington University (MD)November 9, 2020 [10]
Rick A. Bright.jpg Rick Bright Former Director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority University of Kansas
Auburn University, Montgomery (BS)
Emory University (MS, PhD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Zeke Emanuel Amherst.jpg Ezekiel Emanuel Former Chief of the Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Amherst College (BA)
Exeter College, Oxford (MS)
Harvard University (MD, PhD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Atul-Gawande (cropped).jpg Atul Gawande Brigham and Women's Hospital professor of surgery Stanford University (BA, BS)
Balliol College, Oxford (MA)
Harvard University (MD, MPH)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Céline Gounder New York University School of Medicine assistant professor Princeton University (BA)
Johns Hopkins University (MS)
University of Washington, Seattle (MD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Julie Morita Executive Vice President of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign (BS)
University of Illinois College of Medicine (MD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Michael Osterholm Director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy Luther College (BA)
University of Minnesota (MS, MPH, PhD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Loyce Pace Executive Director and President of the Global Health Council Stanford University (BS)
Johns Hopkins University (MPH)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Robert Rodriguez UCSF School of Medicine emergency medicine professor University of Notre Dame (BA)
Harvard University (MD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Eric Goosby - 2017 (cropped).jpg Eric Goosby Former United States Global AIDS Coordinator Princeton University (BA)
University of California, San Francisco (MD)
November 9, 2020 [10]
Jane HopkinsNurse at Harborview Medical Center and Snoqualmie HospitalNovember 28, 2020 [11] [12]
Jill Jim Executive director of the Navajo Department of Health University of Utah (MPH, PhD)November 28, 2020 [13]
Dr. David Michaels (cropped).jpg David Michaels Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health at the Milken Institute School of Public Health Columbia University (MPH, PhD)November 28, 2020 [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

David A. Kessler Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration

David Aaron Kessler is an American pediatrician, attorney, author, and administrator serving as Chief Science Officer of the White House COVID-19 Response Team since 2021. Kessler was the commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) from November 8, 1990, to February 28, 1997. He co-chaired the Biden-Harris transition’s COVID-19 Advisory Board from November 2020 to January 2021 and was the head of Operation Warp Speed, the U.S. government program to accelerate the development of COVID-19 vaccines and other treatment, from January to February 2021.

Jared Bernstein American economist

Jared Bernstein is a senior fellow at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. From 2009 to 2011, Bernstein was the chief economist and economic adviser to Vice President Joe Biden in the Obama Administration. He was considered to be a progressive and "a strong advocate for workers". Bernstein is currently a Member of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Biden administration.

Jeffrey Zients American business executive

Jeffrey Dunston Zients is an American business executive and government official serving as the White House Coronavirus Response Coordinator since 2021, succeeding Deborah Birx.

Andy Slavitt American medical official

Andrew M. Slavitt is an American businessman and healthcare advisor who served as the acting administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services from March 2015 to January 2017 and as a temporary Senior Advisor to the COVID-19 Response Coordinator in the Biden administration. A leader of the team that helped to repair the healthcare.gov website after its initial rollout, he was nominated by Barack Obama to run CMS in July 2015. In January 2021, Slavitt accepted a temporary role as Senior Pandemic Advisor to President Joe Biden’s COVID-19 pandemic response team. He stepped down from that role in June 2021.

Luciana Borio Physician and public health administrator

Luciana Borio is a Brazilian-American infectious disease physician and public health administrator. She is a vice president at In-Q-Tel. She previously served as director for Medical and Biodefense Preparedness at the National Security Council, acting chief scientist of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), assistant commissioner for counterterrorism policy of the FDA, and director of FDA's Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats. She is known for her work advancing clinical trials, the development of medical countermeasures for health emergencies, and the public health responses to Ebola and Zika outbreaks.

Vivek Murthy 19th and 21st Surgeon General of the United States

Vivek Hallegere Murthy is an American physician and a vice admiral in the United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps who has served as the 19th and 21st surgeon general of the United States under President Obama and President Biden. Murthy is the first surgeon general of Indian descent, and, during his first term as surgeon general, he was the youngest active duty flag officer in federal uniformed service.

Vincent Mai is an American businessman and philanthropist. He was born, and grew up, in South Africa. He is the founder, chairman and CEO of The Cranmere Group, an investment holding company. The Cranmere Group focuses on investing in businesses to develop and hold for the long term. Formerly he was the CEO and chairman of AEA Investors, one of the oldest private equity firms in the United States.

Deborah Birx American physician and diplomat

Deborah Leah Birx is an American physician and diplomat who served as the White House Coronavirus Response Coordinator under President Donald Trump from 2020 to 2021. Birx specializes in HIV/AIDS immunology, vaccine research, and global health. Starting in 2014, she oversaw the implementation of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program to support HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention programs in 65 countries. From 2014-2020, Birx was the United States global AIDS coordinator for presidents Barack Obama and Donald Trump and served as the United States special representative for global health diplomacy between 2015 and 2021. Birx was part of the White House Coronavirus Task Force from February 2020 to January 2021. In March 2021, Dr. Birx joined ActivePure Technology as Chief Medical and Science Advisor.

Céline Gounder American medical doctor and medical journalist

Céline R. Gounder is an American infectious disease physician, internist, epidemiologist, filmmaker, and medical journalist who specializes in infectious disease and global health. She was educated at Princeton University, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and University of Washington School of Medicine. As of 2018, Gounder practices medicine part-time while addressing her long time concerns with health issues as a medical journalist. In 2017, because of her contributions to medicine and public health, Gounder was named one of People Magazine's 25 Women Changing the World.

White House Coronavirus Task Force United States Department of State task force to mitigate COVID-19

The White House Coronavirus Task Force was the United States Department of State task force during the Trump administration that "coordinate[d] and overs[aw] the administration's efforts to monitor, prevent, contain, and mitigate the spread" of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Also referred to as the President's Coronavirus Task Force, it was established on January 29, 2020, with Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar as chair. On February 26, 2020, U.S. vice president Mike Pence was named to chair the task force, and Deborah Birx was named the response coordinator.

Rebecca Katz American biosecurity scientist

Rebecca Katz is a professor and director of the Center for Global Health Science and Security at Georgetown University Medical Center. She is an expert in global health and international diplomacy, specializing in emerging infectious diseases. From 2004 to 2019, she was a consultant for the United States Department of State on matters related to the Biological Weapons Convention and emerging infectious disease threats. Katz currently serves on the Joe Biden presidential campaign's public health panel to advise on the novel coronavirus.

Rick Bright American immunologist and whisteblower

Rick Arthur Bright is an American immunologist, vaccine researcher, and public health official. He was the director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) from 2016 to 2020. In May 2020, he filed a whistleblower complaint, alleging that the Trump administration ignored his early warnings about the COVID-19 pandemic and illegally retaliated against him by ousting him from his role and demoting him to a position at the National Institutes of Health. On October 6, 2020, Bright resigned from the government. On November 9 he was named a member of President-elect Joe Biden's coronavirus advisory board.

U.S. federal government response to the COVID-19 pandemic Actions by the U.S. federal government regarding the COVID-19 pandemic

The federal government of the United States initially responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in the country with various declarations of emergency, some of which led to travel and entry restrictions, and the formation of the White House Coronavirus Task Force. As the pandemic progressed in the U.S. and throughout the rest of the world, the U.S. government began issuing recommendations regarding the response by state and local governments, as well as social distancing measures and workplace hazard controls. State governments play a primary role in adopting policies to address the pandemic. Following the closure of most businesses throughout a number of U.S. states, President Donald Trump announced the mobilization of the National Guard in the most affected areas.

Marcella Nunez-Smith Professor of medicine and epidemiology

Marcella Nunez-Smith is an American physician-scientist. She is C.N.H Long Professor of medicine and epidemiology at the Yale School of Medicine, where she serves as the inaugural Associate Dean for Health Equity Research and founding director of the Equity Research and Innovation Center. She also holds joint appointments at the Yale School of Public Health and the Yale School Management. After co-chairing the Biden-Harris transition’s COVID-19 Advisory Board from November 2020 to January 2021, she was selected by President Joe Biden to serve as Senior Advisor to the White House COVID-19 Response Team and Chair of the Presidential COVID-19 Equity Task Force.

Presidential transition of Joe Biden Transfer of presidential power from Donald Trump to Joe Biden

In the United States, the presidential transition refers to the process by which a president-elect prepares to take over administration of the government, generally with cooperation from the outgoing administration. The transition normally takes place during the roughly 10-week period between the election in the first week of November and the inauguration on January 20. Joe Biden's transition was shortened somewhat because the outgoing Trump administration did not recognize Biden as the "apparent winner" until November 23.

Julie Morita

Julie Morita is an American public health expert serving as the executive vice president of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and a member of President Joe Biden's COVID-19 Advisory Board. Prior to her position, she served as Commissioner of the Chicago Department of Public Health.

Robert M. Rodriguez is an American emergency physician working at the San Francisco General Hospital. He is a professor of emergency medicine at the UCSF School of Medicine and was a member of the COVID-19 Advisory Board of U.S. president Joe Biden.

White House COVID-19 Response Team

The White House COVID-19 Response Team was established during the presidency of Joe Biden to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, replacing President Trump's White House Coronavirus Task Force and Joe Biden's transitionary COVID-19 Advisory Board.

A Presidential Task Force or White House Task Force is a board of advisors appointed by the President of the United States whose main purpose is to enact policies in relation to responding to either national emergencies, crises, or general policy initiatives. Presidential task force members are part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States who don't require United States Senate confirmation and can be dismissed at the discretion of the President. This is granted by the Constitution of the United States under Article Two, Section Two, Clause One, stating, "require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices."

COVID-19 vaccination in the United States Plan to immunize against COVID-19

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in the United States is an ongoing mass immunization campaign for the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first granted emergency use authorization to the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine on December 10, 2020; mass vaccinations began on December 14, 2020. The Moderna vaccine was granted emergency use authorization on December 17, 2020, and the Janssen vaccine was granted emergency use authorization on February 27, 2021. By April 19, 2021, all U.S. states had opened vaccine eligibility to residents aged 16 and over. On May 10, 2021, the FDA approved the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for adolescents aged 12 to 15. On August 23, 2021, the FDA granted full approval to the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine for individuals aged 16 and over.

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